PRINA 1 Righl now. there are 50 per cent more Negro
pupils than there are whites. Is that correct? There are
64,000 to 41,000, something like that.
CORNING: I'm not following your mathematics exactly.
ll is ()] per cent of the total.
PRINA I Yes, Pin just saying .">0 per cent more.
Ill KITH.II: Mr. Prina is saying if there are 100.000
students and 61,000 of the 100.000 would he Negro
Students, there would he hut 10,000 while students, and
therefore there would he approximately 50 per rent
more colored students than white students.
i 0RNING: 1 should have brought the head of the mathematics departmenl along with me.
HURLEIGH: Normally, I do not do so well at mathematics, believe me, Mr. Superintendent.
PRINAl Well, that was all I Itad on the percentages,
HURLEIGH: Well, I would like to carry that a hit
beyond this point. Dr. Corning, if we have this Increase
over the next five or ten years, anil we reach the point
that we have only 2."> per cent of the student population will we not at that lime require more Negro teacher- and staff officers? Would it not he out of balance
and could not there then he the charge made by some
that too many of the Negro school students would he
taught by white teachers?
CORNING: Well, thai would be a situation lhat we
Couldn't control. There would nol be a need for additional
teachers or sialT officers unless the total enrollment would
'-■row very measurably. In other words, the balance between
the two wouldn't change the need for the number of teachers. The number of teachers would be dependent upon lhe
total number of children involved, whether they be while
PRIN \: At any rate,
le-l basis, wouldn't
qualifications , , .
it would be decided simply on the
it? Of who was going to teach.
' .(MINING: Yes, examinations and all that—
KOGKKS: Hut isn't ii true. Dr. Corning, that even before Integration began, we had 300 more Negro teacher-
than white in the Washington school sy>lem?
CORNING: That is correct.
I'KINA: I was rather taken with your remarks. Dr.
Corning, that Integration has not dropped ihe level of
teaching at all in the schools in the District of Columbia. Do you contend that wilh the mixed classes that it
has been possible lo continue the same progress Ui these
CORNING: With those same differences existing, before
integration, Washington's percentage of students going to
college and succeeding therein, establishing fine records,
was higher than the national average. In spile of the fact
thai even before integration we had wide differences of performance and abilily in the schools, both in the colored and
HURLEIGH: Our board of judges has selected the following prize-winning questions submitted hy our listener- for this broadcast, "Dr. Corning, do you think
that school integration will bring back the private school
movemenl of the early Colonial era?"
CORNING: 1 do nol think so judging from present trends.
because private and parochial school enrollments within the
District of Columbia have nol increased to anv verv great
extent during our first year oi experience with integration,
■ind, we would expect probably as much migration to the
private school and lhe parochial school during the first year
of operation as at any time.
Ill Kl 114*11: And now for the second question: "Will
integration cause more disciplinary problems in the
schools than already exist?"
CORNING: The "already exisls" confuses me a bil because we have integration at the moment. However, I think
the answer would be thai until people have had opportunity
to make adjustments to entirely new situations, situations
they have nol experienced before, there probably w ill be
more difficulty along the behavior line.
HURLEIGH: Here is the third question: "Will not the
standard and quality of education in lhe South eventually be raised by desegregation since the states will avoid
the cosily burden of duplicating school faculties for
both while and Negroes?
* 0RNING: I'm sorry, sir, bul I'm not in the position at all
to commenl upon the conditions in the South. I only know
the problems here in Washington.
HURLEIGH: Do you find it happening here in the
District of Columbia?
CORNING: No, I would say not.
cent. Can y'j
rs? That WOM
in ami wheth«'r
Facts on Communism
Mere are some facta ;ui<l opinions for Americana to iliink on as llicy view the Communis!
leaders in their unnatural pose of friendliness:
From a speech by William Randolph Hearst, Jr., lo the National Press Clul> in Washington,
upon his return recently from interviews with the Ked leaders in the Kremlin ai Moscow:
"These men ean he ruthless. They have heen merciless. Certainly no humanitarian considerations would cause them to hesitate to wipe us out if ihey thought ihey could gel away with it.
They believe the end justifies the means. Ami for them, the end remains Communist domination of the world. Khrusehev said so to me quite frankly. He said they hoped lo gain lhe upper
hand one day ■ . .
"We heard Molotov tell the Supreme Soviel (lhe legislative body) and I quote him: "World
civilization will not perish no matter how much il mighl suffer from a new war.' He predicted
lhal whal would perish would he our way of life. Thai should make it clear enough to us that
the Soviet leadership does not rule out war because of ils possible effeel on civilization. It rules
it out for the present simply because of the respect it has for the effectiveness of America's
Reprinted from The National Program Letter
\9 FACTS FORUM NEWS, November, 1955