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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 053. 1955-11. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/612.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-11). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 053. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/612

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 053, 1955-11, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/612.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 10, November 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date November 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 053
Transcript witnesses whom you eire suggesting are not reliable. I ihink you nave lo ap- proach communism in ibis manner: it's ee ele-elie eete'i! experience. Ami you're reconverted in terms of a repudiation of et life experience. Now that does not necessarily mean thai you eire crazy, unstable, or anything else because you've become a loyal American once again." Mr. Lyons was of lhe opinion that there was an element of validity in whal Mr. Combs said. He added. "There is a selective process there eunl you are likely In gel lhe man or the woman who, having abandoned communism, fe'els very deeply." "The thing to remember in this en- tin- discussion," pointed out Mr. Lynn-, "is thai these former Communists who teslilv heive already gone through a process of self-selection." Mention was made by Mr. Lyons theii the turnover in the Communist party is about lull per cenl every second year and mathematically there are literally hundreds of thousands of ex-Communists. He further seiid thai the majority of ex-Communists have not the type of knowledge or experience lo qualify them In testify, and of the minority that has inside information useful to our country onlv a lew have the courage and moral fiber to go through wilh it. "Remember," said Mr. Lyons, "in certain quarters of lhe country llicy like to make us ihink lhal lhe former Communist lives on gravy. The exact opposite- i- hue ... to testify means to face a barrage of abuse . . il mceins losing lite friends of :i lifetime ... in a grceil many cetses it means a rift in the family." FEAR OF ATTACK The experiences of Bella Dodd. an ex- Communist, were related by Mr. Lyon-. During her firsl testimony before ;i congressional committee — and Bella Dodd singe's me a- em exceedingly intelligent ami balanced woman — she described how she struggled with her conscience lor ;i year before testi- fying, etnd part of the Struggle wets due to the fear ni attack, When she finally -'it around to testifying, she received a 'linn-.mil eihusivc letters and postcards, tnd iheil eiside from telephone calls and •ctually ei number of attempted personal assaults. It's em extreme case, perhaps, ''in every former Communisl knows thai ''ie best way to avoid becoming a target ■or attack is tei maintain silence." Hardy Burl called attention to another Phase of lhe question, "How reliable is 'he testimony of former Communists?", "nd referred lo reports ilieil the Commu- list peulv is conducting em undercover campaign to discredit the testimony of jormer Communists, lb- asked Mr. Buckley whether these reports were true or false. **< TS FORUM NKWS. fovember, 1955 "Well, that's like saying theit the Communists eire reported lo be opposed lo capitalism," seiid Mr. Buckley. "It's obvious and very clear lhat lhe Communists have been out to undermine eil! anti- Communist apostates and have been doing so by waging a vicious and highly successful campaign." Mr. Buckley agreed with Mr. Lyons that lhe slander to which Communisl apostates are suli- jected plays a major factor in the length of lime it takes to uncover the apparatus. i\ reader of Facts Forum l\eies heartily disagrees with the article, "Fair Means or Foul." hy John Marshall Butler, 1'. S. Senator from Maryland I October, I9:>5, issue I regarding tlie Olympic Games to he held in 1956. Ho wrote lo the editor of Facts Forum lSeivs as follows: "Senator Butler from Maryland suggests in his article 'Fair Means or Foul* thai the Soviet athlete is a -propaganda agent*1 a 'brainwashed individual' who is compelled to win hy liis country, which is *not interested in games . . . in sports.* ''The flood senator does mil seem to understand what makes a champion athlete, *• hiu. hlack cannon in a man's rihs will not make him a champion, Neither will brainwashing, "Anil the purpose of Olympic Committees is not to analyze the motives of an athlete anil say, 'Theii's a naughty motive, little hoy. You eem't piny our game.* "Il seems to me lhal tin' yeood senator is smarting from the fact theit tin- Russians have as gooil a team as ours, and maybe a better one." Richard II. Dorteh Memphis, Tennessee "1 suspect." said Mr. Buckley, "that if people like Whitlaker Chambers hadn't l,a,| t,, suffer, and hadn't publicly suffered, the terrible torment ilieil resulted from pulling the linger on Alger Hi-. other men would have come up ami given io tin' l"'?l- ;l,l(l t0 prop" '""' gressional investigating committees, 80me "I the vital information that is siill withheld." -I would like." said Air. Combs, "to make one' oblique reference to Mr. W hit- taker Chambers, whose bona fide conver sion I do not for one moment question. lo bring out that lhe recovery, although attended by travail . . . has also not been without its upholstering features, including greater prominence them he had ever enjoyed before, along with great public approval emd acclaim and a highly successful book." It was injected by Mr. Buckley lhat he thought this was a "nasty reference" anil Mr. ('ombs said. "I would suggest thai Mr. Chambers was not ani- meilcil ley this, but I would point out that there have been certain perquisites of conversion which have not been en- tirelv uncomfortable." DANGER OF UNJUST ACCUSATION Mr. Combs continued, "The danger is then everyone who points out the necessity for ceiuliun in evaluating the responsibility of these people will be charged with Communist leanings. The American public should not make the mistake of believing that everyone who is of the opinion lhal witnesses should be mure carefully examined—that the governmenl should assume a larger responsibility for them—is thereby automatically guilty of a pro-Communist attitude or of weakness toward communism." Mr. Lyons --eiitl. "I agree with Mr. Combs thai we need caution. We need caution in the legal processes and we ne'e'el et great ileal of caution in our own judgment of people on all sides. But the measure of the success of the Communists in trying to discredit all former Communists, and so paralyze our attempt lo expose the conspiracy, is in the fact thai a great many respectable newspapers, even conservative newspapers and magazines, columnists, and eom- mentators have fallen into the habit of referring to nearly eil! witnesses of this tvpe eis informers, paid informers, and professional witnesses. What do these people want? Would llicy prefer that former Communisls. lhe most knowledgeable people in this particular field. -In.nlil conceal their special knowledge?" To illustrate, Air. Lyons mentioned an editorial from a newspaper which he considers among the most conservative in the country, lhe name of which he preferred not to disclose. The edi- torial indicated the country weis shocked lo find thai llu' Justice Department has "paid informers' on its staff. "Would they really prefer." said Mr. Lyons, "thai these former Communists, who have given valuable testimony, should keep quiet?" In concluding. Air. Lyons expressed lhe opinion ilieil the education of Ameri- ca on communism has been conducted by people like Benjamin Gitlow, Max Eastman, eiml other such former Communists. Page 51
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