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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 3, March 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 3, March 1955 - File 069. 1955-03. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/769/show/768.

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Facts Forum. (1955-03). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 3, March 1955 - File 069. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/769/show/768

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 3, March 1955 - File 069, 1955-03, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/769/show/768.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 3, March 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date March 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 069
Transcript test ! . . . ACTS FOR Makes the Public Interest R STRAUSS OF VIRGINIA SECUHITl' and J\CHIE\IEMENT " ' Tnterest to the Public "A socirty of .,l11·1•p n1111t. in time, br~el a f!OU'ntnu•nl of u:oln•.,:· Bunn I'll 1n; Jot\ f;,u. '·When m11rt• 11f th,. p1•11pl1•".1 .<1ot1'­llallce is exaclt'd throu[!,h tl11• form of taxatioll thall i.1 111•1·1•.<.\llry to m1•1•t till' j11.1t obliw1tio11., of (!,llrl'rr;m,.llt 1111d ex· pe11.,es of it., 1•1·111111mical admi11i.,tration. such exactin11 beco1111's ruthle.1.1 extortio11 and a riolatioll of th1• f11ndanwntal pri11· ciples of a free (!,On•m1111•nt." CRm rn C1.E\ El. l'I> ( l'C-Ond Annual \l<"'af!I'. 188(>1 ''Thr lmt>rirn11 /11'11/ilt• 11.1k 11111• thi11(!, the truth. Tlll'Y nill find their zrny orer any ob.1tacln. thr1111(!,h r111v fof!,. agai11st a11y Joe. forl'i(!,ll or do1111•.1tic. if they hall' tlll' truth:· SE,ITOH \\ 11.1.1\\I JE,,EH '·Let l,.. 'af<'f!Uard c\nwrica Fi"l .. Januar) 1955 l1111•rican lfrrc11ry " If ,\ero ploy1•d his fiddlt• n·hili• Ro111r burned. t/11•11 our 1m>.11•1Lt 011tcry 11(!,llifl.\l rigorous inn•."iligation of communi.,m in , lnll'rirn mal.,·s th1• .111m1• kind of mad al!d mi.1plac1•d m11.1il'." Cz. \llE'I E I·:. \1 I "0' Forml'r \otrP lhnw La11 Dean .. /,rt th1• 1wti111wl /la[!, float 111t>r 1•n•r.r .11·hooll1ou.1e in tlu• cowtlrJ. and tlw l'XNCi.11•.\ '"' .\Ill'" II.\ shall imprl'.I.\ upon 011r yo11th !Ill' patriotic d11ti1»1 of 1111ni· ca11 citi~1·nship:· BD.J \"" j I lllHIS(J' 4'/f a man i."i going lo lw an lnu•rican al all. 11'1 him lw .111 11 ith1111/ 1111} qualify· ill[{ adjeclires; and if Ill' i.1 goillg t11 lw soull'thing l'l,e. frt him drop th,. 1rnrd . I nll'rica11 from hi.1 prr.101wl cfr.1crip· [LOil>. * * * Per ... on:-. ~ubmillin:r quotation ... \\ hid1 an· W·('d in thi:-. <"olumn ''ill rt'('<'in· on<·· p·ar ,uh ... rription' to Fac/.1 Forum \ e10. If aln·ady a ,uJ.,nilH'r, th!' contributor ma) dt':-'i:.rnalt• anolht'r JH'r..;011 lo \\ hom tlw a\\ard ,uh ... c-ription "ill hP '''nl. or lw may "i,.h to 1·,ll·nd hi, prt"'!'llt ,uh· ~C"ription. B1• ... un· to Ji,.t tlw anthor ... and ... oun·1· ... of all quotation,. FACTS FORUM NEWS Vol. 4 MARCH, 1955 No. 3 Offi<"ial 1rnbli<"ntion of FnrtK Forum. Inc., IR02 Mnin St.. DnllnK 1, Te>XB8. Publi~hed monthl.1 ~~n ~~~. i ~~~~"~~ti~flP F~<~~~ar~~~u "; n Pf.~~~ Pf.~11:u ~ n~ l~~~l·i;;,n~'nb~r~~~l;it~ep~~8<~~~~-g t~~~1d cla~ mRilinsr privihJles nuthori:r.e>d at DnllaK, T<.'xRM. Print<·d in U.S.A. BOARD 01'' DIRE('T01t$: Robt·rt H. 0Nlmnn. Prt·l'lid<.'nt: John L. Dal<', Vice Pr(•Miclc>nt: Wnrn·n A. Gilbt·rt. Jr .. S1·crdnry: J(l<' NnKh. Trt.•ai<un·r: Mrs. K P. Lambuth. Mrs. Su1 MrCrary, Rob<'rt B. GoK!'ldt. ADVISORY BO.\HD: Majur B. A_ Hnr1h-y, C'hnirmnn; Or. Arthur A. Smith. Lloyd f Skinner. Dnvid P. Strkkln, Harry E. Rosrh-r. Willinm N. Blnnton. Mr1<. H. L. Hunt, Mf"i" H. N. Hu111wll. Jr ., Mrs. Wallnrl• Savng1'. W. G. Vollm1·r, Dnnk Walk<.'r. E. K MrQuilk" G•·n·rnor Allnn Shivn ... Gtnt·rnl Allx·rt C Wt•1lt·m1·yer, G(•n<'rul Robt·rt E. Wood. Hnnf(I M<"Nidn, John Wnynt> COMMENTATOR: Dan Smoot. Jo:DITOR: l\11-dford Entn~. Bl'SINESS MAN.\(;EH: 0. \1. Sptnce. If you wi,.h to mnkt• a contribution to Facts Forum, nddr11u1 Jo<' NnAh, TrC"asur<.'r, F11cU Forum. Dnlla~ I. Tt·xn11. Sueh contributions carry n tnx-<l<·ductiblt• !'!talus. PA("TS PORl'M i~ n nationwidt• public NluC'nlional vt·ntur1• d<·<liC'ntC'd to nrouioing pu~I rntt rC"l"t in important ('t1rrt·nt t•\"£'nlA and stimulating individual 1mrticipation in the sha1uril of puhli<' poliC'y. Fa1·ts Forum i~ nonprofit and nonparti11nn. supporting no politiC'nl cnndidnl<' or pnrl~ FnC'l1' Forum's 11rtivitit K nrt• 11<.'~iJtnt•d to pr(~l·nt nut ju l ont• vil·w of n controv(·rsinl i~~1 but all vi1·w11. h<·lit vinJ? that it is tht riJ,?"ht nnd tht• obligntinn of the Amt·rican pt.•opll• thclll" ft(•lvt·s to ll·arn nll thi• fn1·t11 nnd (·omt· to tht•ir own ('On1•l110.ion1<, SUBSCRIPTION HATES: $1 for six months, 2 for on(• ycnr. $5 for thr<·<' yC"ari:1. CHANG!': OF ADDHES!:i: S(·nd old addrt"MS it•xnrt]y n~ imprinted on mniliJH~ lnlu•I of yo ropy of 1-'A('TS FOHlJM NEW81 and rww nddrtthl to F:\('T8 FOHUM NEWS. Ut.•1m1·tnit'11 CA, Dnlln. 1. Tt·xa11. Plca-:c nll11w thr1·<.' W(•t·k!'I for ehnnKt·-<J\'('r. IN TH IS ISSUE h<o111. Tl\ \ \11.'l>\IL'ff hv Orlll Smoot HH;ZIT·TO·\\ 011i,. L\\IS hr Oa11 .~111001 SffHLT111' I I 11.f.llT\ \rr111,s H1xT111:11's '· 1·'11\11>" C 11 I HGE Cm1.1J TllL l "TLD Sn11.s 'Co IT /\1.1"1:"~ Fo11110S\ hy Orlll S11111ot \\ 111T !\um T HuJ.1 11.w J';uso":11s·~ /\s 1,s \ ' "'" '"' Fo11t ' ' G11ouP \\ 111. FOll\IOS\ F111.'.i C111' 1 E\l'un 1'1H.1>HTs .\1.1.-0t T \\ 111 l'oss1111.c l{11no ,,,, T\ Su11.1n 1 LS \1>n P1T1110T1s1r TO \1> hy 11. /,. llwit 1'01.1T" 1• l{11w1.1 m ~."sn;" ·Tin. Oz Tzlf. \ 1110' Cm;s TO Fon1zos 1 I)" S11001"s \111 '1111\ u.s Cl.f\lll TO 200.000 \ 11 1.LS FF FL\TllHll I' \\TI0,11. \ 11(,IZ"f, '.->1. ISO' ·s CHLLTI ";s 1'01.1. ltLSl I.TS I Fl.Biil Ill) I II orker Oz z. l{o< 1-i.n (h LI< II 111\ t-:\ \ 1-:11 I{ 11no S1.1111:s S111 rnt z.w zn FF .\T0\11( Sr1TL s 01 TllL \ 1T10' by l,1•11i.1 / •. Strauss l 'IQl L 1{01 L 01 \1n111111. ST11 It SS h) lft.dford frnns \hsTrn101·s CISE m Jo" 111,To' h:'''ll T111n:s ll"TO' l'\Tn.K' T111s Is I' 1<;i 15 Coz 111'\T1To11 L1t 11E1TE Ho1 Co11' "" Tzlf; \To1r SPzLs LETTI.HS TO E1>1TOHS C1nnsr Ht 1.1.s J'OLI. Qt ESTIO'S ( \[ IHCIT) 1'01.1. Q1 f S fl{l'\ \\ I" UlS C1111•r l'h11111 ( rt'dit: "·\\ \ 0111, Tf\11.s 22, 26, :·lO, 59. (> To pay all mus l(Overnr IN Shoul1 111• n·1wa As u from t laking Who sa s No. 3 • Pn-eidl'nt: h. Mre. Su 1, Lloyd f, Hunt, M,.,. , MrQuilk" od. Hanfo surer, fact! m~ing pu~lit the shHJunl t<' or pnrt( '('r~inl i!'~ut ;>t:oplt• then' OUI' I ], :10, 59- (l To pay or not to pay, that is the question 1ha1 has hut one ans"er­al) must pay. Dan Smoot "eighs the points for and a~ainsl the government 's power to tax. INCOME TAX AMENDMENT Should th(' Income Tax Anwnclm('nl Iii' fl'JH'a}('cl~ * f As usual, let's answer the question rom two opposite points of view - tahktng first the arguments of some w o say "Yes." * * * * Co BEl01n: llw lrH·om(• Ta, Aml'nclm('nl r d"a' aclopt,·d in l9B, thr Am('ri"an r rral go\ernment was different from any, olhl'r goYcrnmcnt ever ereatccl. f Now, there 11as nothing new or dif-lerr, nt in the idea of democracy. Th(' •as"· ·cl f cl ( I · I 1 1 ra o 1•mocracy t mt '~- l rnl ~ldple elect their own rulen;) is quite older, in fact, than the idea of 0" 'oDw~ r nment 1u. y a king. I cmocracy in its pure>t form had lh;'~'.ricd out in ancient Greece, before T irth of Christ.1 a he w(',[('rn 11orld had had a , a,l h~ount of e'pericncc with democracy ,.~ ore the American Revolution was d/r fought, and had clisc·o\ errd that \~0<'ra('y IH'\ er producrs freed om. l'r r'!locracy al11 ays rnds in the mo'I 1111111( and tl'rrible kind of tyranny. ;.. 311 1r P<'oplP 1d10 c•stahlislll'd the mer­had go\f•rr1mPnl knc•11 that d!'mo"ra") lhrrn,111'1 t•r. <'nahlPd people lo goH'rn 13 ekes 111 a free and orderly society. ~o Ul the AnwriC'an r'periment in M'lf­~ vcrnmcnt was a mira('ulous MH'<'ess. REPUBLIC-NOT DEMOCRACY idr\ar]h v· ?· \'"" '! iy <1 1· < I 1\ merr.c a ac I1 .1 e\'e tI w Pros >~r. ord<'r. ,pJf-go, ernnwn l, material rar· 1 1 rit). and frcc·dom, 1d1en ckmoC'­lo J lad brought none of these things hi,1~1[y;roup of people before in human B,., .. 1- I "ali ' 11 '1' l 1e men who founded our crra~'~ did not 1·reate a democracy. Tht') 1/ a f1•drral repuhlic.2 lllt• 1 ~ d<'n101Tac·1. the po11 er of «01 rrn-n lS J' . d. t> In · un unite . that a <'Pmonal'). if the rulPr> d1•!'id1· % ru~f~<'rrmwnt ought lo ,eilt' pri\ all'i) hand, ~iclust:~e~ and place lhern in the Brit·. 0 poht1"ians as tlH' rulers of <'isi illlJ did d1Tid1• in l 918 that dc- 011 J , • l1i1J of •<come•, la11. h1·rnu:o!' ii i' 1!11· In tlw <'il'C'led rulers. that .a dc•mo1Tal'y, if lhe rull'r~ cl1•C'idl' bl' 111u ''<'rtain 1·1·onomic group should d1."id,'.'r1:<'n·d I'll nui>st• as Stalin did d1·i·isi a 10111 llw Hu ... sian Kulaks that lli!J 0r" hc·1·0111c•s la11 ill'l'ausl' it is thC' In o \t h1, 1: Il 'l'l('d rulers. 11ll'rr!'a, ho11 t'\l'r the go\ crn- PA ' <'1', F011• L'i\1 :-\F.\\'S, .ll11rl'li. u1.;.; nu·nl\. power O\t•r ib O\\ll people \\Us >lril'lly limited. Tlw Constitution speC'i­ficalli denii·d the federal go1ernmcnt all of the dang1•ro1" po11ers of go\crn­nwnl O\ er the liH•s of indi\ idual citi­zt• ns.3 The most important conslilnlional limitation on the power of the federal go\(• rnm<•n t was the la'\.ing power. The Founding Fathers knew that ir th<' f1•drral go' ernmrnt had unC'hecked po111·r lo il'\ y la,es il C'ou ld de:;lro) all the fn•edo1m 1d1ich tlw Constitution sou:rht lo proled. because, as thr :rrc•al Chief Jw .. ti l'e John \Iar:ohall said, the po111•r lo ''" is the po111•r lo destroy.' Thal ori:rinal C'onslilulional limitation 011 till' la,ing po111•r of the frckral l!OH'l'llnll'nl 11as the om• thing (the on ly thin:rJ 11 hi ch fundamentally di ... tin­:? lli~hed 1he i\mrri can sysl<'m of goH'rn­m!' nl from the so-ra lll'd d!'mo!'racics of lh<' old 11orld and of Latin Anwrica. CONVERTED AMERICAN SYSTEM l\nd then. in 191 :~, the American JH'Opil'. h) adopting lhl' Si,lPenlh. or l n1·om1· Ta,. Anwndmc•nl. t11111 itlingl~ dl'slro1 eel th<' old American sys tem and c·on\l';led it into the kind of democraC')' "hich has always, in the end, led lo ruin. deirradation. and slmrry.' In l 9B. before thr frderal go\·ern­mpnl aC'quired it> unlimited power to '"'- the fed1•ral g'O\l'rnnwnt 011ed le» than one billion dollars. Today, the federal goYernmrnt owes O\er 275 hillion dollars, and the Presi­dent is asking Congress to raise the drbt limit so that we can owe some more.6 This nation today i mortgaged to the hilt. Our present fcdrral debt is <'q11irnlent lo the total Yalue of all tangible propt•rty in the United. talcs - mines. milk home-. automobi les, fac­torie>. building,-. railroads. c1·erything. Bdon• the Si,11•cnlh. or ln!'ome Ta,. \mcndnwnl 11as adopted in 191:~, Amer­i" a 11 as immune to the European disease of so('iaJi,m. because politi!'ians could nol promi'.-'C' \Oling hlocs ~omethin~ 11 hif'h 11 as lo he paid for hy sonwone el ... e. They cou ld not buy my \'Ole by promisinμ; me a p('n~ion or u suhsiclizccl house. becam«' they couldn't takr money out of your sala ry check lo pay for it.7 The American propl<'. hy and large, did not begin lo >ee or c11•n suspect the tt•rrihle consequence of the income -Wide World Photo Clerks work on incoming mail at Government Printing Office in Washington, O.C., and find 60 per cent of the mail received contains orders for a new tax bookle t sold by the government. Note mail sacks at bock of room. Page 1 lax until about lwC'nty yrars had passed. But when Roo•c\·clt came along and for the first time used tlw tax w~apon on a gigantic scale - demon>trated the technique of buying votes with the voter" own money - the old American system vanished.8 Each admini~tration since Roosernlt - which m~ans Truman and Eisenhower has u•ed the frdcral incomr tax in thr way and for the' purpos!' that Karl :\Tan: prescrihrrl wh!'n he wrote the Communist .llani/esto. The Communist llanijesto says that if gO\ernmrnts in the capitalistic countries would adopt •terply graduatrd income ta-..es for the JHlrpo•e of redistributing the national wealth - that i•. imposing a higher rate of ta-..es on p<'ople 11 ho ha\f? been succes ful and 1'110 haH' accumulatrd •omr holding•. and a 1011 rr rah· on those 11 ho don't ha\'e \'cry much th!')' would. by that act, create Socialist socirtirs, hccau,e. in destroying the accumulations of pri\ ate WC'alth. thry would dry up the sources of pri\ate eapital and cl1·stroy the sptem of prirnte capitalism.• SOAK-THE-RICH APPEAL Thi• Communist idra of graduat ~ d in­comr tax has alway' hC'!'ll politically popular, because it ha. a pl!'a,-a11t. soak­tlw ·rieh appeal. But soakin;r tlw rich raisrs rPlati\-clv little rc\'C'nue, because thPrr are rclat.in•ly fC'w rich peopl1• to soak. \lost of us who pay ta,es are poor people.10 Althou;rh 1woplr i11 tlw top inromr brackets today pay the fcdPral gon·rn­mrnt 92 per crnt of their !'arning . it is still the people with •mall incomes stenographPrs. hookkrPpPrs. truc·k dri\·C'rs. steelworkers- 1d10 pay O\!'r 80 p<'r cent of the cost of goH•rnmenl. If the gov<'rnmenl confiscall'd e\C'ry penny of 1•wry in!'omp ahOlr l!'n thou,and dollars a p·ar. thl' procC'eds "ould lie harPh enough to run the fed­eral ;ro1 <'rnmr1;t as it 11ow opt•ratcs for two 11 er ks. -Wide World Photo Chief Justice John Morshatl (portrait by James R. Lambdin). Page 2 -Wide World Photo~ In 1934 (left l , President Roosevelt signed the dollar evaluation bill and took immediate steps to put the new monetary system into effect. President signed bill in the presence of his monetary advisers (left to right) : Herman Oliphant, of the Treasury Department; Secre· tary of the Treasury Morgenthau; Eugene Black, Governor of the Federal Reserve Boord: Professor George Warren: George l . Harrison, Governor of the Federal Reserve Board of New York, and Professor James Rogers. At right, photo shows the f irst and last pages of th• $3,553 ,400,000 tax bill, the largest that had ever been enacted, after FDR signed his n•'"• to it in September, 1941 . It was designed to defray the costs of the national defense and lend-lease programs. Of course, the man \\ho has the most property should pay the most taxes, be­cau'e he gets thr mo'l protection from go\crnmcnl. If your income i twice as much as mine, your la\es should be t\\ ire as much as mine, because you hair t11irr as much \alue needing the protection o[ go\ernmcnl. But there is no lqwl. moral. or e onomic justifica· Lion for your ha1ing to pay four or fi\C times as much. as is the case now under a ta' sy,t1·m huilt on the Com· mun i•t prinC'iple of graduated rate;:. Fed!'ral inrom!' laxes an• gradually achit•\ inf( the Communist ideal of trans­ferring all capital w!'alth from privatr incli\iduals to the fpcipral g<n<'rnmf'nl. lem in.g our pconomy f'ntin·lr dcpC'ndcnt on goH•rnmPnl capital. \\'e arc 1·on\C'rling our system of pri1atc capitalism into a sr,trm o[ stale or go\rrnmt•nl capitalism. Prirnte capi­tali• m is the s1slcm that built Amcril'a. tat!' or go\ p;·1rnwnt capitali•m is the '\'•l!'m that \Ju"olini had in Italy, llitl1•r in Gc·rmany, till' Communists in Ru•-.ia and China. 11 Today. tlll're is hardly any major undrrtakin:r planned '' ithoul the fed1·ral go\ernmrn1·, being 11'k!'d to 1iro1id!' financial hacking. ).('[ tlw dPhl of our j!OYernm('nl is already hi:,rf!