"iv curve that the' truth began to dawn.
but even then, it took me ee long time' to
really realize the treachery, the calculated cold-blooded intent of these' criminals who called themselves a government. And it was these crooks to whom
America wees sending millions of dollars
Worth of "aid" guns, bombs, teliiks.
''"inks, and ;i trickle of powdered milk.
Enough for the Kuomintang. Perhaps
'"'' next thing I mighl mention is the
"Deration of Peking. American papers
••ways implied that the Chinese Communists were supplied bv llussia. So I
father expelled to see liussiein weapons
,ls the People's Liberation Army
"lurched past, lint in the whole' parade
j*'nii h I watched for three or four hours.
"ever saw ee single Russian weapon. \
''u "Id Japanese guns, but mostly new
"merman trucks, cannon, tanks, guns.
'""I trucks wilh "Uniled Stales Army"
written mi lhe siele' in white letters as
Ptain as day. The soldiers laughed when
]"" asked them about il and said,
' nele Sam sends them to Chiang and
•niang semis them to us."
then again, people told me that for-
'''r'lers would never be allowed tee
'"vil alone in the liberated areas. That
^p Communists would keep a pretty
"r eve' on the travelers and be sure
0n-l) to lit v.eii see whal they wanted
*"" to. In the back of my mind. I
'""ghi perhaps this mighl be true. too.
u'i- ;i|| prepared le. have an escort
herever I might choose to go, and in
"' beginning I was given one.
,* wanted to go and visit a friend of
"'"' who was staying at a place about
'!'.'' hundred miles away, so I was sup-
"'''' «ith a guide and went. Bul on
°ming back, mv friend explained that
. u"s used in traveling and could find
,"' way back by myself, and w ithoul
s"'lli''i ado, I weis l.ll to gei back alone.
,";j~eiin. the American press wees wrong.
i °bod) was watching me; they were
'">' helping me. 1 weis free to look
V whatever I liked. That was the firsl
!'"''■ eind ii has been thai way evei
( '"'l', \\ he'll I go lee el ne'W place, siime-
[."' is always ready lee help me out to
j-'"' the way. Once I have become
,'!""li;ir with the place I am left com-
f. '}' first job was working in em iron
,, °rj p.,, keel away; iii the mountains
U ^hensi. Whal were they making
i, '''■' 'bey were melting up American-
'"'' hand grenades, -bells, wings from
(.'."'"'d planes se-ni from America to
.iiig. sieel and aluminum ol weapons
jft by America to kill them and mak-
;l|" ""in into cooking pots, ploughs.
|L. hoes. They wme' transferring these
I .""■" "I destruction into useful tools to
,t! .'' up a new and prosperous China,
''"'.J wagon wheels and pumps and
lor irrigation canals.
""'li'-ein- would probably nol even
' CtS FORUM NEWS, March, 1955
realize it was a factory, and they would
laugh at il whe-ii told so not even a
lathe, nothing but the hands of the people. Everything was made by hand. But
Americans mighl do a little thinking.
loo. The Chinese with their bare hands
are building up a new nation, while the
Americans with their tremendous in-
eliisliial strength arc preparing to destroy mankind.
The Chinese are nol afraid; they are
jusl sorry. If America were nol preparing for war il she were not
threatening (Tina al every point- -China
could pul even more effort into construction, into building better homes for
her people, into eliminating floods, into
Stabilizing crops, into bringing in
machinery and transforming their land
I nun one of despair and poverty into
one nl prosperity, enlightenment, a nation of scientists working for the enrichment of mankind. Bul America
seems bent on war. So China will continue her construction despite Ann lira.
She will keep on putting all she has inlee
the betterment of lhe. living conditions
of her people. Bul at thc same lime, she
will never stop watching America. She
will not tolerate any high-handed action
againsl her sovereignly. She is not
afraid, and her people' know how to
light and know what ihey are fighting
for. Anyone who came lo work at that
factory could nol help but learn ibis.
The' irresistible strength of New (Tina
seemed to permeate everything, even the
silent walls of the caves al night, waving black shadows and crimson reflections from the furnaces outside.
Since then edl of China has been
liberated, and she now has more regular
factories day by day. Skilled mechanics
and engineers are being trained. Though
some places slill work bv hand, others
are forging ahead still faster with machines while others are using machines
in make machines. Il will not take her
Al present I am winking on an
animal-breeding farm in Inner Mongolia. Of what I have learned here I will
only say the following: thai I was
amazed to hear Acheson a responsible
representative of the U.S. government
-av that the Sm iii I nion was "annexing
whole territories" of Northeast China
and Inner Mongolia to herself. I have
lived here two years. So far I have only
seen one thing Russian, that is. ten Soviet stallions given lo our fill in for
breeding purposes, along with apparatus
for artificial insemination. Whal arc we
doing with these stallions? We arc
breeding the farmers' horse's and the
Mongolian ponies, improving the horses
of Mongolia. The' farmers come for miles
around lo gel their horses bred.
The- stallions were given to China
under the Agreemenl signed last year
an Agreement "I friendship and mutual
assistance between China and the Soviel
I nion. The Chinese' are free to use them
where and as they see fit. The Soviel
I nion deees nol interfere. To the peasants here, the Soviet Union is symbolized by these stallions sleek-haired, refined, bigger than anything they have
ever seen before enul with no stud fees,
lhe- silent eves of these ten stallions lell
more tei the Mongolian horsemen than
anv amount of insinuating speeches that
Vcheson ever could. If ihis is whal is
meant by being annexed by the Soviet
Union, then they would just as soon!
The) are nol afraid of wends: they only
believe in wheel they see. And what do
they see as far as America is concerned?
Again, it is nol empty words of friendship which impress them. It is bombing
planes, guns, and tanks given to the
Kuomintang. In our farm's cornfield are
two old craters from American-made
bombs. No amount of speeches from
American diplomats can erase' these
holes, and the people do not easily leu
CHINA WANTS PEACE
The people of China weinl peace. The'
people of the world wemi peace, including the people' eef \iniiiia. Though I
suppose I bene been away loee long to
still be considered a member of the
American scientists, yel I personally slill
feel as though 1 am one of you. I have
written you to let you know eit least
the slory of "tie of your members. One
person ii'lu-iruj to work on secret projects. rcfusirfjMFvvork on war. of course.
does no good, lint all of you al home
united together have' ei very special
strength in your hands. I only waul to
seiv to vim: I si' your strength, use
whatever vou can to work actively for
peace and againsl war. As long as there
is war. science will never be free. Are
we scientists going lo spend our lives
in slavery for madmen who want to
disttov the world?
At home one gels frightened. Listen,
ing lo so much war talk one begins lo
believe lhal if we do not prepare for
war lhe other -iele' will, and then we
will be destroyed. But now 1 have been
living on the other side for some lime
ami know for sure that Ibis is a lol
of lies, that China wants peace and is
working for peace with all sh,. has. She
will never attack America, nor will any
of her allies. If you people would only
believe this, if vou could einly see for
yourselves as I am seeing, then, I am
sure vou would met hesitate for a minute
to work for peace wilh every ounce eel
strength you have.
So long for now ami remember me lo
whomever is there iheil I mighl know.
i Signed i Joan Hinton,
People s China
June I. 1951.