When McCarthy first got on the anti-
Communist bandwagon, be was a member of the minority party, and played
only a minor role on the subcommittee
of the Committee on Appropriations.
The grave danger of his emotionalism,
his name-calling, his insinuations, his
numerous irresponsibilities, and his incompetence as an investigator, became
grimly apparent to the whole nation.
however, after the Republican victory
of 1952. In the Republican-controlled
Congress, McCarthy, now a member of
the majority party, was no longer merely a noisy nuisance. He was Chairman
of the Senate Committee on Government
Operations — and thus one of the most
powerful men in Washington.5
His greatest fiasco perhaps was his
investigation of the Voice of America.
Let us consider a few specific cases.
With regard to the Latin-American
desk of the Voice of America, McCarthy's charges of pro-communism were
refuted by an overwhelming mass of
documentary evidence. McCarthy had
to permit the evidence to be filed, but
he did not make it a part of the record.
McCarthy's charges against the Latin-
American desk were televised. The rebuttal was not. Even Senator Mundt,
second ranking member of the McCarthy Committee, and not known as a foe
of McCarthy, said that the committee
was wasting a lot of time."
The charges against the French desk
of the Voice of America were spread
on the record, but they were not followed up. If there were any truth in
the charges — if there were any possibility of proving them — McCarthy had
a deep obligation to subpoena all those
who bad been named before the committee. In a very large number of cases
he did not do so.
Troup Mathews, Acting Chief of the
French desk, was accused of inviting a
new Voice of America employee to join
a Marxist colony, but Mathews was
never called to a public session to defend himself against this damaging
—Wide World Photos
One of many climaxes in 1950 Washington
hearings on charges of Communist infiltration in the State Department came when
Owen Lattimore (right) made complete denial of allegation by Senator McCarthy
(left) that Lattimore was "Russia's top spy"
in the United States.
—Wide World t*
Anti-McCarthy pickets marched outside the Hotel Astor in New York City where Send'
McCarthy was principal speaker at a dinner honoring Roy Cohn.
A McCarthy witness charged that the
French desk of the Voice of America
had broadcast an entire speech by Jacob
Malik, Soviet delegate to the United
Nations, without comment or rebuttal.
McCarthy never called the appropriate
officials of the Voice to give them a
chance to answer or comment on this
charge — which had been made, of
course, in public testimony.6
Edwin Kretzmann, policy adviser of
the Voice of America, who had hurried
to the hearings of his own free will,
by unmistakable- insinuation was accused
of pro-communism, but was not called
again to answer specific charges. Senator McCarthy went so far as to suggest
that Kretzmann followed the Daily
Worker line by attacking Syngman Rhee,
President of South Korea. Kretzmann
explained that this attack involved one
single script which had been approved
by his deputy, Gordon Knox, on a day
on which he himself was away from his
office. Kretzmann offered to display
hundreds of pro-Rhee, pro-South Korea
scripts, for the record. He was never
given an opportunity to do so.6
But Kretzmann was intensely questioned about the well-known author,
Bertram D. Wolfe, who then was chief
of the ideological advisory unit of the
Voice of America. This most definitely
left the impression with a large number
of Americans that Wolfe might be a
Communist in disguise. Yet, Bertram
D. Wolfe had left the Communist party
at least fifteen years before and had consistently criticized communism. It is
true that Wolfe hobnobbed with other
ex-Conimunisls who were in the Socialist camp. It is the right of Senator McCarthy to regard socialism as another
form of subversion. If so, he ought to
say it. By clearly implying that he suspected Bertram D. Wolfe of still working for communism without giving any
substantial proof for these suspicions
and at the same time failing ever to call
Bertram Wolfe to the witness stand,
McCarthy not only defamed an Ameri-
c an citizen, but he shamefully abu*
his power as a congressional inve*
McCarthy's interrogation of James
Wechsler, editor of the New York ?* l)la<''
was of the same nature. , ™ ]
Wechsler's own writings prove 10
be was fighting communism long be" ' .
McCarthy ever started. As early J JJ1"11
1940, Wechsler wrote a book on J°j "..
L. Lewis in which he exposed the sne* .
ways of Communist infiltration '" r ,
i u Carl
labor unions. . ■
\\ hen McCarthy got Wechsler on » ^
witness stand, Wechsler naturally It* n
to show proof of his anti-communi*
He offered as an exhibit a state""
issued by the Central Committee of* ]y
Communist party in 1952, critici^ 0r f
him along with the Reuthers and DuW __
skys. McCarthy had the gall to A evei
Wechsler whether he himself had *1 |
ten that Communist statement.7 this
McCarthy's treatment of Wechslefi l)av
the course of what was presumed to; thoi
a congressional investigation, was sh"", mat
ing even to people who have other!
Denver Post Publisher Palmer Hoy'
FACTS FORUM NEWS, January,