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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 007. 1955-01. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 31, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/776.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-01). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 007. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/776

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955 - File 007, 1955-01, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 31, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/839/show/776.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date January 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 007
Transcript e f that has do* in whipped H* lfusion. icement by "j f their out rag rican soldiers that can god mghtless actio" its obviously ncemcnt to h* had been bl soners for mw » for years, j nd the sente»| But the Chirfl make their 4 of Thanksgi* vhen America lood—in a « m of mind, wo«j ^ond irration»» can soldier- »'',' , distant, hosl" CTION 11 his speed :„■ foolish reel id, hinted at fl d: ial communis* to divide the fl •> be soothinj evocative in m i is a challenjfl who waul p*| ■nl with pcac'1'- rights and M ■ than now teU i as naval and » years of spenfl e of our natial nto a solid wa" communism and all our a nicall) for um1 ii-t imperialist*] :, it all with foo" n which, far I ig of our meflj ubt make man for them; *<* of our flic n'1" lave rushed to | ing inoimnt : iding helpless ipinion again*! Communist <■"' rengthened bf tand, this Co! alvanized the of spirit and in today's troilL Britain, which t in commentinij EWS, January, \ —Wide World Photo General Matthew B. Ridgway Peiping's past actions, has been moved to term this latest imprisonment of Americans as "outrageous," and has said it deals a heavy blow to Bed China's ambition to be admitted to the I N. The British Foreign Office accused the Chinese Communists of "bad faith."1' ACTION HAS BACKFIRED Whatever the motives of the Chinese' Communists, their action has backfired. In the war for world opinion, Bed China has been overwhelmingly defeated. The I nilccl Stales has everything to gain by making sure that no rash action on our part will now turn the tables. President Eisenhower's task of deciding what action this nation will lake Ice secure the release of the imprisoned Americans is an unpleasant and an unenviable one. The President musl be faithful to his responsibility for acting in accordance with what is to the best interests of the I nilccl Slates in the long run. But while deliberating on a course of action, he is beleaguered by demands for strong action by everybody from retired army captains up to the chief Senate Republican.1' Unless the public is ready to wage war on Heel China, we must act diplomatically rather than militarily. War with Keel China could succeed only at terrific cost to the U.S. and at grave jeopard) to the over-all effort to stanch Ihe tide of Moscow-directed world envelopment.15 Best estimates place Bed China's capability feu ground warfare at a thousand divisions. The United States, at the peak of World War II, had managed to field ninety-six divisions. Our naval and air superiority would help offset this troop disparity, but the entire resources of the I nitcd States, and probably of our allies, would have to go into the fight. FACTS FORUM NEWS, January, 1955 And while um- forces were bogged down in China, Bussia would doubtless seize the opportunity to make sweeping territorial conquests in Europe. Bed China is an outlaw nation, and at the moment there does not seem to be anything we can do but protest when our citizens are abused at its hands. Our best chance to achieve justice for Americans in China is to behave ourselves in the humane and civilized wa) that will keep world opinion on our side. In this way, we will ultimately prove to the Chinese Communists that they cannot be looked upon as a civilized nation until they behave like a civilized nation.1 ALLIES ARE WORRIED Our allies have long been fearful that the United States, by some hasty and ill-considered action, would plunge the world into a third great war. They have watched the United States, as a strong and wealthy nation, exhibit patience and diplomacy in the face of many outrages. But their uneasiness stems from the unauthorized, ill-advised statements of demagogues and vote-hunting politicians.1 Even while standing stanchly at our side in the face of this latest Communist outrage, they cannot help being worried by such proposals as Senator Knowland's that we blockade the China coast, cut off diplomatic relations with Communist countries, and thereby invite the destruction of the entire world. President Eisenhower and Secretary Dulles have done much to inspire confidence in us on the part of our allies by resisting such reactionary pressures and standing their ground for wise and patient action. President Eisenhower knows that because of the destructiveness of the hy- drogen weapons, there is, as he says, "no alternative to peace." He is fully aware that war could be forced upon the West by reckless Communist action and that willingness to resist aggression i- tin- best way to avert aggression. That is a chance the world must take. In the meantime, we must preserve and use every peaceful avenue of pressure and influence to solve our international problems. In retaliation for the unlawful jailing of American soldiers in China, President Eisenhower and Mr. Dulles are following the course that true statesmanship prescribes — they are exerting intense diplomatic pressure on the lied regime in China and they are making the Beds squirm.20 The Chinese first announced the jailing of our men in tones of arrogant self- assurance. Apparently dismayed by the hornet's nest of disapproval which they stirred up, they quickly changed their tone. They have become almost apologetic in their desperate efforts to explain and justify their illegal action.14 Mr. Dulles has said that we must act within the framework of the United Nations Charter. Such action will keep the spotlight of world attention focused on the Communists' outrageous conduct; and it will prove to the world that we in America are a sane and sober people, dedicated to maintaining world peace at all costs. It will prove to our allies beyond any doubt that we are worthy of the support they have offered us, and it will cement the unity of the free world into a formidable force against any similar Communist action in the future. There, in quick review, are two .sides of a Facts Forum question: "Should the United States impose a blockade of Communist China to force the release of American prisoners?" t Bibliography on Page 39) (Upper) United Nations Command negotiators at Panmunjom in summer of 1952; (lower) Red truce team at Korean truce talks. Page 5
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