<'r than th(' combined indebtedness of all the other go\crnmrnls in the world. If a city n<'eds a lake for its water supply, it a'ks the federal go1 ernmenl to pro\ idc it. If a rc;don wants a !'anal, it a,ks the federal go1crnmcnl to dig it. lum clearance projeet? C!'L the money from go\·crnmenl. The go1 Prnmcnt of India wants some wheat? Get it free from lfnclc am. Four young roupl<'s who rntc right and 11 ho hme '"pull" want to tak!' an cxpcnsi\e rncalion tog<'lhcr lral'<'lin~ th rough Eu rope? Fine! Our Foreign Opnations Admin­istration rigs up a ridiculous insp!'!'li~ 11 trip for tlwm so tlwy ran take tlwir trll' al go1!'rnm!'nl 1•,prnsc.12 YOU PAY FOR IT! What docs "at go\crnmC'nl C'\pcns.c',' mran? ft means that you pal' for 11 \~'lwn till' g011·rnnwnl sp<:nds 1~1 million dollars that, of course. docs11 1 com!' from you. her·au•c you don't ha1' that much money. But tlw one dollar or 111 0 dollars or fin• dollars tak1·11 out of your rhrck !'ad1 payday. along 11 ith · cquivalc111 sums taJ...1 •11 UWH\ rrom Cl!'ry other pcli son in ihe nation. goes into 1hc frdcrn pot. !\11d from that pol, the hurcn11: crats gc·t ilu· rnont')' 11 ith 1d1id1 thC) financ(' "at goq•rnm(·11l ('\fH'n:-;e" trip:-· and otlll'r l1P1wfits for the people· thC right pt•oplC'.12 Th!' 1110 or thn·t• dollars that yo•' 1101dd likP to la) aside t•ach payday, 1 ~ smt• up for th1• rnr·ation trip you hn1' ah1a1s dn·anwcl of hut could nc1rf affo(d. is 111·1 Pr quite ther!' for you· Thi' go1ernmt·nt ah1ays beats you 10 il takes it out of your dwek 1>cfol' you l'\ !'r s1·1· \our check and thr" L1'l's it to pro1 id1· a really good 1acnti01' trip for somP01w ds1-. With practically e\ c•ry person in th<' nation dqirndrnl in one way or anothr~ on go\'crnmPnl handouts, Rubsidirs, a11' contract•, can th!' tirk he turned haC~ It could, hut it would require statr" FACTS FORUM NEWS, .Hnrr/1, IP tnanship of all. < ntrnt lim tent of i i·liniinate '"'lem­~ racluate1 the f(Ol<'I ntrn t sin and dang 1£ 11c 11 0 inc•nt'~ pc 11·ou ld ha away lo I Your mo \ fri!'a. a1 life hi,to1 11 arblers.' We co1 lnaking it Oli•nt to O\\fl rili. t·ountless , lax rnon~ tnany Y<'a If \ie 1 ~ lieginni "'overnm<'1 rf'._t rict i I ~ fun<'tions on r ·t· .. th1• I lflll j 11 r1•pcn anc1 rt·rno, 1<'cll'ral ~ a11oth<'r !( ~P<'nding, That , 0 11 11osile .~ho no ax: J\. rn1 ,rid Photos 11mediate ?sence of tt · Secre· e' Board: Board of es of th• his nan'le ense arid tr righl take an ral'elin~ Admiw SJH'ciiOfl irir lr'i' ,pen"'' for it' els 1~1 doe~n 1 n'l }w\-t 1llars or r rhcr~ ui\'ale111 her per· frdcrnl hurrn11• di the) :" trip:-· ilc 1JiC iat yo~ ,day, 10 JU }J31C I ne1er you. you 10 Jrcfof' I 1hr11 I( 'Jl 'acat1° rnanship and courage. \1'e could. first of all. adopt a c·on,lilulional anwnd· rnrnt limiting federal La,ation lo 25 per rent of incli1 iclual incomes. This would f'lirninatc the wor'l e1il in our prl'srnt 'Y>Lem - tlw Communi'l principle of graduated ralrs and it would rornpcl lhe 1101Prnmrnl Lo rconomize. Go1rrn· tnrnt !>imply will not cul out wasteful and dangerous ,..prnding unlrss it has to. ff lie 11ould pul a limit on Lhr go1<·rn· •nrnt's JlO\\Pr lo Lax, rour go1rrnrnc·nl 11 ould ha1e to slop gi1 ing rour mont') a.way lo forc•ign go\C'rnmrnts, spcndir~g l ou.r monP)' on hou'i nf! studies rn 1\fr1<·~· an~I puhli~hing hrod1~m·s on the •fe hr,Lorrt» of "\orth Anwrrcan wood· 11 arblers." \Ve could al,o adopt an amrndrnrnl making it illrgal for the frdrral go1<'rrr· tni•nt lo cornprlr in husin"s' "ith ii:; 011 11 ritizrns. This 11ould rliminale •·ountlrss socialislic enlPrpriscs on 11 hich lax monry has hrrn squancler<'d for rnan Y yt·a rs. ff 11e had thp,e L110 amendrnrnls a' hrginning, we could cut the federal government hack to lqi:itirnate size. ~'»lrin ib acli1 itic' Lo rnlid a11CI legal unnions. and make ,..uJi,Lanlial inroads ~hi T<·tirinf! the national dehl. \Ve could 1 ' 11 rt•peal the Tnronw Ta, Amendment f11r n·n1olt' fore1t'r 1he possibility of th<' rci•ral "01Prnmt·111's rmharkinrr on an ot JI Pr l' "l arry l lopkins orgy of t"a ,ing, >Jl<'nclinf!, anci electing. * * * * * 0 Tha t was one side. Now comes fhe ~~>ositc side - argumen ts of somC' ·r o DO XOT t hink that the In come ax Amendment s hould be repea led. T1;f; * * * * * idt•a of n•pt·aling tlw lnC"onw Ttl\ ~mc•nclment is preposterOLI'. 1 limiting the federal f!OI ernnwnt\ ' 011 er to lt•1) ta,es would place surh a fiscal strait jarket on th<' μ:01 c·rnnwnt that it could not me('[ the l!Hll e crist'' of depre>>ion. inflation. and threats of war. h cry otlwr major f!OI ernnwnt on c•arth has the freedom lo raise la\t's as rH'eded to mert national t·mergenC'ies. I [011 eould our gol'crnmenl C'Ompl'le - or t•1en i;uniw - in the pn•senl world o[ continuing international tensions if its hands 11t•rc tied - if its most 'ital pO\\l'r (the taxing po\\ er) were limited'?" \\ hen the Si,tecnlh \ nwndnwnt \\ "' propo,ed, the <·ounlf) 1 oted for it Ire· cause it permilll'd the most equitalrle kind of lu' po"ible. ll has cnalrled us to ncai<• a modern ta' ')'lem, hased on tlw princip.ll' that people should Ire la,ed accord1nf! lo their ability lo pa). The ar<>umenl that the progn»siH· in· come la\ 0 has hurt the c·ounlry is ridirn· lous. Thr grosg national produ!'l almm-1 doulrled lrl'l11cen 19:{9 and thl' firs! half of 1951. rising from 179 billion dollars to ;{21 lrillion dollars. Employmrnt ro'" from 16 million to 62 million. \\ 't•1•kli wages in manufacturing in('rt'a:-.ecl <.1houl 50 p<'r cenl. Corporate pr?~" roH' fror:: fi1 t' hi Ilion dollars lo 18 billion dollars. PEOPLE JUST WORK HARDER ll if!h ta' rates do not reduce irHTn· till'. \\'hen taxes arc high, people 11ork harder and a"surnc greater risb in o~dcr lo maintain a gil'cn landard of 1111ng. Jf a man pays a tax of 20 per C'l'nl, he mu~l incrca ~e his income 111 ordt'r to ha1 e the same take-home pay he 11 ould ha1 e 11 ilhoul ta,es. Oln iOL1'1). a man 11 ill "ork harder when he ha' lo nH't'l larger obligations 11 hether I hey arc a n1·11 car, a tcle1 ision set. a new baby, or higlwr lav,;. lie will ai.m al a standard of Iii ing 11 hi ch seems right to !um, and -Wide World Photo · Pres'd · nal leaders Aug. 16 after S1(J11 j" ! ent Eisenhower distributed souvenir pens to congress~o . the ceremon were ~•h tog '.nth law the new tax bill granting reductions to ~"!it ~·~~ss~:~ted · Rep. Le! Alie~ ~R·ill. )rigRt, Sen. Styles Bridges (R-N.H. l. Rep. Dan R~ I' ·A;e~d~ (R-111: ), Sen. Homer ''9us~ ep. Joseph W. Martin <R -Mass. l , Rep. es ie Charles Halleck <R-lnd . l, Unde,.., n < R-M ich. l , Se n. Leverett Saltonstall l R-Mass. l ,E Rep. Millikin ( R-Colo. l. cretary of the Treasury Marion Folsom, and Sen. ugene "JI.er S FonuM XE\\'S, .1111rrh, 1.%s -Wide World Photo Harry Hopkins (right l shown as he ~alked with reporters in Washington, D.C., prior to reporting to President Truman on his mission to Moscow. Hopkins' trip to Russia was as the President's special emissary. he 11ill 11ork lo achic1e and maintain it. Tlw fact that the nation·,, output hao douhlcd during the past ten ) curs pro1 C• that i11di1 iduab and corporatiom, carry 011 economic acli1 ities al high lei els of eflil'iency e1en if luxes are h1·a~l·"' The opponents of the lncome Tu>. \ nwndmenl argu · that it Lenci:, to dis· courage produetion. 1\othing could be farther from the truth. l\ol only do the rc1 cnucs deri1ed from the income tax enable the go1t·rnnw11l to he the largc•l ,in<>le consumer, "hich make· more jol~; but the mailability of these re· source allo''' the go1t•rnme11l lo con· 1rol the economy in >uch a \\a)' a to amid the old .. boom and hu>l"' that used lo plague our spten~. T~w larg~»l. con· sunH'r, follo11 ing ,,r11•nt1fic .prrnnplt·,, can J...ecp our economy run111ng on an t'\ t'n krC'I and can maintain a con~lant high k·H·I of prosperity. The conditions C\isting al the lime of 1 he lkclaralion of lnclqie11d1•nce and of the framin" of the ConHilution ha1c 1 ani,lwcl. Prior to 1900. l\nwrirnn, could afford Lo he .. rugged indi1 idual­i> ts"; hut the lndu,trial Rcrnlulion hnnwht in its wake 'uch a hif!hly inter· depe1~d!'nl society that the rif(hb of so· cil'ly lwcame more important than lhe rights of the indi1 idual. Society has llH' ri:rht to protl':,l ''hen one man ama~se~ <>real 11rahh 11hile otlwr men ~lane. SociC'l1 has the duty of protecting itself and its nwmlrers af!ainsl lhe economic anarchy of a f(rreclr fr11. ociety granb to the indi1 idual equal ri11hts 11i1h all olher incli1iduak hut requires him to c,c•reioe those righls a' a re,ponsihlC' memlwr of 'ociC'ly.'" Tlw 11 hol1· i' gn·alP1 than lhr 'um (Conti1111nl "" Pu,:(' 63) Page 3 SE\E,TEE'i clifft,.renl slal<'' hmc out­lawed the union i;hop w1Lh \\hat they call right-LO·\\ork la11 . These slates arc: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansa , floricla, Georgia, Iowa, Louis­iana, :\lissi:;sippi, l\ebra,ka, l\crnda, i'iorlh Carolina, South Carolina, orlh Dakota, oulh Dakota, Tennei;:;ee, 'fcxas, and Viq:dnia. On December 7, 1951, Labor Secre­tary Jame:; P. \litchcll, speaking before the i:deenlh annual ro111 C'nlion of the CIO in Los Angeles. <''Pr<'"•ed the hope that the•c seventeen 'lalp, "otild wipe those right-to-work laws from the 'Lal­ulc books. saying that suC'h laws do more harm than good. 1 The cordial lone of MiLdH'll's talk lo the CIO was made ewn more emphatic by the warm tone of the message he brought to the CIO from President Eisenhower. The Eisenhower mc!'sage lo the CIO said: "Trade unioni!'m has herome a vital part of American life. The acti,iLies of the American labor mo,·ement ham brought about social and economic re­forms which have enriched the live!' not only of union members hut of millions of -other American<. Fnion efforts to help strengthen our general welfare. our national prosperity. and our democracy have earned !'inccre gratitude among our people."' After listening lo the Prrsidrnl's words. one CIO leader said: "We u~ed to orp:ani7.(" hy ~ayinf!. 'Roosewlt wants vou to join a union.' "\ow wr ran revise that to <a\·, 'Ike want~ you to join a union.' " 1 · The next day. Orcrmhrr 8. 195t. at the White Ilou<r. howrvrr. Pn•sident Eisenhower in a pre" conf Prencr <aid that \Tr. \Titchrll. in calling for repeal of <late right-to-work law<. was not <peakin2 for thr a<lministralion.2 TOUCHED OFF SHARP ATTACK This comment toud1ed ofT a sharp at­tack on \Ir. Eisrnho"rr hv Walter Reuther, president of thr CTO. \Tr. Reuther drrlared that thr PrcsidPnl had repudiated his SrcrPtan of Lahor.3 The political implication> of all this are in tcre~t in ::r and important; 11ut Pai;e 4 Dan Smoot discusses: RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWS fuel:; forum's SJ>!'Ciflc quc:;lion here is this: "Do you agree with Secretary of Labor \litdwll that thr stale right·lo­work laws do more harm than good?" * • • As usual, let's answer this ques­tion from two exactly 011posite points of view, taking- first the argu­ments of those who say "Yes." All of the arguments on this side of the question are taken from the CIO publication, ECO:\O)llC OUT­LOOK, September, 19:>4. The article is entitled "'Hight-to-Work' Laws­' lick Anti-Labor Weapon." 1 • • • "THE Hight Lo \\'ork" is a fair-sound-ing slogan. It sounds like the title of a full !'mploymenl program. But it is being uocd U} rea!'tionary groups as a co\ er for slal<' antilabor legislation. In its name, seH·nlecn slates ha\ e oulla\\ed a ll forms of union security: the closed ,hop, the union shop, and maintenance of membcr,hip. Thes<' l1H\S aim to undermine union strength and to throw roadblocks in thr way of collecli\ c bargaining. EJe, en of the S!'\l'nleen "right-lo­work" ,.;talcs passed their la11s in 1917. That 11as thf' year of "hipped-up anti­labor hy,.;tcria when tlH' Taft.JlartJc, Act wa> pa"cd O\C'r Prcsidrnl Trumai/s \'C'lO. Siner I 952. antilabor forces in thr stale> hm·c been gathering new strength . fi\C additional stales pass!'d right-lo· work law' ilC'l11ren 1952 and 1951. And antilabor groups arr hard at work in thr stair capitol" allrmpling lo ron' incr lrgislalors that their states nrccl such IC'!?i,Jation. "Righl-lo·work" propagandists always refer lo lihrrlv. justice. and frrC' rhoicr. \\hi ch union-<rrnril v prm isions sup­po- rdJy take awav from workrf'. But undrrh·ing stwh mislrading declarations of high prinriplr i' thr illusion that "right-to-work" laws arr a <prrial al­tra<" lion to in<luslrv an<l rommC'rcc. PREMISES ARE DECEIVING Both or lh!'S(' prPmisp, u<cd hy "righl-lo·work" propagandists arc falsr and illusorv. Thrv scrn• merply lo cloak antilahor l<•gislation with a fraudulent COH'r of social purpose and rcop<'' ability. The pasl hundred years hm·c wil· nc:;secl a vast change in types of cJJ' ploymcnt. 'J he dominant type of business 1od•11 is the huge, impe"onal corporation ru1· ploying thousands of workers, frt quenlly in establishments that arc 111 eated in difTC'rent parts or the coun1r1 The indi,idual worker on his own at a dislinrt disadrnnlagf' in tryinl! I influenrc thr rompany's derision rcl!arr. ing hi~ wa.g<.·~. hour~. and working: cor di lions. Ilnions allcmpt lo rrdre" the halaJJf through rollrrli\'C' organization a11 action. Thr union allcmpls to giYr ii• indiYidual worker the hargaining pO''' hr lacks on his own. The union whi<"h a majority of rJJ' ployers of a company unit sclC'rl is 11 exrl11si1•r bargaining agrnl for all ~n ployrcs in lhal unit. \Vhrn a uJJll' hargains with an rmployrr on wa~r hours. and working condilions. ti union bargains for all of the unit's mrn hers. ,, p~ct -Wide World p· . Labor. Secr~tary James Mitchell, add':1t 1n9 CIO s national convention at Los .Art9 0~ Dec. 7. defended the idea of comP~fs ( union membership and condemned state 1~ which prohibit such requirements in JO contracts. FACTS FORllM E\\'S, .1fnrr/i. I The d1 rights fo 'Pring ur basis of ws I respl'l 1avc wit· ·s of en' css tod31 ation cn1· <ers, frc l arr It• rounlf' i$ own i· lrying 1 +n rc:rnr(l. king ro11 <' halanr ion n11 μ-i\e 1fl np: po'\t y of rn' rrl i" ih r all r~' a unir n wn~c· on!'. ii ii'~ rn<'11 . The doctrine of exclusive bargaining rights for thr majorily union did not j1'"~ng up •udd!'nly. It de,cloped on the as1s of American experience. CONFLICT COULD RESULT . llultiple repre enlation could result 1 ~ conllicli11g dema11ds upon an em­P oycr from CIO unions, AF of L Uni.on~, rump union~, raC'kC'tcer orμ-a11i­'. at1ons. and Communist-dominated un­ion.•. all of th!'m ostensibly recognized ~,hargainin.g agents for workers within ~.same unit. · lhc grant of exclusirn bargaining : 1 1?1lls lo the majority union does a\Ht) 1~ 111 lhe po"ibility of such chaos. And ,. ~nds to free the majority union from 1 11 l'ss battles with numerous comprl- 1:'/\ Unions for collective bargaining /, .the employer. I nions arr unlikr other types of mrm­; c7hip organizations. Their k'gal righls ";l(f 0 bligalions are difTrrenl from lhosr F'ratrrnal ordeT' or churches. ,h.· ratrrnal orders and other memll<'r­lh;. P organizalions perform services. But l Y arc not n·quirrd by law or ru,tom '~·llcrform sen ices for nonmembers as , as for members. 'al\' P[1•r ans· may J•O •i n Yelerans ' organ1·- or~~n;s i~ thn "ish. But no \rlerans' re;rn" 11a1ion is required by .law to r<'p­as lh 1 all H'l!'rans. Yet a union sclerlrd nf . r baqraining agent hy a majoril)' lo " 0 rkrrs in a unit is legally requir!'d ·l?rrs('nt all the unit's workers. Ii 1. 1' burd1·11 of 1•,dusi\c n'pn•s1'11la - Pl0a11r c "· .a <1 1·c1r1 wu Il one. 'l'I ie union mthl ,.,1 . Its strength and financ!'s al llH' lfi1 , 1 ('r of all the \\Orkers in lhe unil. ~ai . ' 0 st of n<•golialing colleclin'-har­ho llJrig U;!f('('ffiPnts ('O\'erinrr thr waoc..., lh,'.''', and \\Orki;1g condi7ions or" ali of 1;rork<•r, in the unit must come oul lhr Ir. t111inn\ lreasurr. In proc!'"inf! Ifie Rr1'.'Vann• of any worker in the unil. llnio union may ha;·e to reimburse 1lw lhr 11 ,'l<'ward and eommilll'<'ml'Jl. If Ut1 j0J:!