UT TUND FOR THE REPUBLIC?
ting from tb
umbia 1 'nivcr
ihi- is so. Hi
ell with lhe al
f high schorl
lhe work wil
umn of 1955
of the I .Im
arris is showi
Fund for Re
of teachers ii
I is the- xx i<b
laws and praj
hts. 'flu- Vol
i funds tn meek
a. Illinois, ;ui'
lhe higher in
enk Byse, Prt
1 niversity (
s Joughin, ee
ipe is that til'
ist teachers I
sition. hut wi'
landing of li-n
ated with \ee|i
i- iii reportinj
in freedom fl
■ted the \nici'
a Newsletter o|
■ expression I'1
nittee. It i- ti
■mil Times lie
Lives of eill ll'1
n that use th1
ei concerted W
I»n-i Office Dj
ith freedom ''
t, and the I'1
It ei ili-pet-ili't
el believes tW
the powers ;i'|L
ment with n
ression i- call''1
leiken lo lineiii'
il aspect nf oh
on by onii-''
i ihe defense \
the accused; il involves also the' adequacy of the litigation in defining his
rights and those of others win. now nr
in lhe future may he similarly situated.
If an individual is nol properly repre-
sented, In- men nol receive fair treat-
nienl. In addition, precedents may be
established thai perpetuate injustice.
Among those who suffer from unusual
legal difficulties an- those wlm conscientiously differ with prevalenl practices and policies, 'flu- conscientious objector to military service doe- not fare
well in thi- country; nor does the person
who conscientious!) objects to leiking an
oath or In idling aboul the unpopular
activities of his acquaintances. In order
in eis-i-i conscientious non-conformists
emd in h.-lp iii establish their rights, the
Fund has made a grant In lln- American
Friend- Service Committee, which will
use it to obtain legal representation in
cases nf conscience, in litigate dubious
points in ih.- law, and In provide economic assistance In defendants in certain instances.
flic Fund is framing a general pro-
'-'leiin of cooperation with heir associations in assisting defendants to obtain
counsel, particularly in cases in which
civil liberties .iv involved. Meanwhile,
il has made grants tn the Voluntary Defenders Committee, Inc.. of Mas-ei-
chusetts ami tn ih.- \ssociation ,.f the
Hen ..I ih. Cit) nf New 'link Fund,
Inc. Under tin- latter grant a committee
is aiding unpopular defendants.
IMMIGRANTS AND ALIENS
The difficulties lhal besel immigrants
''nul aliens in the United States appear
tn bene been growing mine numerous
;iinl iiHiii- serious since lhe weir. The
legal assistance thai is required i- specialized ami hard lo find. The Fund
'Heide ;i grant lo lhe Common Council
lor Amcricein I nily fnr lhe purpose "f
enabling il in go in ihe rescue nf aliens
-md immigrants caught in lhe machinery
"f lhe law. In Mav. 1955, lhe' Fund
Blade a second grant thai will permit
''it- Common Council tn assemble eunl
describe a large number nf tin- cases
"ilh which il has dealt. This reporl
mould help the people lo understand
-he operation of the laws affecting aliens
In \i.w nf il< -teitcd purposes il i- nal-
"ral lhat tin- Fund fm tin- Republic
mould be concerned about racial dis-
"Crimination. Its largest grant wa- made
to the Southern Regional Council to
strengthen ils headquarters in Atlanta
•'inl I., staff twelve state affiliates with
mil-time professional personnel. Tbe
WIDE WORLD PHOTO
J. Russell Wiggins, Executive Editor of The
Washington Post and Times Herald, tells a
Senate subcommittee that the government
should provide penalties for too much, as
well as too little, use of the secret label.
Catholic Interracial Council of Chicago
has received funds I" help it to mitigate
the acute racial tension thai has developed in Trumbull Park, Chicago. I he
National Council eef Churches nl Christ
in lhe I .S.A., Department nf Racial eiml
Cultural Relations, weis given ei grant tn
support its efforts t" solve problems aris-
ing in the border states oul of the decision "f ihe Supreme Courl declaring
segregated schools unconstitutional, lln'
\inciii5in Friends Service Committee,
wilh ihe aiel nf ihe Fund, i- working on
the economic situation "f the Indians in
ihe Southwest, nl Negroes in Dallas.
IVxes. emd Greensboro, North Carolina,
.-mil mi difficulties in ihe sel I- nl
Washington thai bene fnlleeweal the decision nf the Supreme < lourt.
The Public Education Association of
New 1 ork ( itv. eti the request ol the
Board of Education, is studying racial
-. gregation and educational discrimination In the schools of the city. The Fund
is helping to finance this investigation.
li i- the only one of the sorl now being
■ hnlcd in a northern community, ll
will seek in answer such questions as:
I- there ei deliberate attempt to segregate children in city schools? Arc Negro
emd Puerto Rican children given the
same educational opportunities thai
other children In New York City receive? What can be done in promote integration? The Board nf Education has
appointed a commission to examine the
results of this inquiry and to make
recommendations for action.
No comprehensive survey of housing
for minority groups has ever been
made. I hen- i- a general impression
that minorities, particularly Negroes, encounter serious obstacles in finding
places to live or in building new homes.
It is thoughl thai they pen more anel
gel less than other sections oi the- population. The Fund has established a Commissi,m on Race and Housing to look
into these questions.
| A complete lisl of the commission
members is listed in the Report.
The Carrie Chapman Call Memorial
Fund has enlisted the interest of the
members e.f the League of Women Voters and many other organizations in
ei projeel known eis "Freedom Agenda."'
The object e.l this program i- to involve
all the groups in a community in a continuing discussion of the basic rights
of Vmericans. Five hundred communities ena- now taking pari. The Fund has
made ei granl for the support of this
The Council for Social Action of the
Congregational Christian Churches is
pursuing a similar object. It is seeking t..
stimulate debate aboul civil liberties
among ihe- members of il- affiliated
churches. The Fund has made a granl
to the Council for ibis projeel. Grants
for the same kind of educational work
hem- gone to the I niversalisl Service
Committee, for ;i program being conducted jointly with lhe Council of Liberal Churches; to the YMCA, and to
flu- Illinois Departmenl of the American Legion, in cooperation with the
American Heritage Council nf Chicago,
hei- eielo|ili'il a plan of popular education
centering around the discussion ..I the
basic documents in the history of the
I nihil Steilcs. Irving Breakstone, commander of the Illinois department, calls
this educational efforl a "positive approach" to communism. Ih- In- .-\-
pressed the hope thai ihe program will
spread throughoul ihe departments "f
lhe Legion. The Fund fnr the Republic
has made a granl tn tin- \merican
Heritage Council In enable il In assist
In ihis enterprise for two years.
The r'und has made- arrangements
wilh tin- Viiilioliitnk Compan) for the
manufacture of four records thai will
present selections from the classics mi
freedom, lln- company ha- developed a
process of putting hunks on 16 r.p.m.
records lhat makes ii possible in sell a
recorded book at et retail price com-
parable tn tin- cosl nl ei printed volume.
In the efforl In arouse interest in
i nil liberties, tn explain their import-
See Editor's Note nn Page 11.
S, \ovember, I" I \e |s i- r)KI \1 NEWS, Sovemb, ■ 1955