President Eisenhower and Labor
Secretary Mitchell voice separate
views on whether State Right-To-
Work Laws should be repealed.
•s of e*
v of 4
■el i- •>"
r all >■"''
'he doctrine of exclusive bargaining
r'r?hts for the majorily union did not
fPUng Up suddenly. Il developed on the
'asis of American experience.
CONFLICT COULD RESULT
. Multiple representation could result
Conflicting demands upon an em-
W°yer — from CIO unions, AF of L
lnions, rump unions, racketeer organi-
.' 10ns. and Communist-dominated wins, all of them ostensibly recognized
* bargaining agents for workers within
'■' -a,,,,, unit
e grant of exclusive bargaining
is'lts to the majorily union does away
' "n the possibility of such chaos. And
!jn"s 'o free the majorily union from
al(,ss battles with numerous competes Unions for collective bargaining
'I? the employer.
-rsmp organizations. Their legal rights
is are unlike other types 'if mini-
0-a obligations are differenl from those
/'ili-rnal orders or churches.
.. raternal orders and other member-
H I' Organizations perform services. Bul
. • are not required by law or custom
*ell m serv'ces f°r nonmembers as
as f,,r members.
,. .' ''rails may join veterans' organi-
0r ",s if they wish. Ilul no veterans'
,. ^'""eiliein is required by law- lo rep-
* the ''"
irgaining agent by a majority
|' I'l'1-' ni all the unit's workers.
Me,, '•' burden ol exclusive representa-
Iel,,,.,'. a difficult one. The union must
■.,.n'. "~ strength and finances al the
I'll,."'' of all the workers in the unit.
gaj .c°s< ol negotiating collective-bar-
'inn "" ''-'''ctni'iils covering the wage-.
H,,, ' and working conditions of all
'if e, " ls in the unit nuisl come out
* union's treasury. In processing
.v-|'i'c of any worker in ihe unit.
"lioi'""" ma^ 'lavl' '" re'mDurse ''"'
H„. 'jj .Reward ami committeemen. If
Ht1j0g5levance ._.,„.s to arbitration, lhe
•gn>j 8 staff "ill probably represent the
'lie. yed employee ihe arbitrator and
'H'.'i, """ s 'avvyer. economist, industrial
''iiv,. '.'r" ami field representative, may
be reimbursed out of union
a FORUM NEWS, March, 1955
Union representation, in short, benefits all the workers in lhe unit.
Is it unreasonable, then, to ask all
workers in lhe bargaining unit to con-
tribute financially lo the support of the
union lhal represents lliem? Can society
properly sanction the "free rider" who
refuses lo assume his share of the bur-
<Ifii of industrial citizenship?
THREAT TO COMMUNITY
The "free rider" - lhe nonpaying
nonmemher who enjoys lhe benefits eel
trade- unionism is like a member of lhe
community who refuses to pay taxi's for
Ihe upkeep of lhe schools, parks, police
and lire departments, and refuses to vote
in the community's elections. Such a
citizen is not merely antisocial; he is a
threat to the continued health and safety
of the community. If he is permitted to
get away will, it. others may well bellow
his example. The finances of the community would be- weakened; community
services would suffer. Community peace
and order could be supplanted by
chaotic bailies between taxpayers and
It is similar in industrial relations.
The "free rider" refuses to accept his
social obligations. His fellow worker-
view him as a self-appointed person of
special privilege. He is a threat lo the
union and lo the continued peace and
order of collective-bargaining procedures. Dues-paying union members view
"fie- riders' as an insult. The presence
of "free riders" creates a situation that
is loaded wilh danger lo peaceful relations and uninterrupted production.
In many ways, the Taft-Hartley Act
seriously restricts the operation of union-security provisions.
In some industries, such union-secur-
—Wide World Photos
MEN AT WORK—(Top left) steelworker directs hot metal crane operator in pouring hot
metal, while (top right) beneath a Chicago street a worker connects telephone wires in
underground cable. (Lower left) front axles far military trucks are produced on assembly
line in Cleveland plant. (Lower right) huge rough 75,000-pound forging for generator shaft
of 1 00,000-kilowatt turbine-generator constructed at GE plant in Schenectady.