~lf'\·un<'r ,:?Ocs to arbitration, thC' a~.r~' •lafT "ill prnhahly rqJTesent lhe Ih "•' 11' "•' r ' l <'mp In \'ee lhr arh11· ralor and r·n.i 11 11 ' 0 n's lawyer. rronomist, induslrial ha~·c ri·r. and fi1,ld rrpresentaliYe, may f11ncj lo he rrimhursed out of union f'AC''J's Forn:M !l.'E\\'S, March, t.?55 Union representation, in short, bene­fits all the workers in the unit. J' it unreasonable. then, to ask all workrrs in the bargaining unit to con­tribute financially lo lhe support of thr union that rrpres!'nls I hem? Can sociely properly sanction the "free rider" who ref uses In assumr hi~ sharr of the hur­den of industrial citizenship? THREAT TO COMMUNITY The "free rider" - the nonpaying nonmember who enjoys the benefits of lrade unioni~m is like a memher of the rnmmu111ty who refuocs lo pay la\es for lhe upkerp of the schools, parks, polic<' and fire departments, and rrfuses lo \Ole in the community's e lections. Such a citizen is not merely antisocial; he is a threat lo thr ronlinurd heahh and safely of the community. If he is permitted lo gl'l away with it, olhers may \\I'll folio\\ his example. The finances of the com­munil) \\Ould b<• weakened; communil) sen ices would sufTer. Community peace and order could be supplanted by chaotic battles between Im.payers and non taxpayers. It is similar in industrial relations. Thr "free rider" refusrs to accept his snrial obligation .. Jlis fellow workers view him as a self-appointed person of special pri,·ilege. lie is a threat to the union and lo the rontinued peace and order of collecliv!'·bargaining prnce­~ urrs. ~ucs;paying ~nion members \•iew fre<' nders as an msull. The presence of "free riders" crealrs a situation that is loaded with danμ-er lo peaceful rela­tions and uninterrupted production. In many ways, the Taft-Hartley Act seriously restricts the operation of un­ion- security provisions. Jn some industries. such union-secur- -Wide World Photos MEN AT WORK-!Top left) steelworker directs hot metol crane operator in pouring hot metal, while (top right) beneath a Chicago street a worker connects telephone wires in underground cable. (Lower left) front axles for military trucks are produced on assembly line in Cleveland plant. Clower right) huge rough 75,000-pound forging for generator shaft of 1 00,000-kilowatt turbine-generator constructed at GE plant in Schenectady. B1• .\//rt' and .11•1• pa~e t:i Page fi -Wide World Photo Lee Pressman as he arrived for quest ioning during closed hearing in 1948. A former gov­ernment lawyer, he was secretary of the Wallace th ird party platform committee. Page 6 itv arran!!Pments as th<' dosed •hop had heen in r'orre for twenty to thirty year, "hen they were outlawed by the Tafl­Hartlev Act. And in manv case'- union­shop and dosrcl-shop air~remcnls haYr hrrn rhampioned hy rmployen;_ as wC'll a:-- hv union'-'. \!any employe,,, as wplJ as students of industrial relations. agree that dosed­shop or union-shop al(rt'rments ronlrih­ulC' lo n•sponsihlr unionism and rr•ult in hrnefits to manairrmrnt. RrsponsihlP unionism ran drwlop onlv to thr rxtrnt that the union feels ~<·c;1n•. that ib po:--ition j.., nol hcin,.r attac-krcl or undl'rminrcl. l'ndrr f'IO•C'd-shop or union->hop c·on­clitions th!' union is not rnmp<'llrcl to •prnd its major C'fforb on continuous orl(anizing drin•s within. thc plant. Th<' union undPr sud1 cond1t1ons can c·on­ccntrate its attention on rnllPctin• har­O'aininO' and c·oo1u•ral<' '' i1h n1anaμ-<·­~ rnt for thC' mutual hrnefit of thf' workcrs and thf' C'ompany. Tnstrad of a national policy that ,,mild permit unions and rmployprs to rwgo­tiate union-s('C'uril y pro1isions f TC'l'i). the Taft-llarllPy law p<'rmits arrangP­mPnls for union •C'C'urity and then au ­thorizes the state• to outla" tlwsc' pro­yh: ions. CALLS FOR NATIONAL POLICY If "right-to-\\ ork" laws \\ere adopted by all the slates. there rnuld he forty­nine diffC'rrnt laws affef'ling union sec·ur­it1 ·: the fC'ckral law and forty-eight stall' ia'ws. Y rt union st'C'trrity is an issue that drarh· calls for a national policy, since lahor:managem<'nl relations arr con­ducted with national finw< that huy and sell in tlw national market and operal<' cstablishmrnts in srycral stall's. Considrr thC' disruption of industrial relations crratC'CI hy "ril(hl-to-work"' laws as they affect union-managc•menl rrla­tionships in multiplanl firms. Th<' union and th.- company n<'μ:otial<' a ma~l<'r aμ-rt'<'mC'nl co1rring all thr firm's <' lah­lishmenh. Roth partirs agrc!' lo a union­serurilY prOI ision. But if onr of th!' plants ·is in a "ril(ht-tn-work" slalC', tlw union-S<'f'Urity pro\ isio11 j.., inoprrati\-(' in that stall'. A multiplant rnmpany ma~ OjH'ralc' undc·r a union-,..hop prm ;,.ion in its\('\\ York. llid1iiran. Ohio. and lllinois plant>. But in it' Tc'\a,... \ lahama. and \'iqrinia plants. all forms of union sc•f'ur­itv arc· nulla\\C'd hv 'tale lc·l!i'lation. • \ national C'c·on~my rpquirc•, national cronomic· poli1·ic's. To atomitc' collecti1c• harl!aiuin!! throul!h tlw Taft-I lartley ·\st and •lal!' '"ri!!hl-lo-1rnrJ..'' hrn s is lo rP­c: train lr<.uk ~rnio11..; and lrn-.;in<':--"' firm"' from fmwtioninl! propt'rl1 \\ithin a na­tional c'f·onom1 dqH'ndPnl 011 inlPf'lalP rnmm1•rrp and multiplunl companic». Tlw ,....Jc·ction of union sPrurit1 fnr '-pedal r<'strif'tion:-- uncl<'r a f'Omhination of fl'dnal and slalC' la"' is an oln ious allrmpt lo unclc·rrnirw rollef'liH· hargain-ing. This policy on union securitr clcarh stems from an antilabor bia· regarcllrss of how it is cloaked. Tlw rlaims nf hil?"h principl<' f?1 ··ri~ht-lo-worJ.." laws ha1e no hasis 11 fart. Thr>r laws haw hut one siu~k mindC'd aim: till' unclrrmining of unio1 slrPnl(lh hy disruplin~ effecli1P coJl~r tiY<' bargainin~ and alomi1.in~ indu-.;lfl•1 rPlat ions. That was one side. ~ow comes the oppo~itfl sidC' - argumentR of Ro111e who DO :\OT agree with Secre­tary of Labor 'litchell that state right-to-work laws do more har1n than good. • 'r"E hc»t \\ay to cleft·nd thC' -iatr· right-to-work laws is to <"'plain ''.h' tlwy wcrc nrrded. The be t explanatio is a hrid rt'' iew of historical facts. Jn J 9:l5, the Wagner Art wa..; ~?I to thC' AmPrif'an public as thr law wlu< "ould l(ilC' lahor rquality of hargainin powC'r "ith industry. Rut that \\as 11< tlw r!'al purpO'f' of Lc•c• Prrssma11. th Communist "ho draftPd tlw la\\. Th \\'a!!1wr ;\('t wa~ a Communi~l mt'U!"llf' Its purpo>r was lo make lahor unio• pn" c·rful Pnough to diC'tatc terms tot~ μ-oH·rnnwnt of the l'nitrd tatrs. Ti• Communists hoprcl to caplurr thr­unions and use thPm at the appropn• tinw lo spearhPad the rp1 olution "' "'tahJi,h tlw dif'lalo"hip of the 1'1' IC'lariat." Tlw country was not as ripe I• rt'\ olution ns lhr Communists jma~in.t lw" l'H'r, and the real growth of 11111' powc·r did not come until World War I \\hen the go1 Prnmenl, controllinf( pr: tically all industry, forrecl most Jll~J' industrial rslahlishmcnls to rwf(olll dosc·d-,..hnp f'Onlracts "ith the unions. LitPralh hundrcds of thou-elf' of farmers. clay" lahorrrs, small husi<1F mpn frnm tlw South .• outhwrst and \ ' \\Psi. \\hO C'OUlcJ nnl «rt into thl' ,.rfll ~!HH' up lhPir oc<·upation!'i and 1110\l'~ lktrnit or lhP 1':t1st Coa. t or thr \I\ C:oasl to help the war cfforl hy "o.r inir in ddPnsc plants. The first th11 1 thc•1 had to do tlwrc•. howr1·pr. wn' J·O ·ll.l Oil(' 0 r l Il (' J) •) ~ tlll·l Oll~. \\ ·I I cth tlwy lihd it or not. llonry was ll'[' out of tlwir pa1dwf'ks for initiation ; and monthly chu·s. If thpy protc•stccl t hi~h-harH11·d tyranny, the union~ '"11 rcrnow tlwm f-rnm t.l wir johs anc 111;·1:1 ball tlwm in tlw c•ntirr industry. I1' rr could i!"l no lwl11 from thPir )!fl' t mPnl. IH'C'all"'I' :,?'O\ 1'rr1nwnl wa~ 0 11 union\ side. Lof'al and slatc· W'''.'r mc·nts f Pll that thc·1 could do nothil or WC'Tf' too timid In try. • ti As \\oriel \~ ar 11 r-aml' lo a cfosC· ti lahor IPadc·rs "'" that tlw rnd _of 1 ,, \\ar mi"hl also lw tlw Pnd of their prc•rog~~iH·s. TIH' lPrrihlP outhrc11 ~, natiorrn idC' >lrikPs and 1 iolcnf'C' thH1 c·um•cl rio-ht aftn World War JI " monopoli:ii,. lahor\ hid for final 11°' FA\TS FORlJM NE\\'S, Jlarrh· 1 fllt'r l 1916 ,, in OUI ~-600.1. trike» davs o' hut hands. bricllrcl wantPd and an Th<'' hy Jpft Dea Ir rs finally r>uhlir 1 to cont1 Hartley nnag-ina amc•ncls to rc·qui ac·c·ounti N The dospcJ ,J llu· unio linJ diffc 11nd llw 'impJy I l!oc•s to 1 has to Ji. go lo "" anybody J?anizrd Within l Work.• l nion Pul,ory L hail' disc out sonw sccuril' 1bor bia· d. 1ciple for 1 basi~ 1 nr sin::rl1 of unior \C co!lrr indu ... tri~ mes the Jf Ho nie Sec re· it state e ha rin hi' stall'" plain ''.h' qilanat•0 fact . was E-01 law 11hi1 1nrgaini11 t wns Jl' ... man. th la11. Th mt'a!-'llr or uni01 ·ms to ti ates. T~ ire thr· ipropri» 1tio11 ,;JI the 1'1 01<•r the c«o11omic life of tlw 11ation. 1916 was one of the worst strike wars in our histoq. In that year alone, l.6_00.000 workers were made idl<' by lnh•. with a lo" of l 16.000.000 man-day, of "ork. But the hig- unions 01crplaycd their ha11ds. This liald re\(· lat ion of un­bridled po11cr nauseated a 11alion that WantPd a rt'lurn lo pear!'linw production and an elimination of wartime shorla"<'S. Tlw Taft-Hartley law. badly mutili:lecl hy left-wing-er;;. ocialisls. and '<·w ~calcrs in hoth hous<'s of Congress, was final_ly pa"ecl in 1917 in response to Puhl1c dPmand that •omcthing- he done ~o control the hig- unions. But the Taft­. lartley law is by no stretch of the ITlHtginntion an antiunion law. It n1C'rC'ly arn<•ncls the old Wagner Art in an cffo;t 10 rpquin· th<' hi~ unions to gi1 e some ac'l·ounting- of tlwmseh cs.0 NO ESSENTIAL DIFFERENCE I The Taft-Hartley Act ou tlaws the •; osc•d shop. but as amended it permits 1 .1 <' union shop. l\'011 there is no essen­tial diffpn•nc·<· liet11 ccn the u11ion shop "!1cl tlw dosed shop. The dosed shop ' 1rnp!y nwans that any employee who f0 (•s lo work for an or~anizcd company las lo belong to a union before he can ~~.lo work. A union shop means that " l ~>ody "ho goes to work for an or­~~']'~ ecl company mu,,l join the union l 11n thirty days after he rroes to Work.• " i nion l<•aders want this kind of com­f" 'Ory unio11 meml)('rship hrcauH~ they 1a1 l' disC'o1 Prcd that "ithout ii - with­out sonw means of forcing peop le to join -Wide World Photo President Roosevelt signing the Wogner unemployment bill in 1933 in the presence of, left to right, Cong. Kyster, Labor Secretary Frances Perkins, and Sen. Wagner, their unions and stay in and pay dues The union :-hop dl'priH's indi1·idual they cannot ~el and hold new mt•m- union member:; of any means of cffeclin• hns. prol<»·l a~air1'l had - union leadcr>hip. Despite the farnritism they hal'C re- \\ 'lwn compulo;ory memlwrship is per-ceiwd from the federal go\'crnmcnt; milled. the indi,idual worker has no despite the fact that administration control 11hale\er O\er the union to "hich policies ha\ e forced millions of people hr is for ced to pay dueo. An indi,idual against their will to join the big unions; American rnter does ha1e some >mall and despite the hundreds of millions of control O\W the Pre,.id1•nl of the United dollars spent on propa~anda and organ- Stales, in the sense that he can cri ticize ization lhr hig un ions still haYe a th<' Prrsidrnt and threaten not to vote C'Omhinl'd membership of less than 20 for the Presicknl or his party. But the fH'r r·ent of the 11orking force in indi\'idual worker in John L. Lewis' i\nwrica.7 union has ahout ao much control O\'er John L. Lewis as a Russian peasant has 01t·r the Hu"'ian dictator. ' Any union man \\ho ~els out and makt-s spceche, airninst \Valt<•r Heuthcr or in anv wa\' critieiz1's hi>< union would instant]\; be kicked out of the CIO and hlackha.ll<'d :-o that he couldn't get a job in hi> trade anpd1erc in the United Stales. l 'nion propa~ancla holds that manage­ment is the erwmr, unionism the friend, of the laboring ;nan. and that unions arc due all the nedit for g<'lling higher wa ~C's and \\·o rkin~ conditions.u S -Wide World Photo i~ N ••era I hundred placard-carrying pickets ossail Taft-Hartley law outsi_de ~ederol bu.ilding distrj~W .York during House subcommittee hearing into a.lleged Communist influence in !he Officj Utive and mercantile industries. Demonstration was 1n protest over summoning of union If the union ll'adl' rs heline their 011n propag-anda. it i> diffinrlt to :-ce "hy I hey 11 ant compuloory union memlwr­ship to force people to join their uniow. If the unions had clone all the fine thin~s for American 11 orkingm<•n that they daim to ha\ e clone. it seems rather apparl'nl that >elf-inlen'sl 11 ould en­coura~ c c1 err laboring person in the l 'nitcd States to clamor for union mem­bership. If labor unions \\('re really. as they claim, re>ponsihlc• for the ris1' of 11orkers' li1ing standards, then of course the highest Ii, in g- standard' of the world \\ould be in Europe, 11hen' unionirn1 has been predominant for g-cnrrations. Ols for quest ioning on their political affiliations. Since 1790, Ii, ing standa rds of wa~c- ~'A.cl', f'OTWM XE:WS, ii/arch, 195.5 Page 7 I I I I I I ' I I I -Wide World Photos left photo, CIO President Walter Reuther congratulated labor Secretary Mitchell !left) after the Cabinet member addressed the union's Dec. 7 conve nt ion. Standing at right, James Carey, President of the CIO Union of Electrical Workers. Right photo, Re uther ( left) made headlines in 1937 when, as a UAW local president, he and Richard T. Frankensteen, UAW-CIO organizational d irector, we re beaten up by employees at the Ford River Rouge plant whom they were t rying to organize. Parners in th<' l nitre! Stalrs IHl\P im­pro, ·rd rontinuou>ly not in ratio to union arli\ itv. hut in ratio lo lhr irH'f'Sl· ment that prfrntr managrmPnl has made in hrller planb and rquipm<'nt.10 The ha,ie <''ii of tlw C'Ompulsory union memllf'r,hip or uniorH•hop icka ii; thl' u>e of forn• to romprl indi' iduals to do thP "ill of othrr,. AmPricans err· tainly hme a right to organize unions and join thrm. Tlwy also haw a riid1t to strike. Takinl?: a job that is offerNI you, or quilling tlw onr mu haYc; joining a union that wants you, or refusing to join - thl'sr an• a part of your inalicn­abll' rights to lif P. librrty. and the pur­' uil of happinl'". But no onr, not nen go,·ernmrnt. has thr ronstitutional right to forre somf'one rlsr to join a union if he doesn't want to.