WILL FORMOSA FALL?
Dr. T. K. Tsiang, enief United Nations delegate from Nationalist
China, vividly pictures Formosa in an hour of crisis —» linj
island lhal stands as the biggest question mark in the taul Fur
Eastern struggle beween communism and Use Free world* Joining
Dr. Tsiang in (bacussmg Formosa's peril were ANSWERS FOH
tMERICANS panelists: Devin Garrity, Presidenl of Devin-Adair
Publishing Co.: Prof. Charles Hodges, formerly a foreign correspondent in the Far East, now professor of international politics al New York University* George
Hamilton Combs, well-known radio-TV news commentator and former Democratic Congressman
from Missouri' and Hardy Hurl, moderator.
-Wide World Pholo
'eiTr 'he Un',ed States 9° to war with
China if Formosa is attacked?
aY*;- Tsiang: I wish to say firsl of all
I?" tf Formosa should be attacked, all
„ ninese en, the Island would unite
H °ne mi repel thai attack. Of thai
t" I'm definitely certain.
,„ "u- we're nol afraid of such an
.,'"'*■ if ileal attack should be- manned
r,. et}ui|)|)ed by the Communists In
!,'"•'- Bill if that attack should be sup-
|„, l'''1 bv ihe Soviel Union, thai would
v; '"i entirely differenl proposition.
Hist l" nayy as ''"' Chinese Commu-
'ave now we're nol afraid of; such
!ll(|i""'vas they have- although in large
l„ri'|"'i's we're nol afraid of. The air
,,1. !' uiat exists is something which I'm
;j„|"( we cannol ban.lie-, because the So-
,, " "ave furnished them with far bet-
i,, and more planes than we have. So
lull"?6 of a full-scale invasion w ilb the
, . ';" kin.j of tl,,. Soviet Union, we
,"' need your help.
il,,. '.''lie-ve- lhal ii is in lln- interest of
ii(J|| ."'I'-il States le, give us thai addi-
le,,,1' '"'h' needed to meet whal wool,I in
'.',,„ '"""um to a combined Chinese
ii],,,', "ecause altheeinj
le, .. "i"ie- in us Chinese than il means
,..','' I nited States to the American
■""""iis| ami Russian Communisl al
after all. it does mean s greal
'" the United States.
ortanl strategical ami
U-S. INTERESTS INVOLVED
Hi;, ■"''■ "»l
'i,,^ '" interests of the I nited States
e,,| . '"- I S. possessions in the Pacific
ff,.(.'t" \-iil as a whole- would be- ,lcc|ilv
'■r,e '.'' if tlie Communists should sue-
ii,^."! taking hold of that island. So
p ' - thai would be my answer.
Ilif J r'- HoDCES: Of course, the use nl
',,J]l'l|''s "go to war" is unpopular. Il
•!e,ii .'"' a police ae-ti.ni to repel aggres-
[\ """'•■ iVationalisI China holds the
»til ii":"- -\n,l I think thai we should
"' ils proper framework of refer-
i-ni-e-. The Seventh Fleel is commanding
the Formosa straits as a bipartisan example of American sea power: Both
Presidenl Truman in his administration.
Presidenl Eisenhower in his. have- main-
tained this position. I ibink also yon
—Wide World Pholo
Dr. T. F. Tsiang
have- to recognize the fact thai we're
negotiating a new defense pacl with the
Nationalist government, and we will get
there the complete diplomatic definition
,.f our obligations. Bul I think thai we
should make our position absolutelj
clear now so thai there's no confusion.
We- have- gotten into trouble in world
po lilies because we haven'l said what
Mu. Garriti : My answer is. in a
word, no. I should bbj thai from henceforth the United Stales should reserve
a war meaning the kiml of wars we
go into -for the one showdown war
which I hope will never I"- necessary,
but which mav be, with Russia. Meanwhile I ibink we should eh, whal Russia
PORTJM NEWS, March, 191S
has bi-cn doing. I think we should do
exactly whal Russia did in North Korea.
We should arm Formosa, we should
sue;,k in supplies, we- should give them
aircraft and. if necessary, blandly deny
lhal we're doing il.
I think that these limited actions thai
can be fought by other people againsl
Russia, aide,I and abetted bv us, are
desirable and far more preferable to
our going to war on anything short of
the final showdown which we all hope
we can avoid.
Mr. Covins.- This mav be- a somewhat
strange position for a more or less consistent liberal to take, bill I would nol
be satisfied at all by the adequacy of
the measures which mv adversary, Mr.
Garrity, proposes. It seems to me that ii
will become necessary for us lo intervene actively if there is an attack on
Formosa. Ii also occurs to me thai
there's a chance and a good chance
of localizing the war in such a way thai
il will nol spread; although of course
there's always lln- inherent possibility
of spontaneous combustion in Asia.
HOLD ON TO FORMOSA
Ever since 1946, I have been advocating stronger assistance. American assis-
laiuc. to tin- Nationalist governmenl of
China, simply because I fore-saw what
has later eventuated. Bin now I insist
thai American interests require that we
hold on i,e Formosa friendship with
the Chiang Kai-shek governmenl—since
it's an indispensable part of the defense
perimeter, and I don I believe thai there
could be- any strategic question about
lhal. We can'l hold the Philippines, we
probably couldn't hold Japan, if Formosa fell lo the others; and also we'd
probably Ins.- the Dutch Fast Indies and
the Malayan peninsula as well.
Prof. Hodges; I don'l think we have-
to go to war in the sense lh;it it is popu-
larlv used. I think we have to intervene: