that is why 1 call il a police action. \\ e
have lo give active support beyond any
question. Ami I think as long as the
Seventh Fleet is in thc straits of Formosa, lln- policies will be made right out
MR. BURT: Then, if our battleships fire on
Red China, are we actively at war with Red
Prof. Hodges: We're- at war.
Mr. Burt: Dr. Tsiang. having heard
the statements of our other panel members, would you like to oppose somebody's point of view?
Dr. Tsiang: I'll like to comment
brief!) em Mr. Garrity's statement. I'm
nee! Opposed to his viewpoint. 'I here is
a greal deal lo thai viewpoint. During
tin- last two years, the amount of mili-
larv equipment we have received has
been on an accelerated rale, bnl unfortunately we have- been very slow in
building up an up-to-date air force. See
in the line- eef air help, we are really
very short if an invasion should take
place: ami when thai does take place,
air undoubtedly will play a big part.
In view of lhe- fact that we have nol
received tin- necessary equipment lo
make- a modern air force, we would have
to fall back en, I .S. active participation
in the- air. Personally, I would prefer
lhal we gel all lln- equipment that we
can properly use-: and we, ourselves,
eweiile! nol ask for I ,S. support excepl
nn,Ier absolute necessity. This bailie is
primarily a Chinese battle, and we want
lo fight that battle as much as possible
with Chinese manpower.
Mr. Garrity: I believe in that thor-
OUghly. I believe in giving more airplane's as fast eis we- can give- them but
would define "war ;,s a place where
fool -eelebeis. (il boys. American youth
go; and I would reserve lhal for lln
all-out death struggle-.
—Wide World Photo
Camouflaged Chinese Nationalist soldier
creeps through underbrush during training
maneuvers in southern Formosa.
China Expert Predicts
All-Out War Possible
Full-scale war resulting from Ked
China's action in the Formosa area
is definitely possible, according to
General Albert C. Wedemeyer, China
expert and author of a famed report
I'm-: suppressed by lln- State Department. However, because the Red
Chinese know this, they probably
will not attack Formosa, which
would "involve them in operations
that they an- wholly unable to cope
with," said Wedemeyer.
In a Faets Forum STATE OF
THE NATION' interview, General
Wedemeyer*s reply when asked to
speculate a- to possible repereus-
sions should a I ,S. destroyer In- sunk
during one of the Red Chinese so-
called "nuisance raids," was as follows:
"I think that if thi- destroyer
were carrying out the instructions
from Washington to protect Formosa and if it Were sunk as tin- result of hostile action—action l)> tin-
Red Conununi-t- that it might involve us in wider-scale operations
against the Communists. I don't
think that our country would for a
minute permit such an event to
mi in without taking immediate action."
(reneral Wedemeyer*s statement
that Red China would he reluctant
to provoke all-out war with the
Inited States prompted interviewers
to query: "Is there danger of Russian intervention ?" "No," \\ ede-
meyer replied. 'T don't think the
Soviet I'nion want- to become actively engaged in large-scale operation- W itll US, either."
MR. BURT: Mr. Garrity, as moderator, I
would like to ask how either you or Professor Hodges can say that we can drop bombs
on Red China and say we're not at war.
Mr. Garrity: Well, at war you deny
you dropped them. Xou do exactly whal
lhe Russians have been successfully doing all these years. That's the only u;n
ur can do il against Russia today, and
anything is heller than plowing under
Mm. Combs: \ democracy cannol afford to parade under a dishonest banner,
and lhe moment ur do, we Stultify the
basic premise of democracy.
Prof. Hodges: \a I have very carefully said. I think we should lake a
police action and I mean ju-t lhat—to
counter aggression on the basis of the
United Nation-. I think lhal we have lo
recognize thai there are degrees of getting into war.
Mr. COMBS: We will apply thai degree
of force which is neceasan to win now.
whatever lhat may involve starting!
peripherally if you will, bul ultimately
exerting that degree of force and milium power which is necessary to maintaining the defense.
Dr. TSIANG: I notice in your discus-
.-ion frequent mention of the American
tool soldier*—American manpower be-
Re sure and see page 45
ing bogged down iii ihis vast country1
China. \ow. I want lo tell von
much: so far as lhe defense of FormC
is concerned, we do nol need a -in^
American fool soldier.
■(1 lo possible action
*« limit. ,
Mill of rr
thai m\ government's plan- do not '! ''tain e\|
volve the use of American infantry, ^t. Once I
Mr. Burt: Tin- brings up anotbl110" is rcac
question: Do you think lhat you coti' revolt.
successfully carry on a war with BJ, Prof. Hi
China on the mainland using lhe maj llnPortance
power you have, even if you had flJ^rstand
the material von needed? asnmeton
thing lhal IlL1"1"" """I
on lhe islJ>?dor Ts
I lhal operatH II A""rn
Dr. Tsi we,: Thai is a
glad Veen pul tee me-. We
■ ef Formosa never \ iewec
as ee military conquest eef tie
Formosa over the mainland,
considered that. V7e never plann
If that should l>c the eeisc. then «
ee.- ui'II give Up.
\\ hat we ilu'iik will liei|>|ei'ii
I he | pie »>ti the mainland,
under insufferable conditions,
wish lee gel riel eel their Coiiiui""''
masters. If they're willing I<> do '"
fighting, we em the island of ForBn
must stand ready i<> give the utmost M
we can ^i\<-.
MR. BURT: Do you see any chance of °
such revolution in the foreseeable future-
l)n. TsiaWC: Sir,
sibilities of that. \e
e|iiostieeii there is re
economic system; \
powers e>f production
cannol indulge iii such
cracy, such ei huge army as
nists have established and
tee expand and ; 11 - < > l'h
ambitious schemes eif industrialize!!'1' | ple
island \Z !° ll"'"
We ne* tl'rl:"" fri-,',
,,l th "lal way-,
mis'., '"• 0\rr
,1"' United J
livii 1 ",al""'
J J. ;r r ■■
Pig to he
*»<" ii.'.i 11
■ suffer Iii"'1*
Willi such a
a liuu,- but
r,, ^OW y,„
\' ■"'II line
CrS ' a
le ;' '"MHS:
;!,> II,,-: \,
\ !"<"-'H ihi
Cruiser U.S.S. Helena, flagship of the >
Seventh Fleet, "at the ready" to evf'J
Chinese Nationalist forces from the '
Islands off the Red China mainland.
FACTS FORUM NEWS, Mara