Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
File 050
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 050. 1955-11. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/609.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-11). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 050. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/609

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 050, 1955-11, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/609.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 10, November 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date November 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 050
Transcript ■DHMHHfl SPECIAL FREE OFFER Do You Have Friends Who Need FACTS? Facts Forum in response to suggestions from our many friends will forward without charge, for a limited time, complimentary copies of Facts Forum News. FACTS FOIUM DALLAS, TKXAS I would like a free copy of Facts Forum News sent to the follow iim persons with my compliments: (Please Print) r.itv Sh,!,- (31V Stale ritv Slate l.ilv Stale lin stale- (itv Stuff Citv /..ne- Staff If you prefer nol lo e-ul your magazine, merely write vour request to FACTS FORUM, Dallas, lev,,, (Continued from Page I.) comrades, such eis '"ratting" on comrades, and it's his duty not to take any step or say anything tlieet would bring favoritism to him and bring harm to his country or to our allies. At all times he must not forget that he is a soldier, and that's one reason we have this code today because of the situation thai grew out of the Korean War. It's been realized since then that we needed a positive statement of ideals, a eaeele' elf conduct that COllld lie ill-lilli'd into the members of our fighting forces so that they will know jusl what is expected of them. If they have proper character-training as children and up through life have lhe proper will lo resist, and have courage and failh. we feel that there will not lie greal difficulty in living up to the high slandard of tlii- code. Of course, everv man will hit con- sidered in tin- circumstances in which he finds himself. In some cases, one man can hold out longer lhan others. \nd all the circumstances will he considered in the event a man should he prosecuted subsequent to a war for his questionable conduct during a war. Hurleighs Well. Senator Thurmond, morale never seeps upward through an organization, 'the pattern has to he set at the mtv top, and then lhe morale of a e-orp- or the morale of em organization is bettered. If we have our General Officers under orders from the officials of our governmenl do things that perhaps they do nol want to do. hut which look- like it'- taking part of a fraud and accepting it through signature, how can we expect ei prisoner of weir not to rationalize his own conduct when he feels lhal if hi' doe-n't do it that trench llicy made him dig lhe oilier deiy may he his grave? Thurmond: Well, the soldiers, whether they are generals or privates, carry mil the instructions that come from Washington, which are political decisions in the first instance, so lo speak. It's lhe duty of the soldier to do his part wherever he is fighting for his country and -o long ei- his country is en in conflict—this country that heis given him so much and so many opportunities —we still feel theii lie has a deep obligation and lhat he should Iry to live up to a code of conduct such as hee- leein prepared by the Defense Department, lhe Burgess Committee. Doherty: Senator, let me put this question to you. Suppose the nation- with which we may go to weir at some day in the future — seiv. Russia, Communisl China—suppose ihey invoke a similar code for their own people. Because we have such a code, would that force lis not to query prisoners of war that wc take? Thurmond: No it does not. In fact, you have a right to query prisoners if you eem gel information. Even afler the passage of this code—this is a code for our soldiers. Doherty: Well, if we expect our soldier- to abide hy thi-. why wouldn't we expect the Russian soldiers to eehiele hy their code? Thurmond: Well, the Russians may set up such a code. If ihey do. il's possible lhat llieir soldiers will he trained and oriented in the principles of their code, too. But, even under ihe Geneva Convention, if additional information can he obtained oilier than lhe name, reink and serial number, il is frequently obtained. Thai's the purpose of intelligence officers, to try to get information —but, under the Geneva Convention a soldier is not required to give more lhan name, reink. scried number anil elate' of birth. He can't he required to give more. lllirleitih: That would hi' eiwfully nice- if lhe enemy would only think of ili.il too emd eihide hy the Geneva Convention. Thurmond: That's right, and we feci that every nation should abide hv tin Geneva Convention. Article 85 of the- Geneva Convention of 1919 says that prisoners of war prosecuted under the laws of the detaining power for acts committed prior to lhe capture shall retain, even if convicted, lhe benefits of the presenl convention. But the Soviels and their Communist bloc nations made a significant reservation to this Article. And under lhat reservation ;i great many of our men were prosecuted as weir criminals. That reservation permitted them io prosecute them. If they hen! not made thai reservation, then ;i lot of these men would not have been prosecuted. IH course, we did nol agree to lhat reservation. They made il themselves. Roper: Senator Thurmond, we now admit tlieet wc heivc feliled to give our soldiers proper training to meet these tortures .mil oilier abuses. So, we've changed the ground rules ami we're going to -teirt on a new program of training. Now, where does that leave thc former American war prisoners who have edready been brought hack, convicted anil sentenced to prison, sometimes, under tin* old rules? Should we recon-idcr their ceises ? Thurmond: Well. Ihe ones who have been tried were tried on the same heisis eis those who may he tried in the fulure. This code does not determine ihe basis of lhe trial, lhe principles adopted eit the tried, eer lhe administration of justice administered eit ihe trial. This code sets up an ideal for lhe fulure lhal the soldier should use as ei guide lo Iry lo live by as an ideal. I mighl say lhal the Communists murdered 27''(i American boys in their I'OW camps and left scars of physical and mental torture on many olhers. In view of ihis sadistic trceit- niiiit meted out by the Communists, I believe it is highly commendable lhat onlv 1992 of lhe 7190 Americans held eis prisoners of war are being intensely investigated for misbehavior while prisoner-. My information is that only seven of ihis number have been con* vricted by courl marlials. This means llieit onlv one-tenth of one per cent of our boys captured in Korea have as yel been judged guilty of failure to Page 48 FAi TS FORI M NKWS. Y„,ember. 1955
File Name uhlib_1352973_v004_n010_050.jpg