OUR 1 PARTY...
I eee ts Forum panelists including mithor-editor Italpli dc Toledano ees Km'-
panelist, split on which part; rule- the country's news outlets.
Ralph de Toledano
Ai i i sations of former Presidenl II.ut\
S. Truman eunl Dr. Roberl Hutchins
of the Ford Foundation thai the press
nl the countr) is a one-party, pro-Republican, anti-liberal press, mel disagreement from guest panelist Ralph ele' dole'.
dano, National Reports editor ol Newsweek, and author of the novel, "lleiy of
Reckoning," eis well ees hum regular
panelist William Buckley, Jr., author
and lecturer, who agreed theii our press
i- ei one-party press, but labeled it
anti-conservative, eiml pro-liberal.
Regular panelists George Hamilton
Combs, noted author and lecturer, former congressman. Democrat of Missouri, ana Professor Charles Hodges,
former foreign correspondent eunl prole--'.! ni international politics eil Ne**.
York I niversity, took the opporing
view, although Professor Hodges qualified his opinion with the statement thai
in speaking ol the press, radio eunl
television cannol be omitted, eunl thai
the impact there is basically liberal.
"Commentators both on radio eunl TV,
et- liberals, predominate," he -eiid.
"There's no question aboul that." Professor Hodges eilso distinguished between the views of newspaper management and those of the writers. "So fen
;is the proprietorship goes,' he opined,
"il leans in the direction of conservatism. Sn far ets the new- reporting, ;is
news goes ... I think il's in the columnists, the commentators, particularl)
bringing in radio and TV, that's where
vmi gel vour slant."
ll may he noted that George Hamilton
Combs is ei self-styled liberal, while Professor Charles Hodges terms himseli ei
"middle-of-the-roader." William Buckley, Jr.. is considered ei right-wing conservative, .1- is also Ralph de- Toledano,
while' acknowledging lhat ten years eign
In- wei- ei libcred and a member of
"1 ihink.*' Professor Hodges slated.
''then ibis is the standard complaint of
lhe Democrats or their predecessors.
This new hoetk on freedom ul the' press
by William I,. Chenery i- exceedingly
interesting mi ibis problem, lb- says
thai Jefferson was lhe firsl of a long
line I" seiv lhal loo many newspapers
favored the conservatives. He wrote ;i
letter tn ee Mr. Short in 1804 i 'The mass
of anti-civieism which remains in mir
great trading towns; though not one
twenty-fifth of the nation, they command three-quarters of the public
papers. 1 am lhe single object ol their
accumulated hatred'." Civicism was
interpreted as the "Jeffersonian idea for
good citizenship," or "civility in the
"Now I ihink you've gol I" recognize,"
continued Professor Hodges, "that the
newspapers lean toward the conservative
end e.f lhe I Ii i 11 v. eiml iheil il doesn'l ten
fnr lhe writers . . . thev veer In the lift
of the while line. That's how vou gel
George Hamilton Combs felt that
there wees nn argument aboul lhe facl
lhal wc have a one party press. "As I
recall the lasl survey of Ediior and Publisher, the trade organ." he said, "about
85 per cenl of the papers of the country
are Republican. A larger percentage a-
I recall, supported President Eisenhower. And many of our communities
have only one newspaper in them and
that newspaper is Republican. That's
"It's quite true Mr. Jefferson adum-
brated thai when he suggested thai the
conservatives, who had the money, were
naturally opposed to him. I he con.
servatives weutl to conserve' their money.
Thev naturally go into such activities as
newspaper publishing All in all, it's
natural theit money should gravitate
towards the preservation of the privileges of money. Therefore, you have an
outrageously one-sided press which, ma)
I say, is true even regardless of the
personal proclivities of the news writers.
A news wtiler doesn'l determine what
gets iulii lhe' paper. The editor does, and
ihe editor i- hired bj the publisher eunl
the publisher spends most of his time
eil the country club gelling bis economic
and political ideas from the other members of his [social set]."
NEWSPAPERS FAVORED EISENHOWER
"ll is quite true." objected Buckley,
"that 85 per cent of the newspapers in
1952 had aboul the same good sense
ei- ei majority of the people in preferring
Eisenhower to Adlai Stevenson. We
don'l from this, or shouldn't, conclude
lhal we have a one-party press. 1 woulel
think then ei highly more relevanl index
FACTS FORI M NEWS, So