° Yet thl' in tanrrs of outright and out­rageous Yiolenrr on the part of organ­izPd labor hoodlums to forre indi' idual worhrs to join unions against their will or lo participate in strikes "hich lh<"y do not appro,·r of arc almost infinite in number. Labor czar" today can hold the prn· pll' of the l"nitPd tal<"s for rani;om, cut off thPir liwlihood, slan <' them, and strangle their rconomy. gunpoinl. and one of its passengers hC'alC'n sc'\PCPly. Anoth<'r pa»;l'ngrr train loadC'd \\ ith "omrn and d1ildrrn was fired on. TwC'nty-nine automobiles be­lonμ: in~ to indi' idual dtizrns \\C'rc O\C'r­turnrd. Rhot up. or dynamited. The dima'I. of this strikr "as an ambush im·oh ing somr t\\C'nty shotguns and rifll's fin•d from darkrH»S upon a motor· radr on a puhlir road. Onr man was killed. thrrr woundC'cl. 11 Similar O<Turrrne<'S were rrrnrded in a prolonged strik<' at Elizalwth. Louisi­ana. whC'n' an AF' of L affiliatl' was try· ing- to oq:~anizr ~ome papPr mills.n Similar incidt'nls ocrurrC'd in Central City, Krnturky. In 1951. G!'orgi• Lee. indepC'ndl'nl O\\ rwr of a ,mall laundry in a little' to" n in Loui>iana. tri<•d to n•,i,t thr dforls of a powl'rful union lo orμ:aniz<' his <'m­ployeC's. \\ho didn't \\ant to lrC' organized. The union put a picket around his place', in>ultecl hi' cu>lom1·r- "ith oh>f'l'ne Ian· guagr. lrrat up hi, truck driH'r» rdusrd to lt'l his c·mployees go to work .' l nion goons in Chicago \\aylaid and })('al to clt'ath an !'ldnh man for rdus­ing to parlicipal<' in a· strike "hich hl' f'Onsidl'n'cl unjust. ABOVE AND BEYOND THE LAW Thr list of surh inridents is long and terrifying. Yet. lwcaus<' of the political powrr they poss('ss. the hig labor organ· izations han• lrrrn plact'd abO\'(' ancl bC'yond the laws of our land. ThC' in· stigators and prrprtrators of all thi' criminal 'ioll'tH'f' arc seldom brought to justir'<' for ll]('ir crimes. When they arr. they arc usually giYen suspended sen· lt'tHTR or light fines. EYC'll mon• startling is the fart thal such arranl hoocllumism is seldom cri li· cizl'd '" tlw gr<'al lilwral churrh leader,. n<'" 'papers. and various ci' ii rights or· ganizalions whirh look upon thcmsehr' as llw keepers of the nation's conscienrr. lt is a situation whirh defies under· standing. But onr thing wr can under· stand: if th<' people of America continuf to appease industry-wide union labor monopolies. thrir apprasemenl will end eitlH'r in r i,·i l 11ar or in the submissiorr of the l'nilrd talcs goYernmenl to arr unofficial labor dictatorship.' Our prC'sidents, our cabinet officer'· our c·ongr<'~Sm<'n. and our sC'nators hall' bl'cn so suserptihle to the powerful political prc"un•s of the big unions that the fNl<•ral gO\ rrnment has been unah_k to rrgulale lahor-managcmC'nt affairs 1 11 thr national inl<'rest. Thr only way ot11 of Ibis dilemma is to pl'rmil the po""' of rc•gulation to n•turn to thl' indi,idt13: statC's, "hC'Te it should have been al along. according to the Tenth Amend· mrnt of our Constitution. The rPal importance of the right-1°· work laws which the individual stntr" are c r Htc·tin~ is 1hat such laws are re turning to ti](' indi' idual stairs the Junr tion of polieing labor-management ,io· lrncc. Thr pl'ople of Florida startC'd thi' trend in 1911. STATES ADOPT OWN LAWS Arizona follo\\('cl suit in 1916. Sirif' that lime, fifteen other sla tes in 1h• outh and Wc·st ha,·c adopt('(] their o" righl·lO·\\ ork laws. ln 1952. John L. Lewis <lrrided that all th<' rmplo\ed proplr in Widrn. Wrst \'irginia - \\ hrther thPy worked in cafes. grocrry storrs. laundries. or what· not should bdoni!: to the l nitPd \line W orkC'f". Thr prop Ir rl'sistt'(I. So. in • c·plt·mbrr. 1952. l \lW put a piek!'l !in<' atro-' th<' only automolrilP road IC'ading into Ii idt·n. \\"i·-t \ ' irginia. nd thPr<' it Tl'mairwd until Chri>lmas EYl'. 195'.t Durinl?: tho•!' fiftt•<•n months tht' pl'ople of \i'idrn. \\'<»l \ irginia. !i\f·d in a rl'i!!n of tl'rror. in>ligatl'd lry a band of mrn who >OUl?:hl lo for!'t' tlwm to i;il?:n up "ith the l \[\\'. wbC'thrr tlwy 11anted lo or not. During this 'trik<'. three railroad brid!!<'S, two elPdric powN sul»tations. an'cl on<' hi gh·lt'nsion tower wrrP dc»tron•d '" dnramitc. "linC' hou•r' or barn> 0 1\l'T<' lrurrwd. \ train 11 a> stoppl'd. its J"l"<'ng<'" n·mo\ cd al -Wide World p~~I At Pittsburgh during powe r strike in 1946, regular heat supply was cut off. Chilly fed• bu ilding offices were warmed up by heating system pipes connected with locomotive. Page Rt• rnrr and wr f>ap:r t.5 FACTS FORUM NEWS, Mm·rh. 1 9 \\ ha '('\'('Jllf• now h Rirnp}y lia\!• lo lo. In riitht-lo of P<'op la\\S 0 union ~ Pru,.til't and pa~ UMW •!'Jerged • 1ght-hou 1¥here 11 \ •s he ap cornrnittet 11 i- it a 01Pn1l11 dr11t of 1 Ultar-k SU J>urposp ('an::; ag-a Priva1<' 0 Tlwn· r1f a Fa1 "Do l l.;1lior \} 11 Ork ht\\ I )' .\r' TS ,.-1 a.w )ng and political r organ· >Ye and The in· all thi• rnght to hry arr. !rd sen· art that 1m criti· leader·· ghts or· •msehr· 1scicnrr. ; under· 1 unclrr· ·onl inur n labor will end >miss io!l it to an officer'· H S ],31!" iowerfiil ons th31 1 unahl• Hair' i11 irny o11I e po"er diYidual )cen ail Amend· right-to· 11 statr· arc rt' he fun" cnl ,io ,eel thi· s 5 i11~ . in th• 1rir o'\·11 .. \\hat an· tl11»t' righl-lo-11ork la11:; that "<'lC'nlf•t•n !"Ot1tlwn1 and ''eslC'n1 !"-laks now ha1 r on thr boob~ TIH'y art' simply laws 1d1ich say that people don't hall' lo join unions if lh<'y don't want lo. In all of tlH' se1<'nlc<'n ' lalt's, th <' ri!!hl-lo-11ork laws recognize thr right of P<'op lr to join unions. Nonr of tht'st' la,~s outlaws union organi1.atio11 or 1111101~ slrik <» . They mrrdy outlaw tht' Pra<"llf"f' of forc ing p<'opl<' to join unions and pa\ d1w~ aga in ~t tlwir will. 11 -Wide World Photos UMW Chief John L. Lewis (left) as he '!'1er9ed from Illinois mine following an ei~ht-hour inspection of scene of explosion were 119 miners were killed in 1951. !Right) :s he appeared before a House labor sub- 0rnrnittee. It i' inf'rt·clililt• that James P. l\litchrll, ~ nwmh1·r of th<' Cahint'l of tlw PrPs i­'. <'nt of llu• l "nilt•d States. coulcl puhlicly Ulia<'k s11d1 la11 '· "hosr sole and simple flurpost' is to prolt'<'l indi1 idual Amr ri ­i ·a~s against thr I) runny and 1 iolt·1wr' of flrl\alr or~;.111izations. Tlwrp in qui f'k rt' \ i<'" an• l\\O :-; id(''.'­of a Facts Forum qut'slio11: '·Do mu a:rn·r· 11 ith Sent'lar) of l.ahor \litdwll that the slate ri:rht-lo· " 0 rk la,, .. do mon· harrn than ~ood '!', Bibliogra1ihy 1 ~~.ahor c..;<'rrf'tnr} Rid'-i Sta ir End l 11inn ·19!lll Curb,'' :Ynv l'ork Time.i;, Dt•r. R . ~ ·>I, Pp. I arul :27. ';'."ran .. 1·rip1 of Pn• ..... Co11frrC'1wt•," \'1·u: } or/~ 1mr1, D""· 9, 195!, p. 20. 1;"'11 on Filr. I% I, p. 418 fl2-CI 0 . • ;rririnmfr Outlook, St•p!Prnbf'r, 1951. p~ i:e:tn .. t l.ahor lllucJ..rnail /' hy T o\\ JH ' I 1, ... , 1 '' <HJ, Fn·rnu111 Map,a=in€', Sf'pt. 22, 19:12. 1 lh,. l ah- ll nrtl1•i '\ct '\ Farnrnblr Vif'w," /'., H:1h,..rt Taft. . ~11 na/., of th~ Am<:rfran \J u/, my of Pollllral and Sonal <icu•1H·<·. ' •rd1, 1%1 • ::~·abor l"ninn ... ·· lf'urld Alnumac. 1951. l llo 1 1k;n llrij!andaμ;t'," lluman lfrt•111~. \ p1 '. • 9.) I. ~~,:1 io11 lhi\r for Pcrn1·r,'' J,y .f o:-t•ph II. Hall, 10( ~'·mm1 .lln;w:im•, Ft•li. l, 19SI. li~{1:~~ Al m10(10Lr., hy V .. OrYall \~a ll .... puh­._.. 1 1 hy 1lw f 01111dat1on for So<'1al H1·· > .. t'" 1 • I.<.- \ nKrit'<, 195 l, p. 36. & 1~la111,. lnl111 I.. l.r11 j, I.o,t," U. S. l\'1•1<.' i- l' . 0 rld R1•1wr1, Jun. 29, 195 1, p. 9~. i "llum Monopoly, p. 67. ( '-",. l _ ,l l·O ll ·1·O \\ll?, - ·r ry ·1·1H ll rLU' I· 1I '(I," 11.·;;8 \ nn & ll'orld R<'port, Dre. 26, 1952. SECRETARY HAGERTY ATTACKS REUTHER'S ~~FRAUD" CHARGE HHiclit·ulou!-i churlil'c !" rt•lorlcd \\hire llou:-lc P1·('~"1 Set'J'<'lar) Jam('.., C. lla g-('rty in an ... "er lo CJO Pn~ ... i­d<' ut Heulh<"r""' deru111da1io11 that lh<' udmini~lralion wu.., perp<"lralin~ a HJJolitit·•tl fraud" in ia... uttitudt• to"ard LaLor .S(•<.·relar) \litd1rll. In a HEPOHTEHS' HOl 'Dl I' int<'ni<"", IJa~erty-t·ommt'nlin~ on He111l1<"r".., refererH'C 10 a !'<oJH'c(·h in "hit·h Seereh1r) Mitehl'll <'.Xpre .... t.•d hi .. ,;c"" on ri~l11 - 10-"rn·k lu"s - ,je"" 'oit·('(I \\illiout 111(' ~llhant·e ~•PJ>f'OHil of Pn· .. ident Ei..,f'nlio"t>r - dC't·lan·d: HI think 1laat Jim 1'1ih·hcll i.., one or lh(' hC'~I .SN-returic .. of Labor tlti ... t·ounlr) ha .. t'H't' liad. I le repre ... e111 ... all !'<oC'g"mcnt .... of labor. I le i' not pri­maril} t•utu·ernC'cl with or lit·cl 10 an} one labor oq!a11iza1ion. 11<' j., ''H>rking- for th<' "t-..ILH<' of lht· \\Orkin#.{ men :md "Omen of 1Jij.., 1·011n1r} .... and lh(' t: liarg-<' 1l1ul Mr. HeulhC'r nrnkc ... tliat Mr. l\1i1rli­dl i.., a ... ort of :-cc·ond-du"-i.. member of tlu-.. Cuhi11('I i ... 1l1e 1110 .. 1 ridin1- lo11s 1·har1re I lull C' e'er hC'arcl." lla,:<'rl) fur1her l'lllJJha .. izecl, '"Jim Mi1d1l'll wa.., appointed h) 1l1t~ Pre~id<"11l a .... Sf't-rt'hll') of Luhor and .••. hi.., OJ>iniori... art• 1·011 .. lanll) .. 011'-'!11 in tht-. JU'O('l' .... of "ur"'-in;,? 0111 a le;:i ... h•li\C JJrog-rum." \.., 10 Pn•..:iden1 Ei .. t·nhoner" ... rr­ae1 io11 10 Set·retnr) Mitt·hf'll " .. "J1<'l'f'h, \\hic·h \\U~ llOI .. 11h111i1tPd in nth a1u·r to 1lu• \\hilt' 11011 ... (•, lla ;.r· l'l'I) "'talt'd: H'J'hC' l're .. idt'nl hdi(''"" 1lrn1 a IH<'mher of lht• Cahint•t ha .. a ril!hl lo t~XJ>rC ... 1-t hi ... OJJinion, and hl' doe ... not "ant a m embe r of lhe ( '.uhi11t•1 to be ju ... t a "rubber .. 1am1>" or a •,e .. n1an.'" llagerl) "<'Ill on lo ~a, , 0 1 "ould ret.·on1mc11cl lhat <"\l~n i\1r. H(•uthC'r rukc anorher lool,. at 1hat ~pccd1. In lalkinl!' of th<' .. e,e11leC'11 "'hlll'.., that ha\C thc .. c riμ-hl-to-"orl,. Ian ... , l\tr. 1'li1chcll "a"" m<"rely "a)in~ llwt ht' 1hou~h1 that lhe..,e .. tatel'< ... liould tal,.c m1other look al tlto .. e la\\ ... Ile "a"' not prOJJO:ooin~ thi.,. a:-. either an udmini .. tration polit') or a lt•g-i .. la ­lhe polit·} of lhl' national uclmini ... - lration to In~ .. ubmittcd 10 lhi .. Con­,: re ........ In 111<' fir .. t 1>hl<'e \\(' t·ouldn~I ; 1ho .. c arc 1n1re ly :-hat(' law!'<o, and it i.., up to l'adl one of tho.,.e !'<olat<"-; 10 lakC' 1ho .. l' uction ...... if thC' ~ha le l(·~ h.luture"! in thl'ir wi ... dom think thut an) ~ud1 at:tion ;., nece .... ar,. llf' " 1"' merel) propo~illl!' 1hi .. mul .. 1ating- hi .. oftcn-cxpre ..... ecl 01>i11ion that tlic .. e ril!ht-lo-"ork h"'"' "<'r<' detrim<"ntal." \\ 'hen a .. kcd if l1e did not pr<•ft·r tl1at 1>ublit· cxpr<'"'"-ion:-. of opinion h} admini .. tn11ion offil'ial ... t.·oinl'idt• "ilh tho .. e of the \\ hite llou ... e, llagcrl:' replied , B'ot nct•(' .... aril) ; on many .. ubjf't·t.;, of t·our .. e , hul 1101 ll<'<'l' .. ..,•u·il,." J>r<' ..... Serrelur) lla~ert) t·on­t ·ludl•d, " I beJi<",e it j.., quilC' fit1i11;,!' and proper for indh idual ... lo <'' - 1>re .. ..: thl'ir o"n opinion .. \\ilhout i11 :111y way tying do"n an admini ... 1ra- 1ion to a polit') th•d .. io11, mul 1lia1• .. "lwl !\fr. I\-li1d1ell t.lid."' 1,,,, . ,;~1 ~0.r in lndu .. 1rinl Socit't),'1 l111wl\ of \ 'lf··',' ,,,,.,,..,,m Arruft.my of Politfral mul S,wiul p. l 19, -Wide World Photo Attempting to halt auto from entering Hollywood studio during 1946 strikes, a picket was knocked over by the car during full-scale melee in jurisdiction fight among AF of L unions . l' \('T . S FOHL'~! :'\I-:\\"S, .1!11 n·h, /!!.;.; f'ag~ !l A11 1111"ers for A t11eri<·a11s: CO ULD THE UNITED STATES 'GO IT ALONE'? FE.\'l l 11 1'\G J \ '1 ES Bl IC'\11 \ \ 1. ra mr il a 111loc11· """ ha, hr1·11 l'a ll1•il 11 11· '" lt•atli11 g' irll <" ll ('c·lu a l a 11l ai;:oni .. 1 of (•01111111111i ... 111:' ,,j 1h pane-I nu· n•· hrr-.: Puhfi .. )H•r l> t•\ ifl Gurrit ). For111 f• r Ut•mot-ra l i t· Cu11~n· ...... 11 1;111 ( ; t'Ol';!t' ll amill un ( :omlJ ... and Proft• ..... or ( .liarlt• .. llud,:<' "' of 'i ('" 'ork I 11i\f'r .. i1, . llar~h Bu rl .. ~· nt • d ,. .. prog-ra 111 111odt•r a l or. q . If t lw So\J <'t 1•111 pir1• " '' '"'' a hl1• lo conq u('r E urop{' and \ !-O ia. cou hl a fr <'<' . \m c rica sun j, (>"? 1 Ill H'\11 "'): I 1hink Ill''""'' lo dis· ti11~11i-..,h lu·n· lwl\\('i'll f'011q11t'r 011 lhP orH' hand. and orga11i1I' and '·011..;olidatP 011 llw <1lht'r. ' Ind\ •'<>nq111·ring- nH>rl' lcrrilon ~oml'lirnc...,· nwkt> .. a 11atio11 \\(';Jk('f .· For ''"1111pl1·. II ii l1·r rn11q111·n·d 1110-1 of Europt' a11d 1111>-1 of llw Sm if'l l 'nion al,o. al lt'a>l tht• l'11ro1H'illl parl• of tht' ~O\ i('t l 11ion: liul llf' proμn·~ .... j, Ph- p-ot "'·akt·r \\IH'11 lw O\f'll'''''11d1·d hi, lin1•,. \ nd thf' 'illlH' thi11!!' '"'' llllt' or '\apo· 11·011 . llo\\('\f'I. if 1111· ~"' it·I 1·mpir<" could 11ot 0111) ('(HICflll'r 1111· re-I of E11ropC' a11d \ ..;,ia l1ut or~ani1t• a11d r·o11 .... olidatt- thal tf'rriton 1•1·1H10111i1·alh a- 111·11. I'm afraid that it \\ould "'0 o\t'n\Piμ-h th in population. in art·a. and i11 n· .. 011rr·p .... 1hat \\" \\ ould not 111• '"''" lo -11n i1" "' a fn·t> 11alion. Q . .:\ lore specif ica ll y, "ould ''t' lw com muniz<"d, too, in _your opinion? I ill H'\11 \\I): 111 llll' 1·1111 \II' 111111ld ,,.. ah-orlwd i11 a \\orld C111111111111i-1 t·mpin· ()ur O\\ll vo\f•r11nw11I \\ould IH' n\t·r­thro\\ 11: 111· 111>11ld 111·1·111111· ''""'' of th<' Smif'I l\ra11111 111Hl1·1 llw f'onlro l of 'f <>-1'0\\. I (, \HHI 1 \ I: I do11'1 thi11k I agr1·1· "ith mr fri<"nd. J im Burnham. on lhi,. I as· ,,;1111· lhat if H11--ia look \ ,ia and 1:11111p<' la11d 1111011 i11 \ frif'a. loo). 1>1 1ha1 1inlt' if tl1i .... 1hi11!! !!t·h !.!oi11!! a11\ mort \\t' 0d lia\t' 1·011,olidalt•1i 011; O\\;l po-it ion i11 llw \\ 1·-11·111 I ft.111i-plll'rt·. \011. 1'111 " \\ ··-11·111 l ft.111i-pl11·11· fd­'"". I lwli1·\1· thal i11 1111 lon•,1•"'"'''' f11tun· 111•. 1111' IC.0 111illio11 \ nwri1·ai1>. 1 .. 111 I if \\t' pl~l\ our ' .. Lnl .... ri;.d1t) dom inal<' intdli!!f'nth thi, \\ •·-Inn I It-mi,. ph<"n' 1d1idi. lo 0 1111'. ;, a s('lf-1·011tai1wd unit. Tlwn· ju,t an·n·I 1·nough Hu--ian>. that i-. llw f'Ort' of 1111' Com1111111i-1 f'Oll · .... piraf'~. to IH' al1l1· to 1·01111· O\ 1·1 and domi11atl' "'·'I h1•\ \\ 1111ld tak1 a hu11dn·d """' lo dig1·-t ''hat tl11·) 111111ld loitt• off ,r 1111·1 111·11· lo 1a k1· " '"'' 1hi,. q11 1·,1i o11 a ....... 111111· ..... (CO\I BS): do n'I lhi 11k ll H' r<' j, ii d 1a111·1• of l"'rnrn111·111 ""' i11il 011 th <" parl of [Ill \ llH'l'if'11 j 11 1111· raf't' of ii \\ orl1f or!!a11i11·d a:.rni11 .... t 1i..... \\ t' 111i μ-li t h:.n r '"""' fo1111 of lu·111i-1> l11·1 if' aularky, lry· Ill'-' a ... ''"'I \\t' could to ma intain all t•t·o11ot11\ 111nt11n·d 011 1l11·~t· ~ h on·.., ht·n· i11 1111· 111·11 11orld: loul ii 11011 ld 11't 11o r~ ­\ 11d I h1· li1·\J• 'l r. B11rr d1a111 ;, n un· pl!'l1·h ri!!hl 11 l1t·11 lw "", Iha I 1h i· 11011ld 11lli111al1·h n.,.1111 i11 °l h1· s11 l1j11μa· t ion of tl11· \ lllf'ri1-;111 lll'op l1•. NO CHANCE OF SURVIVAL? Tl11• lrulh is lhal 111· 111111 ld lw 1· itl11·1 1·01Hpwn·d or ohl itnal<·1 I. I f'a11 't !'Oil· ''.t'i\~· o~ir l1t> i n)'.! ali lr lo i-.ta11d aμ-ain:--1 1'11' "":.wt 111 1h1· <'01w1·pt of ''Forln'" \uw• 11-;1 11111·11 1111·11· f'o11ld 111•11·r lw a roof m1·r I hat forln·,,. \\ " 111ig-ht IH" a ble I<' rqll'I Hiia• ks al ii, 11 alk lml 111· 1·ould11'1 and C'a11·1 (\lflO(l\ !Ii i .. <·11tin· f'011li 11cnl· Thndon·. 111• 11 onld IH' i11 da11gf'I' all.I "'w:li a minority. t'\f>f('s~('d dcmo:zn1· phu·a ll ) or pop11 la1 io11-11 iS<'. <'H'll 11 ilh 'io11lh \ n1t•ri1·a. thal 111· \\Otild11 't h<" ahlt lo stand ag-ai11st tht'rn. TIH·y\<' far 011t1111111lwn•d us. a 11d 11 1' 11111sl a l ~o rt.•mt·mh<>r that for man) · nu.111~ ) 1·ar .... lo <·omt• Sou th J\mt' ricu i ~ μ-oinμ- lo h<·. lt•l us ~a\. llHH<' of a lia hil· ily lha11 a11 ""''I. Thi· a11 1h orita ria ni,n1 of 1111· Lati11 \ 1111·1 i1·,111 dif'!alo rs "onld r!'adil) l1·1HI il><·lr lo d1·al, 11 ilh 1hr Comm1111i .... 1 .... T llf'rt• j..., a laru(' Coinnlll' ni,t 111011·1111·111 th<"n' 11 hid1 ,. I'm ,i[rni•I \\ ould i,,. Loo .... 1 ro11g- for us to ~lan d . t C \HHIT\ ) : I do11 't a«n•l' 11 ith th•11 al all. r ! 11 011<.LS): \\OU ld join lhe gn>l•I' that "')' tlH· a11>111•r i> '· \ 0. ll H' l 'n il <'d 'l1a11•, 1·a1111ot 'go it a lont'.'" T th i n~ \\C'\t• ~ott1·11 l\\O an"IP .... 011 it. l,d j u~1 lik1· to r!'inrorc(• th; logistic (as the 111ili1ar) put ii) >id1• of tr yin "' to organ· 111· lhis lw111i,phl'rl'. " ' 011 ~111· d1•ali11g \\ il li niau11if i rt~111 di--1.u1n·.... di .... 1a11n· .... from 1hi':. .... wnd· It! Jomes Bu ri ,1•ny books .,y"tion," "Th he Web of lt>c l 1la1· I nu· 111- lt' .... 1io11 t' j:-, ~I Ii!' part 11 orld l kt1t' . y. try· till Hll ~s ht'rl' "ork­i ('{) Ill " 11 thi­lijuμ: a 1·itl11·r 'l roll n•l 1h1' \ nH'I a roof i'"ul"d' nl.t1l 1i11cnt. ·r anti no:rrJ· I 11 ith "' ahh 11d 11•' TlHlll~· rica i­liahil · iani,11; \\011/t " th<' )11111111 afrai.I 11d. h th nl ifirt'111 .wn•1· lt!Q~Qrnes Burnham, philosopher and author of ollltj~ b~o.