, J The Greeks had a word for it
ly, drop back)
pattern for "
i in the UrJI
v has not rcsul*
:(arermSl5u.S. EFFORTS HAMPERED
retem older. '"
itially more tyJJ
[ ancient Babylj
suited from sp<*
(War of U oris)
Is Russia or the U.S. Winning?
the moral cout*l
stop it. AmetJ
nice and Englaj*
■ will end, as fl
kness and mi8*
t, as it now
ts of those who!
lee American and J
me of Life, l<&\
omic Talk," by S"
, 1954, pp. 47-51-
i Prosperous?" "'
loot of All Ev'ii
lished by Devin-A'
isUlittum. lev 1"]
shed by DeviM
p- 52. M
levolution, by W
islitution, p. 108;>
he Wagner Act,
idemy of Politico'
i, 1951, p. 200. ,
islitution, pp. I"-'
tailed States of 1
islitution. tip. 38"g
I All Evil, pp. '<*
l.y contradictions and inhibitions, opines
Dr. Harry Schwartz. New York Times
Soviet affairs specialist.
Guesi on Fmis Forum's ANSWERS FOR
AMERICANS. Hi. Schwartz exchanged views
with program panelists: George Hamilton
Combs, news commentator and former con-
gressmani Professor Charles Hodges of New
York University, and Author William Buckley, Jr., with Hardy Burt as moderator.
Is communism winning the
propaganda battle abroad?*
Dr. Schwartz: The box score on the
propaganda war is not a simple one to
make up. We are doing better in some
sectors than we are in others. But if
you force me to give an over-all judgment, I would say the Communists are
winning the propaganda war and have
been for some time.
Mr. Buckley: I agree with Dr.
Schwartz; they are winning the propaganda war. I weeulcl not point so much
■o Indochina or to Guatemala or to
North or South Korea, or anything of
that sort to illustrate this point; 1 would
point primarily to England. I think that
the very fact that the English have
shown themselves prepared to negotiate
a modus vivendi, a peace with the So-
' id I nion, indicates nothing more than
that Russian propaganda has been successful.
That is to say, it's been the first purpose of Russian propaganda since the
last war to try to persuade its neighbors — and members of the free world
in particular that they don't want
war. I believe of course that this is false.
I believe that they are prepared and
planning to wipe out England as a constitutional monarchy. And I think that
the very fact that the majority of the
English people — including the most
prominent members of the Conservative
party, in particular Mr. Anthony Eden
— are, in effect, willing to take the
Soviet Union as being in good faith in
these negotiations, indicates the most
stupendous and climactic victory of
(Continued on Page 22)
USIA IS WOOING AND
WIN NINO Western Europeans, says
United States Information Agency Director Theodore C. Streibert, former radio
executive who became the agency's first
director after its separation from the
State Department over a year ago.
Mr. Streibert answered questions posed by
reporters—Mary McGrory of the tWashin^tttn
Evening Star and John J. Madigun of News-
week's Washington Bureau—and REPORTERS' ROUNDUP Moderator Robert F. Hur-
Russian vs. American Propaganda
Mr. Madican: Mr. Streibert, are we
losing the war of words with Russia?
Mr. Streibert: I don't think we can
lose it as long as we have truth on our
side. We can expose these lies and mis-
representations, and we are doing it
actively. You can't say that we are
u inning or losing, in my opinion. There
are trends, and this is not a military
encounter where there can be a complete victory or complete defeat. These
trends arc either working for or against
us: and in the world today, as you well
know, there are trends that are not
favorable to the United States. On the
other hand, we are, as was consummated
in Paris recently, making substantial
—Wide World Pho.o
"Winds of Freedom"
SOVIETS REACH MASSES
MORE EFFECTIVELY, , n
Eugene W*. Castle, past president and
Founder of Castle Films, who toured
Europe for three months investigating
U.S. information services in twenty-one
countries and has testified before three
congressional committees on his findings.
Appearing on ANSWERS FOR AMERICANS, Mr. Castle discussed his opinions with
panel experts: Devin Garrity, New York book
publisher; New York University Professor
Charles Hodges, <md Professor John K. Norton
• >f Columbia University Teachers' College.
Hardy Burt was the program moderator.
Do the U. S. Government information
agencies abroad present an accurate
picture of life in the U. S.?*
Prof. Hodges: I think you have to
ask the question in terms of history. I'm
sorry to go back, but it's the time, the
place, and the emphasis. In New Deal
\nurica in the '30's, you got a propaganda picture which was that of a discouraged nation being rescued by the
In the war period, you had another
problem of propaganda; and you
tackled thai in an entirely different way.
In the postwar period, you had two
broad phases Truman's campaign of
truth and Eisenhower's "New Look,"
which extends even to the United States
information services. They have been
(Continued on Page 26)