ill eyes turn to
Analysis of Far Eastern Crisis liy Dan Smoot
On January 24, 1955, Presidenl Eisenhower sent to the Congress a special
message requesting authority fur the
use eef arm,-,I for,-,', if necessary, to keep
the Chinese Communists from taking
Formosa and relate,I islands.1
In that message to Congress- and in
subsequent statements made ley high
government officials- many new. important features "I American policy have
Pacts Forum's question: Do you approve- eet Ameriian policy with respect
te, the conflict between the Chinese
Communists and the Chinese Nationally ?
. * ■-• * .
A- ei»,net. 1,-t'* look at the question front two opposite sides, taking
fir>t the arguments of those who DO
Geography as well as history helps
to explain the vagueness of our pre-
v ileus policy on Formosa; and it also
helps us to understand the delicacy of
our problem in trying to establish a
clear and precisely defined policy.
Formosa is at points jn~t ninety miles
From the mainland.2
But when Ihe Communists drove the
Nationalists off the mainland six years
ago. the Nationalists not only occupied
Formosa, they occupied all of the
islands between lhe mainland and Formosa.2
Some of these islands are targe enough
In be important. Many of them are tiny
heads of r,n k sticking up out of the sea
—not even shown on the maps.1
Some of them such as the Pescadores- lie fairly close lo Formosa and
an- obviously vital to th,' defense eef
Many of them, however, are offshore
specks of land which stretch two or
three hundred miles along the rim of
Sine Presidenl Truman first ordered
the Seventh Fleet to patrol the Strait of
Formosa in 1950, there has been little
doubt that we intended to help Chiang
—Wide World Pholo
On Jan. 29, President Eisenhower signed the resolution, passed by Congress, for the
defense of Formosa. Standing behind the President, left to right. Sen. Walter George (D-Ga.l,
Sen. Styles Bridges (R-N.H.I, Secretary of State Duties, Sen. William Knowland IR-Calif. I,
and Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis.l.
—Wide World PW*
TENSION MOUNTS IN FAR EAST—Mjj
locates the Tachen Islands (A) where '
U.S. Seventh Fleet and other U.S. forces »"
ordered Feb. 5 by President Eisenhower
help in the evacuation of Nationalist Chiric
troops and civilians. Earlier, American 5a|jr
jet fighters from Osan Air Force Base tunf',
lined! in South Korea shot down two of e'Q
Communist fighter planes which, the
Force said, tried to attack a U.S. reconfl0
sance bomber over the Yellow Sea IB).
hold Formosa and lhe- Pescadores.
But we have- lee'cn intcnl ionall v va?1
aboul the little offshore islands.
\\ e have never wauled lo con,mil '"'
selves to defend them; but we '"'
hoped lhat the Communists would |
lake them until their fate could ,
settled ley international agreements,
cause such action would cause l"'1'1
and Chiang Kai-shek to lose face
lie in,lining silent and vague sJ«
the offshore islands was a kinel of ''"
on our part.'
We had hoped ihai the Communi»J
not know ing what we would do if ' I
1 , ■ e
Beized lhe- islands wemld nol run
risk "I seizing ihem.
U.S. BLUFF CALLED
Now, however, they have called ''
bluff. They have- taken some of the Hj
islands lev direct assault. We put ''
-iel. nil.I,- pressure on (Ihiang to evj
ate I » ilh our help i other islands ''..
as the Tachens In order to avoid
ger and growing conflict in the a**!
In thus giv ing ground, we have' »ffl
demonstrated our eagerness to settl*
dangerous Far Eastern crisis b) I1"
Ii is now apparent to all the l*3
thai we arc willing to draw a '''
line through the Formosa Strail "'" 1
to the Communists: You mav hay'
offshore islands all of il„- islands j
In ihis line: Inil von mav nol , i"s" ,
line- lee lake' |-'e,linos;,, the I Vse-ael"''
closel) related islands.4 lit
Draw ing such a definite dividiflojl
will not, ol course, slop the ''"^:
unless the Communists agree lo th* j
Thai is why we are- still beiUBjj
liberatelv vamie aboul certain k*I
islands, like Quemoy anel
FACTS FORUM NEWS, Mare
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