~s, incl uding "The Manager ial Re\/• "The \!{ The Struggle for the World," and eb of Sub \lersion." 111ii11t r. . \ncl . ". 111tnrupt1on of M1pply li111·s. I' ''""· It " quilt• trut• tll'll "'' "Irt' d<'· ,11d '. ' 1 Ill 1_1011 on th1· outsid!' "orld fo1 ill Ord1nan th111!! .... as 1ro11 or('. 11'1 v 0 ou" 't'a ·1t lw •tratp·~ i". nwtal.s 11 ith "hid1 ~ar 1 or-rnakl' \our or<'s 110" adays for or for JH'(H"<'. I ti· k . . a11 •• 11 11 an! 1dt'a thaL "c ('an "011Lrol 11~~"1;t th1· ~01 i1·t thr!'al ( I'm 'P<'a ki nμ- ''' 1 rom a militan standpoint) that •·an 1·0 t · I f · \ · · · I /ir,.1 . n ro ~al111 mPrH'a is:-;1mp\ 2,, 1 ' 0'1t•rous. \ nd th!' bt·•l ans11n is lo \!. 0 th1· rdn1·n1·p hook. fa111,-.1 Fid1ti11" 11a."1f-il1s . ta nd lo ,,.,. th1· intT<'a•·< ' in S, OI it~ 111,, '. Onnaμ-1· and. mor!' >JH'cificalh. 1h,.. !1101 P-up in lon_!!·ran~P .... uhmarin<•s. 1>,.11t11 ' 11 "r lo 11 hif'h I don't think th!' ag-on ha .... a ... n·t. I ak • . I th· t 1'<1nl lo <'mph11>111· tlw fad. and IJ,.1 . 111 that i, 11 h1·n· I di"1"r<'t' "ith 1/1 \,. . r ' ''llr I •.trr111 1·11·11 mon•. that"'' I!.' had \ 1<111d, full. 1ir·a1" 11 h,.,. .. i, a Stalt' l>Pparlmrnl puh- 1·r1n 1011 " I . I I . I . 111 . 1 \\ 111· 1 t wn· i.... an ana rs1s of IU111 · C " , :!<11~lrf ~Ill 111 -iialt•rnala. ll en· \\C\t' ''' 011,, 1111-"al n·r·ord of 11 haL 1·a11 happ<·n i'la1" 1t·d 111I1 11·. plan·. 11·11. d1·lih!'raleh. '!1<11 · '' 11·11• ii \\&.I-- a most s('n:-;ili\t· 1111. 1]-" rl'fation lo \orlh \ 11wrirn and lo ~t''<it ai''"llla C.111al. \nd I think it 111" a "•Ir· "~t. and I'm 1 l'I'\ ~lad that up to 1ni 11k '~..- n:. alil1 10 ,.,,,,j rol it. \ nd I f1lttai·1 °"o u ri• ,!!0111~ lo !!<'1 this hy in- II . 1· . 'b(1 < · ,,, , . lat' l "' n·al nwnact•. 1 le lo j }Ou ~aying it "ould be impos· Ill< laid l-iouth .\m erica ? I ,la 11 '<.i.s1: I •aid sp<•cifirnlh "lu·n I. ~ilt•rrtf" dS Out l I1 at 111· f'Ould not.. as th!' 111 11larl ' 1 ~1<'•. ··l!o it alon!'" and. par- 1•r1111~hi s1tu·1· _goincr ii alont• has ht'l'll 'tllki,1" 11 1' "'"" 11·quiri11.!! Latin ~mt·rin_1!1 ~· I •a1 doulil\ 111• rnn I ··l!o 1l l'OH ·~1 XE\\'S, ,l/rm·h. 1!15.; aloru."" ill'f"atbt' \\(' \\011'1 h<.nt• Latin \111Pri1 ·a11 h~ulin!!. Q. Bui if So11I h America 11 en• con­solidat ed, co11Jd lhe l ' nit ed Stales "go it alone" in your opinion? 11 lrnH.l:S): l'rOI iding il has th!' mili­lan po111•r lo 1·omnia11d th1• approadw, lo \orlh \nwrica and lo mo11· th!' hulk 1·.irg-ot·s 11po11 \\hiC"h our military d<' .... li1l\ rC'~ls. IC llHHT\): I don't al!rt'<' "ith l'ro­f1 ·-.or I lodμ-P• al all . I n•ally μ"<'l an­no1 Pd al I h!' 11 hol1· group of t'tHt•rn -r·ahoard l·:urop1•- fir>l1'r>. Th!' kind of /H'r-.011 ''ho say .... '· If Eurnpt• ;.rot'"' clO\\JL \\I' mu .... t :ro do\\ 11."" ) ou don ·t h('ar Fnμli ... linw11 .... a! i11;.! that ··jr Europt> μot•.., do\\ 11. E11 ;:rla11d\ ::roinμ- do\\ n."' 11111 tlwn··, a " 1101" group of 1wopli· along this !'aq!'rll s1•alioard that ha.' a lt'•tt•d i11l!'rt'>l in Amnirnn doom if Europl' fails. U.S. CAN BE INDEPENDENT 11·, ridinilo1" nonsi'll"'· \ lot of it has lw!'11 inspirl'd liy Co1nm u11i,i-. ll arr) Dt•,tn \\hil t• inspirl'd th!' idt •a I if 1ou \\anl lo look up \lalo111··s data 011 lhi •. 1ou <·a11 find it) that \\I' \\t'l"I' dqw11d1·11t upon l:11rop1· for •lrall'gic •upplit». \\ 1· art' nol: tlw fal"is an· olhPrn i•1'. -\ nd that parli1ularh go<'' for iron tlll'n:, tl man Pious "''" ,, rik!' in C:anada 11 hi1 ·h i .... !.min!! lo takt• cnn· of 011r 11t·t'd.., in tht' in;11 o'rc· dt>parlnlt'nl ror quill' "-01111' tinw. lll1 H\ 11\\1) : I 1hi11k 1lw1 ll 1·1i11 Ca1- 1il1 l11•n· Im, j11111p!'d 1110 or 1hn·1• q"I" in ach HIH't' of Iii _.., O\\ 11 ar~1111u•11I. \o\\ th!' 1·0111-lusion from tlw 1 i1•11 that if till' SOI i1·l l 11ion 1·01N>lidat1•s E11rop1· and \ ,ia thi, <·ounln <'a11nol lou ~ hold out is not a 1-:uropt'-fi rsl. l nilt:d \ations !dolialisl poli1·1 •llf'h a' is nphdd 111 "OllH' of tlw pa ... lt•rn "'<'aboard·.., i11kr11a ­tionafi ... 1,.;,, that you an· n·fprrin!! lo and that \"CHI an· a1l~uli11~. \nd. i11 ~1llaC'kin~ tlwm. I t"l'rlainh would a~n·1· 11 ith yo1;. \Ir. Ca1rit1. • ti1!' policy of 11ailinl! to si'<' "hat \l o•­C'O\\ do<'..... inlo an aμ:μ:r<':-.'iH~ poli<'~ 1d1ich "ill aim. if po>SihlP hy political mf'nrh and p~y('holol!i<'al me.in~. lo hr!'ak up thc Smict cmpirt' from 11ithi11. Q. Would ) "OU send American soldiers 01·er the1·e to enforce this? Would you inYolYe .. \m erican youth over there in a third 11orld war lo stop ii"! flltH\JJ\\I): In my op1111011. llH' 'lri .. 111 military 'lralt'g) that gocs 11 ith siwh a political policy of 11 hat I call ··lilwratinn of the Eurasian conlincnt from th!' \.ommuni-l l) ranny."' tlw •lricth military •lralt'g)' that goes with that i' htN'd primarily upon slratl'gic airpo111·r. I\, 1nn1n ) : Hiμ-ht. 1f.o,1ns): lt ><'<'ms lo nw tlrnt 11p ha1c 011'rlook1·d 0111· a'pt•ct of thi, which is of ln'mcndou> imporla111·1•. You might lw 11'il1• mal!'rialisticalh lo hold this lwm-isplwrP for a limt'. -ln1l tlwre 11ould hi' an impo1 Pri•hnwnl of lhP Am!'rican 'piril and a deg1•n1•rn tio11 of the Anwri­f'an ch~ra!'lt•r. "hid1 l am afraid would ht' fatal in the faq analysi>. \l orco11·r. \\1.'d ha11• lo lw an armi•d camp. " re'd ha11• lo fip a nation ( \, IHRIT\): \\'1.'rc an armt'd camp llOW. ICO\IBS): •landing i11 1irms a11d ah- -orbing a ltn hurdl'n amonμ- th!':-(' ](>0 million p!'oplt'. 11 hid1 th!' Communi>ts f'011ld di>lrihult' 011'r hillio11> of peopl<'s. Q. Why 11ould there bt• an im1ioverish- 111t•nt of ,\m erican s1>irit if the United Slates "ere iso lat ed by Hussia? ICO\lBS): I thi11k that in th l' first pla1·1· if \\(.-r!' !'ul 111\11) from \\Orld 1·urn·11ts of thought and. l!'t U> sav. the affinit1 of mankind ~eneral h . "'.'(!find our-•'"(',; ingro11 in:r: Sl'!'OnCJly. r think that '".'d fpel a '''"'" of d<»pair and n•,.;,,t•nlmc·111 and \\ oulcl ha\ P lo μ:o into lolalitariani>m our-di t'• in ordl'r to 1111·1·1 tilt' 1·ounlnin~ totalitarianism of the nation ahroad .. a11d that \\Ou ld in - 1·1 itahly JH'rll'rl and corrupt the Ameri­c- a11 .... pirit. I\ 1· "rillt'll lhrt 'l' hooks a11d alioul :loo arti..J .. , i11 11hich I dn111 a quilt' diff1·n·111 co111· l11sion from thi>. a11d ii 't't'ms lo nu• that lhi, j, lh l' onh 0111· that folio" s from till' fal"is nt;11wh. that 111• ha11· lo pn'l!'ll l lh t• con,olida­lio11 of 1-:ura>ia l>1 th!' Soi i1·1 l nion i., 111()\ ing- ;J\\:.l) f~·om a lllt'rt·h dt'rt'Jl· ...j·," r·ontainnwnl pol it' \ . a n11•n ·h nq!a· t C 11m1n): This country I!"'" up "ilh p<'ople 11 ho μ-ol 111•ay from that f!'dinμ- of cJ,•,pair 1d1id1 ha:.; ht'en Europe\ lll'rilag<' for lhou•ands of yea rs 11 ho !'am!' Oll'r hl're. lf any thing. it 11otild l'()tM' a rt'1 i1al of lh!' i\mnican -pirit lo h!' !'asl hal'k 11po11 our 01111. ~ · \Jlllt Jll.ll., Jlot/ltl.l.IH:H or \mtJi ifo/h \\ood. ( .al1f .. \\on a ~100 l .S. 'a' ing-.. Bond for ..,ubmi111n!! !111• quc• .. t1on . ··( .nuld tlll' l nitPd .""itatt•s '(,o It \ lcuw·":'··. ll"<'d 011 thi.; \ \ . S\\ EH.~ FOH \\I EH I< \ 'IS prol-'ram. ) 011. ton, mu, "t'nd a qur .... tion you \\Ould likr to ili'ur d1 .. ,·u .. ,t•d on Fact-. Fortun\ \ \""\\ EHl..i FOil \ \IEHI< \ \.~ lo Fu<'I• I'nrum, llullu-. r('\.i.1". and l'OlllJll'ff' for rJw \\l't•kl\ il\\ilHI. /fr \/(f(' {//Id .\('(' /Jll/:,1' /.) " FLYING SAUCERS MAY TAKE US!" ( COllBS): c('ll!'ration aft!'r g<'tll'ra­lion. )<'ar aft!'r y!'ar. dl'cadl' aftn d1Taclt'. ~lru~~lin~ uncll·r arms (C IHHJT\): \\ PIL Ill' can"t talk ahout that: nohod) can talk about that. Fl )­ing •aUt'<'rs may lakt' th hi' that tim!' ! Q. The techi1olo gica l factor of tlw II -bomb hasn't been mentioned. Would the II -bomb be such a deterre11t to the SOI iel en111ire that the outside forces could be 11 it hstood if they did take Europe and .\ sia? J llt H\ II 111): It •l'l'"" lo 1111• that lh t• fal'l is that up to llw pn•-i·nl. for th1· ((ontin111•d on Pa{.:1 SIJ Page 11 All P)'P.• turn lo FORMOSA \nal) si~ of Far Easte rn Crisis h) Dan Sm oot On Jamian· 21. 1955. Pn·-idenl Ei,<'n· ho11 er ,..rnl 'to th!' Con/HI'" a "Jlrcial mr,..:;ap:c r<"'JU<'-linf! authorit~ for th<" ti'!' of armed force. if n<"l'<'"'ary. to keep the Chine•I' Communi,_1, from takinp: Formo'a and related i'lanck1 In that ml'"'a!!l' lo Con!!r<''' and in "t1l"Nlu1·nl •talenwnl• made· hy hip:h go\·ernmPnl officials many new. im· portant fealurh of ,\m!'ri!'an policy haw hrrn rrwall'd. Fact' Foruni's qtu»lion: Do you ap· pron• of \nwri1·an policy with respect to the con flict lwt111•en the Chinese Communi,I• and the Chinr'e '\ational· i~t~ '? • ..\ ... u ... ual. let~ .. look at the que~· tion from two oppo ... ite ..,jJeo;, t a k in~ fir ... t the ar~umenh of tho ... e "ho DO appro,e. GEOG!! \I'll\ "' wl'll a' histor~ helps to <''plain thl' 'ap:urrw" of our pre· 'iou' polil'y on Formo'a: and it aJ,o hl'Jp, th to unclt'rstand the dl'licacy of our prohll'm in lryinp: lo e-lahlish a dear and precisely defined policy. Formo'a i• al point- ju't ninety miles from the mainland.' Rut 11 h<"n th<" Communi'h clroY<' th<" \ationali,ts off lh<" mainland six years ap:o. th<" '\a1ionaJi,1s not only O('!'~rpiecl Formosa. they occupied all of th!' i-land' hrtween lhl' mainland and For­mosa. 2 Som1• of lhl'>'l' i,Jand- arl' larp:t• cnoup:h to he important. !\Tarry of thrm are tiny heads of roc·k stickinp: up out of the sea not !'\ l'n shown on the maps.0 Som!' of them >uch a' lhl' Pe,ca· dores lir fairl\' clo,1· lo Formo'a and an• oh' iou'h ; ital to thl' drfensr of Formosa . \!all\· of th I'm. lw" I'' 1•r. ar!' off short• 'Jll'cl.s 'of land \\ hil'h stretr·h lwo or lhrer hundred mill'' alonp: thl' rim of China il,l'lf.0 Sin('<' Prr,idenl Truman first ordered the , r\ en th Flrl't to patrol thr • trait of Formo'a in 1950. then• has heen lillll' clouht that we inlendl'd to help Chinn~ -Wide World Photo On Jan. 29, President Eisenhower signed the resolution, passed by Congress, for the defense of Formosa . Standing be hind the President, left ta right, Sen. Walter George CD-Ga. ), Sen. Styles Bridges C R-N.H.), Secretary of State Dulles, Sen. William Know land C R·Calif.), and Se n. Alexander Wiley CR-Wis. ). l'age 12 -.... -Wide World PM TENSION MOUNTS IN FAR EAST-M•P locates the Tachen Islands CA> where t~ U.S. Seventh Fleet and other U.S. forces'"~ orde red Feb. 5 by President Eisenhower to help in the evacuation of Nationalist Chintsf troops and civilians. Earlier, American Sabrt jet fighte rs from Osan Air Force Base C und~ lined) in South Korea shot dawn two of ei9 Communist fighte r planes which, the ~ Force said, tried to attack a U.S. reconrt01 sance bomber over the Ye llow Sea ( 8). hold Formo'a and thr Prsradorr>-' But \II' hme hren intentionalh· \3~ about thl' little offshore island,. · WP h:ne ne\·cr wanted to commit 01 ,..J\(•s to clef end them; hut we h" lroiwrl that the Communists would 1 lakl' lhrm until 1lwir fair C"ould 'Nlied hy int1•rrrnlional ap:rt'<' nll'nl•· I ''""'" 'IH'h aC'lion 1101rld cuusc both arrrl Chianp: Kai-shl'k to lose face A•ia. H<·mai11i11 ~ ~il<'nl and \ '<l"'U<' ali' lhr off,hon• islarrds "as a kir~d of hir 011 our part.' W1· had hop!'d that lhl' Communi'I' 11~1 kno\I in~ 11ha1 \\(' \\Ould do if th H'11C'rl llH' ,,Jand, would not run 1 ri~k or 't'i1i11~ th('m. U.S. BLUFF CALLED 1\01: -. lro111·11·r. tlu·y Ju11 l' C'allcd .~ ~>luff. I h1•1 lra11· laki·rr some of 1hc Jrl "l111rds hy din·r ·I a"ault. We put r• ~1d1·ralil1· pn· ... :--.ur1· 011 Cliia 11 ir to ('\ill alt• I" illr onr l11 ·lp) ollin isl~r11ls .11• as lhC' Tadu•ns in orrl1·r 10' '"oid i'' ~<·r and ~ro\\ in:r ('011rlil'I in Ilic <1fi'•1· In th1h g-i' inμ- μ-round."" IHI\f' <I~~' d1 ·mo11:-..lralt'd our ea;:!<' nic.s:-; to scllk cla11:.r1·ro1h Far Ea~t(·nt c·ri,is 11' pt'•11 ful ll(' ~o tialion. " It i, 11011 "i'J><rr·1·111 to all 1lrc ".0, l~111t Ill' arl' 11illin~ lo dra11 a def•• lrrH· lhrou p:h lirl' Formo-a St rail and; lo tlw Comrnuni'I" Yorr ma\' hair off,horl' i,Jand• all of 1he i:Jand· I lo lhi' lirll'; h111 you may nol no!'· 1 linl' lo laJ..r• Formo,a. th<; Pc~C'a dorr-· do'"" n•lall'd i>land-.' r Dra11 irr ~ '111'11 a drfinill' di' idin~ 0 11 ill nol. of c·ot1r,r. ,top 1hr ro'\·, u11l1">s llw Communi,i,.. arrrrr 10 1hr 1 Thul is 11hy \Ir arr ~•till Jwin~ lihrralt'ly \ ap:lw about cf'rlai11 kr\· ~ shor!' i,Jand,, liJ..1· f.lt11 ·moy and ,],ii FAITS FOl:U:\1 :\EWS, ,1/orrl•, \\I' "' ha11· \[; 1..Jlin~ ti lo llf'gol on a cl fltomis" Onr·1· 1 11 i1h lht •( llrr ultirr he 'l'llh· Ill llr1· l 1'ha1 i lire r·orrfl nnrJ \a1j, JRrH 1REA World p~o ! AST-~'p where 1~ forces wt~ enhower list Chi••~ lean 5abr ase ( uod" woof ei9 h. the ~'. recon11°1 r (8). :lf('~.3 ally , a!!' 111mit 01 \\(' h• "ould 1 could 11('111-. 1 " hoth e fore ·ur abO cl of irl muni~I~ lo if th l run 1 the ".0 , a dcfll it und • ha\C I land' t c·ro~· 1 ndor<' .. i< II. lle" Ini " ro"r 0 thr I ]wing ' I I.cl' d 'Ii•' \\ "an· 11 ill in!! to Id 1111· Com11111ni,b ha,,. 'Iat>11 and Q1wmoy: hut ll('fOrl' IP!ling- 1!11·111 that 'JH'cificalh. "" "'"'! lo 1l(•gntialf' "i1'1 them an H!!Tt>1•1111•111 on a di1 id in!! lint' 11 hid1 tiH'\ 11 ill prom;,,. not lo ('J'O" . . On1·1· '' 1· 1w~otia!P ~11ch an ap;r<'Pm<•n l 11 1th th .. 111. 111· 11i ll hold tlw li nC' 11ntil lhr ultimatf' fall' of Formo•a it,<'lf can he '""""' 111 int1·rnat ional aμT<'<'nwnt •n th1· l nit1·d \at ions." That i' 011r poli .. ~· 11 ith r<'' JH'•·t to lhr <'onfli1·1 lwt11P<'n till' Chin"''' l11·d, <ind \atinnali st-. WILL U.S. DEFEND ISLANDS? . 'flu• \nwric-an μ'0\1•rnmP11t is «'n;!:.t~ed 111 au '"tnH»t "ffnrt 10 ,tahi li/f' ii- rela- 11011, 11i1h Co1111111111i,1 China. The eon­~ rc• ... sional rl'solution \\hich tlw Presi­di ·nt n''fll<"''"" and ohtai1wd lrm"' s"''ll tlw 'fill',lion of 1dwthrr tlw l ' nit l'cl ; 1ta1,.~ 11 ill d<'fr•nd the off,hon' i,Jands that 1, ,. hc·t111·1·n Ch ina and Formosa. In I C' C'<•ast'-fin• arrangrmPnl '' hich WC' tlopc• tlw l nitc·d '\ations ean n<'f(O tiatl', . '"'" off,hon· island' 11 ill hi' har[(ain- 111~ <'h·nwnt:...." \. ffip pn•:--idrnt ial m<•ssaμ<' 011 Formosa ~t' I.he· fir,I .important ''''I' i11 a seril's . rlc l11·atc• d1plomatlf' nia1u·u11•r, look- 111R toward not ju'! a darifif'alion of 'r~llr 0\\ 11 polir·\' and a lrmporarv c('ast'- rlfr p I I · . llll a 011:.r-ranμ-1·. final :-;.<•lllt'm<·111 i l~l<' ''.'Jrlosilf' Far E1t>lf'l'11 'ituation.' ill[' '''J>1lp th" lwl li g-1• rrnt :1110 implacahl1• , rr'·''Hlc· of tlw Communists. 'Va,h in l!'ton ' lf·iak arc· still 11orkin" 1ny hard for '0111( I., r . a~ ' ""H of l '\'->ponsorl'cl <'<'<1'('·firl' l<~r(j''mf'nl. \<'11 Zf'aland\ prim(' minis- "~rk'.'' 'fH'lll >111111' tim<' in ' Vashin[!IOn. trl\i· lltg- 11 ith 011r Stall' l)<'parlmPnl ,ard that <'11<!.' h Loth tlw l'rc"id1·nt and i\lr. Dulll's · 0 ''1lcP·<r1•d tha·t tlw •\ nwrican decision lo I.ii' l'Jl(> 1f IH 'f'<'"ary llOti!d hrill[( sta-a1 · 111 lo tlw arc·a 11 ith thr Communi,ts ~/"!'lin~ a di1 id in [( linl' in thr Formosa 1,/aH l1<'il1C'<'n tlw 1110 Chin as. The 11 IP'" "H'•· 1.1. tiIa l df'1·i.- ion 11a.s l'"'"'.C 'n l<'d to [) n11, l on this hasis.' "'' '.'r alli1" partinilar ly thr llrit ish 1-'or' "''IC•r lrdon· Pnthusiastif' alro11 t 011r i,,:111osa polir·). lrut they arc· >upporl· /·'r~r Us llf1\\ !hat \\t' ha\(' l'l'\ is<•d our r ... ,1 1110,an pol in i11 ordr·r to f'OJI<' 11 ith ''li'io11io'"" ' ~•1 !1« I \\1. l I1 . t.Iu · 11~1·11( I of "oriel rlr,11 , 11 1. I ii<' adm1n1•trnt1011 has ahan­i 1 '1 1 ·for C1·11Pral Chian:::-. tlw '\'ational- 1'i 'l r'"1' 1ll o f a rf'l11r11 lo tIu · nH11.1 1 Ia rH I lti·u '"' •· 1"111 in term> of Iii l's. ta"''· that ~lltf'. and cff01t. Tlw l' rc·-iclf'11I hop1•s ir·a, i'·'s 1 hang-1· of rn11r,1· 11 ill <'nd J\nu·r- 1~ ' 1Jrlomati1 i-..olation in tlu• Far l·:a, I. 11 11 r·'•·r :-.i11r·1· "'' look Formo~a u11d1 ·r r·, frt1Jt!'1·tio11 in 1950. the• Chin('H' ~ 'fl1n1 · 1.th,.r . lu11 .... 