Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956
File 021
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956 - File 021. 1956-02. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 3, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/909/show/860.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-02). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956 - File 021. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/909/show/860

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956 - File 021, 1956-02, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 3, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/909/show/860.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. V, No. 2, February 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date February 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 021
Transcript accomplish reality in* ort time. 1' ■c of the H and the f»£ f below vvjj normal. ' ion transcel 'itnesscd. *■ ider pressfl broadcasof and other t» ree Europe' ad in the <* ' jammers. *. y each 81 simultaneyl igths, enabj learest loc4 nore, each I o four timl lisscs part * ; or if he •' ip on a re? it is Radio I .ration serVj ■rs are be4 fferenl freq a time cal device ic's engiii'., ision con<w Effectiveness Of Radio Free Europe fin of bn>."". /ill deliver | t signal ■ W hen all is said and done about the broadcasts of Radio Free Europe, the ultimate question remains: Are the Programs reaching the hearts and minds of people behind the Iron Curtain? It is not enough to command the ears of a large audience: the crux "I effectiveness" is the ability to influence the actions, as well as the thinking of the listeners. In other words: Is Kadio Free Europe winning friends tor the West and for the cause of freedom, and undermining the authorita- ,lan grip of the Kremlin and its pup- Petregimes in Eastern Europe? There is no simple, absolute answer t° this question. Psychological warfare is not an isolated phenomenon; it is interwoven with the political, economic and military components of the M>Id War between the Free West and t'le Kremlin. Its ultimate success therefore is linked with the outcome 01 -ill other Cold War activities. Furthermore, public opinion polls are not yet sanctioned behind the Iron Curtain - hence, not even the approximate findings that mav be derived trorn such polls are available. In the face of these limitations in -valuating Radio Free Europe's effectiveness, there is a mounting both' of 1 eva 1 "ect and circumstantial evidence indicating that RFE programs are influencing the thinking and the actions of the captive peoples, and of the Com- uiinist regimes themselves. Although mdi of this evidence is accumulated, E it- .v. from outside sources, such as BRC's skilled analysts who evaluate the impact of international broadcasts. this evidence of effectivenes is manifested in the following ways: my other f;1' lultiple li'1"1', igrammin'" J] on and "'""* ns'S ^'ted andanaTfzrf^bTRFElt "T ff> 3* 8°od deal of it is obtained fron antic < a" , ran the W<>. long-range iken and g1! the Free W .Slovakia.^ •ate a i, : choslovak«*J i concession loing so «j sow the * on, sponsor 3ss, was sV\ ily progv.i"1, na massiV* lovak peOV iratiiui thelj ggle again/] tions wi'i' , lo II....'•:•"'• ipleevidjfl tten-and"? heel. 8 Bl ncnt ol a I ■uggle toh ln.S (1) Letters from behind the Iron Curtain. (2) Reports from escapees from satellite countries. (3) Communist measures to frighten and frustrate the listening audience. (4) The contents of official Communist reports, designed not for propaganda purposes but for internal party use. (5) Communist propaganda attacks against RFE. (6) Official protests by satellite regimes to the U. S. government. (7) Positive action by the regimes resulting from pressure by RFE broad- easts. (8) Positive actions by the people themselves as a result of specific RFE campaigns. A brief explanation of each of these evidences of program effectiveness follows: (1) Letters from RFE's target countries are received every week from workers, peasants, teachers, students, housewives, intellectuals, shopkeepers, young people and even members of the party, the police and armed forces. Direct mail, refugees, traveling Westerners and even carrier pigeons bring word that the people are listening to Radio Free Europe and that its broadcasts are promoting the cause of freedom. Many letters are even sent to Radio Free Europe by listeners outside the target areas. The Voice of Free Hungary, for example, received mail from Hungarian exiles in twenty- six countries on five continents during a recent twelve-month period. Some letters are channeled through the regular mails, some are smuggled out. Many letters include detailed analyses of RFE programs, proving that Communist jamming efforts have not been able to drown out RFE programs, which are repeated several times over multiple transmitters of reedom irkncss TebriK' These politicol refugees made their bid for freedom offer slave labor in Czech uranium mines at Joachimsthal. They were inspired to make their flight after reading leaflets released by RFE balloons. WIDE WORLD PHOTO Polish refugee children in a Munich studio participate in RFE's "Polish Tea Party," a variety program of music and sketches spiced with anti- Communist satire. both the short and medium wave type. A recent letter of the main received from Czechoslovakia stated: "I want to express thanks and praise to all exiles for their efforts to establish a free Czechoslovakia again, and for their words of encouragement through Radio Free Europe, inspiring millions of our citizens to continue resistance to the Communist regime and hope for a better future. Practically every child can tell you that entire families listen to the programs. This is because you are not promising paradise on earth, because you are not King and because all your words are truthful and such that every honest Czech and Slovak feels them in his heart." (2) Escapees consistently report that RFE programs are widely heard and given extensive word-of-mouth circulation. Even in the few large cities where they are powerfully jammed during certain hours, they get through. Interviews with refugees — which are conducted as scrupulously as possible in order to separate fact from fiction — reveal that the satellite people depend most of all on RFE as their point of contact with the Free World and their countrymen now living in the West. The Polish Air Force pilot, Franciszek Jarecld, who Hew his jet plane to West Germany, made the following statement: "There are three things the Communists cannot kill: what mother said about Cod and Poland, what one's own heart dictates and what Radio Free Europe tells us." Dr. Marek Korowicz, who defected from the Polish delegation to the United Nations in 1953, said: "1 want to emphasize tie enormous importance of Radio Free Europe. You have no idea with what longing we wait Page 19
File Name uhlib_1352973_v005_n002_021.jpg