No other issue facing the American people today is more important to tlie preservation of woW
peaee or has greater effeel on domestic prosperity and Individual freedom and initiative than tV
foreign poliey adopted by our government. There are, of course, opposing views concerning o'
present foreign policy. Presented here are divergent statements on this subject made by four oi*'
standing l.\ S. (Congressmen: Senator Hubert H. Humphrey (D) of Minnesota, Senator William *
Jenner (R) of Indiana, Senator John J. Sparkman (1)) of Alabama, and Representative Alvin*'
O'Konski (R) of Wisconsin*
U. S. FOREIGN POLICY Hi
The Strength and
Weaknesses of Our
Speech by Hon. Hubert 11. Humphrey,
Ts. Senator from Minnesota, before Colgate University's Seventh Annual Foreign
Policy Conference, July 11, 1955.
KEVER were truer words written or
,1 spoken than lhe motto of Colgate University's seventh annual foreign policy
conference, "Foreign Policy Is Everybody's Business." Our very survival, our
hope of ei better fulure. the continuance
or defeat of the principles of freedom
and justice are intimately related to our
foreign policy. . . .
The greatest challenge of our time is
I,, recognize the kind of world in which
we live, and lo profit and learn from
the lessons of history—a world in revolutionary change.
We here in America have learned that
peoples of different backgrounds, races,
national origins, and creeds can live
together, work together, and build together. This achievement was made possible by a belief in and dedication to
the universally accepted principles of a
free society—the dignity of man. freedom of conscience, and a recognition
of fraternity and brotherhood. Our Declaration of Independence, our Constitution, the principles of the French Revolution and the Magna Cbarta are the
historical testimonials to the practical
adaptation of these democratic ideals
and principles. If it is possible to build
a great nation whose destiny and prog-
ress is guided by these ideals, it should
give us faith and hope thai we are capable of doing our part in building a
world order thai will not sacrifice these
principles and the institutions of freedom and justice.
Our history, our heritage and experience in self-government, yes, our own
revolution, arc in fact the source- of
our strength. Our foreign police is
weakened and limited only insofar as
we forget or fail to apply the yardstick
of our democratic experience to the
complex and intricate problems of the
world in which we live. The enhancement of freedom is not made possible
by aping the enemies of freedom. Democracy and free institutions are not
made more secure or advanced by utilizing totalitarian techniques. To be
strong we musl be true to ourselves.
Now having philosophized with you
for a few moments, let me get down to
the particulars. In the main, I am proud
of what our country has done in the field
of international relations.
Fortunately, we have learned that national independence can be sustained
and made meaningful only by a recognition of internalional Interdependence.
It took us two world wars and a worldwide depression to have this fact driven
ll is to our credit, however, thai we
have learned our lesson and to our
sorrow that we have had to pay so
dearly for this belated knowledge, Today
iln- climate of public opinion in America
FACTS FORUM NEWS, October, 1955