1..., ha, t' '' 011 onr ~ r<'al \ i{'tory I,l·1 t1•da 1,1. otlwr. In """''ll 1111·) fou.r, ht the lo. ·'lat1" a11d otlH·r \\ 1•slf'l'11 !""'""' . u ''al.., ·1·1 . -Wide World Photo Crewmen aboard the destroyer U.S.S. Crai9 are on t he alert during drill off Formoso. The Craig is with the U.S. Seventh Fleet . unlil llO\\ -..i ... 11•11L poli('~ l\\O poli1 ·j('.., """'' ot lwr." 11 <' hm r not had one con­on Chi na. \Ve han' had 1d1id1 1lf'IU alh C'Olllradif'I On 1111' 0111• hand. 11e ha\(' lrrl'll 1110\· i11;.r low:ird a l o11~-ra 11 μ-c poliry of cfisrn­;. ra;i i11~ 011r:--t· h <'~ from th<' slru~μJe in \ -.in so lhal we• <·an lin· al jH'iH'<' with tlu· Communi,t r<'l!'inw in Chi na. On tht' ol h<'r hand. 111' ha11' hrf'n >-upporlin [( Chi an:::- Kai-s lll'k. 11ho 1011s to d1•,troy tlu• Com muni ~t rc~imC'Y EaC'h policy ha" jll'f'\(' nt ed full realiza-lion or tlw otlwr. \\'" hall' no11. how· f'\l'L h<';.run to mak<' a dl'finit<~ ('hoicc ill't111·1·11 tlw 1111>. Tht' polif'\ of di,rn ­:. w;.ri11μ- our ... <'ht•-.. from t lw fi~.d11ing in \ ,ia i, tlw OIH' that Ill' ha11' <'hCN'n.° Tlw " nrran lruf'r 11 a' th1• first >lrp in our poli('y of disl'11μ-aμ-t·m,·11t. Jt wn~ thf' 1110.'l popular llf'I of 1111• Hrpulilican admi11i-..tration duri11u: it~ fir:--1 \Tar in offif'r. It made po"i.lile a rl'd111:l ion in tlw militarv hudμ'f•t and ill' lped hring ahout la\ f'ul-... It laid the ln"i' for the Ei~c11hO\\ l'r pro:rram at home. 10 111 I I . na11'. H'\ "on a g-n·a l \ 11'101) f1111 t"' 0 • hi11a. Thi·,- 111•111 on to a still w''.'r I i1·to1 \ in 1fiplomacy at \.1•nr\ a. 11 1 hall' l1<'f·n handirnpped, llf'cau-..1· ~- -Wide World Photo Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek and Vice Admiral Alfred M. Pride, commander of the U.S. Seventh Fleet, who conferred Jan. 23 at Taipeh on the explosive civil war situa­tion, are shown here at a previous meeting aboard the U.S.S. Wasp. 1\c'l's ""' OR1'- ''M 'E\\'S, llfnrr I1 , 19.55 Page 13 Th· ,pttl!'mPnl < f th• !ndo .. hina 11ar wa:-; lLe nf'\l lo~ical !-ill'P in di!-eng:a~t·· mPnt.10 'hen the Ei•PnhowC'r aclmini,lralion look offiC'C'. th!' l nit<'cl Stall'" was. in a '<'11~<'- at war "ith Communi--t China on thrrc fronb. \rith cli•('n!!a!!('llll'nt a<Tom­pli, h!'d in Kort'a and in I ncloC'hina. thr F'ormo•a trait rPmains lhf' onh- a<'li1t• war front 11 ith Communist Cl1i;in_ The administration 11011 de,-in•, to !'liminate thi< Ja,l al'li\t• lllH front \I ith tJlC' Jl,•cls. Onh- if thi- ; .. don!' 11 ill our di"''ll!!H!!<'­nH't~ l II(' (·omplt'lt· and la~ting-. 11 The Pn• .. idt·11l 0 :-- '.:'"1wcial llH':-'SU!!t' on F'ormo .. a n·prt»•·nt- an all<'mpl to ac·hit'\P ma\imum di'"'t'll!!a!'.!1'nw11t "ith­out ahandonin!! Chian!!~ancl llHl\imum support for Chian!! 11 i.thout ahanclonin!! th!' cli•Pn!!a!!<'llll'nl polir-r. lt 11 ill ''"ta in Chi an!! on F'ormo,-a 11 hid1 W11' l<'rri­lorv th<· l"nitrd Stal<'s lihnated from Ja1;an. But tlH• l'nit<•d • tales will cli-­!' n!!a!!C' it,!'lf from all lPrriton· 11 hid1 is historirnlh ChirlC'se that is. liH• off­.. horr i-land- pro1iclt'cl thP Chine'e Communi-t- 11 ill U!!r<'l' not to atla<·k Formo,a and the p;.,Padores. TherP j, no lon!!l'r anv douht that thC' admini,tration i• willir;!! to offer all th!' off•hon· j,Jands to ·H,•cl China in return for a <·l'a•e-fire and a promi .. <· to ahandon it, military campai!!rt again,1 Formo,a . .\ C'!'a .. c-firc could be had tomorro11 on tho•e lnm, as far as the l nited !:'tall', is conr-(•rrwd." The off .. hore i>'L111d, lu11" heen Chi­llf'S!' for <·1·nturil'"· Formo .. a ancl th!' Pesradon·• 11(•rp originall) ChirH»l'. hut Japan had lwld them for a half 1·entuq hdore " 'orld War l l. lnder till' l\'1m .. of th!' Japan<»e Peace Treaty. Tokyo n·nounl·1·d all daim to F'orrn<»a and tlw P1»r-adorP• hut it did nol rPa-•i!!n -Wide World Ph01 Busy scene at a Taipeh intersection as the bustl ing act ivity of the Formosa capital keeP5 pace with th e increased tempo of the Chinese civil war. C ivilian evacuees from the Tache­lslands poured into the island for-tress of Chiang Ka i·shek. tht·m lo an~ ... pt·nri1 po\\t'r. lh thi .. ti1rn· Chia11!! had aln·arh fl1·d to I orm<ht. lire l 11il•·d :-1ai.-- Ira .. a lqrnl n»po11- sibility lo'''"""'' I 011110 .. a a11d till" l't»!'a ­dorl's until tlwi1 fulurl' rn11 lw d1· .. idcd hr international agrl'l'mcnt. But thP l nit1·cl Stall'" ha .. 110 rl'spo11,-ihili11 to k1·1·p the off,horl' i•la11ds out or Con;mu­ni, t ha1rcl•. Tlwl' an· Chi11rse tcrriton ju .. t a- tlw mai11la11d i ... The l nitecl :--tall'- 11 "' not n· .. pon-ihl<' for kl'rpin;! Chian!! on tlw 111ai11la11d. \1·ithcr is it rt''l"""ihJ,. for J..,·,.ping !rim on the ofl 1 .. hon• j ... Jand-.. I \\ <' 11111" a 1i;!lrt lo Ill' pn·,ent 11 1·011110-a and th1· l'•·-«11lo11t·' under tlr l<·rn" of tilt' Japa1H''" ''" l<'rrckr. But"' do not ha11• ilri .. 1i;!lrl in tire ca,r ~ 1111' off,lron• i .. lan<k Tlll'V ht11r ah131 lwPn Clri111•st'. If 111• 111·r;. lo intenr" in till" off,hon· islancl ... 11e 11otdd 1. aC'lill;! on Clri111•st• t1·1-ritory in a Ch' ll('~(' ci,il \\ ar. 1 If Co1111111111i .. t Chirra lracl not air 11ounced its i11t<·11tio11 of takin" FonnV'· 11 lwn tlw attacl, 011 tilt' off,h~rc ; .. Jan•' 111·n· start Pel la>.t fall. till' l nitrd 1at< 11otild prohahh lra1r looked the oU•' 11ay 11 hil .. tl11". <:onrr11u11i't' took ti• j ... la11d .... 1 AMERICAN AIO FOR CHIANG TIH· l, 11i11·d Stat,., 11 ill 111'11' Chio•;, ch•fcnd I· 01 mo ~a a1w Jiu· ,t'~l'adorC!-'· n•ltrrrr. ilw l 11ito-cl Stall's 11 ill "''" 1. Chrnn" lo rdr .. i11 from an\ furtlrrr ~ tac·ks 011 llH' C.c11111111111 i .... 1.. ... • \II of tlti' llH'dll,. o' 1·our..t'. tlral " arP offina ;, 11rili11" nff tlll' 1ain- 111 n·ali-tic· d11·a111 that Chia11" Kai-,h• might ... cm11·,hn 11'111r11 0 th~ mainh1 and 01 •rthro11: tlw Co111111u11r't". . P' \L la~L "<' .1n· faf'ing- up to rt" 11 in \--ia. . Ou1 1>n· .. 1·11t poli< y of ddt'ndirrf( I•' mo~n hut 11 i\ in•' up 'tlw ofrsh< rt' j.-~t111 L will alrno·~ c·<·1~ai11lv haH' the ,111'!'111 of our 1u· t11<· alli1·~ in tlr" Far J·.••; It f'tHthl('s 1lu flO\\t•r.., \\ho n•c·(.μ-J1itt' 1 ComnH111i~t μ-en 1·r11nw1H of Chin•' n·c·o~n1z1• the cwfrnst• of Fe rmo"'a 31 ' It 11ill clo 111.irh to 11i11 respect for'' Formo'a po,itio11 amcng thl· unr''' FACTS FOl!CM :\E\\"S, .lfo,.r/1, J . Admiro '" chief Sory Smi rnandQr Forrnos~ rnitted 1 a )o,01111d for an < Nations lllPl)f in WhC'n Ruarant i<lan<], '" lrol; an( llo long<• and l\fot! Thr F c·ootinur ~•·ta l '\ Thr,r err ultirnat(•li "'orld op ~reat clp, 0J>inio 11 I lo rncl a< of arms. /orld ptiol tal ke•P1 ie Tache• the ofl (',S('J1 l ruler th But"' . ca~c ti "ahdl' 11ten·c11 ould 1. a Ch• not ~r Forrn°' c j~ . .iant ·cl 51011 he oth• ook ti NG Chi~';, lore•· Ir th"r'r" '~ 1 th,tl" airt· 111~ 1-: ai·,h· nainl•1' ~- r<'''Jil' -Wide World Photos . Admiral Felix B. Stump (left I , commander '" chief in the Pacific, and Major Ge ne ral Sory Smith ( right) , Pacific a ir force com· "1andeir, emplaned from Pearl Harbor to Forrnosa Jan. 29. lllill<·d nations of Asia. It will pro' id .. a '<>111111 lqrnl and polilical fo1111da1ion for an e\·enlual atl('mpl hy lhr llnilrd Nations lo bring ahoul a final srllle· lll<•nt in lh<' Far l·:a ... l. 11 Whrn FormMa i... proleC'led h)' a gua ran tr<'d !'<'a'!'- firc the ofr,horr i~lancls <·an ~uf<' l y pa~s it;lo Pt'kinμ-\ «On· trol; and thr ChinPS<' Comn11111i ... 1.. . 11 ill no long<'r he humiliated h) II"· Q1wmoy and l\fobu ro rk in tllC'ir harhor .... Thr f:i,<"nhowrr adrnin i-tration will c·o11ti11u(' to do c•n•r) 1hi11g JIO'>ihle to ~,<·ta l \ -1H'golia t<·d '<' 1111 ·1111· 111 in \sia . I lw,r effort... of om' ''"'" if I i1C·1· fail 1U1 ltirnatC'I)' ha\C' t r<" 11w11do11s impa-.·t 011 orld opi 11 in11. \V(' ha'" aln·:idy 11011 a Rrcat dr<·i, ion in tlw 1·011rl of 11 oriel 0 •. 1 J11n1on l1y prori11:! that \\(' an· rag:er 0 rnd a da11«1•ro11s di ... pul l'. 11ol In fore(' of arrns. hut"hy p('ac<"f11I 11<"gotiaiio11. , 'I li u l \\II"' 011(' ,j cl t• or lli t~ f jll (.''• lion. T li t' o t lu•r .. jcl (• "i ll t·onu· fH' '-L ll <'r(• art• ar~ 11 nu• 11 r... of -.0 11 u • " 110 Do l\OT a pJlrO\(' or 0 11 1" p o lit·y ·n illi rp"'P<'t'I lo 1l u -- t·o 11 rlit·1 IJC' l\H't'n th e Ch in f"'-(' Co111m1111i .. r... a 11tl ''a t io11 ~ ali ... 10.:, * * * * * Ntccnr 1110\ is till' Comrn1111ists' prin-cipal \\C'apo11 of 1·0 11q11est. It wa ... pri ­ltiarily ll\ 11 rgotiati11g 11 ith Wrs lr rn kad­rrs (and on ly ,,.,.on dari ly hy for"<' of ~-Ills) that tht> Chin<"<' Co1111111111i-1 ... <1nal!"cl to <'011<111n ha lf of \ , i:i . '\ l n 1955. "lrr·n 11 <' '"krd l h" l 11 i l1·d f'a~ions to 11egotiat<" a ceaS<•-f ir<' lll'fll('('ll ~hian;: Kai-,}H'k and lh(' i{ <'d' in China. <· '1<'r<• ignoring th<" ('\ 1H·r i<•111 ·1• of i'J IS \i'."'11 l larry Truman S!'11l C<•orir<' C. ,. arsha ll orrt to l.hina to nr"ofial<' a <·asf'.firp,1!'1 r 11 \rJwn the \Jarshall mi"ion lo China /~1 <·011c<·i,C'd. China ""' ahl:izc· 11 ilh \\'.~ 1 Ill . \\'Ur. ~111d Chia111r r Kai-~IH'k \\11"' th •;~ng. l\lar ... ha ll 11rnl lo China to slop In(' ig-htin g- and fore·(• Chianμ 1, a i-:--lwk ».. tPr·og-11i1(• lht• Con11111111i:--b a:-- a l1·~iti "tfi•<a· t,. d. o nwstH· ' po 11· t·w a I party a1u I t a 't \!' t" ~ llllo hi, gO\l'rrlllH'nl. Chia1w had '''h·cl all Jlrt'\ iow; pn,...,u re'' for a l-'"-cTs FORUM NEWS, Mnrch, 1955 c·oalition 11 ith tlH' Com;n1111ist>. ht'<''1l"I' Irr· k11!'11 tlu·m. lie kn<"11 that 11111·11 You fiirht Commruri,ls. \'OU <k,1 rov tlll'm or thn d<"Slroy yo u, hrcat1'<' <'<ioperalion 11 ith them is impo. sihle."• But C<'rwral \Tarsha!! was carryin~ a hig slick 11lw11 IH' arr ived i11 China in late· 19 IS. ii<• 11a ... a 111h or i1rd lo t<•rm­inaf<' all l\nwri can aid In China if a 1·oali1io11 hC'lwern Chiang Ka i-slu'k and tl11• Communists 11 Pl'!' n ~ t C'fft•c·l<'d. And he• 11a' <'mpowr r<"d to irra nl or withhold a son million dollar loan to thr Chi- 11P"f'.1 ·· Chiang H;! l'('('d to hold [I'll('(' !alb 11ilh tlH' Communists. 11 ho. ,,., t'rl'h IH'at<'ll a11d in lrad shape al 1 lr 1· I ime. al ... n a!.!r!'('d. But thr Communi-b. in,tracl of 1·~lm in p; lo lC'rms, would a lw ay~ usp tltf• I ru1·c· talks as a cowr p<'riod for re­;: rouping and calchi111! their hreath to la1111d1 11ew surprise offrnsiYcs.10 \fl C'r s<'H'rai monllrs of thi s. Chia111! Kai-><hek ll'Hs f! ri t' \ Ously 111·ak1·n<'d. Tlw Co11111111ni ... 1 .... 11ho had gai 111'd ~n·a tl y i11 relaLhr ~ tn· n ~ th, \\Ot1lcl 110 lonp;c-r agn•1• lo tru ce ta lks of any kind. i\Tar- -hall. i11 tlH' .... 11111111.,. of J<J lo. finalh n·alizPd that a f'oalitio11 μou•r11 mp1{1 <'ould not lil' for1111"I: a11d :ill l 11il<"d ..:;lat<'' military aid lo China \\as stop­JIC'cl. \\ !' '''lll<'<'li<'d tlw 500 million dollar loan and halt<'d ship11w11t of '"Pplirs aln'a1h· pur<·h,t>ed liv lh1' Ch i11<»r. WP ,., 1•11 for had!' the· ... hipnw111 lo Chiang Kai-,}wk from Oki11a11a and ol lwr p,,_ c ifil' i ... lanch• of """'l'i"' l\nwrican sup­pli 1•, 11 hi ch Ch ia11g\ .~011• rn111C ' nl had '11rrady houf!hl. Th<''" '"'P'"' supplir'. 11ithlwld from Chi:ing. """'' dumped i1110 th<' Pa<·ifi<' O"c'ar1. ' · Tlru ....... tq1 hy stPp. 11 •' lwi1H'd to ncgo- 1 ia11· Chian!.! 1-.:ai-,}wk off tlw 1·011ti11rnl of \ sin. CHIANG A MENACE But l'\C'n afl!'r he had rC'lrcatl'd to Formosa, Chiang: rrmainccl a ~<'r i o u s nwnacr and ha1;dicap to lh r Comm11- ni~Ls. 0l'cupyi11f! Formo ... a and all of thr off. 'hon' i ... lands IH't11r<' 11 FornuN1 ""d tlu· rnainlarul. Chiallf! 1'.ai-,lwk pral'limll) <'011trollPd 'hipping in tlw Formosa -Wide World Photos (Top left) Evacuees we re crammed aboard a n American ship just before it left a North Tachen island for Formosa . (Top ri9ht) A group of small Chinese children cluster on a Tachen island beach as the y awa it their t urn t o boa rd ships for evacuation. (Lower left) Chinese civilians unable to cl imb ladders to the Americ an evacuation ship are token aboard in 0 makeshift Ii~. ( Lower right) Civ ilians, among the first evacuees to reach Kee lung, Formoso, from the Tache ns, disembark from the American ship which took them from t heir isla nd home. Page 15 "trail. I IP ll1'1<l1• ii diffirnh for Chi11a lo lradt• \\ ilh lilt' oul-id1• \\orld. Chian!! \la- •niou-h· inlt•rruplin!! lilt' flow of \mt'ri<·an and ollwr \\' "'''Ill ~ocHl­\\ hich our 11ohl1• allit·..., \\t·n· .... hippin.!? in lo tlH' Chi1H'><' Communi>l>- llon•o\t•r. lht' prt"t·n1·p of Chiang- Kai­, IH'k on F ormo•a j U•l n i llt'I y mi l1·s from lhc mainland J..q1l 1a'l number.' of Communi-L >oldil'rs Li1·d do" n on the t'Oa~l. U\\ailin~ an t'\t'f·t'\(l('t'lt>d and drPadfully·ff'art·d im,i>ion. lilt' ( .01111n1111i-h 1H·t·d1·d ilt'Jp: a1HJ Wt' !!'1\'t' it to th1·m. Truman sc·nt tht' \n11 ·ri<'an St•\ Pnlh Fl1·Pl inlo China \\alc·rs lo nc•utralizt· Formo>a to kt•c·p Chian~ 1'.ai--IH'k from tryin~ to imadt· tlw Communist-lwld mainland. or f'Our-r. \Ir. Truman al-o ordnrd tlH' St'1 t'nth Flt•f'I lo J..t•t'p lhr Commit•, from imading- Formo,a. But thal was meani11μ:l<'"''"'· lw('aust• lfw Heel~ did nol hmt• a11y IHl\) nol any. Chiang­Kai-, JH'k did han· a >mall 11a1 r of 5orts -Wide World Photo A group of U.S. Navy frogmen cleared underwater obstructions in the- harbor of the North Tachen island before start of evacuation. -Wide World Photo Ge ne ral view of the evacuation operation on the North Tachen island showing landing c raft on the beach with othe rs standing by in the bay Feb. 8. Page 16 lht' t111<' lhal !!Ol him lo Formosa in thl' firsl plat'!'. 10 \\'ithin a mallt·r of wreks aftrr our SP\t'nlh FltTl 1no\ Pd into Fonnooa St rail lo prolt'f·l lht' Communists from Chian!! Kai-shck. thr Communi'ls pulled somr 250.000 of thPir ht'q soldirn; oul of Lhrir dd1'n,i11' po,ilion' on thr China coast and •t•nl I hem inlo ha Il le a!!ainsl !\mrri· r·an:-; in 1\1'orlh Kon•n. 1 ' Rut nolf' lhis "di: lhr Communisls. in "C'ndinμ: tfH'ir armiC's again~l our~ in Kon'a. Wt'rt' not darin:r lo challrn:rr \m1·ri«a11 111ilit<1n might. SPIES ARE REASSURED Throu:rh lht•ir <'~pioria~rt· c·on•ragC' in tht' I 'n il!'d '\alion' and in tilt' Wrstrrn capilal,.._ tilt' Communi't' had l11't'n a'· -un·d thal th1• I ' nilt'd '\alion> would not pt'rmit Amerit·a lo slrikt' hack al China if Chinn inlt•nt'llf'd in Korra. E11'n ,o_ lhP Communisls failrd ullrrll' lo "in anylhin!! hy forcr of arms i;1 Kon·a: hut ll1t'\ won most of what they wt111l!'d "ith tlH'ir \\t'apon of nrg-01iu· lion. and p11I lht'm>-!'ht» in a position 10 lakt· llw rt''' "ilhoul furllwr strug-g-lr.1" Tlw H'nior !\nwrican mililan com· ma1Hln, "ho fong-hl in Kort'a Gen· 1·raJ, \[n,·!\rtl111r. Clark. Slralrmryrt· \ 'an Flt•1•l. Almond hair all lrstifit'tl lhal "''could ha\t' \\On lhr war in Koren and dt·-lro1·t'd Communi'l powrr in Asia \\ ilhoul pn·ci pilatinμ- a μf'nC'ral war. and '' ith fc\\er !\mrrirnn rasualtirs than ii <"<bl Us lo lost' tht' \\ar. But \Vashin~· Ion officia l, wou ldn't lt'l our soldier' "in lilt' 1rnr. lwraus1• tlH' l 1nilt'd Nation' didn'I "anl thrm lo 11 in. Tilt' Hq111h lirn11s. of 1·oursr. \\t'rt' f!O· inμ- lo t'Ondudt' lht' Kort'an \\Ur honor· ably. Thrir notion of honor, as il turnrd oul. \\as lo a CC'<' pl arrni~ticc ll•rJll· diclalt'd hy tlH' Chinrsr Communists and "rit11·n hy pro-Commnni't r ndia. The Communists ha\(' ht•t'n \iolatin~ lhr ar· mislict' l1·rm' sin1·r the day thry wrre 'ig-1wd; and \It' haw i!!norrd their 'iolations. 