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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 9, October 1955
File 018
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 9, October 1955 - File 018. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/69/show/17.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 9, October 1955 - File 018. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/69/show/17

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 9, October 1955 - File 018, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/69/show/17.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 9, October 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 9, October 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date unknown
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 018
Transcript Interview of Senator Hickenlooper Concerning Accomplishments and Failures at Geneva Senator Bourke B. Hickenlooper (Republican, Iowa), a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, eee el ranking minority member of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy expresses hi- views on tin- controversial subject while being interrogated by Jack l)«.h- prty of the New York Daily News and John Madigan of the Washington Bu- re-ein e,f Vewsweek on Facts Forum's Reporters' Roundup program. (MADIGAN)l Senator, do you believe that the V. S. made any mistakes at the Big Four meeting? I think that the Big Four meeting just concluded at Geneva was a highly successful meeting from our standpoint. To answer positively that no mistakes were made, I think, is impossible. I don't know of any major mistakes that are apparent at this moment. (MADIGAN) : Regeirding President Eisenhower's proposal for a free and open exchange of blueprints and inspection between Russia's military strength and the installations here in tbe U. S., do vou believe theit smb a proposal would ever be acceptable to the American people ? It would be and I think it was a very dramatic demonstration of the fact to the peoples of thc world thai the I . S. i- bent on peace and it now is up to the Russians to answer this and see whether they really are sincere in their desire for peace. (MADIGAN): Would such a proposal take legislation in the Senate and the House? 1 believe it would not necessarily take legislation. There might be a few phases of it that would require authoriza- (MADIGAN) 1 Is is not a fact tbat many of our atomic Iu-teilleilion- now are restricted eireas to people from our nation? There are restricted areas to people of our nation at the moment and that is on a basis of security. However, the Atomic Energy Commission has broad latitude to declassify information eiml installations and I think lhat that authority probably would be sufficient, although I would have to cheek it a little more closely. (MADIGAN) 1 Oo you believe that Russia would accept this proposal of the President's'.* No, I don't. (DOHF.RTY) : Well. Senator, in the event tbat Russia did accept ibis dramatic proposal of Pre-iilent l'.i-en- hower's, wouldn't thai mean that we would open up every single secrel thing we have, lay it on the table and say, "Here it is, conic take a look at it?" Hy that same token wouldn't we then have to throw away our entire security organization which is meant to protect our secrets from people even in llii- country'? No. I don't believe that tbe proposal contemplates such a broad and minute inspection of everything we have— (DOHERTY) : President Eisenhower used the word blueprints— Page 16 I understand, but blueprints indicate the location of our military installations and our plants, and lhe oiler as I see it did not go to the disclosure of every last secret development which we have, engineeringwise and from a scientific standpoint. It offered to let the Russians make aerial photographs providing they gave us the same information regarding locations of their plants, types of plants, and the permission for us to make simultaneous aerial photographs. I don't believe it included all of our scientific knowledge. We do not maintain secrecy in these plants in order to keep lhe information away from the American people. We maintain secrecy in order to keep information away from those nations who are opposed to us, and from our enemies who would increase the threat of war if they learned about il. That is the purpose of secrecy. (DOHERTY): Well, speaking merely hypothetical!;.. Senator, if we were lo exchange this information with Russia, isn't it possible that some nation might tiike ad- veentage of this and knowing our weaknesses build up and try to do something against them? Well, I presume hypothetic-ally that might be possible, and yet I think the benefits which would accrue to the cause of peace and to ourselves would overshadow the dangers. I think it is a calculated risk, one of those calculated risks it is worthwhile to take. (HURLEIGH) : Senator, a moment ago you suggested that the President's agreemenl, if accepted, lo give blueprints and aerial photography rights to the Soviets would not necessarily need legislation. Would tbat mean that it would come under an executive agreement between the President and the bead of stale of tbe Sn\iet Union'? Tlle authority for classification of information in the atomic field is vested almost entirely wilh lhe Commission—the AEC. They can classify or declassify as their judgment and the sensitiveness of the information indicates. In connection with our mililarv establishments, there is what llicy call "war information" or "mililarv information" of a sensitive nature which is generally in the province of the Secretary of Defense or the Presidenl to hold secure or to release, and while there may be certain things lhal are protected bv law. and I can'l recall if there are such areas, it is my view at this moment lhal lhe entire discretion would be loib.'cil either in lhe President, the' Secretary of Defense or the AEC in connection with the declassification of most of these- plants. (HURLEIGH): But, there would have to be an agreement, there would have to be authority, there would i hei\e to be some sort of a signed paper— There would have to be- ei simultaneous authorization or permission given by the Kremlin to our people al tbe same time they were permitled lo come here and take a look and to make aerial photographs. (HURLEIGH) : I am only trying to establish whether or not tbe President would be doing this in his capacity ee- the President throiigb an executive eigreeinenl rather them as a treaty which would have to be ratified by the Senate. Well, you have raised a question which I just haven't looked up in the time since il weis proposed, but it is mv view at this moment—subject, of course-, lo change il the law is different than I think it is—it is within the power of the I'resi- dent now to make information publicly available, or in the Secretary of Defense' eer in the Commission it-elf. FACTS FORUM NEWS, October, 1955
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