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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
File 027
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 027. 1955-01. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 9, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/796.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-01). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 027. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/796

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 027, 1955-01, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 9, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/796.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date January 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 027
Transcript id in your opd think the I'« peaceful use en the most 9 il war in the 1 ATTACK Mr. Stie-ihe-ii- I nile-d Slates lie h is designs] eropaganda, i \ attacked, o tampered and l» ■rican goverrUJ icluic of the e-our age-in \ I'-" ens with lb* ' ernmenl 1 hat was the ''<" but I fieuuil a icn Ibis new at." i happy to say el a few montl public e-onlleeV'^ ree of harass* hie to build "" ', n gel cen with '■ lhat is g I '"'' it not a fact 11'1'1 to Congress v —Wide World Photos Above, huge balloons are readied to carry freedom's message to Soviet-controlled Czechoslovakia in "Winds of Freedom" project sponsored by Radio Free Europe. Below, political refugees hold freedom balloon which inspired them to seek refuge in West Germany after slave labor in Czech uranium mines. $12 million. wti lack of coni your work, "' ingressional cool rital and impo°* States govern! I think your 14 e-euratc. I 'here I g or con\ ic lie"' • - I I is an essential 1 . Il happilj i" : There are a I 1 congressmen ' erst 1 il and broad and seen ulk id them d" are unwilling ti' his kind of a'1 lint in our elf'' rialism. Mr. Streibej iropagandize "" i) propaganda nilccl State importance "' ten main job ' ' tied million iii<I save them " ation. Now in ly. Karl Varsc 1"" ■opaganda cl'f"'1' he- thinks- are ''' "The only I hi"? e I . S., contrarj . Streibert i- "■ ously countii r to swing the lion in Vietnam or to fight off Ked propagandists in Indochina if no election is held." Do you think we are effectively countering the heavy Soviet propaganda in this crucial area of tin- world? Mr. Streibert: I don't know on what he bases the statement that we- are nol putting forth the effort. Prior to Geneva, our information activity was working very effectively with the French in what was actually psychological warfare. We were very effective in influencing the population to support the tree Vietnamese and in stimulating enlisting in the army and support of the rmy. Much of that was not done specifically in the name of the U. S.: we worked through and with the Vietnamese government, so it was not fully understood. Now. since Geneva, you have had for a short period a question of where do we go from here; and the agency is Fully prepared In give ils complete resources ice winning the election in Vietnam and to convincing the free- Vietnamese that they should resist com- inunism. U.S.S.R. OUTSPENDS U.S. ON PROPAGANDA Miss Mc.Grory: In other words, you think we can compete and are competing in this area, and yet just on the basis of money spent alone, it would swm that we were being swamped. I FACTS FORUM NEWS, January, 1955 have heard the amount of Soviet propaganda expenditure quoted as up to two billion dollars, and yet our total budget is $77 million. Now I have further heard it said that by sheer saturation the Soviets are reaching more of the people—that their propaganda is aimed at the masses, in simple, visual terms that they can all understand—whereas we, with our more limited funds, are appealing more to opinion leaders and sort of the elite of the country. Are you satisfied with that policy, if indeed it is your policy? Mr. Streibert: No, it is not. In Indochina, for instance, it is not primarily a question of money; it is a question of method of attack and the effectiveness of it. We would devote all our resources from other areas to whatever was necessary in Indochina. As to the rest of the area, we are at a disadvantage where the Soviets have Communist parties to work through. There is no question but that they have greater resources and do have their mechanisms; and we have to use our advantages in working against them. We spoke at the beginning of the broadcast of truth, for example. Miss McGrory: The old agency, which under the State Department suffered probably the severest congressional investigation in modern history, at least was able to wring $123 million out of a supposedly unsympathetic Congress, while you, with presidential backing and separate organization, were only able to get $77 million. How do you propose to counter the attitude of Congress in the next session? Mr. Streibert: I am not concerned primarily about the money as much as the understanding and backing. That high budget in the past was given as a result of the Korea situation, I believe, and I am opposed to substantial increases and then decreases. A former director of this information administration referred to these budgetary changes as in the nature of the trajectory of a yo-yo; and it has been true in the past. Now the most important element in effective information work is stability, c onsistency, reiteration; and if the Congress should feel that the existing level is as high as it should be, at least we will have the consistency of operating at this level. Miss McGrory: Do you think that the budget is sufficient? Mr. Streibert: No, I do not. I think we can productively use scenic additional funds in the nature of what we were denied last year—some $10- to $15-mil- lion. Rut you have a long lead time in increasing your activities and in using additional funds productively, so thai if we were to be handed the job of spending Iwicr as much next year as we are now spending, 1 would not wish to undertake it. It could not be done productively. Mr. Madigan: Mr. Streibert, in a recent article in a national magazine, a gentleman named Martin Mercer, the right arm and assistant to your predecessor, Dr. Johnson, said: "We were caught in a squeeze play between the forces of Representative Tahc-r. (R-N.Y.), Chairman of the House Appropriations Committee, and the forces of Senator McCarthy—between those who were crippling the program in the name of economy and those who wanted to cripple it in the name of security." Now in the light of your answer to Miss McGrory, am I to draw the conclusion that you would no longer run into this opposition on an economic- front from Mr. Taber or from a security front from Mr. McCarthy? Mr. Streibert: The appropriation we received this year was under the Appropriations Committee chairmaned by John Taber. We have discussed this program with Mr. Taber. I think his main concern is: Is the money being spent productively and effectively and not wastefully? USIA BACKED BY PRESIDENT Mr. Madigan: In ibis same- article, Mr. Mercer places some of the blame on President Eisenhower, Secretary Dulles, and former President Hoover —Wide World Photos Communist propaganda leaflets (above) —designed to undermine morale of U. S. soldiers in Korea and influence them to sur- render—were left in front of American lines or left behind by evacuating Reds. Page 25 JEWS, January,
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