UNIQUE ROLE OF
'Continued front Page 35)
argument, as usually put, overlooks the
facl that from the point of view of the
' nited States it is of the essence where
'he scientific progress in question lakes
place. Scientific progress in Soviet Russia would l.e- scientific progress, but tin-
results of ii mighl well be injurious
father than beneficial to the I nited
states. The point is so elementary thai
" may appear strange that there ever
)vas any confusion aboul the mailer. Yel
"i facl there has been much confusion.
and the claim has repeatedly been made
fnat the United States should lifl secur-
l,v restrictions in order thai scientific
Progress in general thus including hos-
J1'' as well as friendly nations mighl
'"' made more rapidly.
Ii has been customary for adherents
"} this position to state or impl) thai
'rauss, like security-conscious men in
''sser positions, has impeded progress.
"u- Atlantic Monthly for September
'"53 observed that "During his prevails service on the AFC. Strauss be-
1 i|iiie known as a greal dissenter, often
instituting tin' sole opposition within
"' commission. He hod a passion for
"'''feey. as evidenced by bis fifiht to
P'event the shipment of medical radio-
'Mopes to Sweden. [They were non-
""'lieal isotopes lo Norway, bul it
! '"'-"ii I mailer. | Slrauss was an exemp-
"J* of a sort of scientific isolationism,
'°ugh no one ever challenged
HINTON CASE CONTINUED
irniii Page tl
Re or technical competence."
'he challenge thai lias been made
^"isists of the implication thai Strauss
■ J "ii American nationalist with tough
''ls aboul internal security is willy-
'""y interfering with "Achievement."
he slogan "Security by Achievement
'"•ier than Security by Concealment"
'"plies that concealment is fatal lo
".'vemenl. If it were
lo nothing lo fear from the Russians,
. Iiieir concealment is just about per-
( "" the slogan is not true. Nor is tin'
s; r,1,al bureaucratic extension true —
^'"fily l.y Achievemenl and Achieve-
"'"' by Expenditure.
""• 'ealnieiii and Achievement in the
^national atomic competition are
.lid ' ses 0l one i0D -1S surely as sales
" colleitioii are two phases of com-
]rit.^e- A special efforl was made in
in. . to document tbe belief lhat secur-
J Interferes vt ilh achievement, but thc
""Its were negative.
I• 'ewis Strauss has contributed to the
Nj d Stales Alomie Energy Commis-
' both Security and Achievement.
THE JOAN HINTON LETTER
The render is cautioned that the foilowing document
was prepared to serve as Communist propaganda.
This article appeared in the PEOPLE'S
chin.a oj September 16. 1951. It was
written from Communist China and
carried this preliminary introduction:
Joan Chase Hinton. a young American scientist, witnessed the first atomic
bomb explosion iii tlie New Mexican
desert. A graduate of Bennington College. Miss Hinton look up graduate
studies in physics al the I'niyersily of
Wisconsin anil at the I niversity of Chi-
rago. From 191,'! lo 1915. she was a
research assistant at the atom bomb
projeel at I.os Alamos. An active member of tin- \ssociation of Atomic Scientists, Miss Ilinlon was opposed lo lhe'
secrecy and governmenl control which
became attached lo all work on alomie
research. She came to China in 194*8.
In 1919 she married and is now working
with her American husband in an
animal-breeding farm in Inner Mon-
is of Communist origin, and
With the publication of ihis Idler,
readers are given lhe opportunity lo
know lhe impressions of a young American scientist, living and working with
the Chinese people, joining with ihem in
their great work of peaceful construction.
Federation of American Scientists
17I9 I. Street NW..
Washington 6. I). C, U.S.A.
Dear Mr. Wolfe ind thi: FAS:
Yesterday I received your application
for re-membership in the Federation of
Scientists. As I am jusl now almost
directly under your feel, in Siiiviian
Province, Inner Mongolia where il
lakes two weeks for mail lo arrive hy
donkey from lhe nearest railroad—I
musl say I was rather surprised and
pleased to receive your application, and
in two months9 lime al lhat.
"ion asked, "Whal has been happening lo you since you we're- an I AS mem
her'.-'" As il was just lhe FAS and the
questions wilh which il deals which
drove me I" China. I thought I would
lake ihe opportunity lo write lei you.
though I should have told you long ago
why m\ elm's stopped coming.
As you probably <l«> not remember
in,'. Iel me- begin hy telling you ;i bit ol
my history. From as early as I can
remember, I was determined to become
a scientist. Even in grammar school. I
can especially remember forcing ihe
teachers to let me study Faraday's The
('.untile iii.-lead of taking Latin, in high
school I concentrated mi chemistry, oh-
lit i.nis lo all my oilier courses. Finally,
in college. I settled on physics, building
;i Wilson cloud chamber in my sophomore year and spending as much time
as I could getting ill the way of the
8 FORUM MEWS, March, /.".;.;
cyclotron hoys al Cornell, From college
I went lo Wisconsin where I studied
as a graduate student for two years. As
people became mure and more scarce',
disappearing lo secrel places. I became
restless, too. ami finally ended up al Los
Vlamos where I worked another two
years on the "W.B."
Then came lhe bomb and Hiroshima
ami lhe mass migration of alomie scientists to Washington. I first joined the
association of Los Alamos scientists, ami
then spent senile' six weeks in Washington
working for the FAS. Your pamphlet
mentions the "enthusiastic if inexperienced emissaries" now flocked lo Washington. I am afraid both these' slalc-
nniits applied lo me above anybody else
especially ihe inexperience. I will
never forget my chagrin when I wenl l"
;i certain Senator's office to gel some
information and the secretary condescendingly loeeke'el up at me asking. "Is
this in connection wilh school work'.''"
—me. an atomic scientist, coming lo
Washington to fight for scientific freedom ami world peace—the very nerve of
her! Well. m\ heart was in the righl
From Washington I went lo Chicago
as an eissislanl in lhe Institute for
Nuclear Studies, and later as a Fellow .
By 191,'!. I had aboul one more year to
go for my degree. In physics I could
nol have dreamed of a heller opportunity for studying I loved it. I was jusl
beginning lo gel lhe feel of quantum
mechanics as though il were a part of
me instead of something strange in
textbooks. I was devouring Dirac and
what I could get hold of em statistical
mechanics. Yet lhe better things became
for me in physics, the more depressed
I became. Ever since thai morning when
we sal on a hillock sonlh of Albuquerque
and fell lhe Ileal of lhat bomb 25 miles
away, something had started to stir in
me. It forced me to Washington. Then
I forced it down ami I,'ft for Chicago,
hut il refused to stay down. The Truman
doctrine, lhe Marshall Plan, the stagnation of ihe Alomie Energy Commission
in the I N how could one just sil slill
in a laboratory and ponder in lhe depths
ol statistical mechanics. The memory of
Hiroshima—15(1 thousand lives. One.
two. ihree. four. fi\e. six ... 150 thousand—each a living, thinking, human
being wilh hopes and desires, failures
and successes, a life of his or her own
all gone. And I had held that bomb in
Could I sit and ponder Dirae . What
was science for? For the sake of
science? Thai is what I heel thought
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