From the Minority t'ietvs
(Report, pp. 439-2)
It must be remembered that even
though the Congress soundly rejects and
repudiates the majority report, as it
should, the report will stand forever in
all its spuriousness as a "majority report ' of facts and the- sober conclusions
of a majority of the members of a duly
constituted committee of the House of
Representatives of the Inited States
and will he quoted by every fear peddler
in the Nation as incontrovertible fact.
In addition, the real mischief in these
proceedings rests in the effect which
they may have on the future conduct
of the tax-exempt foundations. If. as
a result of this inquiry, the foundations
shall surrender to timidity, then the- aim
of those who would destroy the effectiveness of the foundations shall have been
accomplished. Truly, the integrity of the
foundations will hinge on the manner
in which they meet this challenge.
It is unfortunate that the minority
report, limited as il must be to the
record and the majority report, is compelled to place major emphasis upon
the errors of both. However, these errors
are so basic and shocking that it is of
public importance that they be identified
so that every citizen of the land can
know what has occurred.
There is little that the minority at this
point can recommend as lo what the
report should contain that can give any
real guidance to the Congress in this
sensitive area, for there are no reliable
facts in the record made up by the
The minority recognizes that foundations an- favored by State and Federal
tax laws. Even if they were not, however, they have a high duty of public
responsibility. This responsibility, how-
ever, does not divest such foundations
of the rights guaranteed by our Constitution. Inherent in such guaranties
is the- proposition thai Government may
not dictate, directly or indirectly, what
the- officers of such foundations should
think or believe or how liny -hall exercise their trust responsibilities. Government cannot interfere with th" lawful
operations of these private organizations in any manner. The fad that some
or all Members of Congress might dis-
agree with all or a part of the acts of
a foundation does not alter the constitutional protection against this attempted
invasion of their private rights under
the guise of ihe laving authority.
The' majority report should, in all
fairness, state at least the following:
1. The purposes of the resolution
were not carried out.
2. The proceeding- weir grossly unfair and prejudged.
3. The record which was constructed
by the staff is not reliable.
4. If there is a necessity, in the
public interest, to inquire into the validity of the tax-exempt status of foundations and other charitable institutions,
then a new inquiry must be authorized
to seek all the facts and to give all
interested persons an opportunity to be
heard. In truth, such an investigation,
made in conformity with Ihe great tradition of congressional inquiry, is the only
way in which Congress can be properly
advised of the fail- in lliis area — and
in which the foundations can be relieved
of the cloud of suspicion placed upon
them by Ihe majority report.
The proceedings and the rendition of
the majority report arc- both tragic
events. The minority members are filled
with a sense of deep sorrow in the contemplation of the monstrous nature of
The minority members have discussed
long and soberly this dark reality, and
they have concluded that the cloud of
fear so evident in all phases of our national life in recent years has enveloped
this committee staff, and lhat these pro-
i ceilings, under their guidance, are only
a part of a greater and more ominous
movement under the direction of a group
who would use the- deadly evil "I feai
for their own purposes purposes which
would, in their realization, destroy
American constitutional liberty. In this
reality, the minority invites the militancy of all Members of Congress and
all citizens of this free land to root out
now and forever this evil and those who
The proceedings and the majority
report evidence the tragedy of the men
and women of lb" committee's staff who,
having lived and prospered under freedom, yet do not believe in due process and American fair play; who fear
the thinkers and those who dare to advance the new and the unaccepted; who
believe thai universal education for our
people can be risked only if the teachers
and their pupils accept their doctrine
and are shielded from the menial contamination of other thoughts and beliefs.
They would deny the righl of individuals
to seek truth without limit or restriction.
Happily, the staff is representative of
only a small and unhealthy minority in
the Nation. The fear-sickness of this
group leads them lo brand as conspiratorial and un-American the citizens and
organizations who support the glial
liberal tradition in our society including
such well-known persons as Edward R.
Murrow, Paul Hoffman, Senator-elect
Clifford Case, of New Jersey, and Senator Paul Douglas, of Illinois, and such
highly respected organizations as the
Federal Council of Churches, the Parent-
Teachers Association, the National Education Association, the Anti-Defamation
League, and some of the most pieeminenl
newspapers and publishers in the land.
dom; not in
This tragic t-wnl evidences the*
which has resulted from the cynic
illusionment of the minds of Iref
and women. These unhappy ci*
have forgotten the touchstone of j
lea's greatness — freedom. The
i an faith is one which accepts thai
of free people lo make mistakes an"
lieves thai a free people, despite its
lakes, will sustain and advance ,, ^
wisdom the common good.
If there is an element of good t*Muii
found in these proceedings, it •'Instil
challenge to high leadership. Leade-was ;
al every level of society from the -*Anui
est community to the White House -p^
find ways to strengthen those am"] ,jm|s
in this free and vigorous land who W;-,
lost faith in freedom. We must ret Ls
tate those who somehow have fori m(j
that America's individual and coll' or (
strength in a tortured and str^n||,
world is. and has always been. *;„u
supremacy of a positive faith in n-anl
the nursing of douW jas
Wayne I. Haf '..'j'
Gracie Pfost ^
* « » * * end
Sample of Material in the K'^'
(Report, pp. 157-60) ,||(,
The Moscow University am.
Summer Sessions ji p
In the hearings starting at page' orm
disclosed a remarkable docunie1 ssis
travel information folder publish* alio
World Tourists. Inc., an agency ' lie
Soviet Government, announcing ear
Anglo-American Section of a sijfited
session at Moscow University. 1* be
sliliile of International Education-Coin
is listed as the "American Adviso' ors
ganization," and among its indjColu
"advisors" appear the names of u isoi
S. Counts and Heber Harper- ,9oS
there is listed a "National A*j '|'|
Council" which contains the na%as:
some eminent professors, president*.
k li r ■ -.- J a <""a
chancellors ol universities, and "
tion of social scientists and exe<-*»ciii
of foundations. Immediately iu"l? *
list of names there is the f"' iam
"The tremendous progress ° "
Soviet I nion in the cultural field dir„
for Americans an unequalled "rUi,,,
tion ground for education. psycnj a||
and the social sciences. The
I liinn presents a unique (ipportii'",'"!"
Ihe- sluiK of III" pini esses of c "
change.*** The Soviet Union l'0" Vl'
ll"- niosl progressive system of rh'm
education, extensively makin
ihe la-si achievements of intef-KU(
Summer courses are then ai""'/.ih
to be held in the University of ^' \
and the- attendance of Amerir* sN
dents is solicited. Apparently ll"'^;du
learn how pleasant life is i"
liussia and how much heller the
FACTS FORUM NEWS, Jan