'o pay or not to pay, that is the question that has but one answer—
a" must pay. Dan Smoot weighs the points for and against the
f-'uvernment's power to lux.
INCOME TAX AMENDMENT
shoulel the Income Tax Amendment
As usual, let's answer the question
Irom two opposite points of view —
taking first ihe arguments of some
wuo say "Yes."
IJ'ioni: the Income Tax \mendmenl
P,Waa adopted in 1913, the American
''"'fill government was different from
y other government ever created.
, "ow, there was nothing new or dif-
ere"t in the idea of democracy. I
|j|s" idea eef democracy (that is, that
People elect their own rulers) is quite
Old — olrlnr :.. r....e ., i... :.i r
-older, in fact, than the idea
"ov<'mment by a k
"iiacy in ils purest form had
j'1'1' tried out in ancient Greece, before
eJ«h of Christ.'
a 'he Western world had had a vasl
j "nt of experience with democracy
'"<- thc American Revolution was
j"* 'ought, and had discovered lhat
"jocracy never produces freedom.
^''ernocraiN always ends in the most
y""^ and terrible kind of tyranny.
he people who established the Vmer
I , e5«vcrnmenl knew inai democracy
j, "ever enable',I people lo govern
Belves in a free and orderly society
but tl,,. \ ■ .._•____'. .... ,f
the American experiment in sclf-
"rnent was a miraculous success.
ideal t ^''^ '!''' America achieve the
I'ro ° ." r('IT- self-government, material
ra '".r"v- ami freedom, when democ-
lo I ' '""light none of these things
hie,, ' "r""p of people before in him,an
er,.. '". "' nol create a democracy. They
In ,a f(''','ra' republic."
m ' " democracy, the pow
jnt ls unlimited.
"'ai',,;',.'1''""" '•"■>'■ if 1|"
■r of govern
"^ii,"i"V' '"""'"' °"ghl i" seize private
'"dustries and place them in tl
&. "f politicians
'•"" did decid
VVif "f .1
as the rulers ,
decide in 1948 lhat d
!ecomes law, because it is tl
ocracy, if ihe- rulers decide
n economic group should
n masse as Stalin did
e Russian Kulaks that
law bee a,is
el, ''."•'I"..,. I
|„ ,""' elected rulers.
""'I'n. however, the govern-
incut's power over ils own people was
strictly limited. The Constitution specifically denied the federal government
all of the dangerous powers of government over the lives of individual citizens.'1
The most important constitutional
limitati n the power of the federal
governmenl was the taxing power.
The Founding Fathers knew that if
the federal governmenl had unchecked
power to levy taxes ii could destroy all
the freedoms which the Constitution
sought to protect, because, as the great
Chief Justice John Marshall said, the
power le, tax is the power to destroy.4
That original constitutional limitation
on the taxing power eef the federal
governmenl was the one thing (the only
thing) which fundamentally distinguished the Anieri,-an system of governmenl from the so-called democracies ol
the old world and of Latin America.
CONVERTED AMERICAN SYSTEM
And then, in 1913, the American
people, lex adopting the Sixteenth, or
Income Tax, Amendment, unwittingl)
destroyed the old American system and
converted il into the kind of democracy
which has always, in the end, led to
ruin, degradation, and slavery.8
In 1913. before the federal government acquired its unlimited power to
lax. the federal government owed less
than one billion dollars.
Today, the federal government owes
over 275 billion dollars, and the Presidenl is asking Congress to raise the
debt limit so that we can owe some
This nation today is mortgaged to
lln hill. Our present federal debt is
equivalent to the total value of all
tangible property in the United States-—
mines, mills, homes, automobiles, factories, buildings, railroads, everything.
Before the Sixteenth, or Income Tax.
Amendment was adopted in 1913, Amer-
ica was immune lo lhe European disease
of socialism, because politicians could
not promise voting blocs son,,-thing
which was to be paid for by someone
,-lse. They could nol buy my vote by
promising me a pension or a subsidized
house, because they couldn't take money
out of your salary check to pay for it.7
The American people, by and large,
did not begin to see or even suspect
the terrible consequences of the income
M NEWS, Ma
P^a^atBHK .HrVWl .■■■
—Wide World Photo
Clerks work on incoming mail at Government Printing Office in Washington, D.C., and
find 60 per cent of the mail received contains orders for a new tax booklet sold by the
government. Note mail sacks at back of room.