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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
File 048
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 048. 1955-11. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/607.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-11). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 048. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/607

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 048, 1955-11, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/607.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 10, November 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date November 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 048
Transcript POW CODE 0 For the first time in our nation's history, a Military Code of Conduct has heen issued for the members of the Armed Forces who become prisoners of war. O The Advisory Committee responsible under President Eisenhower for drawing up tins code contend they were ever mindful that in no way would it diminish America's eminence anion"; the nations of the world, and that all six points of this code conform to the precepts of our great Constitution. I lioper: How iloes the new code differ from llie instructions which American soldiers have received in the past? Thurmond: The' difference is thai American soldiers in lhe past, under the Geneva Convention, were only required to give their name, rank, service number, and now they also give their dale of birth. Under this new code they would still he required lo give onlv those things. Of course, this code is a standard of conduct and tells what the soldier should do. In lhe pasl there has heen more of a negative approach in telling him what he should not do. Roper: Hui is it going to really have any effect on whal ha- heen done in lhe pei-t 1 la llii- reeilh just patting (low 11 ill writing what the practice has been in the pee-l? Thurmond: Well, it is putting in writing a great many principles that have been practiced in the peist. This code will be inslilled into lhe minds and the hearts of the members of lhe Armed Forces and they will he trained in the principles of ihis code. They will be instructed in the camps, in the stations over ihe nation—ihe regular forces and lhe reserve forces. Roper: Could you tell us how this training would hi' done? Thurmond: This training will he carried on in classes eunl in many differenl ways. I niloubtedly, then' will la' films and lectures, and probably there will be \eirious other techniques and methods used by the Army in conducting this training. Doherty: Senator, do yon think it will work? Ilo yon think that in the event of future v»eir-. our men who are unfortu- neite enough to he eeiptured will he better .elite' to stand up to the enemy withoul revealing information? Senator Strom Thurmond (Democrat, South Carolina) is a ranking; authority on civilian and military affairs of llie United States. During World War II he served in the Ku- ropean and Pacific theaters, ami participated in the .Normandy invasion, and until recently Senator Thurmond was national president of thc Reserve Officers' Association of the U. S. Obviously, he is well qualified to answer the questions about the new Military Code of Conduct fired at him hy veteran reporters, James Koper of thc Washington Evening Star, and Jack Doherty of thc New York Daily Neirs with Robert F. Ilurleigh serving as moderator on this Facts Forum KKPORTFKS' KOUNDUP program. Thurmond: 1 would nol -ay that it will he perfect. Thai depends to a great extent on the individual, hui ihe average man can greatly enhance his training ind education if he has had the opportunity lo receive special training in ihis code. I here are siv articles of this code. They are all positive and they emphasize lhe willingness of the man lo give his life if necessary. But it also has protection in lure then if coercion is used, then lhe circumstances will hi' considered in each eunl every i eise pertaining lo the man. Roper: Senator, don'l you think that i- ei suggestion for the soldier to he wceik when you sny we will forgive him if he Thurmond: No, I do not think it is a suggestion. The psychiatrists seiv lhat ever) man has a breaking point. There may In- some who do not have ei break- ing point some who would go to death. I ndoubtedly there arc probably many who would go to death rather than re- veeil information. On the other hand, some men, for instance, upon being threatened with burning hy a cigarette might succumb. Others mighl nol suc- cumb unless tiny were threatened i" he burned with an iron. Olhers would not succumb at eill. This code gives them an ideal—il reminds them of their duly to iluir country and lo their comrades. It reminds them of whal lluir country expects of tin in. emd it is ei standard lo go hy emd il se-ts a high ideal. Doherty: In spite of that. Senator, isn't it true thai the will for self-preservation is a little stronger than love for country? Thurmond: Well, that's a hard epies- tion to decide. The will for self-preservation, of course, is a very impelling reason. On llie olher hand, if ei man has had proper religious education, proper training in his community emd in school, he should have learned lo he a true patriot, emd learned theii he has em obligation lo liis country, llieit he should he willing to serve his country - and, if necessary, to die for his country. If those principles are inslilled in the mem when lie is a child, and then in- -lillial in the members of the Armed Forces afler they reach there, with spe* rieil training, ihis will have great sig- iiile eiiiie. will help him to make a heller soldier, will help him lo have a stronger will, and lo hold out for his country and he a much hreiver and liner soldier. Page K> I'M Is RlldM NKWS, November. 1055
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