Marine Oath Clarification
»E ARE indebted to Miss Loretta A.
Otto, of 4517 Vista Street, Philadelphia 36. Pennsylvania, who has sent
us the following information:
"In the May issue of Fads Forum
\eus there appeared a letter in the
Letters to the Editors contest from C. G.
Richardson of Kirkland. Washington,
which concerned the omission of the
word 'God' and reference to defense of
the Constitution from the Marine Oath.
"Then in the Brooklyn Tabic! on May
21. appeared the enclosed editorial.
seeming to clarify the situation. ... I
thought you would like to have the editorial to set the record straight."
TWO OATHS FOR THE MIMTARi
From The Brooklyn Tablet, May 21, 1955
In an article in The Tablet last fall.
a contributor i|Uoted an "oath of enlistment'* which was said to have been taken
by men in the armed forces during
World Wars I and II and which pledged
support for the Constitution of the United
States and ended with "so help me God."
The article then quoted the "present
oath of enlistment, copied from the of-
fieial form of the I. S. Marine Corps,"
which mentioned neither the Constitu
tion nor God. In the issue of March 26.
1955, a correspondent, in the Readers'
Forum, said that he had been informed
bv the Commandant of the Marine Corps
that the oath without mention of tin-
Constitution or of God was the standard
form in all branches of the armed forces,
according to an act of Congress of May
The issue interested a zealous and
scholarly member of St. Francis of Assisi
parish. FI. Joseph Mahoney. He requested Congressman Francis E. Dorn.
who happens to be a leader in St. Augustine's parish activities, to ascertain the
facts and history of the oath of enlistment. The latter's investigation indicated
that the oath taken by enlisted men, without mention of the Constitution or of
God, dated from 1806. .\on-substantial
changes were made in 1920 and again in
1950. Congressman Dorn received the
information from Major General John
A. Klein. Adjutant General. Department
of the Army.
From Katharine 11. Stroup. staff assistant in the division of manpower and
personnel of the office of the Assistant
Secretary oF Defense, Mr. Mahonej
learned that the oath which includes the
pledge of support of the Constitution and
the phrase "so help me I'oil' is a separate
one and is taken by all officers (except
certain non-citizens) newly appointed in
the armed forces.
The texts of both oaths Follow:
I. , do solemnly swear (or affirm)
that I will support anel defend the Constitution of the Inited States against all
enemies, foreign ami domestic; that 1 will
hear true faith ettnl allegiance to the same:
that I take tins obligation freely, withoul
any mental reservation or purpose "1 .-\.i
sion; and that I will well and faithfullv
discharge the duties of the office upon
vvliie-h I am eile.eeil tee enter; SO /i'7/i me
I, , do solemnly swear (oraffirm)
that I will hear true faith anil allegiance
to the United States ni America; theit 1 will
serve them honestly anel faithfully against
all their enemies whomsoever; lhat I will
obey the orders of lhe President nt the
I nited States tan! the orders of llie nlln < i s
appointed over me according tn regulations
eunl the Uniform Ceeele nf Military Justice.
And I do further swear that all statements
made hy me, as given in this record, are-
Rep. H. K. Gross of Iowa, meanwhile,
has introduced a resolution I U.K. 5598)
lo have thc oath of enlistment revised to
include the pledge to support and defend
the Constitution ami tin' phrase "so help
(Continued from Page 53)
on all nations to ratify the Genocide
Convention. The United States representative formally signed the Convention.
Mr. Dulles had been an ardent supporter
of the UN human rights program, and
in 1949 he had publicly chided the
American Bar Association for opposing
ratification of the Genocide Convention.
Mr. Dulles' position is characterized by
Mr. Holman as "the old argument of
asking the people to rely on a government oF men instead of a government
The author is particularly concerned
with the hundreds of UN treaties ami
covenants which attempt to regulate domestic matters: "The United Nations
Charter created the Economic and Social
Council with powers to appoint sub-
agencies to draft pacts, covenants and
treaties with respect to social, economic.
educational, cultural and health matters
for all the people of the world, including
the people of the United States."
Considerable attention is given to the
Covenant of Human Rights and the
Genocide Convention as illustrative of
the extreme degree to which UN bureaucrats are attempting to control thc private affairs of individual Americans.
Added to Mr. dolman's text are excellent articles by Samuel li. Petlingill.
Caret Garrett, Frank Chodorov, I lieu
Clarence Manion and Dun Knowlton.
Mr. Knowlton exposes the fantastic socialized medicine program embodied in
two I.L.O. Conventions.
Appendices cover the famous Pink
' e-e emd the dissenting opinion in the
Sle'cl Seizure case. Also included arc
tabulations of the final votes on the
Bricker Proposal and lhe George Substitute Proposal.
Frank Holman sums up the beisie' issue
in a positive and accurate manner:
"Never forget that the issue invulvial in
this amendmenl is the greatest issue
which faces America leielav. greater than
taxes or inflation or even (lommunisl
infiltration . . . The issue is the beisie
issue- of whether wc anil our children
and our children's children are io have
a government of men or a government
of adequate constitutional safeguards.
Remember again and always, there is no
place in the American concepl of gov
ernment for omnipotent power excepl in
the people themselves, for our Forefathers
intended and specifically said that all
powers not delegated to the Federal government are reserved to the slates and
to the people."
'Ihis is one concept of government.
Th. other, the concept of unlimited executive power, is illustrated in the collo-
epiy between the courl anil lhe Assistant
Attorney General in the- Steel Seizure
Court: "And is il not also your view
that the powers of lhe governmenl ein-
limited by ami enumerated in lie i ■"
stitution of the United States?"
Assistant Attorney General: "Thai i-
true, Your Honor, wilh respect t" legislative powers."
Court: "But that it is not true, vou
-.iv. ei- to the' Executive?"
Assistant \11• >111• -\ i leneral: "No . . .'
Court: "So, when the sovereign people
adopted the Constitution, ii enumerated
the powers se-l up in the' ( nn-litution bul
limited lhe power- of (.ingress eunl
limited llu- powers of tin- judiciary, but
it did not limit lhe powers of the Executive. Is that whal vmi seiv '!"
Assistant Alloiniv General: "Theit is
the way we read Article II of lb.- Constitution.
G. W. 1)1 \K\IOMI. .In
FACTS FORUM NEWS, September, 1955