A question of universal interest
Is this the cure-all for the world's ills?
Is there any possibility of negotiating
a settlement of major differences between us and the Soviet Union and
thereby achieving peaceful coexistence?
As usual, let's look at the question
from two opposite sides, taking first
the arguments of some who say
» * * # #
l[o one can deny that there is a new
11 look in Soviet foreign policy. Even if
we do not have faith in the sincerity of
that new policy, we should do what we
can to encourage it—without, of course,
letting down our defenses.
Suppose that Russia's new, relatively
conciliatory policy is a hoax: If we
can keep them talking about peace
among their own people, with their own
satellites, and in the United Nations, we
at least have a chance of leading them
toward a genuinely peaceful attitude.
The alternative is a ghastly war—a
war which, as Winston Churchill said,
would leave us, even if victorious, the
victors over a world in ruin.
Actually, the Soviet cold war offensive has diminished in a startling way
since the death of Joseph Stalin.1
The East German revolt and the Soviet decrees in the autumn of 1953,
designed to raise food production, provided real evidence that conditions inside the Soviet Union were compelling
Kremlin leaders to concentrate on internal economic problems.
In Austria, the Russians have removed barriers to movement in and out
of their occupation zone. They have
exchanged ambassadors with Vienna.
In Turkey, the Russians have abandoned their postwar claims to certain
Turkish areas bordering Russia, and
they have dropped their demands for
military bases on the Bosporus and the
Bussia has renewed normal diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia.
In Czechoslovakia, American newsman William Oatis was freed after two
years in prison.*
The Soviets even apologized to England for shooting down a British bomber in the Berlin sector.
These are only a few of the remarkable incidents in Europe and in the
In the Far East, the successful stopping of two major shooting wars, in
Korea in 1953 and in Indochina in
1954, by the process of peaceful negotiation, are proof that something has
caused a basic alteration in Soviet plans.
What is it?
There are some obvious causes for
the change in Soviet policy. One is the
stand of the United Nations in Korea.
By promptly meeting Soviet aggression
—Wide World Photo
UN Security Council heard debate on American complaint that Soviet fighters shot down
a U.S. Navy bomber off Siberia Sept. 3.
in Korea with the combined strength!
the free nations of the world, we *|
rupted the Soviet timetable of conqU*
and proved thai aggression is no \om
It is very apparent that the free »»'
strategy of holding the line agai»
Communist aggression lias begun to pj
off. Extreme unrest in Bussia and in"
satellite states, plus the harmful elf1*
of the American embargo of strati*
goods from East-West trade and '
economic drain of maintaining a ^
economy, have forced the Soviet lea"*
to slow down, if not halt, their prog'*
of imperialistic aggression. They *
now in the position of needing to ■*
in peace with the rest of the world
order to maintain and stabilize *"j
Another apparent reason for the *'
look in Soviet policy is the death'
Stalin. The Soviet system was buil'
the dictator principle, and there
bound to be an altering of course V»
dictators are changed or when the '
tion is passing through the periotj
change from one dictatorship to ano]
In his oration at Stalin's funfl
Malenkov said that the Soviet 01
welcomes trade and business relatl
with all the world.
MALENKOV'S NEW LINE
Shortly after that, Malenkov op^
up Stalin's hoard of gold and sent lj
dreds of millions of dollars of it I
Western countries for the purchafj
local currency to be used in birf!
A delegation of British business'*
was invited to Moscov and given a1-'"
orders and promises for four hunO1
million dollars" worth of British rc"
during the Qexl three years.
It was at the request of the So11
thai the United Nations Economic.
Social Council took up the problef
East-West trade in its annual m&
in New York in April, 1954.
Again, it was at the urging 01
Soviets that the United Nations '
nomic Commission for Europe rfle
Geneva in May, 1954, and did set'
constructive, accomplishing work o*
problem of freer trade between
History will reserve a high pla0*
honor for the Western stalesmen-'j
ticularly American and British
have managed to meet the Russians I
way in their talk and deeds about p^
FACTS FORUM NEWS, Janwtryk