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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 013. 1955-11. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. October 29, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/572.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-11). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 013. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/572

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955 - File 013, 1955-11, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed October 29, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/629/show/572.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 10, November 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 10, November 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date November 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 013
Transcript FUND LIC n mind, the large lump- support. It n these gen- of the new ,ee lo work o make such iper, withoul ord Founds- ns. The Fund pointed w ith its own in hv. 1953, the ted $1 1,000,- „nd. At that a completely 'mid has not approve the • Foundation nllucncc over the Fund to ae as that of eneficiary of I P. Case, I , New Jil-eV. he Fund. Air. . 1953. He rein to the Sen- ceded him on :IES mblic was i— problems th* spend it- pri"' be judicious!} in the supp,"' e not interested Seel- i- it ee.llii,en. Its effort? diate issues "' ■ i,gages in re- lhe Fund >! •s to question? 1 is to advanoj liberties. Th' ieves thai tH Id not be co"1 gh neglect A nil the citi/i't rights are ad in. This i- th' as used all th' n radio, Uuj azines, recorol an interest \ 'ivil liberties and to encourage debate about them. The Fund for the Republic is a kind "f fund tor the American Dream. This "ream undoubtedly has economic aspects; many people came to this country in the hope of gelling rich. But the essence of the dream i- and alwa) - has "ecu freedom, the escape' from tyranny political, religious, economic, social !ato a free country where- ei man could Work out bis own destiny in his own »ay. The Fund for the Republic is dedicated to reminding .Americans of 'his essential quality of the American "ream and to reporting on the state "f freedom today. There has seldom been a time al which these mailers bene nol deserved "ttention. Bul it musl be admitted thai the Cold War has thrown the whole subject into unusual disorder. A politi- '■il peulv in this country has been identified with the "enemy.' Those associated with ihis peulv have therefore come Under suspicion as an imminent danger '" the' -telle. In \ ie'w of the' weapiin- ""w available emd nf the examples nl Subversion thai other countries have of- '''I'-'l. ihe danger ha- seemed great, though often mysterious ami intangible. " has appeared thai lln- peril tn the Country could he deall wilh onl) I" ""■linn!- lhal drasticall) departed from those which have characterized Anglo- American jurisprudence, lln- range "I suspected persons has '''" enormously extended hv resorl lo '-'"ill b) association. The evidence of- ''red to show that a man is a danger jo American institutions has often been •"'' "eilly remote. The treatmenl accorded suspected persons in congressional Investigations ami administrative hear- '"-is he,- nol always heen that contemplated hv lie- Sixth Amendment. A kind ''' contim - propaganda and social l'r''—lire has been ke'pi up thai has ended tn suppress conscientious nonconformity. Political advantage has accrued from .1,liming lhat others were '"differenl lo lhe lineal of communism. he result ha- been thai governmental 'facers, university presidents, and ordinary citizens have fell ii necessary t" '""hit inordinate anxiety on this score. "ie Fund for lhe Republic lakes im jjosition mi these matters, beyond af- ""rnhig jis failh in the principle- upon 'ntch our government is founded, as '''' forth in Ihe Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. The '"id does believe, however, thai the ""'li'ein people, whn musl lake a po- , 'On nn these matters, should pay at- . ntton in them emd In- adequately in- "'"i'-'l al I them. The objecl of the S, Vovember, I'" y \' iS FORI \| NEWS, Vovember, 195S Fund is to help supply the requisite information. CONGRESSIONAL INVESTIGATIONS Al its first meeting ihe board authorized a grant for lhe work of lhe special committee of tin- American Hen Association mi Individual Rights as Affe-e-teal l,\ Neiiinueil Security. This committee decided in stud) congressional investigatinns eis ils lir-t subject. The recommendations of the committee which are printed in the Appendix*, wen- adopted by the American Bar Association by an overwhelming vole in Vugust, 1954. The administration of congressional investigations has improved since thai date One of the factors in the improvement has undoubtedl) heen ihe inllucnee of the Bar Association. AMERICAN LEGACY Another early action taken by the board was lhe creation nf a study committee em tlie American Legacy under Stanle) Pargellis of Ihe Newberry Library in Chicago. In late 1953 ibis committee presented a series "f recommendations, ;i number nf which have since he.-n adopted. Among these wei- a recommendation for a sluily of lhe groups on lhe extreme right in Ihis country. The Fund ha- since commissio I several pilot sin,lies on ihis topic. THE COMMUNISTS IN AMERICA Since inu-l ,,f the' pressure on civil liberties has resulted frnm fear of the Communists in \merica, the- Fund financed a studv nf lhe official records hearing on Communisl activity h\ a committee under the chairmanship of Professor Arthur F. Sutherland nl the Harvard Law School. The committee i- li-le-d in ihe Appendix". Air. Sutherland's group ha- prepared a digest nl Ihe principal judicial emd administrative hearings in which lhe Communist party heis he-en involved, together with a full bibliography. These volumes have been distributed t" universit). research, and public libraries. Microfilm records of the leading courl cases on Communisl activities have heen placed in a few large libraries throughout the enunlry. In order lo discover whal the attitudes of the American people toward Communists and radicals were, ihe Fund in.nil- em appropriation for a national opinion survey h\ ;i committee under iln- leadership nf Professor Sam- ei,-I V Stouffer nf Harvard I niversity, which has resulted in ;i book, Communism, Conformity, and Civil Liberties. Air. Stouffer shows lhat lhe American people, eil ihe' date nf tin- study, were remarkably intoleranl of minority views. The mosl encouraging aspeel of his findings was lhal young people, better educated people, eiml "community lead- ers" wen- more tolerant than the cross- section e.f the- population. Tin- members nf Mr. Stouffer's committee appear in the Appendix. Many puhlie- actions have been taken and many political reputations have heen buill on assumptions aboul whal the Communists in lhe 1 nited States bene been able lo accomplish and what they are doing al the' presenl lime, lt has se'e-med useful lo make -nine efforl in discover whether or not these assumptions are well-founded. The Fund has made em appropriation to enable Professor (Ilinlon Rossiter of Cornell 1 niversity lo carry out a definite study of what the Communist party has amounted to and whal il amounts in now. Air. Rossiter emd his associates will seek tn show what lhe successes emd failures nf ihe' Communists have been in various importanl segments nf American life. It i- expected lhat lhe investigation will lake two nr three' years. The members nf Air. Rossiter's group ami lhe topics mi which llicy are working appear in lhe- Appendix.* ANALYSIS OF TESTIMONY RELATIVE TO COMMUNISM lln- accepted view of Communisl activity in lhe 1 nited Slate-- rests in a large pent on evidence given in various contexts bv a small number of witnesses. There heis never been a sustained ami rigorous analysis of the sum total of ihi- material. Indeed, lhe materia] has never heen collected in one plan'. The School of Law of Stanford Uni- versity has received a grant lo assemble the- statements nl iln- mosl importanl nf these witnesses ami In make an objective analysis and critical summary nf them. The study will he conducted under lhe direction of Herbert Packer of tbe New A ork ami Supreme Courl Bars, who will work in Washington until January 1 and join the Stanford law faculty on lhat dale. THE LOYALTY-SECURITY PROGRAM (Im- immediate response io the alarm about lhe activities nf American Communists wa- the loyalty-security program of lhe federal government, under which all governmenl employees have In be cleared. This ha- aroused much controversy, ll i- alleged that ihe right- of individuals have been sacrificed In the Editor's Note Pa«e I I
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