17 Communist China is our of thr 11rnk· t»l nation on rarth. They have ,•a'1 armi1·, of fool 'oldil'rs. and ' i' hund red TJJillion pt'opl1' "ho art' ,..Ian inμ-. Jl11t th1·y ha\ P 110 na\ y, no ~11 1 wn' <'apon!"-. ~1 11 I ra11~porl. no indu:-;try nothinp; "1th 1d1id1 lo fig-ht a morll'rn \\ar. Yt'l. th<'' hmt• rnmTJJi1t1·d t·1nv co1,,.Pirnhlc oul· ragt• a~ain~I u .... I l <n~ clo tlwv <larr '! Tlw1 ha11· ~lit'"''" 1hu1 !\n.;t'rit'a Ji••' lw<·o nlt' "" <·ompl1·tt•h hvpnolizrd hr th:· '"'"'·11·" id1 ·a of rnllt'f'i i\t' -rn1rrl. 1hrn11~h llw I nitc·d \al ions that 1'' >-imph do 11111 ha11· 1!11· 11alio11al "ill t<' n•I'. in our"" n inlt'rrsls. tlw OYN\I heh11· in :,r pO\\('r tliut \\t' po~~t·~~. \\ 'ht•n lilt' Chi111•st• Comm1111i,ts ,,r• rt·<Hh for nH>rt· t·o11t1nt•,1s. lht'y , 1ur; lilllt· 11ars and thn·alt'n hi" 011cs. Ail 0 llw Soc·iaJi,ls. pro- ComTJJu1~'t'. a11d 11r1•· lrali>-h i11 1!11' l nilt'd '\ations ilt'g-in .1'' q11i1C·r a11d plt ·ad for pt'at·p fwl nt'~ot••': lio11-. \\ '" i11 tht' falnons ilt'ii!'f that ''' FACTS FOHUM E\\'S, Marrl<, J9S arr win1 the l 'n it O.s. Air Fo f'l\r l'. F'OH ·r our Strait :him1f! sonw f their coast \m<'ri-unist~. ur:-; in llrn:rr l:rC' in pslrrn Pll a~· Id not China 1tlerly ms in t th<·Y ·~otin· ion to ;p;lr. 11; com· Gen· m·vrr· ;.tified Kor"" 1 A•ia I war. s thart Fhin~· 1ldicr; at ion~ rr p;o· 1onor· urn rel tt·rn1:-­ts and 'fhc hr ar· "·err their "cak· • va.~1 udrrcl " ])111 ns. 11n \\ jth thl'' ,: out· urr '? 'a ]lw l)' th• niril' 1t \fl' ,;JI t•' 1hch11· arr 11 inninl( friends in the l 'N, p<'rmil lhc l"nitrd '\'ations lo set our pol ii'\. WAIT FOR RIGHT MOOD At fir,l, tlw Communists loudly rt'­j1 ·~·t nil su~~('Slions for negotiation. This i, tnt>rcly a part of the act- designed lo make us <'al(rr. so that when they do "Or1'ent lo nrirotiatc, we will be in a _rnood lo irin' them what they want. fhat's ho11 they han' already conquert'd half of A>ia. That's how they plan lo •:onqurr the other half. take Formosa, lrquidatr Chianir Kai-,hrk. f!<'l into the l'nited Nations, and force America lo 1'\lt•nd diplomatic n·coirnition to them." From 1915 to 1955. America, under hoth Oemorralir and Rrpuhlic-an admin­" lration<;. has 11 alked into C\ ery trap lh1• Chin<»r Commnnisls li.l\c set for us. For lrn \'rars. our consistent China ~oli1·y has ·hrrn onr of app<'asinl( the ·Ornmunists h<•hind. of courst'. a far­~ rlr of bluster 11 hi ch is strictly for Amrr­lc ·an homp con ... umption.rn 1I1 When thp Democrats were app<'asing <' Communists. howc\'rr. then• was Tidcspread puhlir rnmplaint about il. hr Hrpuhlican<;. ha, inir achir\'ed hi­: hanisan harmony and national unit)' in . <'rr poli<'y of app<'asrmrnl. arr rrrri,· ­' 111? Puhlir· praisr for takin11: a firm stand al?ainst th<' Communists.20 ff Th<· p<•ople "ho loudly condrmrwd f'larry Truman for sending the Sr,·rnth 1 •·t·t into the Formosa Strait to ll<'U· tali,r Chian« Kai-shrk in 1950 ar(' tht' \1•r I""! H Y ones 1d10 arr now applauding tlw ''11'uhlirans for doing tlw samp thin!(. 011 y \\'Ors('. 21 r·I ~ll line 11 ith th<' President's widely ac-. rn arm1·d m<><;•airr to Conl(n'ss on the For- 1 °~an <'ri ... i .... \\e haq· one(' a~nin rwu~ ra11~rd F'ormo>a 11ilh our Se1<'nth Flert lh·and rnorr. \'\'p hme puhlidy namrd for i ( Cornmunish lhr offshon• Nationalist t~a11cl, 1d1id1 111· 11ill pPrmit thrm to ,~k<·: a11d 11<· haH' delihPrately rPmainrd i j~UP about tlw rcmainin~ important 'Unds, suc·h as \ latsu and Quemoy- -Wide World Photo Chinese Nationalist troops move artillery up ramp to ship for evacuation from the Tachens under watchful eyes of the U.S. Seventh Fleet. IPa\ ing thrs<' islands on the haqraini11~ tahl<· as an im ilalion lo the Commu­nists to romr and n<'gotiatc for them." If and 1d1rn wr c·ompletc this pur­diast' of another meaningl<'ss agreement 11 ith tlw Communists at th<' C\jWnsr of Chiang Kai-shrk whrrc will we be? FINAL BETRAYAL OF FREEDOM \\ l' 11 ill hP 11<•11 on the way to11ard the final h1•tra1al of the causP of fn•<•dom in Asia ti{<' hetraral 11 hic·h Dean i\dw­,. on tril'd to cn!(in<'er in 1919 11 hen lw had Philip fr;;sup prepare tlrnt I) inf! 11 hi tr paper 11 hi eh said that Formosa wn~ of no st ratqric importancr lo us and that 11 e should therefore permit the Communi<;ts lo tak(' it."' America. of course. :-hould neH'r airain spnd anotlwr Ameril'an soldiPr to die in .\sia. \~'e ru' ll'r sll()uld hme per­mitted our,.eh1-, to l(<'l imohl'd in \siatic affair< a,. \\l' no11 an-. But 11c arc im·ol\'ed, and we can't ju$l "alk a\\'ay. There is a way out "ith honor. \\ ith one of our fleet:- the one llwt's aln·adr O\ er there- and 11 ilh the f!nH111d forces · that S)'l1gman Hh<•t• and Chianf! l\.ai-,.IH'k could >upply, 11e (11 ithout landinir 01w .\nwrican >oldier on llw \ ,ian mainland) could d<',.tro) tilt' Cornmuni!'l reg-imc in China.~' If Ill' 11ould iratlwr togl'lher the 1a,.1 military ~lore!:i "hich \\(' an.· gcattcrinμ all 01 t'r th!' earth 11011 in places 11 lwn· they tH'\ er 11 ill I)(' IM'd lo fiirht C'Olll· mu;1ism. and pour tho:-1• mililarr sup­plil's in to Chianir Kai-,hek and 'ynir­man Hhel'. 111• prohahly could :-I art a rapid disinlPgralion of Communi,.1 po11 er. The Communi,i, ha11· aln•ad) murdered O\Pr l11ent1 million Chint»<'. The1 arp hound to ha"' millions of hi1- ll'r ,incl implacahl<• en1·mi1» in>id1' China. If ''ell-fed and 111'll-1'quipped 1\,iatit· armi1•, from Forrno,.a and South Korea started 'imultaneous inrn-ions of the Chin<»<' mainland. it is mon• than likeh I hat 11 id1•-prc•ad n•IH'llion and whol<»al1' d1»ertions from llw Commu­ni~ l ranks would hrrak out all 0\ rr China and in Indochina." \\'hat i[ all this didn't happen!\\ hat if the Communi,.b clt»tro\'l'd Chian~ Kai.,.hck and Srnirman Hhri• ') . -Wide World Photo U.s. A. Ir Force Sabrejets lined up on the ready line at an air base near Taipeh, Formosa. f·.\("J', F'OllL'M :\F.\\"S, .llrm·li. 1!1.;.> /Jr• '""' ond ·"''' /IOf'i' /.) TlwrC' i~ 011t: thin:r \\C' run ht' HJr(' of: \ nwric·a cannot fiirht \-ia·, 11 a1 fo1 A ... ia. If tlwn• an• not cnouμ-h \ .... ian .. willinir and ahlt' to fiμ-ht for their 011 n freedom. '' ith LI' μ-i1 inir tlw 11 h<' n•11 ithal to fiμ-ht. tlwn .\-ia 'imph 1·nnnol 1..- Page t7 'aH·d. \\ t· had heller J ind that out ri!!'hl now. and get out." Syngman Rhee and Chiang Kai-,hd. are the only lwo irr<'at Christian l<>ad· !' rs in all of Asia; Lh<' on h· lwo "ho r<>a lly \\ant lo fiirht commur;i,m. If \\ (' h<'p appea,in/!' and n<>goliatinμ- "ith tlw Communist,. and dPl ayi nμ- tht' inf'1 itahl1· ' howdown. "" 11 ill nf'golialf' 01ianμ­Kai- ~ h ek and • rnirman Rhf'<' out of ex· i'tcn<'c; and 1dwn they μ-o. the hope of fr!'C'dom from Communi•t sla1Try in ~ ... ia f!O<'' wilh thf'm. There in quil·k re' iew ar<' hu, .. icle-. of a Fa<"t' Forum q uf' ... tion: "Do you .ttpproH• of \ merican 1>olicy with re .. pet·t to the conflit·I between the Chine .. e Hed., anti thf' Ch ine~e Nationu Ji .. 1 ~?" * * * U i hlio~ra ph y re,t of Ei ... f'nhO\\C'r llH' .... ~q.~·{' to ( 011!.!lt'"""'• \ t'U rork Timf'~. Jan. :!5. 1955. :! \l ap and Tf"\l of Ei .. rnhmH·r· .. ~tolt'Tllf'lll 011 Fonno.;a, lo_<; Angeles Examiner, Jan. :!-l. 195.5. '·Will the Free World 'low Bark the Red,'!'' DO\id Lawrrnrr rolumn, Jan. 25. 1955. '"Cflmmuni"'t" \lay Rr SC"f'kinl!: Exprrirru-P in Current f:hinr-.e \.oai..;tal Oprratinn~." h) Georp:e fif'l<lin!! Eliot. Tnfrdo Blade. Jan. 23. 1955. ;, '•Thr Bi!!; Qur .. tion." f7l Ptuo Timrs. Jan. 19. 1955. i; '·Kn owlantl '-'a).. Tad1rn"' 'Pnpf'r Tigt•r' Tr .. t." f.hri,lim1 .\t·i1•nn• \lonitor. Jan. 21. 195S. 7 •· ~- Council ~tandini; By for SC'"'"ion 011 Formo-a."' Ft. Worth ~tar-Tele1m1m. Jan. 21. 1955. ··\fmt' \11·ant to hnt \\ ar,'' D1.nid La\\ • renrc column. Jan. 26, 1955. I "'lewe .. t Poliq on Formo .. a "•·t•n \lerp;rr or Old Idea ...... Oallfl\ \/ ornin~ \ t•u ~- Jun. 26. 1955. 10 '\ tatr 0£ thr \ at ion." h) Jo .. t·pli C. I lar .. rh. Chri~lian \\rienre 11onitor. Jan. 26. 1955. " \ Ri•k) \lo, r Off Formo-a hut Onr That \[u ... t Bt> \f ade." /.,,11i,1i/11• Courin-Journal Jan. 22. 1955. 1- " \t;'hnr Do \\'1· Dra\\ tlw Formo-..a l.inr·~" \trailer Lippmann column. Jan. :?6. 1955. "Our Ri~ht To Rf' in Formo .. a." Walter Lippmann f'nlumn, Jan. :?5. 1955. 1 ·'Eic:enhowrr in \li1ldlt- on Roat! to A~da," Doris Flrr-on rolumn, Jan. 26. 1955. · ·'\[ar-.hall \Ji ... "ion:· Retrt>ut Fmm Victory. by enator Jo•rph \lrCarth), pp. 102-130. Publi<hrd 1951 hy Or-in· \dair Company. 11 ; u\lilitary c;;ituation in tlw F'ar Ea,t," ll rar­ing. s hf"£1in· thf" rommittet> on \ rmrd Serv· ice:-1. 1i "Rrd..; ( ht·at. Brin~ in Cun:-. and War· planr-:· fl. S. \'1·u- & World Report, Feh. 26, 1951, p. 36. 1 ' '· \, 'aitin~ for a lh1-.1l ... \\ altn l.ippma1111 column,. rpt. 15. 1%1. 19 "China. Oi1I She Full or"°"' She Pu,hed?" U. '>. \'('ln & If mid Report, O .. r. 21 •. 1952, pp. 22-23. !!O "The Proprr \\·a\:· II all treet }ournfll Jan. 26. 1955. " "Pre•ident's Stand on Formosa Generally upportrd by U. " · Pre" a• Facing Up to Realih·." "''· f,oui.fi Po.u-Di.~patch, Jan. ~5. 1955. 22 "Facing Lp to Formo"a," Wall Street Jour­nal. Jan. 20, 1955. '' (!. S. Relations With r.hinn. 1950, Co,·ern· ment Printing Offirr. 1 Editorial, ~fnnrne ( I .oui ... innn) Vrwfi·. lnr. \ pril 2R. 195~. Page I What About Red-Held Prisoners? Asks Virginia Forum Group ll E\\' lt1rr1011I al thr S1au11lo11 . \ irμ ini a. Fac ·t ... Fort11n di:-.f'u~:-.ion Jantwr' 18 <'' irH'!'d ~111\io u,.. i111<•n•st in tlw qne,tion ... \\'hat ,Jio1rld lw donr ahout thr Amcri· ran~ impri ... tllll'd h~ lllf' Chirn• ... t• H1·d ... '? .. * Thoronl!h pn·-<'nlalion' of all point- ill\ol\l·d in thi, ;,..,II<''"'"'' mad(' hi' Coloru·I l'an l J. B. \lnrpln . l .:-.. \rr111 I H1•t. l: L1•01wrd G. Da11 son. rrtirrcl lf . .' ron•ular offi<·<·r. and Dr. Hidwrd IL l'ott!'r. l'rt'-hyl <' rian pa-tor. i{Ptirrd Army Colonel Ho' F. Lynd. pn·sident of tlw Staunton Facts Forum. pn"id!'d at thr """sion. Thn•1• partinrlar ha,,., upon "hi<"h thr h a11 dlin ~ of llw i\nwril'a 11 airml'11°s n·ll'a,r miμ-ht hr proj<'l'W'cl '"'rt' pn·-•»•il'd hy Dr. l'otlt•r: Fir-I. tlw .\nwri<"an attitude as to tlw i11cl i1 idual: .'l'l'O lltl. llw \m1·ri l'a11 .-ommi tmr nt to 11 ork 011 int!'rnational mattN- lhrouμ-h the l .\: and. third. th t' 'iolati on of th!' 1'on·an armi,til'<' lw tlw impri ... onnwnl or th t':-..(' lllt'11 . \Tr. D:rn-011 quotrd Srcr<'lary of Stal<' i)ullr' a- -ayinl! lh al thr po,ition of th l' Chinl'-<' n .. cls i11 thi- mall('r ;, ind r fcn­-. ible. 1·1·rtai11h from tlH' .\nwril'an point of 1i1·\\. hut that i11 ordn to"'"""' tlw airmen'-. rd1•a,.1·. it 1\Crnld prohahly IH' neccs~ary to makt• f'Onct•:-..s ions. Ire .... uμ-­zestrd that thl' 1·01H'(•ssions to hr cit" manckcl h, tlH' Chin<'''' mi[!"ht possihh be th<' n:,$alion of Kon•an aid: th;. f?Tanti11f? of <'\it \ i:-..a :-.. to '.'-i\.ll'<'n Chi1u·:-t' studenh no11 in th(' l nit!'d • tat<•, "ho de ire to r!'lnrn to China; tlw 11 ithdraw al of th<' l '. S. Fl!'rt from Formosa Strait. or th r admi"ion of Hrd China to tlw l '\. \lr. Da,"on strr'"'d that tlw latt1·1 1110 \\Ould in no prohahilily lw μ-ra nt!'d. f.roup di,cu"ion indirnt!'d that ad­mi,, ion of H!'d China to !he l ' nited \ation- \I a- fl'li to Ii(' \l'f\ inad1·isahh·. OtlH'r mt•an- a1 a ilahll' lo or;t. countn· for prr ... ~ure <-qza i n ... t ano ther werl' al:--n point<•d ou t ' ud1 as economic boyrnt­tinrr and. if that fail<•cl. narnl hlockad1·. Thr forum was ad1i~ecl that the lallN would m1·a11 an a<"t of war and would ill' moot 1111lik!'h to hr us<'cl. Colorwl \·lurphy\ 1·on1111<·11ts on tlw prisoner n•ll'a'(' qut•,tion 11 <·rr prco('ntC'd 1·ia a tapr·r!'c·orclinμ-. I le summariz<•d the effr r ts of tlw fon•μ-oinμ- artion­and, anah·1i 1w till' n•aso r.,.. lwhind th1· Chinese nio1/in a11nourn·inμ- tlH' d('t<·n· lion of thr \nH·rican ai rmen. ~uμ:μ:c•:-0lf'd the typ<' of al'l ion that \\011ld h!'st hrin~ the drsirPd n·,uli- in till' Chin<'-!' mind a11d it' n·adion to \\ l'-ti·rn pron•dun·-. lie urmi-!'d that tlw Chin r,t• "''" u .. in~ thi .... irwicll'nl to ... lrl'n~tlw11 tlwi1 1w-ition 11 ith ot lwr \-.i atic p!'oplcs a nd. tlwrrfor<'. 1lw1 did 1101 !'are ho" it af­fl'cted tlw \Y<;,.ll'rn '">rid. Colon<•I \lur· phy addPd that tlwy "ould manrt11 r r to plaf'e RPd China in a position rst!'rmecl hy thr Oriental mind, which is to say. ..to make fa r<'" hrfore the Asiatic world: and on Jv IO 1111' r' tr nt that \I C handled the mall!'r to f'TC'U l!l that " far<>" for them would ou r drmand- for tlw r<'h'<H' of 011r mf'n hr ml'I ( .010111·1 \Jurph) 11t•111 011 to say tlwl lo a \\'t•strrn mind. thr mall<'r is a vcr) >impl1· 0111· of a 1 iola1io11 of an armi'· li t'('. llw arn·,-1 of mrn in lh<' 1111iform of another <"Onntry. llowewr. lw C"aulionc1I. althourrh Chi11,; has dishonorrd th<> arrn· i:-lirC'. '10 40 !-l lronμ--a rm " hf'r in an C"fforl lo fr(' <' tlw m<' rr mi;:rht 011ly rrsull in jro· pardizinμ- tlu·ir Jin». At thi -. poinl tlH' qut•slion 11a, a,ki•tl as to 1d1dhn tlw l nitrd tal<'s wa' ahan donin l!. or ,-hould ahandon. ib tr•~· ditional posit ion of protecting hrr cill· "''" "h<·n•1 <'r they " <' rr. Discussio11 hrouμ-ht out tht' point that this "a- "'' longer a11 a~e \\hPn the wa\'ing of thr flag or th<' sho" in l! of a hattl(',,hip coui_J produ('(' tlw n ·sirlt" it did in the past; ii i' the atomil'. aμ-<'. "The Bi~ lick''. .. 'j pO\\C'rlC':-;!-i ap;a111~1 !he atom. and politi< :1 h·aders must C"alnrlatr thr risk ' of 1hr1t i.H' lion'-1 C.l<'('O rdi11μly. Thi' <'mpha,i1('d thl' lwli1:f of i)r. l'"d li ·r that tlw l nrl<'cl Stal<'S '" comm1ttr to anion lhrou!!h thr l ' nit<>d '\ations. Jf. h<' said, this C"O u n tr r eff1·1·h arti0'1 lhrou/!'h that Or[!"anization. it ,,,I -lr<'nμ-tlwn not only itself hut all oth~f l'O untri1·s of thr \\'e,t ern 11 orld. Also- 1 the l 0 nitNI • tal <'s tH·ts outside' of the l ·: it will 11rahn its 011 n intC'rnational po~ •· li on and th at of tl1t· oth<'r nations. For thi, n·ason. and he1·au"' of thf subtleti es of this parli l'ular ,,itua tion a· a whol!'. forum parti <' ipant ' frlt that .1. 0 send thr l I\ , 1•1·n•tarv-f.<•111·ral as eni 1'· $a ry to lfrd China "a~ tlw l'orrert 010'' 1 · ~ iYin μ- ·'fa<'r·· to thl' Chinr~e and prl· \ Cn ti11 ~ prp~ ... 111'1' n:.rn in~t lhr mrn hr11: l·:,pn'»l'd opinion indiC"atl'd that th• ""Jllllr<'d ai rnwn 1l11•m,1·l11·- " 011 Jd f'1'n' 1hi, nwlhod of solution. ThtN' pn.,..1·111 at tl 1t· forum ,,._,i•''1 ',oil·'.! unau}!nou-ly th at. in thr ,,ord' J. I rt'sHl('nl l··"<'n ho" !'r. till' matti·r ,]Jo•' Ii Ill' handl <•d throu«h th(' l .\ until 1:i1r. f' I 1)' lim_<' as P1rnts indi <'a l<'d that thr org?' J 1at1on ro uld not ohtain th<' dc!'1rf f(''trlt. Stoq of 1h .. Fa"' ' Forum " rot•!'· m(•Pting- ap1wu n·d 0 11 Pa~'' 1 ro f tli• ~/111111/1111 \ ~w<- 1.~mfr r. FAC'TS FORUM Ja11uafl • Amrri · Colo11<'I -on>ular ·nel Ro1 •ay thal ; a y cr) 1 a nni-· form of ulione•I. hr arni· n c-fforl t in jco· ·' a,kcd t C"S ,\· Lt~ its 1n1 1r r citi· ~ c u ss ioll "a::- 11l ' of thC ip ('0111 . .1 l!as;,; ~'. 11 C'k I politi cil of 1hr1r l)r. pol· 111nittr0 ions. ff. actio11 it 11 ill II othrr Also. jf thr r~ 1al p0' '' ;.of thf t l iOJl a· that 10 t5 cmi~ t 1110\'C· n d Prr· ·n }le1t1· " '' th'' d f~1·PI l!r: T. F: '!°" ia u::: t· h iC'f l ~nil f'd ~:1! io11 ... d<"lt-.~a h• from \ a 1io11a Ji ... t ~.l1111a. \l\ 1d ly p H·tu rc ... l•ormo ... u 111 un hour of t·ri .. j..i - a 1i11' 1 ~ l a11d tl ia l ... ta n d ... a .. th f' bi ~#!('"'t l( ll <" .. lion mark in lh f' tau t Fa·r Ea .. f{'~t~ .. 1 ruf!