Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
File 056
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 056. 1955-01. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 24, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/825.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-01). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 056. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/825

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 056, 1955-01, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 24, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/825.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date January 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 056
Transcript REECE COMMITTEE REPORT ON TAX-EXEMPT FOUNDATIONS Published December 20, 1954, the Reece Committee Report on Tax-Exempt Foundations was widely publicized as a bomb- :>r su shell. FACTS FORUM NEWS for November, 1954, had anticipated some of this effect in printing speeches in Congress of aetioi Committee Chairman Carroll Reece and Ranking Minority Member Wayne L. Hays, who have been severely critical of each other. Following are excerpts from: (1) formal findings of the Committee, (2) supplemental statement by Chairman Reece. (3) views of the Minority, (41 a sample of facts presented in the Report. From the Report, pp. 16-18 The Committee finds as follows: * * * * » The power of the individual large foundation is enormous. It can exercise various forms of patronage which carry with them elements of thought control. It can exert immense influence on educational institutions, upon the educational processes, and upon educators. It is capable of invisible coercion through the power of its purse. It can materially predetermine the development of social and political concepts and courses of action through the process of granting and withholding foundation awards upon a selective basis, and by designing and promulgating projects which propel researchers in selected directions. It can play a powerful part in the lie- termination of academic opinion, and, through this thought leadership, materially influence public opinion. This power to influence national policy is amplified tremendously when foundations act in concert. There is such a concentration of foundation power in the I nited States, operating in the social sciences and education. Il consists basically of a group of major foundations, representing a gigantic aggregate of capital and income. There' is no conclusive evidence that this interlock, this concentration of power, having some- of the characteristics of an intellectual e artel, came into being as the result of an over-all, conscious plan. Nevertheless, it exists. It operates in part through certain intermediary organizations supported by the foundations. It has ramifications in almost every phase of research and education, in communications and even in government. Such a concentration <>f power is highly undesirable, whether the net resull of its operations is benign or not. Because' foundation funds arc public funds, the trustees of these organizations must conscientiously exercise the highest degree of fiduciary responsibility. Under the system of operation common to most large foundations this fiduciary responsibility has been largely *S3d Congress. 2d Session, line si Hi poKT IV o. 2681. Page 54 ways, first, n trustees have all abdicated, and in two fact if not in theory, th" loo frequently passed scelelv upon general plans ami left the detailed administration of donations (and the consequent selection of projects and grantees i —Wide World Kholo Rep. B. Carroll Reece, (R-Tenn.) to professional emplovees. Second, these irustc-c-s have all ton often delegated much of their authority and [unction to intermediary organizations. A professional class ol administrators cef foundation funds has emerged, intent upeeii creating and maintaining personal prestige- and independence "I action, and upon preserving ii- |"esiiicm ami emoluments. This informal "guild" has already fallen into many of the vices of a bureaucratic system, involving vasl opportunities for selective patronage, preference and privilege. Il lias already come to exercise a very extensive, practical control over most research in the social sciences, much of out educational process, and a good part of government administration in ilu-se and related fields. The aggregate thought- control power of llii- foundation and foundation-supported bureaucracy can hardly be exaggerated. \ system lias thus arisen (without ils significance l»"- ing realized by foundation trustees) which gives enormous power to a n-la- •\e learc how oliti lively small group of individuals, *°l"i< ing al their virtual command. In in public- trust funds. Il is a -l '"' . which is antithetical to American P0'1'.1 ciples. The far-reaching power of the' >lll I ullv l'f'i foundations and of the- interloc influenced the press, the radio, am .f tin- government that il has bc'1"^rust Iremely difficult for objective ''''" of foundation practices to gel in'0 channels without having first bed1.1!1"" ii.iic-il. slanted, discredited, and at£ror r I hope to the pressure against Congressiofi] vestigation has been almost incfl \s indicated by their arrogance '"I""1/ idic-uled. Nothing short of an '"J aJ leied Congressional investigation , or iil'°r sin ing v\iih this committee, the major dations and their associated intenj ary organizations have intrenched sc-Im-s behind a totality of powel presumes to place them beyond criticism and attack. Research in the social sciences a key pari in the evolution of °, cie-lv. Such research is now ill-" re cut itii lie, In ml aid ^UVe wholly in ihe conlrol of tin- P''"'('^orei mployees of the large fuiindati'1" „ t their obedient satellites. Kvcn the vni sums allotted ley the Federal ""mpo ment fur social se-ience research *n\e come into the virtual control ° eese; professional group. >f t This power team has pr"'"'' '.';| great exee-ss eel empirical resear<*lnt< contrasted with theoretical n-' " a has promoted what has been '"".'.r,m irresponsible "fact finding mani-'- M Inn- that a balanced empirical apl is essential to sound investigati0 \ [ ii is equally true that if il is "" ' ' cienthe balanced and much-el "1 e ■ i e ■ e e -iW ^ *' theoretical approach, il lc.nl- ' . .. e e e e I' '" ' Irequently In what has be-" "sc-ie-ntisin" in fake si'ic-iie-e endangering our ~cn ic-i> upon ( quenl genera] acceptance as "si'''' fad. Il is ncil the part of Cong dictate methods of research) alertness by foundation trustees dangers of supporting unbal unscientific research is clearly '"' -erif'"[ ' strol r»xc /oci ! ire 'n I Associated with the excessive ! of the empirical method, the <'ntl i^i; FACTS FORUM NEWS, Janua<4
File Name uhlib_1352973_v004_n001_056.jpg