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154, p. 238.
(ritain Stand Nj"
e Sir Winston CW,
'.'odd Report, Ja1*'
*» 9 9 ?
;. Stand" (Inter*
- Ernest K. I.indW
i4, p. 31. I
Trade with RelJ
Report, Apr. 23, I
Report, July 9, »*
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p. 471. ,
ress Conference, <M
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reparcd by Secr«l
Dulles for the M\
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!6, 1954, pp. 74-V'l
," Historical-. F"'r'
ladimir Ilyich L«3
avid Schub. publ
c... Inc. New *
cm," bv David I
Jan. 17, 1948.
War," by Davii.
cury, October, I"*!
Dvember, 1954, p.
day 30, 1948, I
he United Seta* ■
939, p. 110.
*ith the Russians
lew York Times
Do you think that Senator Joe McCarthy has done more harm than good?
In the tradition of Facts Forum, let's
take a look at both sides of this explosively controversial question.
First to review some arguments
of those who think that McCarthy
"is" doing more harm than good.
If Senator McCarthy wants to be the
shining knight in a fight against communism, he ought to be a personality
whose words we can believe and whose
deeds we respect.
Pictures of McCarthy as a tail gunner in the Marine air force have been
widely distributed, and his campaign
literature in 1946 presented him in
that fighting capacity. In reality, however, it appears thai McCarthy's career
as a fighting, flying Marine was actually limited to a few comparatively
safe flights which he made while serving as an Intelligence Officer.
McCarthy has never denied the legend
that he was wounded in the Pacific —
probably because McCarthy started the
legend. Yet McCarthy does not hold the
Purple Heart. And he has never repudiated Ihe story that his leg was
actually injured in a prank far from
the fighting lines.1
Joe McCarthy resigned from the Marines to return to his career as a judge
in Wisconsin long before the war was
over — in fact, many weeks before
the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa
took place. Yet, when he ran for the
Senate against Robert M. LaFollette, Jr.,
he evidently did not discourage the
campaign tales about the fighting Marine who was wounded in the war.1
While campaigning for the United
States Senate, Joe McCarthy failed to
resign as a Circuit Judge, as the standard of the state of Wisconsin required.
The Wisconsin State Board of Bar
Commissioners has officially described
this behavior of McCarthy as a breach
of official trust.2
When McCarthy was first elected to
the Senate, he actually received the
support of the Communist party in Wisconsin, and he was in the Senate four
years before he ever raised the issue
about Communists in government. During those four years he went along with
the bi-partisan foreign policy which he
later described as treasonable.
In 1947, for example, McCarthy voted
in favor of increasing foreign aid. In
1948 he voted for the Marshall Plan.
In 1949 he voted to ratify the NATO
Not until 1950, when he bad suddenly
become known as a champion of anti-
communism, did McCarthy enter the
camp of the isolationists who have condemned every feature of the Truman-
Aclreson-Eisenhower foreign policy.
McCarthy made his first public comments about communism on February
9, 1950, in a speech before a women's
Republican club of Wheeling, West
Virginia. According to one of his most
im Materials in ' ,
g News, Nov. I"-
—Wide World Photo
Special Army Counsel Joseph Welch (left) labeled Senator McCarthy (right) as being
"reckless and cruel" during McCarthy-Army hearing. It. Col. John Murray of the Army is
FACTS FORUM NEWS, January, 1955
-Wide World Photo
outspoken critics, former Senator William Benton of Connecticut, McCarthy
in thai Wheeling speech said that he
bad a list of 205 names of people who
had been made known to the Secretary
of State as being members of the Communist party, but who nevertheless were
still working and shaping policy in the
The following evening, February 10,
1950. when interviewed on a radio program in Salt Lake City, McCarthy said
that he had the names of 57 card-
carrying members of the Communist
party who worked in the State De-
partment. Tlii- was a patent falsehood,
because Communists, of course, do not
go around carrying and exhibiting party
membership cards. McCarthy has never
been able to produce the 57 cards, or
to prove that 57 members of the State
Department ever carried them.3
On February 20, 1950, when he
made his six-hour speech on the floor
of Ihe Senate, McCarthy no longer spoke
of card-carrying members, but merely
of loyalty cases. At that time he claimed
to present a list of 81 who either
worked in the State Department or had
formerly worked for it, or were employed in other government agencies
and in the United Nations. He actually
referred to only 76 instead of 81, and
In- did not specify which of the 81 were
the 57 whom he had mentioned a few
McCarthy conceded in that Senate
speech that the material he presented
was old and had been available for a
considerable amount of time.
GUILTY OF EXAGGERATION
McCarthy's disregard of fact and truth
have kept even his most devoted followers busy explaining his inaccuracies.
McCarthy's foremost apologist — William F. Buckley — had to admit in his
most recent book that McCarthy was
guilty of exaggeration in 38 specific
cases, and that he had called people
Communists who at worst were apparently fellow travelers.4