all low-level attacks in mountainous terrain, without radar
or oxygen, with only six hours' fuel.
"We weren't told anything about the type of war we
Were fighting," he said. "We had no iele>a why we were
fighting in Korea, and we weren't told anything about the
Communists. I had to become a prisoner of war after fifty
missions, to realize why we had to fight them.
"Despite all the lies and twisted facts the Beds told us
in their indoctrination lectures, we still got a better all-
around picture of the world situation from them than from
our own people! What we found out from the Beds themselves proved to us that they were our all-out enemy and
justified every bit of fighting we were doing. What a wonderful boost for morale it would have been if we could
have learned that from our own side, instead of having to
Wait until we were captured by the Reds to find out how
rotten they were and how right we were."
After many adventures in prison camp, "The Chinese
began to indoctrinate us," Bob said. "They gave us Bed
.magazines and papers and lectures. After a while, they
came to me and suggested that I 'voluntarily' give a talk
on 'the indiscriminate bombing of Korean villages.' What
they wanted was a confession they could publicize. I
"The next morning 1 refused again. They told me they
Would send guards for me in a couple of hours, ancl that
this would be it! Those next two hours were awful! I was
less worried when the third hour passed without anyone
coming to take me to those new, unknown horrors. Thex
never came! I never regretted calling their bluff.
"When they failed to show up, I lost a great deal of my
fear. From then on I was able to get along much hitler.
I refused to sign anything. If I had given ill on that one-
point, 1 believe I would have- cracked through and
through. I also learned to let nothing be taken from me
Bob didn't realize it, but he was paying the-m back in
their own coin. Communists never gixe- a man anything
until they have to. Indeed, this is a clue to their aggravating behavior in international relations. The Reds never
concede a single point, no matter how trivial, until thex
must, and have got everything they can in exchange.
8. David F. MacGhee. Major MacGhee, after release
from prison camp, returned from Korea certain that the
development of strong leadership qualities was the main
requirement in combating Red corrosion tactics.
While a prisoner, he had three crises with "canaries'"
that almost proved his undoing. For seven months he was
kept in solitary confinement. He saiel: "I had no sense
of loneliness. I kept myself busy. I relaxed by focusing on
anything that could take my mind oil the Beds. I observed
everything possible. I made a study ot how a fly lands on
the ceiling. I examined what spiders do when non-edible
matter enters their webs."
They came to Dave about germ warfare one day and
demanded he write something about it. He wrote that it
w-.es contrary to the principles ol the U. S., adding that he
himself saw no reason why America shouldn't use it, that
he himself wouldn't hesitate using it, but that he was sure
the U. S. hadn't done so. He was serving a three-month
jail sentence at the time, anel they doubled it for this frank
"The Reds were constantly on the watch." Dave said,
"for some excuse to charge you with having a hostile
attitude. Another opening the Heels eagerly awaited was
loss of temper. This was a major crime in their book." They
continued to indoctrinate, argue, threaten.
One freezing night, when they hael imprisoned Dave in
an icy bathouse built by the Japanese while they ran
Korea as a colony, he wrote on the wall some words
which came to him in a flash:
Black in black and white is white. Neither torture, maltreatment, nor intimidation can change a fact. To argue the
point with me who is color-blind screes no useful purpose.
Later, six different p.o.w.'s told him they had memorized
the words, anel hadn't given in to their tormentors. The
Red examiners hadn't seen it. The bathouse had been too
cold for them to enter.
9. The British in Korea. The British groups stymied
the Heel ineloctrinators on the germ-warfare charges by
enduring the accusations for a while, then popping such
epiestions as, "Tell us, how did those infected flies live at
a temperature of 10 degrees below zero? Did the efficient
Americans design special little overcoats for them?"
British sense of humor went from this to roughhousing.
A p.o.xv., wanting some cigaret tobacco, would ask: "Anybody got a roll?"
Someone would reply, "He wants a roll, fellows." And
they'd all pounce on him ancl roll him along the floor. Then
they'd politely help him to his feet and give him what he
first asked for — if thex- had it — in a poker-faced, most
dignified manner. The Reds didn't get it; couldn't think
of a wax- to ban it.
A number of American p.o.w.'s told me about British
pluck ancl comraeleliness. They managed to have their
lea at ten and lour." Wilkins told me. "The-y rarely had
any tea, of course, and were lucky when thex- managed
hot water. But they had plenty of ceremony and went
about it xvith the utmost composure and seemed not to
have the least xvorry in the world. They might have been
worrying themselves sick a minute before, and would start
right afterward — but not during tea-time.
"They simply didn't notice that they were not drinking
tea. The only mention of tea xvas the call, 'Tea's up!' Then
nobody referred to there not being any, any more than
they would have complained about the lack of it had
S/Sgt. Robert Wilkins i le
Forces Commander, after
as one of thc first U. S
ft talks with Gen. 0. P. Weyland,
the Sergeant landed at an aitbase
Air Force men to be repatriated
Far East Air
l'\< is Forum News, December, 1956