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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 042. 1955-01. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. July 14, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/811.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-01). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 042. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/811

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 042, 1955-01, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed July 14, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/811.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date January 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 042
Transcript ATOMIC SCIENTISTS r Following is a transcript of testimony given by General Leslie R. Groves. Retired— director of the original A-bomb project and now vice-president of Remington Rand—before the Atomic Energy Commission's Personnel Security Board. The interrogators are Gordon Gray, chairman of the security board, and Lloyd K. Garrison, counsel for J. Robert Oppenheimer. —Wide World Pholo Oppenheimer Interrogator: Mr. Garrison Witness: Gen. Groves Q. During the war, you headed the Manhattan Project in complete charge and development planning for use of the atomic bomb? A. That is correct. Q. During the postwar period you were Commanding General of the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project, 1947 to 1948? A. Yes. My charge of the atomic work ended on the first of January, 1947. I think you also should add that during the period from about March of 1947 until my retirement on the 29th of February, 1948, I was a member of the Military Liaison Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission. Q. You appointed Dr. Oppenheimer to be the director of the work at Los Alamos? A. Yes, sir. Q. You devolved great responsibility upon him? A. Yes. . . . Complete responsibility for the operation of Los Alamos Laboratory, the mission of which was to carry on the research necessary to develop the design of a bomb, to develop the probabilities of whether a bomb was possible—and if the design would be feasible—and to develop what the power of the bomb would be. That was so that we would know at what altitude the bomb should be exploded. ... Dr. Oppenheimer was used by me as my adviser .. . not to tell me what Page 40 Ben. Leslie H. Groves, war-time head of the atom-bomb project was called by defense counsel in the matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer to testify regarding Dr. Oppenheirner's continuing eligibility for an AEC "Q" clearance with access to new secret atomic information. In the course of his testimony General Groves emphasized the importance of the security principle known as 'compartmentalization," by $ which every man is given only the information he needs for his own job, on the theory that no man will reveal what he does not know. This principle broke down at the outset within the Los Alamos area. While speculating on the origin of that security collapse General Groves criticized severely the performance of Dr. Edward U. Condon. Dr. Condon, once called by the House Un-American Activities Committee "the weakest link in our atomic security," was subsequently elected President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In October, 1954, his security clearance was suspended by the Department of the Navy. In December he resigned his position as Director of Research of the Corning Glass Works, with an announcement that he would no longer seek to resolve questions concerning his security status. The severest indictment of his ability, though not of his loyalty, is that by General Groves. The most extended statement in his own behalf is that which he before the House Un- erican Activities Committee session at Chicago September Both are reprinted here to do, but to confirm my opinion. ... We didn't know what any of the constants that were so vital were. We didn't know whether it could be made to explode. ...We were groping entirely in the dark. That is the reason that General \ie heels and myself were' able, I think, to make intelligent scientific decisions, because we knew just as much as everybody else. ... So when 1 say that we were responsible for the scientific decisions. I am not saying thai we were extremely able nuclear physicists, because actually we were not. \\ e were what might be termed "thoroughly practical nuclear physicists. ' Groves slat. As a result of this experiem because Dr. Oppenheimer agreed * me and particularly because of ° . clinnc thnt ,.7,.ri. reeled I c:eUlc . questions that were ili depend upon him tremendously scientific advice on the rest of the eel, although I made no effort to 1'' [i( ' down my compartmentalization. A'LQ know, compartmentalization of inf"' ( (j|| lion was my chief guard againsl mation passing. It was something ,wt.r I insisted on to the limit of my cap* jn„ It was something that everybody |ll( trying to break down within the | I did not bring Dr. Oppenheimer j , the whole project, but that was no' ■ . because of security of information |lu him in particular but all the other •-' ji|(„ tific leaders, men like Lawrence] Compton, were treated the same "'' . but it was also done because if I br*J* them into the whole project, they ,„■ never do their own job. . . . B,|t' While I may have dominated situation in general, I didn't hav* own way in a lot of things. So »'lf'" say lhat Dr. Oppenheimer did a<*%'" ways keep the Faith with respect "Y," shirt interpretation of the security ^j,.;.'. . . . he was no worse Iban any Jt.,,, other leading scientists. ... I can I a case where he deliberately \ iol security instructions. That is <lif'f from violating what he knew tn^ would waul. That was done l>v body in my organization. Dr. e»«f'' Q. The absence of com part men-j tion on the Los Alamos project, *'f (Continue! tin P**" I A FACTS FORUM NEWS, Jam
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