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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
File 041
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 041. 1955-11. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/600.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-11). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 041. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/600

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 041, 1955-11, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/600.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 10, November 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date November 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 041
Transcript Already the Soviel plan area has all the characteristics of the Grossraum of Hitler's Germany and of the co-prosperity sphere of prewar Japan. The plans of the satellites, originally two or three years in duration, are at the momenl orthodox five-year plans in step with Russia's own program. Just as they did for Russia, the plans provide for the industrialization of the seilelliles. A raw materials pool is envisaged by which each country exports raw ma- terials in relative abundance for goods in short supply that can be had from one or the other partner. This traffic, however, musl not be imagined as smooth commercial intercourse beiseal em the- profit motive and individual prosperity, bul rather as directed by when the Soviel I nion deems necessary in its own interest. The Soviels have gone so far as to send specialists to lhe satellites to super- vise production and to train skilled labor in order to step up production. They re- ceive trainees from satellite countries who learn next to lhe party doctrine mechanical skills in the USSR. On :i higher level the Russians established iiiiveel commissions for scientific and technological cooperation. So far there exist onh a Soviet-Polish, a Soviet-Al- baniein. a Soviet-Czech, a Soviet-Bul garian, and a Soviet-East German commission, ll is lhe task of these commissions to imparl Soviet know-how to the satellites in those industrial areas in which the Soviels wish a rapid increase of output. \\ hen- il i- necessary, the Russians send equipment and even ship whole factories to underindustrialized areas. In this connection the Russians boast that they have given Rumania badly needed oil refineries and take full credit for whatever improvements in equipment Finland's industries can show. WEB OF TREATIES At the same time, the Soviet orbit moved to establish uniform prices, tariffs, measures, and railroad gauges. The brotherhood is pushed even further in some areas, where the Russians established by force, of course, mixed corporations with joint management eis in the case of SovRom, the Russian-Rumanian oil concern, or in that of the mixed Rus- siem-Chinese civil aeronautics lines. To give all this activity a harmless appearance and to convince those who are gullible enough of their peaceful intentions, thc Russians have based this system of economic annexation on a mesh of commercial treaties. Anyone who SSIIP 7 One More Russian Smile By John Knott, Dallas Morning News, October 10, 1955 FACTS FORUM NEWS, November, 1955 reads the speech of Mikoyan. the past architect of Russian foreign trade, before the 19th party congress in Moscow in October. 1952. will be indeed surprised by the minister's constant reference to international law, commercial treaties. respect for the sovereignty of treaty partners — in brief, to all the concepts forever advocated by bourgeois jurisprudence. For their own case. Mr. Mikoyan and his collaborators praise the fact thai Russia's commercial treaties with the "people's republics"—which is Russia's term for the satellites—are long-term understandings. This, so thev say. guarantees a smooth development of the satellite industries, lt protects them against crises and gives them confidence in their future by securing adequate raw material supply and markets for their products. The Russians, of course, never mention the fact that these trealies meike lhe satellites completely dependent on the USSR and this not only for a short period, but rather for a long time to come. Indeed through protocols to the existing agreements or through renegotiation closer and closer ties are continually established, as was recently evidenced by the protocol of January. 1954, to the Russian-Chinese trade agreement of February, 1950. This protocol increased the items of exchange between the two countries in a considerable fashion, although the original agreement had already provided for the closest cooperation. In other words, the commercial treaties of the Soviet Union with the satellites serve as the legal basis for the annexation to the Russian Grossraum. The consequences of this annexation are clear. Soviet trade with the satellites and the trade of the satellites among themselves have tremendously increased, in some instances as in the case of the Russian-Finnish trade in machinery and machine tools as much as ten times over pre-war operations. Hy the same token. of course, the satellite trade with the Western countries has rapidlj decreased in spite of some occasional flickering hell- emd there. This is a fact of tremendous significance which cannot be stressed enough, beeause originally the trade of especially the European satellites with Russia was relatively small. The economies of Russia and of the satellites were not complementary, but in many ways—though of course in differenl dimensions—rather parallel. For buying and selling the seilelliles had therefore normally turned lo Centra] and Western Europe as their natural markets. This again is significant, because it shows that the satellites' turn to the Soviet Union must be accompanied by a structural change of their economies eis Page 39
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