saved. We had better find that out righl
now, and got out.21
Syngman Rhee and Chiang Kai-shek
are the only two great Christian leaders in all of Asia; the only two who
really want to fight communism. If we
keep appeasing and negotiating with the
Communists, and delaying the inevitable
showdown, we will negotiate Chiang
Kai-shek and Syngman Rhee out of existence; and when they go, the hope of
freedom from Communist slavery in
\-ia goes with them.
There in quirk review arc Iwo
-ides of a Fact* Forum question:
"Do you approve of American
policy with respect lo the conflict
between ihe Chinese Keels and the
' Text oi Eisenhower message to < .ongi ess,
Vew York Times. Jan. 25, 1955.
-' Map and Text oi Eisenhower's statement on
Formosa, Los Angeles Examiner, Jan. 24,
3 "Will the Free World Now Hark the Reds?"
David Lawrence column, Jan. 25, 1955.
1 "Communists May Be Seeking Experience
in Current Chinese Coastal Operations." b)
George Fielding Flint. Toledo Blade, Jan.
5 **The Big Question," El Paso Times, fan.
8 "Knowland Say« Tar liens "Paper Tiger'
Test," Christian Science Monitor, Jan. 21.
: "['. \. Council Standing By for Session on
Formosa," Ft. Worth Star-Telegram, Jan. 21,
"Move Meant t<. Vvert War." David Lawrence column. Jan. 26, 1955.
1 "Newest Policy on Formosa Seen Merger ol
Old Lira-." Dallas Horning Sews, Jan. 26.
'""State of the Nation." Ii> Joseph C. Harsch,
Christian Science Monitor, Jan. 26, 1955.
" "A Risky Move Off Formosa but One That
Must Be Made," Louisville Courier-Journal,
Jan. 22, 1955.
13 "Where Do We Draw the Formosa Line?"
Walter Lippmann column, Jan. 26, 1955.
13 "Our Ri-rht To Re in Formosa." Walter
f.ippmann column. Jan. 25. 1955.
1 * "Elsenhower in Middle on Road to Asia,"
Doris Fleeson column, Jan. 26, 1955.
"Mar-halt Mission," Retreat From Victory.
by Senator Joseph McCarthy, pp. 102-130.
Published 1951 by Devin-Adair Company.
"Military Situation in the Far East," Hearings before the Committee on Aimed Services.
17 "Reds Cheat, Bring in Guns and War-
planes." U. S. News & World Report. Feb.
26, 1954, p. 36.
ls "Waiting for a Break," Walter Lippmann
column. Sept. J5, 195 1.
13 "China. Did She Fall or Was She Pushed?"
U. S. Sews & U orld Report, Dec. 26.
1952, pp. 22-23.
-°"The proper Way," Vail Street Journal.
Jan. 26. 1955.
21 "President's Stand on Formosa Generally
Supported by V. S. Press as Facing I p to
Realitv." St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Jan. 25.
22 "Facing Up to Formosa," Wall Street Journal. Jan. 20, 1955.
V. S. Relations With China. 1950, Government Printing Office.
-' Editorial, Monroe (Louisiana) Sews-Star,
\pril 2R. 1954,
What About Red-Held Prisoners?
Asks Virginia Forum Group
IIku-i lurnoul al tbe Staunton. Virginia. Facts Forum discussion Januaa
111 e\ inced anxious interest in the question. "\\ hal Bhould be done aboul the Amen-
cans Imprisoned lev lit,- Chinese lie-,I-'.'
Thorough presentations eef ,,11 points involved in lliis issue- were made by Colon*
Paul J. B. Murphy, 1 ,S. Army (Ret.); Leonard G. Dawson, retired U.S. consular
officer, ami Dr. Richard I!. Potter. Presbyterian pastor. Retired Army Colonel run
I". I.vjkI. president of the Staunton Facts Forum, presided al the session.
Three particular bases upon which the handling of the American airmen's release
might lee- projected were presented by Dr. _
Potter: First, the \merican attitude as to
ih, individual; second, lhe- American
commitment to work on international
matters through the UN; and, third, tin-
violation of the Korean armistice by the
imprisonment ol these mum.
\Ir. Dawson quoted Secretary of State
Dulles as saying that lhe position of the
Chinese Reds in this matter is indefensible, certainly from the American point
of view, bul thai in order to secure the
airmen's release, il would probably be
necessary to make concessions. He suggested lhal the concessions to lie de-
manded by the Chinese- might possibly
be the cessation of Korean aid; the
granting of exit \isa> to ski,-,-,, Chinese
students mm in the Inited States who
desire to return to China: the withdrawal
of the I". S. Fleet from Formosa Strait,
,,r the admission of lied China to the
UN. Mr. Dawson stressed thai the lattei
two would in mo probability be granted.
Group discussion indicated lhat ad-
mission of Red China to the United
Nations was fell ■ <> lee- verj inadvisable.
Other means available to one country for
pressure against another wen- als-e
pointed eeeil sucb as economic boycotting ami. if thai failed, naval blockade.
The- forum was advised lhat the latter
would mean an act of war ami would be
most unlikely lo be used.
Colonel Murphy's comments on the
prisoner release question were presented
via a tape-recording. He summarized
the effects eef the foregoing actions
and, analyzing the reasons behind the
Chinese move in announcing the detention of the American airmen, suggested
lhe type of action thai would l,e-sl bring
Colonel Murphy wenl on lo say tha1
In a Western mind, the mailer is a vefj
simple one of a violation of an arm'*
lire, the arrest of men in the uniform "'
another country. However, he cautioned,
although China has dishonored the an"'
istice. to "strong-arm" her in an efft>r'
lo free the men might only result in j('°'
pardizing their lives,
At this point the question was aske'
as lo whether the United States »a-
abandoning, or should abandon, its traditional position of protecting her en*
/,-ns wherever they were. Discussio"
brought out the point thai this was "'
longer an age when the waving of t'1'
flap or the showing of a battleship couW
produce the results it did in the past:'1
is the atomic age. "The Big Stick '"
powerless againsl the atom, and politic?
leaders must calculate the risks ,,f the'
This emphasized lhe belief of Dr. I'"1,
Ier lhal ll„- United Stales is rommit'fr
lee action through the United Nations. I'll,- said. Il,i^ country effects actio?
through lhat organization, il «'
strengthen nol only itself hut all othe,[
countries of the Western world. Also,'
the United Stales acts outside of the I ,
il will weaken its own international poS'
tion and thai of the other nations.
For this reason, and because of '''.
subtleties of this particular situation ar
a whole, forum participants felt tha1'
send the UN Secretary-General as ei"'"
sary to Red China was the correct m0'*
giving "fare" to the Chinese and V'f,
venting pressure againsl the men
the desired results in the Chinese mind Expressed opinion indicated thai
and its reaction lo Western procedun
He surmised lhal the Chinese were
using this incident to strengthen theii
|e.»ition with other \siatic peoples and.
therefore, the) eliel nol care how il affected the Western world. Colonel Murphy added thai they would maneuver to
place Red China in a position esteemed
by the Oriental mind, which is to say,
"to make face" before the Asiatic world:
and only lo the extent that we handled
the malter to creat* thai "face" for then,
would our demands for the release of
our men be met.
captured airmen themselves would f;,v"
this method of solution.
Those present al the- forum -''"""j
voted unanimously that, in lhe words .
Presidenl Eisenhower. Ihe mailer sin'",
be handled through the I N until f-y
time as events indicated that the oXf.fi
/alio,, could not obtain the desir
Stor) eel ihe- Facts Fori
meeting appeared on Page
FACTS FORUM NEWS, March, lP>
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