~le. hc tt e~ 11 t·o~m n11 111i .. m a nd th e fr<'t' "orld. J oi n inf.! Dr. ~ ........ " #! 111 cf 1 .. t· 11 ...... 111#! l•ormo .. a' ... pe r il \\{'re ,\ '\S\\ 'EHS FOH ~ 'TE.HI ~ .. \ \ S, pa 11 ~1i .. 1"'i: Dt•\ in Carril ), Pn-. .. idC'n l of De, i11-Adair I u hJ 1..,J11 11 #! Co. : I rof. C. lrnrle ... ll odi.r<'..i. formPrly a forei,.:11 t·or·­rr• 1>~ n dC'11t . in lhC' Far Ea .. t, now ,llr~)f c· .... or of i111 rrna ti o n a l pol it it· ... at \ {'" York l 'niH-.r ... ih : Geor ~(· ~111 11h o11 Comh ... , \u "' ll - k110" 11 ra d io- IV ne'~"' t·omme nt a to r 'U H i f o rm er De · C · μ from Mi ..... ou r i ; a nd ll arcly Bu rl, modC'ra tor. • ll10l· ru l1 c ~onp:res"lman l-h••d•l Cdh ! h . e !Jn1ted States go to war with 1na 1f Formosa is attacked? ,i.:;H. T~l\ \C: I "i>h lo "'l' fir-.l of all th,. f:f .1· ormo-.a -.ho1dd lw a lt;H'kcd. all . -111111'"' on the " land \\ Ould unil<· 1JdOI1)( ' 1l·l l a11 lo rl' lll'i lhal all a!'k ' or tll'•l i \ Ill ddin il l'iy 1·1•rla in . II. 0k11. 111•'re nol · a fr a id of su<'h an uc ·r I 111 I · ' I ia l alta!'k -.l10uld IH' m11111wd rh· '·1 11 ·1('f JfUl ipp.l' d by. the Commu11i ., 1s in "ltli:,j ut if ti.wt n tl a!'k ,..ho11ld h<: sup­~ 11) lhe SOI 1el l nion. ihal 11011ld 11 1"11 <' nlin•h diff1• n·111 1 > ro1 >o~ ili o 11 lr· 1 . • ,1,1, i '.' '."11) '" _ilw Ch111 rR~' Com mu . 1 " ' ' 11 0\\ " '' n · 11 01 afra rd of: -.udr 11~l111 Y as ihl'y ha11• allhoul!h in la rfrt' f,,r, .. "·r, ""'n• 1101 afraid of. Tl1t· a ir fr u'1. r1 lhat ''"'" ;, -.onwthinr« "hid1 I'm 11.1 I 111' 1·a n11ol ha ndl1•. hec·misl' ihe So. r. ''" '' furni,lwd tlwrn \\ ilh fa r bet­n ,.""d rnon· plan<•-. 1ha11 " ,. ha" '· So '111J "j''' of a fu ll -' '""" im a-. io11 "ilh 1lw ,1111,;·••lr nl! of tlw Soi id l nion. "'' I 1-"'<'d rnur help. ii,,. / '"I! ''" ' ihat ii is lo ilw inl n 1•,1 of '''''al 1 1 111 •'11 S1a11·-. lo g- i11· '" thal add i­"' I l1·lp 111·1·d1· rl lo llH'l'I "hat " ould in r:,,01 arnou111 lo a c·o mhined Chin" " ' ·1rk "~1r 11;, , and Hu,,.. ian Communi,..f al tti111.h )f'<·uu ... t• a hh ough Fo rmosa 111 C'a 11 .... r11 tfi,. 'll or~· lo l h Chint'"''' th an it mean ... 0 ,111 l n11ed • laf1•, lo llJC• >\nwri rnn q,.,11 11 ' aft f' r all. it d oc~ lll<'an a :,r rPa t lo lh1· I nit<-d 'it afl's. U.S. INTERESTS INVOLVED )f ·ln,,.r,. . 'llir·il :'"' i11 1po11.1 nl 't 1alt·f( in rl .11 1d r1r1,11 • 111ti·11·-.f, of 1h1· l 11i1 ed Stall'' ar,rJ ".''' "I. l .S. P"''"''io11 s in the Pacif il' ·•ff,,q I \ ' .l a a-. a \\ hol1• "otdd Ill' dl't'ph ''ed '." if llJC• Com rn uni-.b should "":. 'n hr;;.•; lakinl! hold of th at i-.land . So !>110 ·that \\ Ou ld hi' my answer. th.\ 1 I · IJ onr.tS: Of course. the U:st' of .Q111or1J · ' · " · I I 11 I ' μ-o lo \\H r " unpopu a r. I IQ~ . • '" a pnlir't' act ion to H' Jl<'I af(f( re,. I\ '"11·" \ a1io11 alist China hold, tilt' 11 ;1 ' ''.ll . \ 11d I think th at " '' ' hould Ill it, propt'r f ramt'\\ ork of rPft• r- 1 ""l's i'O JW M :'\EWS, .l!nrrh. rn.;.; 1·11 1T. Tiu· Sen •nth Fleet is c·o m1111111Cli1w lh t' For rn o~a strait ~ as a hipa rti ~a n <',:. ampl1· of \nwri""" -.1·a po111·r : Both Prt':-. iclP11t Truman in hi :-; a cl111i11i .... 1ra tio n. l'n· ... idl' 11 ! 1-:i .... t• nli o\\t'r i11 hi .... ha \ t' rn a i11 - la i1 lt'd lhi -. pri- i1i o11. I think a l-.o you -Wide World Photo Dr. T. F. Tsiang lul\ t' lo n·1·0711i zt• tilt' fa('t th at \\ l' 0 r l' 11 t'p:o li a ti11 :,r a IH''' dt •ff'n :--t' pad '' itlt th<' \ a tio 11a !i .... 1 )!O \ t• r11rn t• 111. and \H' ''ill ~cl tlH'rt' tlw c·ompl1·t1· diplomali C' ddi 11 itio11 of our ol1li μ-at io11,, llut I think th at \\ l' -.hould makt' 011r po, i1io11 ah,o lutel) '· lt·ar 110'' :-.o lhat th ere\• 110 co 11 fu .. io 11 . \\"e hme f!O tl 1• 11 i11 lo l ro uhle in \\ Orld politi c·, l11·1·a u"" "e ha1e11 '1 ,..a id 11hal '' <' mt'a n. \lu. \, 11rn1n: \l y a"""'r is. in a 11ord. no. I should " 'Y that from h1·111·t" forth th l' l ' 11il <•d S1a tes should l'l'>l' rl l' a wa r mca 11in p: thP kind of ''ar~ Wf' p:o i 11Lo for the onf' ~ h o '' do" n war 11hiC'h I hop<' " ill 11c1er lw 1H'C('"a r) . hut 11 hid1 ma) he. 11 ith Hw.,ia. \lea 11 - 11 hilr I 1hi11k " " , hould do 11hal Bu<, ia has h1•pn doinμ-. I think 11 c ,..hould clo ""H'lh· 11 hat Hu -.s ia did in \ orlh h:orl'a. W" , hou Id a rm F ormo:'<I. " e , hon Id ' ~JC·a k i11 >-11p1iliP-.. " ,. >ho uld fr i' " th em 111 rcra fl and. 1f nrcP"a n. hbndly dl' 11\ lh at \\ ('1 r<' doin μ- it. · · I think tlwl tlw-.p limit Pd aC'ti ons that !'an hr foug-ht I\\· oth .-r p<'opl <' a«a i11sl Bu--. ia. aided a1.1d a lwtt <•d IH u; a rr d,.,.; rah IP and fa r more prt' fc•rahle lo our ;!O in g- lo \\ ar Oil a 1nthincr !->hOrl or llw fin al ,.ho"do11n 11hi C.h w~ all hopr \\(' c-an a\ oid . \Ju. C:n \I BS : This may he a somc11ha1 "" lra n p-t• p o~ ili o n for a mo re or l<'s~ co11 - ,. ;, 11'11l lihrral lo take. hut I " ould nol he -.a ti , fi l'd al all h)' liH' adt'<]Ua l'y of 1111' lll l'a, 1m·s \\hi ch 1111· achr1»a n ·. \T r. Ca rril)'· 111·opo .. 1·s. It '''rms to me 'th at ii 11 ill l11•c·ome nl'C'e-.-.an fnr us to inl er· 11·11 1· acti1 eh- if tlH•r;. j, an all aek 011 Formo.,a. Ii al,o 01·c·u r- to me th at th1•re\ a d iarH'r a nd a !rood d ia rH'(' of lonrli zi11 μ- 1lw wa r i11 ,;11·h a \\a\ th at it "ill 1101 "f'rt'ad ; a llhoul!h of c:o uror thc·rt''s a l11ap 1111' inlwre11t po"'ihility of -.; p o nt ar u·o u ~ <·omhu .... ri on in A:-. i<.1. HOLD ON TO FORMOSA l·:1er ' incr 19 16. l ha1e hren a1 h-oc-al­i11 μ- -..tron:rf'r a:-sbt ance. \ mf' r in.111 a"':-.i s· ta11 1·"· to the i\'a ti ona li>l μ-0 1<'rnmr nl of Chi11 a. >imply h<'C'atH' I fore-.a \\ "hat ha-. la ter l'\ rn lu al!'d. But no11 I i11sist th at \ nwrican in ten·,1,. req uire th at 11 e hold 011 lo Fon no-.a frit• nd,hip " ith !ht• C hi a 11 ~ Kai-""hek μ'O \ t·rnme11t -.. in t't' ;,·, a11 i11di , p<•n, ah ll' part of tlw clt•fen ;,t' perinwlt' r. and I don't hd i<•w th at tlwn· C'O ulcl lw am ;.tra lq!ic que,tio11 ahoul th at. \VC' can't hold tlw Philippine's. " c pro hahh !'ouldn 't hold Japa n, if For­mosa. fr ll to th l' olhr r,.. ; and also "'"'d pro ha hly lo,c the Dut eh Easl Indies a nd lhr \Talayan pc- nin >Lila as \\t'IL Pnor. l lonGLS: I do n't think 11 e ha11· lo f!O lo \\ a r in. tilt' ... pn-.e that it i-. popu ­larh "'""·I ih 111k Ill' ha11• to intnwrw: 1hal ;, "h) I l'all il a police action. \\" hme to giH· aeliH· support h<'yond an) qtu•stion . .\nd [ think as long as the Se,enth FIPt'l is in tf,.. straits of For· mo-a. tlH' polir-i1•s "ill "" made right out thC'rl'. MR. BURT: Then, if our battleships f ire on Red China , are we actively at war with Red Chino ? PROF. Hooe.Es: \\'<''rt• al l\lll". llH. B1 HT: Dr. Tsiall;!. ha1 i11g h!'ard lhe >lall'ml'11ts of our otlwr panel mt·m· ber,. "ould you lik" to OPf""" some· hody·, poi11l of 1 i"" ~ Dn. T>11 ~(,: l'il likC' lo rnrnnwnl hriC'fl1 on \Ir. Garril1 ·, slall'nl!'nt. I"m 11ot ojipo,1·d to his 1 i~·" poinl. TherC' i> a gr<'al d!'al to that 1 i<'" poi11t. During the la,l l\\O )'('ars. llw amount of mili­taq Pquipnwnl "'' haH' n·r-l'i11·d ha, b(•t·11 on a11 ac..-.. l1•ratt·d ralt'. but un­fortunall'ly 11e ha11· ll!'t'n \!'ry slo11 i11 huildi11g up a11 up-to-dale air fon·t•. So in lhC' line of air help. Ill' arC' rt'all) I t'rV 'horl if an inrnsiOll should take plac·p: a11cl 11 h<'n that does take plac<'. air unclouhl!'clly "ill play a big parl. In 1il'" of th1· far-l lhal "" ha1e 11ot rC'ct'i1ed tlw n1·r-1·"ar) 1•quipmenl to mak1· a moclt•rn air fore('. 11(' 1101ild ha1t' to fall har-k 011 l .S. acti11• participation in tlw air. Per,onally. I 11cnilcl prl'ff'r that 111· ;!<'t all tlw l'quipm(·nl that 111· !"all propPrl) lh(': and II('. oursl'IH». 11 ould nol ask for l .S. support t'\!"<'pl undt•r ah•olut1· ,,. ... ,.,,it1. This hallle is primaril) a Chin1•s1• battle. and 111· want lo fi;!hl that hattll' as much as po>,ibli· 11 ilh Chint'sl' ma11pow!'r. :\In. C \l!HIT\: I l>l'li1'\t' in that lhor­ou~ hly. J lu·lit•\t' i11 ~i\ in~ more air­plane~ as fa~t a:-- \\t' c·an μ-i\e th('m hut 11 ould d!'firw "11 ar" as a pl act' 11 h('rt' fool soldiC'r,. CI hoys. •\nwrican youth go; and [ "01ilcl r<»l'n 1· that for tlw all-oul <l('alh 'lruggl!'. -Wide World Photo Camouflaged Chinese National ist sold ier creeps through underbrush during trai ning maneuvers in southern Formosa . Pa,11e 20 China Expert Predicls All-Out War Possible Full·"(·nlt' war re--ultinf! from lfrd ( .hina\ netion in the Formosa area j.., <lt·Hnitt'ly po ..... iblt>. nc1·ordinμ: to Ct•rwrnl \lht>rt C. \'-'rdt•m1•yrr. China t•xprrt and author of a famt·d rt'port Ionμ: supprr .. '-t'd hy the Statf' Dr­pnrtnwnt. I low1·' rr, h<'rnu"'r tlw Rrd (hinf' ... f' know thi .... thr) prohahly will not nlln,·k Formo ... a. "hid1 would "'irnoht· tht•m in opt'rntion ... that the)' arf' \\ holl) unahlr to ro1w with:' c.;aid \rt•f lt'ITif')'f'r. In a Facr- Forum , T \TF: OF TllF: '\\TIO'\ inlt"niei,. General \X'f'drmeyt·r\ rrpl) \\ hrn a--kt>d to "'Jlf'rulatf' a... to po ... "ihlf' rf'1wn-u"'­"' ionl.\ ..,J1011ld a l .S. f!P..,troyt•r lw ... unk durinj! 0111· of tlw Rrd Chine<..1• --o- 1·alll'd .. 1rni..,a1wr rni,lc;:," wn~ as fol­lowt. i: "f think that 1f thi ... df ... tro)t'r \\t'rf' rnrryinp: out the in "truction.:.; from \Vn ... hing-ton to prott'ft For· 1110 ... a and if it wrrr c.;unk as the re· -.;ult or ho ... tilf' action -ac tion h) tht' Rrd \.ommuni..,h thnt it mi~dll in­' ohr us in ,dcfrr·"'<'alr operation.., a~ain"'I tlw Communi ... tc;:. 1 don't think that our country would for a minutr pf'rrnit r;urh an C\"f'nt to occur \\ithout takinA immf'diate ac­rion." General \~1 t>c lrmeyer''t <.;tatrment that RPd C:hina would ht> rt>hH'tant to prO\·okf• all-out war \\ ith the l'nitt•d Statr-o; prompt I'd in ten iewer ... to quny: 111" thf'rc• danj!rr of Hu"· ..,inn intrr\"rntion '?" " '\'o." \Vrdf'· nwyn rf'plif'd, 41 ( don't think tlu· So, if:'l l nion want"" to hrcornr ar­thrly rng:ng-rd in larp:r-o;rale opn­ation" with u .... t·itht•r.'" MR. BURT: Mr. Garrity, as moderator, I would like to a sk how either you or Profes­sor Hodges can say that we can drop bombs on Red China and say we're not at war. \In. \.1111un: \~ '1· 11. at 11ar you <l1•11y 1ou dropp<·<I tlwm. \ ou clo nactl) 11 hat th!' Hu,..,,ia11' hall' l>!•t•n 'u""''"fulh do­i11g all llH'sl' )Pars. Thal·, th1• only. way \\(' ('Un do it a1.rninsl Hu ... ~ia today. ancl a11ythi11μ i' l>l'ltt•r than plcrn i11g u11dt'r Amt'ri .. an youth. :\!11. Ccn1 BS: ,\ dPrnonacv .. a11nol af. ford lo paradt' under a di-ho,111•,l han1H'r, and lhl' monwnl \\t' clo. 11(' >l11hif1 lht' ha~ic prl'mi><· of df'mo .. racy. , PROF. IJOIJ(,ES : .\, I hail' 11·ry care­fully said. I thi11k 1"' ,hould lake a police action a11d I m1·a11 ju'I that to C'Ollnlrr aj!~n·~:-.ion On lht• hasis or the l nilPd \atin11s. I think that 111· ha\f' lo rpc·o~11it(' thal tlwn· an· clf':rn·t· ... or ~('1· tin~ into ''ar. 111<. Ccnrns: \\,."ill apply that d1·w•·•· of force 1d1id1 i' IH'l"<''-an to 11 i11 no11. ''hateH'r thal ma~ irnoht' :-;tarti11μ periphl'rally if you 11 ill. hut ultimate!) 1·,<·rting that d1·w1·1· of forn· and mili ­tar) fHH\Pr "hid1 i:-. 1wc·('~~a ry lo mai11 - taini111! thl' ddt'n-1•. Dre Tsr 1 'G: I not in• in your di,nh· >io11 fn·qupnl ml'nlion of tht' American foot 'oldi<·" Ameri an manpo1' er fw . Br .<urr and srr pagr 1.5 inμ l1oμgt·d do\\ 11 in thi~ \ a:-;t <'Otrntq 111 Hu .... China. \011 . I \\anl lo lf'll rou th li?hten tlw much: so far as lhl' cl('frnsc of FormO! l•'oplr\ ht ;, ro11r-1·rnl'd. 11 <' clo not need a sin, lh1• limit. ' Anwrican foot ,oldier. 1'oin1 of rt' Tn n·:rard to possihl .. action 011 ti 'lar1ation. mairdarul of Chi11a. I kno11 for c!'rta lrol. thq lhat nl) f!O\t•r11ment"~ plans do not i 1·1·rtain <'\l 1ohC' th<' 11'1' of /\nwrican infantry. 1hat. Onn· I \11<. ll1 HT: This hri11gs up anolh Iron is rear qupstion: Do you think !hat )OU cou '1•1 ~lt. su1..-.. ,sf11lh earn on a war 11 ith Rr. I HOF'. lJ, China 011 ilw nu;inland 11!-'i11" llw 111i1 '1tJporta1H·t• poll l'r mu ha11•. !'\I'll if 1·~ u had ~llder.otancl lht• nrnlt'rial 1ou 11c1·cl1'cl? U>hrngton Du. Ts11 ,i,: That is a 1hi11!( that r hhil"h 11 ill ;.dad _n>11 1•111 to 11w. \r .. 011 th!' ;,In. a>sador T, lhr A . of Formosa lit'\ l'r 1 i1·11 I'd that OJH·ralr Iii · ln!'rwa '" a mili1ar.1 conCJU<'sl of tlw isla11cl at lo dt'nJ Forn1CN1 011·r lhl' mainland. \r,. n•" 'hf't ta· 1' 11 f n•i•c "'""icl...-.. d thal. w .. nP1!'r plan11('d th· 1 al 11ay 1 If that should he the case. !hen 111· miF lh \l1t. (; \HHi a> 111·11 ;!ill' up. 1 " l nit<'d , \\'I I . k ·11 I . thi· ,u,,ing lh<' 1al \\l' 1 llll ' \\I IUj>JH'll I~ 1y k' Thi' pcopl" on thl' mainland. li1ir '"Pa~~:•~g u11d1·r insuffPrahlP conditions. 110U ''k ll 1 ./? 11 ish lo l!t'l rid of thrir Comn11111 !riinN 'i lH masll'rs. If tlu·1 'n· 11 illi11;! to do I Chin~ . 0 " 1 ' f"1 g: Ii t1.1 1μ-. ''<' 011 . t Iw .1! -o Ia 11c I o f I·' o rn" f)Ha llT.• o t mtP..l '.'-.la11d n·a<h lo ;,ri\<' !hr utmo:o.t h1 r1\t·r· Sr\' ,,,. <·an ~iH'. . nnwn1 MR. BURT: Do you see any chance of ,, such re volution in the foreseeable future1 Du. Ts11 r.: Sir. I '''" man) I' ......, sihilitit•s of !hat. \ 4"rl" fn·q11t•11tl) I <pu·stion lfu·n· is ralh1·r ,implt· . 1•,·011omi<· '.-ly.~tcm: \\t' suH<·r lin1 11 po111•rs of produclion. With sud1 a f· iru · n·a~t· 110\\ i11 our population. <'c.tnnol i11d11I~<' in :-01wh a hu~t· hurt'il naq, '1wh a hu;:1· arm) a> t ht' Con'-'' ni,i,.. ha\I' 1•-tahli,fll'd a11cl 11 ill co111• 1' lo ('\pa11d and al~o ;.!O aht·ad '; ambitious S('h('llH''.-1 or indu::-;trialinili' ~~~Jls down '<l~·' "g oppro 0 a ~ia':r Yorktow Wate rs. d ,,. -Wide Worl o.f Cruiser U.S.S. He le na , flag ship of th".l Seventh Fleet, "at the ready" to evd0,~1 Chinese Nationalist forces from the T Islands off the Red Chino mainland. FACTS FORl'M J \r.,, E\\'S, Marrh· 1 S f'ORU ('{)Ullln you 'th of Forni<' rd a sin, 111 Hu"ia thl') makl' th<' p<'opl<' ti~htr11 their hl'lt,. "hill' in China thl' l'('oplr·, ht'lts arc alrrady tip:hlrrwd to lhr limit. \o" rnu know in China thr llilint of rt'\ olt romr• \\ ith thr point of lion 011 l •lanation. \\ 'ith tlwir totalitarian rnn· for ct'rl• trol. tlwy can >Ian!' thl' p<'opl<' to a do rrot •r·rtain ('\l!'nl. hut thl'rc' a limit lo infantry. that. Ont'l' tlw ma\imum point of 'tan a· up arroth Iron is n•achl'd. I bl'li<'1" thl' pcoplP "ill I OU fOU l{'\Olt. ·"ith Rr . 1'110~·. Ilo1>GES: It is of the utmo't !( tlw ni• 1111Portan!'P that the Am!•ricarr pl'Ople 0 11 had ~ndcr~tand this i>sm· rip:ht now, l)('C'ause a,h111p:ton is makirrp: thl' hasiC' lrl'aty hhrrh \\ill affl'!'l Cl<'r)lhirrp: that Am· tha'-ador T,ian!( has said. And I think the Aml'riran people >hou ld undnstand 11~ that r the ;,la ii opt•rati t' islancl at lo drn) thl' \ationalist Chine>!' a thrtain fr!'t•dom to sun i1 e· Id 's put it at 11ay·-would be a fatal mistake. th \ht\. 11rnrn: There \\!'re r<'ports that " l nited late:; and Britain \\ t'l'l' diR· i('JI i~ ih1 111 1;"in~ thC' nrulralization of Formosa md. Jj\il )~· rnaking- it an indepe11dt'11l stale ms. 110u ~aratc from China. I "ould likl' to '''. Dr. 'l\iarrg if hl' fl'<'ls that thi, is \\'1· n<'' a111wd th 11\\('111i!!1 Commun r · to do t i:h'-"I! _to ht· thl' "ay _of !(t'llirrl( il!'d ,f Fornit "1a 11.•o thl' l nit!'d \ati ons. rlm<»l Irr 'll1t. TSll'\G: So rar as the Briti,h r 1' 1·rnnwnt JI('\\~ is <·onc<'rru·<I. thi:-. 1ance of of le future! man) J' 1u1·11tl1 1 mph· . !'r lintrl •UC'h a f. lat ion. !(<' hur•" H' Con'''' II C'On tir' !wad 11 riali1nti1 ~ -Wide World Photo ~~djP• down, a Panther jet plane makes CQrtj P19 approach aboard the U.S. aircrak .\siQ:t Yo
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