Dohertyi The Communists in the Korean War, for example, came up with
brutal tortures, some of them unspeakable—we cannot even mention them over
the radio. A- you said, every man bag
bis breaking point. Mow do we know.
sitting here in the comfort of Washington, wheel emv one- of ll- would do il wc
were under the gun. so lo speak?
Thurmond: Well, ilieil is true, no one
can possibly tell whal another will do.
Differenl nun have differenl wills, some
have iron wills, some would not give
up under einv condition. I'm sure lln v
we.iild become unconscious before Ihey
would reveal emv information ageiinsl
their country or would reveal other information thai would he detrimental in
lhe welfare of the folic- of which llicy
were ei member. On lhe oilier hand, we
f,al thai llii- code give- them em ideal
t.i work toward; it's a high standard,
and if thev are trained, oriented eunl
indoctrinated with lln- principles of this
code, iheil ii will help them tremendously
lo withstand llie onslaughts of the
enemy emd ihe Communists' techniques.
Roper: Vou mentioned the training
that the soldiers will receive, 'the Com-
muni-t bloc armies are rather famous
for having political commissars, anil
other political officers stationed with the
armies. Do you think there is a danger
in our adopting such a system?
Thurmond: 1 don'l think so. 1 ihink
there is no danger of our country adopting such a technique. Our people do not
believe in dictatorship, and ihey do not
believe in commissars, emperors or
rulers. \\ <- are a democratic countrj
and the principles of this code are very
democratic, bul they do emphasize the
importance of one being willing to serve
hi- country emd serve il well if his service is needed. We have a great country. It's the greatest country on the face
nf the earth. Our people have more
liberty and more freedom than in any
other nation, emd we' ought to appreciate
this. We ought to l„- willing to light for
our country if our service is needed in
time of emergency.
Doherty: It has heen suggested that
n good many of the servicemen who did
hreak and who geeve information in the
Communisl prison camps might have heen
motivated bj the feeling theit Korea was
hv and large ein unpopular weir, that the
men did not know lor what they were
lighting. Ilo vou believe then?
Thurmond: I would nol say they did
not know whal thej were lojliiing for,
but I el,i feel thai liny were not indoctrinated as well eis they should heevr been.
I ilo feel the) did nol have the training
that thej should have had in ei greal
many instances, nol only lhe mental
training along the lines of this code, in
Orientation, bul even physical training.
A greal many men wire thrown into
tlle Korean conflict in an emergency to
defend their country without adequate
Burleigh I Well now. Senator, whv i-
'lli— so? Vou are speaking of instilling
■nto the spirit of the seddier a will to
FACTS FORUM NKWS. November, 1955
resist emd it's all for the future: now whv
in tlie peist haven't we hail this patriotic
fervor lhat vve know every soldier should
have, hut so few obviously held who hroke
under tin* Communist torture?
Thurmond: Afler World Wen 11.
there was not only a great reduction in
our Armed Forces, there wei- almosl a
disintegration. That was a tough, hard
weir, in which we lost hundreds of
thousands of men, and our people eit
home and the soldiers themselves were
sick and tired of war. and that i- the
reason vve- heul the condition that occurred.
But, afler lhal, when llie Korean War
came on. they wenl into thai war eend
did a fine job there. Hut -till there heul
been such a shorl period after World
Weir II. I ihink lhal had considerable
to do with tin- matter.
Hurleigh: Do you mean in the- educational system, in speeches that were made
—efforts of individuals to Ban the will
lo resist of the American people?
Thurmond: 1 mean in thc general at-
lilllele' eel till' \ 111 <' I i <' ;i 11 pi'lipll' US having
enough war for a while- of being sick
and tired of war. Bul our men did go
into lhe Korean War em.I do ei good job,
and wc are very proud of the fine record thev made there. However, if this
code had heen in effeel when the Korean
Weir started, if the men had been
trained in these principles, we think
there would have heen a different outcome lo the Korean War.
llurle.ifih: Now, Senator Thurmond,
let's jusl take, eis em example, an individual soldier who is silling in a
barbed-wire barricade :i- a prisoner of
weir of the Communists who has heen
tortured almost beyond endurance eenel
he hears, through the Communis! grapevine, that a truce has been established
eii Panmunjom, thai eit the Panmunjom
table, officers of tlle I nited Steiles, representing tin1 United Nations, -it down
with their Communist counterpart anil
sign a document which lo all appearances
is a lie in that it savs there is no Chinese
Communisl Army, per se, in North Korea, hut a million-man volunteer eirmy.
thev accept this fraud, and then these
representatives id the army thai he
served under, and the flag of the 1 nited
Nalions and lhe flag of the United Steile-
that he served under, also admit tli.it
ihey will have an inspection team, a supervisory leam. made up of neutral nations, and two of the four accepted
neutral nations are Communist Czechoslovakia and Communist Poland. Don't
vou believe that that would cause the
spiril of an American soldier in this
barricade to sink?
Thurmond: Undoubtedly il would
lower llieir spirit some, but still that
woulel In' no excuse for a prisoner not
to do his duty. A soldier in prison is
merely carrying on the war there wilh
the lust means lie can. It's his duly to
escape if he can ei- this code provides:
it's his duly lo resist. Il's his obligation
lo give no information to ihe enemy
that will hurt our country, especially
vital military information. It's his responsibility to say or do nothing ageiinsl
(Continued on Page 48)
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