THE BIG FOUR CONFERENCE, Continued
Following; are remarks of Sir Anthony Eden, Premier
Edgar Faure, and Marshal Bulganin at the conclusion
of the Geneva meeting:
Sir Anthony Eden's Speech
We bene now concluded the conference- of the heads of governments which
has been so much discussed and so
earnestly advocated, notably by Sir Winston Churchill more than two years ago
. . . This conference set itself a limited
lask. This it has more than accomp-
Ten vears ago the war in Europe
was brought to an end. Now at leisl we
have made a start with the work which
we might have hoped to begin In 1945.
What we have now agreed makes it
possible to get to grips with the twin
problems of the unity of Germany and
the security of Europe.
No one expects lhal it will be easy
to settle everv detail of these complicated issues. But there is now a better
chance than we have known at any time
since the war to get to work on practical proposals to solve the differences
which have divided Europe all these
At this conference we did not set
out to make a detailed plan in these few
days. For all that, it will be found that
in our directive to the foreign secretaries we have included the essentials
of a comprehensive settlement.
The world will have observed the tone
and temper in which our work has been
conducted. Those of us who have been
engaged in the actual negotiations have
been aware that a new spirit of conciliation has been present at our meet-
Hut in addition to this formal work.
we have bad many opportunities for
personal content-, which I know we have
all femnd invaluable. I am quite certain
that the exchanges which bene taken
place outside the conference room have
given all of us a far better understanding of each olher's points of view and
of the problems each has to face.
If we can continue our work together
in the spirit of this meeting, what is
hopeful promise todav should become
-..li.l performance as events unfold.
Premier Faure,s Speech
(Translation from the French)
Our meeting is drawing to a close. Bul
for all that, we must not separate. I
mean by this that if the four of us anno longer pre-se-nl in one room, we musl
remain morally united with one and
the- semie will,
I consider that over and above the
agreements which we have reached between us on certain subjects, texts and
directives, lhe verv fact of our meeting,
th.- spirit which has governed our de
bates and the mutual understanding
which resulted from it. will leave a profound mark on international relations
and will have a happy influence on their
We have shown here a common resolve. It is now our responsibility to
find the means. The first step has been
taken along this path, but there are slill
obstacles to overcome. We have not
sought to hide them, for it is through
truth that all progress is achieved.
If it is true that life todav is characterized by tension and force, may this
tension and strength be thai of understanding and friendship, and no longer
of hostility and distrust. To the peoples
who look to us. and not only to those
for whom we bene responsibility, we
must be able to propose the progressive
substitution of constructive and beneficial tasks of peace for the security
measures which are still necessary.
Marshal Bulganin's Speech
(Translation from the Russian)
There is no doubt that the present
meeting in Geneva of the heads of governments of France. Great Britain, the
I nited Stales and the Soviel Union has
a positive meaning for the easing of tension in the relations between the governments and for the inevitable increase
in confidence between them.
Above all. this was facilitated by the
personal contact in Geneva between the
leaders of the four powers. We got to
know each other better here and exchanged opinions on ;i series of important international problems.
Despite the fact that on some questions our points of view did not coincide, on Ihe whole the meeting proceeded
in an honest atmosphere and was
marked by efforts of its participants to
achieve mutual understanding.
Tin- Geneva conference attracted the
attention of the nations of lhe whole'
world emd furlber strengthened their
desire for the lessening of international
tension and for the shortening nf the
We hope thai all of this will play it-
positive role and will facilitate the
achievement of a worthy goal the securing of a solid and lasting peace.
The Soviet delegalion came to lhe Geneva meeting with the good intentions
of facilitating the' organization of practical work for the solution above all of
these basic international problems- such
eis. for example, the organization of
European collective security and disarmament.
In present conditions these questions
have ei decisive meaning for this la-k of
strengthening world peace.
The most important issue of the Geneva conference was the problem of
The Soviet delegation considers that,
in the interests of strengthening peace,
a system of collective security should be
created in Europe, based on the participation of all European governments and
the United States of America.
Our new proposals on this question,
put to the Geneva conference, are based
on the consideration lhat in presenl circumstances—when opposing groupings
of nalions have been created in Europe'
—it is necessary above all to put the
relations between the nations included
in these groupings on the palh of normal
peaceful cooperation and of the peaceful solution of disputes between them.
In this firsl stage of lhe creation of an
all-European security system, tin- Soviel
proposals do not envisage lhe liquidation of the North Atlantic bloc, the
Western European Union or the Vi ar-
saw Treaty Organization.
Wilh thc passage of lime, in the second stage, when successes in lhe lessening of tension in Europe will have been
achieved and confidence between governments will have been established, tin-
above-named groupings may be dissolved and replaced by a collective security system in Europe.
Together with thi-. lhe Soviet delegation proposed that, before lhe creation of
a European collective security system
there should he agreement on the conclusion of a pad between the govern-
menls participating in these groupings in
Europe to reject force and to use only
peaceful means to settle their disputes.
The exchange of opinions on this
problem of European security sheeucel
that all of lhe participants of the conference wished In find an agreed solution
for this important problem.
We hope that in the course of future
consideration of this problem even
greater success will be achieved.
On the question of disarmament tin-
Soviet government tabled even before
iln- Geneva conference on May 10—
concrete proposals for the reduction of
armaments, tbe outlawing of atomic
weapons and the removal of the threat
Al the Geneva conference we pro-
pee-e-el lo define' the alre-eidv achieved
agreement on aspects concerning which
our positions are either fullv at one or
have come significantly closer together.
This concerns first of all the fixing
of tin- level of armaments of the governments, prohibition of alomie weapons
and the necessary establishment of a
system of effective international controls.
The discussion of thc question of disarmament showed that ail of the participants in the conference wished to find
an agreed solution of this verv important
FACTS FORUM NEWS, October, 1955