". . . a Communist is a Communist, whether he lives
in Belgrade, in Moscow, or whether he
lives in Danville, Virginia, or Washington, D. C
"How far do yon think they carry
their anti-anti-communism?" Mr.
"It would be difficult to say how- far
they carry it," replied Mr. Daniel, "but
I think a specific example that I
might cite i.s the library case in Pennsylvania. There the Fund for the
Republic made- a $5,000 grant to a
library because thex refused to fire- an
employee who hael taken the Fifth
Amendment before a congressional investigative l.eitly. We do not believe
that that is in the- be-sl interest of the
Mr. Lucas inquired whether Mr.
Daniel considered an anti-anti-Com-
niunist organization a subversive
"Well, it certainly would lend itself
to the spread of Communist propaganda," replied Mr. Daniel.
"Mr. Daniel, vein cited tin's woman
who took the Fifth Amendment,"
pointed out Mr. Prina, asking, "Is it
your opinion that anyone who takes
the "Fifth Amendment, who relies on
their constitutional rights, is a person
that the Legion and other Americans
should have nothing to do x\itli1J"
•V/iy Hide Behind the Fifth?
"I do not believe that the-y arc acting in the best interest of the United
States, because if they have nothing
to hide, I see no reason why the-y
should take advantage of that clause
n our Constitution," said Mr. Daniel,
However, I wouldn't say that we
shouldn't have anything to do with
Asked what he felt inspired anti-
piti-communism, Mr. Daniel ex-
Bessed the opinion that it is elilficult
to say what motivates individuals to
pke positions on any issue-, although
**e agreed that the term "I'uzzy-inind-
Mness," suggested by Mr. Lucas, was
Vour predecessor characterized the
fund for the Republic as a force for
pQ," reminded Mr. Prina. "Would you
so characterize it?"
Mr. Daniel agreed that he certainly
i95(- / FVis I'e.iu xi N't.ws, December. 1956
would. He added that the Fund for
the Republic is not only soft on communism, but, in his opinion, promotes
the- Communist conspiracy in this
"In other words," interpreted Mr.
Prina, "you don't agree with Paul
Hoffman, Chairman of the Board for
the Fund, who said that it was con-
ceix-ed as a weapon against communism?"
Fund Job Pleases Soviets
"No," replied Mr. Daniel, "and I
think good proof of that is the fact
that just yesterday an item came to my
attention which was published in one
of the- official publications of the
Soviet Union, International Affairs, in
which they said, among other things,
that the Fund for the- He-public — and
they mentioned Mr. Robert Maynard
Hutchins — had done an outstanding
job in the protection of civil liberties.
"1 don't know exactly what they
mean by 'an outstanding job,'" he
continued, "but 1 would assume they
meant a good job for the Communists.
Certainly 1 don't think this Communist publication would praise them if
they were doing a good job for
Mr. Prina referred to Mr. Hutchins'
statement some time after the Legion
began attacking the Fund regarding
"hysterical misrepresentation against
the Fund by a few individuals ancl
groups whose vociferousness exceeds
their influence and intelligence."
"Do you have any comment on
that?" he inquired.
In replying, Mr. Daniel pointed out
that the .merican Legion comprises a
cross-section of the nation's population, including some three million
members, and that their auxiliary is
a million-member organization.
"The- Legion's charges made against
the Fund for the Re-public were substantiated and approved by the American Legion Convention," he pointed
out. "as well as by their Executive
Committee. 1 do not believe Mr.
Huchins proper!) characterized those
Legion Commander W. C. Daniel
who took these actions."
"Commander Daniel, I seem to recall that your service in the Navy in
World War If was of very brief duration," mentioned Mr. Lucas. "As a
matter of fact, that it was about
eighty-eight days. Isn't it rather
strange that a veterans' organization
the size of the American Legion would
choose as its national leader a man
with so brief a service in the military?"
"I don't think so, Mr. Lucas," Mr.
Daniel replied, "if you consider the
nature and makeup of the organization. Time magazine quoted that statement, I believe, and as is characteristic of many of their quotations, they
were a little on the liberal side. As a
matter of fact, I only served sixty-
seven days in the armed forces.
"I was very proud, frankly, of those
sixty-seven days," be continued, "because I was not blessed with such
good health at that time, and after
five attempts to enlist in all branches
of the service I xvas finally selected
ancl sent out to the Naval Training
Station at Great Lakes. However,
American Legion membership is not
contingent upon any specific length of
service. We are chartered by the Congress of the U. S., and the only qualification necessary is that a man must
have served at least a day during the
period ol national emergency in a
Mr. Daniel also pointed out that
there hael been some reports that the
American Legion is a selfish organization in that many of their programs
are promoted for selfish interests. He
stressed that under no condition
(Continued on page 42)