o put his "■•
case, and ii
si ihe' racial
ml they also-
we have n"
ily a handful
PRINAi Hiidit now. ihere arc al) per cent more N'epro
pupils than there eire whites. Is that correct? There are
64,000 io 11.(Hill, something like that.
CORNING: I'm not following your mathematics exactly,
li is 61 per it ni of the total.
PRINAi Yes, I'm just saying ->0 per cent more.
HURLEIGHl Mr. I'rina ir. saving if there are 100.000
Undents ami 61,000 of the 100.000 would he Negro
students, there would he bul 10.000 white students, ami
therefore there would be approximately 50 per cent
more colored .indents than white students.
( 0RNING: I should have brought the head of the mathematics department alon<r with me.
HURLEIGH! Normally, I do not do so well at mathematics, believe me, Mr. Superintendent.
1'KINA: Well, that was all I had on the percentages,
HURLEIGH: Well. I would like to carry that a hit
beyond this point, lir. Corning, if we have this increase
<>,cr the nexl five or ten years, emd we reach the poinl
thai we have only 25 per rent of lhe student population will we not at that lime require more Negro teach*
er. emd staff officers? Would il not be oul of balance
and eould not there then he the charge made hy some
that too mein, of the Negro sehool students would he
taught hy white teachers?
CORNING: We'll, lhal would be a siluation lhal we'
couldn't control. There would nol lie a need for additional
teachers or sialT officers unless ihe total enrollment would
grow very measurably. In other words, the balance between
the two wouldn't change the need lor lhe number <il teachers. The number of teachers woulel In' dependent upon the
total number of children involved, whether ihey he while
I-KINA: e\l any reite, it would he decided simply on the
te.t heisis, wouldn't it? (If who was going to teach,
qualifications • . .
1 0RNING: Yes, examinations and all that—
ItiM.l Il's: Hut isn't it true. Dr. Corning, that even before integration began, we' heul H0O more Negro teaeliers
than while in the Washington school system?
CORNING: That is correct.
IMUNA: I was rather taken with your remarks, l>r.
Corning, that integration has not dropped the level of
teaching al eill in tin- Bchools in the Districl of Columbia. Do you contend that with the mixed classes that it
ha. heen possible lo continue the' same progress in these
CORNING: With those same differences existing, hefore
integration, Washington's percentage of students going to
college and succeeding therein, establishing line records,
weis higher than Ihe national average. In spite of the fact
thai even before integration we heul wide differences nf performance and ability in lln- schools, both in lhe colored and
HURLEIGH: Our board of judges has selected the following prize-winning questions submitted hy our listeners for this broadcast, "Dr. Corning, do yon think
that school integration will bring back the private school
movement of the carl. Colonial era?"
CORNING: I do nol think se. judging from presenl hi'nds,
because private and parochial sehool enrollments within the
District of Columbia have nol increased to emv verv great
extent during our first year of experience wilh integration.
Ami. we would expect probably as much migration to lhe
private Bchool and Ihe parochial school during the first vear
nl operation eis ;il any time'.
HI KI.KH.Il: Ami now for the second question! "Will
integration cause more disciplinary problems in the
schools than already exist?"
CORNING: The "already exists" confuses me a hit l>e-
cause we have integration at the moment. However, I Ihink
the answer would he lhal until people have heul opportunity
lo make adjustments lo entirely new situations, situations
they have not experienced lofore. there probably will be
more difficulty along the behavior line,
HURLEIGH] Here is the third question! "Will not the
standard ami quality of education in llu- South eventually he reused hy desegregation since lhe states will avoid
lhe costly burden of duplicating school facilities for
both while and Negroes?
CORNING: I'm sorry, sir, hui I'm not in lhe position al all
lo comment upon the conditions in the South. I only know
ih.' problems hen' in Washington.
Ill KI.KH.Il: Do you find it happening here in the
District of Columbia?
CORNING: No, I would say nol.
«? That w
Facts on Communism
Here ate some fails anil opinions for Americans lo think on as ihey view the Communist
leaders in llieir unnatural pose of friendliness:
From a speech by William Randolph Hearst, Jr., to Ihe National Press Club in Washington,
upon his return recently from inlet-views with the I.oil leaders in the Kremlin al Moscow:
"These men can be ruthless. They have been merciless. Certainly no humanitarian considerations would cause them lo hesitate lo wipe us oul if they thoughl they could gel away with it.
They believe lhe end justifies llie means, \iitl lor them, the end remains Communisl domination of lhe world. Khriisehev said so lo me quite frankly. He said ihey hoped to gain llie upper
band one day...
"We heard Molotov tell lhe Supreme Soviel (the legislative body) and I quote him: ■World
civilization will nol perish no mailer how much il mighl suffer from a new war.* He predicted
thai whal would perish would be our way of life. Thai should make it clear enough In us that
lhe Soviel leadership does nol rule oul war because of ils possible effect on civilization. It rules
il out for the present simply because of the respeel il has for the effectiveness of America's
Reprinted from 7Vie National Program Letter
nber, 19$ pACTS FORUM NEWS, November, 1955