Excerpts from President Eisenhower's
Later Speech at Philadelphia
The spirit of Geneva, if it is to provide a healthy atmosphere for the pursuit of peace, if it is to be genuine and
not spurious, must inspire all to a correction of injustices, an observance of
human rights and an end to subversion
organized on a world-wide scale. Whether or not such a spiril as this will thrive
through lhe combined intelligence eunl
understanding of men. or will shrivel
in the greed and ruthlessness of some,
is for the future to tell. But one thing
is certain. This spirit and the goals we
seek could never bene been achieved by
violence or when men and nations confronted each oilier wilh hearts filled
with fear and hatred.
At Geneva we strove to help establish this spiril.
Geneva spells for America, not stagnation, then, bul opportunity—opportunity for our own people and for people everywhere to realize their just aspirations.
Eagerness to avoid war—if we think
no deeper than this single desire—can
produce outright or implicit agreement
that injustices and wrongs of the present shall be perpetuated in the future.
We must nol participate in any such
false agreemenl. Thereby, we would outrage our own conscience. In the eves
of those who suffer injustice, we would
become partners with llieir oppressors.
In the judgment of history, we would
have sold out the freedom of men for
the pottage of a false peace. Moreover,
we would assure future conflicl!
The division of Germany cannot be
supported hy any argument based on
boundaries or language or racial origin.
The domination of captive countries
cannot longer be justified by any claim
that ibis is needed for purposes of se-
curity. An international political machine, operating within the borders of
Sovereign nations for llieir political anil
ideological subversion, cannot be explained away as a cultural movement.
Very probably, the reason for these
and other violations of the rights of
men and of nations is a compound of
suspicions and fear. Theit explains. It
cannot excuse. In justice to others and
to ourselves, we can never accept those
wrongs as a part of the peace that we
desire and seek.
We must be firm but friendly. We
must be tolerant but not complacent.
We must be quick lo understand another's viewpoint, honestly assumed. But
we musl never agree' to injustice for the
weeik. fm tin- unfortunate, for lhe underprivileged, well knowing thai if wc
accept destruction of the principle of
justice for all. we cannot longer claim
justice for ourselves as a matter of right.
The peace we want—the product of
understanding anel agreement and law
among nations—is an enduring international environment, based on justice
and security. It will reflect enlightened
self-interest, ll »ill foster the concentration of human energy—individual and
organized— -for the advancement of human standards in all the areas of mankind's material, intellectual and spiritual
Can we achieve that sort of peace?
I think we can. At times it may seem
hopeless, far beyond human capacity to
reach. Bul has any great accomplishment in history begun with assurance
of its success? Our own republic is a
case- in point. Through a long generation there was almost a unanimous
world conviction that the United States
of America was an artificial contrivance
thai could not long endure.
\nd the republic survived its most
perilous years—the experimental years
because of dedicated efforts by individuals, not because it had a built-in
guarantee of success or a path free from
Our case for peace, based on jusl ice.
is as sound as was John Marshall's for
the Constitution and lhe Union. Anil il
will be as successful—if we present it
before the bar of world opinion with
the same courage and dedicated conviction lhat be brought to his mission.
In our communities we can, each according lo his capacity, promote com-
piehension of what this republic must
be—in strength, in understanding, in
dedication lo principle—if it is to fulfill ils role of leadership for peace.
In the' search for justice, we can make
our system an ever more glorious ex-
ample of em orderly government devoted lo ihe preservation of human
freedom ami man's individual opportunities and responsibilities.
No matter how vigorously we propose' and uphold our individual views
in domestic problems, we can present
alu eeenl a united front in all lhal concerns tin' freedom and security of the
republic, its dedication to a just and
Above all. conscious of lhe lowering
achievements manifest in the republic's
history under the Constitution, assured
that no human problem is beyond solu-
lieen '.'i\e'n the' will, the' pcrscM'raiua- and
the strength each of us can help arouse
in \iiiirii:i ei renewed and flaming dedi-
cation to justice and liberty, prosperity
anil peace among men.
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FACTS KOltUM NEWS, October, 1955