JT ThUND FOR THE REPUBLIC?
ions of these
■ and more
and thai you
lb the reports
that he tncn-
whnm he or
in wilh thc
■d what they
i rigbl. or I
ee ihi- spring
irable for the
hich weis paid
weis not Sov-
•y manage W
to the Soviel
, I guess, the
t their people
helic to corn-
on.-, and th«'v
ghl man out-
and in some
a or Yale »r
i to me, moslb
bizers, emd so
was nol obli-
the names "'
ir; more lhe"1
a lime on e""
f were olli-re'1'
ir. it wei- eill''
rof 1020 win'",
.rations, of on'
ifereni't- le' ■'
ispices of th'
e. \,„,„,/„',. KM
League ,»f Nations. I attended ;i lunch
given by a lol of Foreign law mis in
the- lie-Id of international law. ami then
some of mv foreign acquaintances introduced me to a man I don'l remember his name, unfortunately whn ei-keal
no- whether I am interested tn come tn
I'eiris eiml gel el fellowship in a Paris
organization of Carnegie Endowmenl
for International Peace.
Before ihis came in tedk. 1 lold him
that I read a lot of publications of this
endowmcni and I appreciate the big and
valuable work done' by this endowmenl
in the Held of— it stalled at the origin
of World War I. et cetera, el cetera, and
evidently in answer of my interest and
appreciation he asked myself perhaps I
would be interested. I seiid. "A es, ' and
to say the t rut li I have completely forgotten the whole conversation.
.1/r. Bogolepov. When I come back to
Moscow, perhaps iii two or three months,
'n my office came an official Invitation
from Carnegie Endowmenl proposing
tie to come to Paris eunl gel a fellow-
ship for one year's work in the held
°f international leiw. I was extremel)
glad to gel away from the Soviet I nion,
"f course, at leasl feu one year, and. on
'in- second hand. I was interested in the
"ili-rnatieineil law and the possibility "I
studying il in Ihis organization, so I
immediately answered, saying, "Thank
v"n. and in due time I will inform you
"hether it is possible for me or nol to
sccepl your invitation"; and I reported
the whole business to my superiors, to
foreign Commissar Litvinov.
Ihey discussed it evidently in some
luarters, ihis proposal; I did nol know
"nything aboul il. and then I was in-
fori I thai I had to write a letter to
Carnegie Endowmenl in Penis thanking
them for kind invitation and saying
*hal m\ duties make it impossible fnr
n'e in leave Moscow righl nnw. hui I
u"iild recommend warml) a friend of
'"inc. the employee of the same Foreign
'nice, a certain Air. Hershelman.
Mr. Keele. Let llie get the spelling of
'/;. Bogolepov. Il-e-r-s-h-e-l-m-a-n. I
"i I remember hi- firsl name.
I knew ihis Hershelman, and I met
"m in the Foreign Office, hut. a- ei
Matter of fail. In- was not an employee
'.'/ 'lie Foreign Office, hui. of the Soviel
olitica] Intelligence, which i- known
""^ under tin- name of MCI!, tin- secrel
(Wice, and with iln- foreign administra-
''°n of ihis MGB, which i- in charge of
!'' Soviel spy acth ity abroad.
So ihi- nieiii wa- assigned wilh ibis
mission nl going in Paris emd tei stud)
international law wilh ihe Carnegie Endowmenl fnr International Peace.
From the reports which I later saw
from our Ambassador in Paris, this
mission nl Hershelman wei- again in
connection w ith lln- -emu- eepe-ralinn infiltration which I reported in you when
1 had spoken about lhe American matters.
IDEOLOGICAL SABOTAGE OF
AMERICA AND FRANCE
I have to specify thai in Europe,
France, an infiltration into ihe French
intellectual circles, universities, scientific societies, and foreign administration was one of tbe mosl importanl
tasks which lhe Soviel government, the
Communisl government, pul before itself, -o there were two major points
nf application of all efforts of infiltration
and, as 1 call il. ideological sabotage:
The firsl one was America, and in
Europe it was France.
.. . afler a graduation from ihis Paris
endowmenl he came for a short time' to
Moscow jusl in order to get a high as-
signmenl in lhe League of Nations, li
was a lime in 1934 when lhe Soviel
Union weis admitted to the League of
Nalions. and Hershelman became Deputy Secretary General of the League of
Nations, and in ihis connection he weis
organizing tin- same business inside the
Geneva organization, putting the So\ iet
agents eiml Soviel sympathizers in eill
importanl positions inside tin- League
of Nalions ...
1//. Keele. At lhe linn- Hershelman's
name was submitted to the Carnegie
Foundation, Carnegie Endowment, did
you w rile the letter in which you recommended Hershelman's name when you
declined In become a fellow or to receive the' scholarship? Die! you name
1/r. Bogolepov. No. I did il through
the Pari- Embassy. They got the order
that was fnr them to say lhal "Mr.
Bogolepov can'l lake- vour kind—accepl
your kind invitation, hui In- recommends
such emd such ei man," and there was
nn trouble. Hershelman kit \h.-'aew
pretty soon afler I was obliged lo decline my ow n im itation.
1/r. Keele. Dei you know nf vour own
knowledge whether or nol the name submitted weis thai of Hershelman or was
another name submitted.
1/r. Bogolepov. No. sir: thai I don't
know. If 1 have written letters myself
eertaiuK I should, I would have know n
the name. Rut wilh thi- business, delicate business, you know, they newer
trusl people ie. approach directly. They
iiin-tK use the organization like embassy
to inform that.
1/r. Keele. In other words, you did
mil actually write the letter: it was
written through lhe Soviel Embassy in
1/r. Bogolepov. That is right; in
1/r. Keele. Has the Sen iel governmenl
been instrumental in gelling fellowships
fm- Latin-American students nf their
choosing from tin- foundations?
.1/r. Bogolepov. A es.
1/r. Keele. Will you tell us a hit about
FORUM NEWS, Vovembi
_- WORLD PHOTO
Igor Bogolepov, former Soviet Foreign office employee who left Moscow in the 1940's and
is under death sentence by the Kremlin.