IN our one world ol danger, the I nited
Stales cannot afford to be mistaken.
The current drama in China might he a
feint lo divert attention from Europe, as
lhe Berlin blockade in 1948 diverted attention from China.
But China is important. Thi' ingredients of catastrophe might fuse there.
Mistakes have been made in lhe past.
Generals Hurley, Wedemeyer, and Mac-
Arthur have represented one si,jt-. John
Carter Vincent, John Stewart Service.
John Paton Davies have represented another. One side has been mistaken; in
either case ii represented us.
Even yel. American policy in the Far
East is ambiguous, like lhe status of
Owen Lattimore called lhe architecl of
that policy, twice indicted for perjury,
twice' largely exonerated in the opinion
of Judge Luther i oungdahl.
In our one world of danger no threat
is too remote to be domestic. There is
in the vast, exotic anil formidable obscurity of Asia an American woman
with tin- plain name of Joan Hinton who
confounds probability not onl) b) having lived seven years in Inner Mongolia,
but alsei hy being an experienced Los
Alamos scientist with atomic know-how
more surely available lo Soviel use than
thai of Pontecorvo or Fuchs. Sin- has
been a friend of Owen Lattimore anil a
friend of Robert Oppenheimer. I lei sis
ter ha.- been a Friend of Gregory Silver-
master. Her brother is a world traveler
who in 195:1 returned lo lhe I nited
Slates from Peking by way of Moscow
and Prague. In 1951 he testified before
the Jenner Committee, with frequent
recourse t,> legal counsel and lhe 1'iflb
It is indeed one world of danger,
where this precocious daughter ol a \ er-
moot school principal may he a femme
jatale wilh a vengeance, where this Malei
llari trudges in Mongolian mini to the
dairy barn nuclear cross sections in
her mind and quantum mechanics "pent
of"' her—interrupting these thoughts
with the assessment of bet Chinese
Friends, "They are not afraid of Aniii-
ica. If she' must fight. China will show
thai -lie' i- made of steel" reflecting
wilh evident satisfaction, "the Chinese
people have a will so strong thai nothing Ami-riiii can do will ever stop it."
There i- an American girl a menially brilliant representative "f good
slock, with superior advantages particularly educational advantages. Something is wrong.
The known facts about Joan Chase
Hinton are as follows:
I. Sh,- is an atomic scientist of some
importance. How important relative lee
other scientists is hard to say. nearl) all
her work Inning been done al see nt
Los Alamos or in lop-secret Bed China
where she is now. Her name is sign,-,I
to at least one Los Alamos Technical
Report. Like ;i by-line in a metropolitan
paper, ibis confers status.
2. At Eos Alamos she worked on a
nuclear reactor called the "water-boiler.'
This device has since lhe war been declassified. It was for some time lhe only
"homogeneous" reactor in Ihe I nited
States. L. R. Hafslad. AEC Director of
Beaelor Development, has called il "the
smallest and most economical type of
chain reactor." Joan Hinton also, according to AFC. "participated in critical
assembly weapon work and attended
weekly scientific colloquia, which gave
her access lo other classified information." (Inside Ins Alamos, scientists
have always exchanged information
freely even though they might be on
different assignments. The matter of security "compartmentalization" was discussed in testimony of Genera] I.. R.
Groves and of Dr. F. I . Condon, printed
in Facts Forum News for January.
'■',. Joan Hinton left Los Alamos in
December. 1915. In Washington. D. C.
she participated in the scientists' lobby
lo influence legislation. In Chicago she
was a student al the 1 niyersily and a
part-time assistant lo Dr. S. K. Allison.
one ol the Foremost alomie scientists.
Joan Hinton was offered employment in
China in December, 1917. by the Communisl "China Welfare Fund." In 191,'!
she went to China. There she married
an American e'xile named Sidney Engsl
or Frwin Fngst. She is now employed,
according lo her brother, on a dairy
farm, located, she has written, in Sui-
yuan Province. Inner Mongolia, near
the Russo-Chinese border. I nconfirmeu
reports indicate an atomic installation
in the area.
L In September, 1951. th.' Chine-'
Communist radio broadcast, and th''
Chinese Communist English - language
press printed, a letter which Joan Hi""
Ion bail written to ihe Federation of
Vmerican Scientists. 171') I. Street,
N.W., Washington 6, I). C. In this letter
she ill-scribed the United States as •
place where. "No matter where y0"
turned, you were faced by war. see"'1
work, the Navy, the Army, and madmen
locked in their laboratories thinking "I1
new and heller methods of total destruction." In contrast, she wrote, "The |»'°'
pie of China want peace." She urged lb1'
Federation of American Scientists: "I •*
your strength, use whatever you can "'
work actively For peace and again-"'
war." \l the same time she spoke "..
"the irresistible strength of New China,
which, said Joan, "will not tolerate an)
high-handed action against her ^"v
5. In October, 1952. Joan went fro*
Inner Mongolia to Peking where as '
delegate to the "Asian and Pacific Pea'1'
Conference" she expressed "a deep sen8"
of guilt and shame" for American ""'
of the A-bomb al Hiroshima and Nap8;
saki. "The audience gave a prolong"'1
FACTS FORUM NEWS, March, '■'"'''