regulations that allowed them to arrest anyone, put him
on trial, and sentence him to any work camp, without
publicity. If the individual objected, they could put on
the brainwashing screws and exact a confession.
Normal people in the free world refused to believe such
barbarities. What is scarcely appreciated even yet is that
these vast slave establishments are a vital part of the
Communist Russia was able to keep brainwashing
secret by its thorough control of information, which made
an isolated island out of every man and office in the Soviet
Union. No individual or bureau dared communicate with
another except through approved channels. When the
Chinese mainland fell to the Communists, brainwashing
began to be employed in a slipshod and roughhouse manner as a national policy against the whole population.
Security was sacrificed in this reckless, unskilled use of it
On a tremendous scale. The secret that Moscow had
guarded successfully at its front door in Europe slipped
Out through the back door in China.
J A year or so after I began hearing about brainwashing
from the Chinese, I began to discuss it with white people
who had gone through the process in Red China. I had
Seen some brainwashed Americans briefly after they had
left the mainland; then again, perhaps more than a year
afterward, at home in America. They were now capable
of analyzing what had happened to them. What struck me
Was the similarity of their experiences, not only to one
another but to that of the Chinese whom I had previously
Interviewed. Later I met people who had gone through
brainwashing in the Communist satellite countries of
Europe. Except for the change in locale, details corresponded exactly. There was no doubt about the pattern;
the strategy was the same everywhere.
America Is Alerted
The free world began to hear strange reports from the
Communist-operated prisoner-of-war camps in North
Korea. Broadcasts were heard in voices recognized as
those of normal young men in American, British, and other
xJN forces. The voices belonged to these men, but the
language did not. Pro-Communist publications began to
tarry purported confessions and grotesquely-worded state-
lients said to have been signed by these soldiers in support of whatever propaganda appeal international communism was making at the moment. Peking went on the air
to boast that a group of UN soldiers, mostly American.
had decided to remain inside the Red orbit, not go back
to their respective lands. This, and statements made by
Released p.o.w.'s revealing how they had been brain-
fashed, tore the lid off, forced facts into the open. What
they said was exactly the same, detail for detail, as what
had been related to me by Chinese civilians, by white
civilians in China, and by Americans and Europeans who
had suffered the same atrocities in Eastern Europe.
The American public had reason lor alarm ancl shock.
Never before had the citizens of a rich land such as the
United States, beneficiaries of the highest standard of
"ving that the earth had ever seen, elected to stay in an
ptremely backward, dreadfully impoverished country,
sUpposedly out of preference for its way of life. It led the
American people to self-examination of their own charae-
fer and moral defenses. The unbridled denunciation ol
-heir own country — obviously manufactured and parroted
P- by young Americans whom the Reds had carefully
SrA< is l-'om \i News, December, 1956
Dr. Ivan Pctrovich
whose laboratory experiments on dogs were
appropriated by Lenin,
Stalin, & Co., in
attempts to create the
"new Soviet man."
SSII-! WORLD PHOTO
picked from widely separate parts of the United States,
shocked the public out of lethargy.
These- young expatriates spoke and acted as if under
hypnotic spell. The information I had been gathering con-
\ iiiced me that some form of mass hypnosis was part of
the lied technique.
I met many men who had stood up marvelously against
exceedingly tough blows and had survived honorably.
They frequently seemed .it a loss to explain how they had
done it. Simple, down-to-earth truths had been their pillars
ol strength. The fundamental lads were the same, whether
related by a civilian or by a soldier from China or Korea
or by someone from East Europe.
My research brought me into contact with some of the
I 1.0(1(1 Chinese in tin- United Nations' p.o.w. camps who
steadily refused repatriation to Heel China. These stalwart
soldiers had succeeded in one of the strangest, most
heroic- struggles lor freedom the world had ever witnessed.
They had pitted themselves, with only their desperation
to support them, against the most cunning ancl rigorous
pressures that obdurate minds could devise to force them
back into the embrace of communism.
To be successful, brainwashing depends fundamentally
on the subject's ignorance ol it. When understood, the
worst that the Red laboratories can produce may be
thwarted b\- the character of the free man. When tech-
niques of Communist brainwashing become common
know ledge, the system xxill either be shattered completely
in made so difficult and costly to the Reds that the game
will hardly be worth the candle.
Man and Dog
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, eminent Russian physiologist,
performed interesting experiments xxith clogs. He con-
ceived of physiology as mankind's servant, not its master.
His purpose, lie always insisted, was to discover basic laws
in physiology which would help medical science heal the
afflictions of the human body and work toward the avoidance nl mental disorders. Nothing he ever said indicated
that he entertained any such hideous concept as mind
Moscow academies' reports repeatedly insisted that
Pavlov had intended his "strictly objective method of
investigation" to be applied to man as well as to beast.
Regarding Pavlov's experiments, "there is a growing appre-