vainwashing, as if it might destroy them. Joseph Z. Kornfeder, an ex-Communist, has described mind attack as "the
Uiost sensitive nerve of international communism." He says
the only Red defense would be to hush up the subject,
Because even to deny the idea would be to bring attention
to it. Anyone xx-ho heard the details, even if he were skeptical, could not but recognize brainwashing, once it was
attempted against him. Awareness of hoxv it is perpetrated
tan bring about its ultimate defeat.
4 Thrilling Discovery
What was evident out of thc experience of the brainwashed was that two men could undergo similar pres-
|Ures under thc* same circumstances and one would crack,
the other not. Replies to my questions showed how a mind
could defeat the most subtle pressures of a corticovisceral
psychiatrist. Details given to me built up to this new
Pattern of mental-survival stamina.
No discovery could have been more thrilling. If brain-
Washing can take a fine mind anel make a parody of it,
tie safeguarding of such intellects is one of the problems
°f our age. Its solution is necessary to enable free society
■0 win over the police-state concept.
The new Red warfare is based on mind attack. The Reds
■ubordinate all other weapons to this new strategy, abandoning all considerations of honor, decency, and religion,
except when those, too, can be used as weapons in mind
Hitherto, society has given its youth physical-survival
training. Now the*y must be given mental-survival training.
Nex-er again should our youth worry themselves sick over
the double-talk of a trained propagandist because unable
to distinguish between words and motives. He must be
trained in defenses against the planned disintegration of
Free society must teach each man and woman that this
•s everyone's business, for everyone is the target of total
War. There is no front, no rear, in mind attack.
I was given a multitude of answers to my questions on
Dental-survival by persons of completely different natures
*nd professions and backgrounds. Their replies varied in
detail but were alike on essential points. Out of their expedience came a practical pattern for survival.
'aith and Convictions
Missionaries anel others attached to religious organizations naturally leaned cm their faith for support while
•inder mind attack. Down-to-earth, practical, unemotional
■hen declared that the- most important elements in their
-■lrvival were faith and prayer. So did the majority of those
Who went through Heel brainwashing.
They credited strong convictions, too. with playing a
pcisive role in their struggle for stamina.
The convictions that protected a man were contained
'n his way of life, in a eoele of conduct commanding steadfast faith anel fullest loyalty. Religion frequently was
Expressed as a way of life rather than as a specific dogma.
Patriotism, simple faith in one's own country, was one of
the basic convictions. Three words: prayer, faith, and
Rttivictions, were closely linked ill most minds and often
Hubert A. Vogeler came out ol Heel prisons no longer
1'ist a practical business man. but a man with a mission,
'lis experience under eoininiuiisin had broadened him
Facts I'oiuxi \ix,s, December, 1956
IDE WOULD r-HOTO
The U. S. Army released this photo, which shows the body of an American
soldier bearing multiple-puncture perforations, no one of which was sufficient in itself to cause death. The Army referred to this as an example of
bamboo-spear or sharpened-stick torture inflicted by Communists on
p.o.w.'s in Korea.
into a crusader for freedom. I often came across this
phenomenon in men who had climbed down from the
Calvary of brainwashing. They had acquired a new perspective, a new set of values.
Clarity of mind is a vital element, in mental survival.
A clear mind cannot be brainwashed; it first has to be put
in a fog. The first requirement of a clear mind is rational
thinking. When under mind attack, an individual must
not loosen his grip for an instant on what he knows and
believes. Otherwise, hesitation gives the indoctrinates the
openings they seek.
Clarity of mind cannot exist in a vacuum. The mind
must have facts to go on. Some of the easiest Red con-
epiests have bc-e-n made of very intelligent young men with
little or no education, certainly with no instruction in the
wiles of communism. The intelligent but uninformed individual, particularly if a high IQ gave him a natural
capacity for information, was easily confused by half-
truths and by being cut off from access to facts. From
confusion to a false conviction xvas but one step.
In the case of some- Chinese p.o.w.'s I interviewed,
release from their mental bondage came from a break in
the controlled environment. The Pavlovian animal, when
its conditioned environment is interfered with, tends to
forget what it has been taught!
The Red hierarchy cannot help suspecting this, and so
cannot trust its own adherents. If mutual accusations and
purges ceased for even a brief moment in any Communist
country, internal crack-up would begin.
A remarkable proportion of the outstanding cases ol
menial survival xxas ol ine-n who shut their exes and closed
their ears to what the Reels were saying. Thex- knew that
the Reds were telling them lies: that when the- Heels slid
tell them something truthful, it xvas to harm them. They
we-re not intolerant or illiberal men. They had merely
decided upon a counter-tactic, recognizing this as an all-
The mature thinker's approach to communism is that
it is evil — not partly evil, but all evil.
Experiences of the brainwashed showed that the ability
(Continued on page 55)