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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955 - File 049. 1955-09. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 19, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/489/show/468.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-09). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955 - File 049. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/489/show/468

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955 - File 049, 1955-09, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 19, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/489/show/468.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 8, September 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date September 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 049
Transcript over an apparently impossible dilemma, let him cast the first stone. Many Americans cannot see why Chambers can lie fairly accused of exaggeration. What he says about the influence of Hiss and communism is nol in terms of genera] statements, bul t In - naming of particular persons at particular times in particular places. This description of "Washington before and during the war was run by Communists and fellow-travellers" which appeared to the English reviewer as exaggeration and as "useful to the McCarthy-ites" is not tossed aside in the U.S.A. There' is considerable difference of opinion aboul McCarthy and his tactics; bul even his worsl critics have to admit that he is nol always wrong. Americans believe thai there »eis (and probably isi a powerful Communisl conspiracy and thai ii penetrated quite deeply into American government and life. i .'i i Vmericans have learned thai nol •ill Coi mists are "queer;" and thai il may have appeal even for the mo-i able and idealistic of our young people. The revelations of the informers have given the \mericans a new idea of what a Communist is like. For over a third of a cenlun ever since I first came to know Communists and communism in Siberia in 1918, I have- stated now and then in public addresses that the fight against communism would be easier if we could recognize our enemy. If only every Communisl were to wear a tall fur cap, a black beard, a sheepskin coat, a smock, carry a gun in each hand, hand grenades in his belt and a knife in his teeth, then you would know whom you had to fight. Hut the Communists I mel in Siberia were mostly quiel people'. scholarly, with strong sympathy for the Underdog and a quiet resolve to do somc- thing about it. The Chambers and Bentlej I k- elo- -'lilie- Communists "I such a type. The English review refers to Chambers as "ne of those men whose "temperament desires a cause to which they can wholly sul'inil themselves" anil seems to imply •hat sue li i- em unusual human trait. But ii is nol unusual; il is almost universal. T" desire I" give one's life to a cause i-. I ibink. the distinctive mark of Ulan. Chambers and Bentley joined the Communisl movemenl precisely because Its purpose' vva- one to which eeieli I" "'iiii In could "holly subscribe, and be- 'niisi' its program seemed practical and '" call for llieir full participation; even '""re-, for llieir complete dedication, •hey seemed to go into it for the same •easons thai one would enter the minis- lr* or leaching en the missionary field. lhe Chambers and Bentley stories 'fiould be interesting to all educational Jdministrators. They should cause them "irienisly to think; for after all they • ••••••• VI* ATHY is sinister. Ignorance ean bring disaster. \<> American can risk be- ing uninformed. Facts Forum ISeus is making available lo all Americans a means of obtaining the faeis on all-important issues. Become better informed by subscribing today. Help inform others so they, tOO, mav disCUSB enrrenl ennlrmersies intelligently. \ gif'l subscription to Facts Forum .Yens is a pal riot ie push in the right direction. Subscription ratesi 81 for six months, $2 for a year. • •••*••• were students or pupils nol so long ago. Judging upon the basis of sheer native ability alone', il is obvious lhat Chambers and Bentley were students of great promise. Chambers, without influence, rose to the top of the editorial ladder. Bentley later revealed great administrative abilily in her operation "I an inlri- i eeie- Communist apparatus. Yet despite their ability, both made great mistakes when they were students; and it is a great tragedy that their educational expe- rience did not help them at that time to foresee their errors and that they were nol allien led to a life of devotion to American ideals. Obviously, so far as these two were concerned, communism offered a more attractive emd practical program for social betterment. Our schools and colleges and universities will be recreant In their duly, will fail I" play the part in the defense "I freedom that the American | pie de- ineinil. if young people of great abilily continue to be so easilv seduced, if we fail to attract them and command their consecration to the defense and furtherance of our ideals. That is why I think our Citizenship Education Project and other similar projects are so important and deserve our fullest support. CONCLUSION To conclude, the einalvsis vve bene ju-t made, in general, supporls the American side ni this controversy. The Communist threat is too dangei mis to be ignored. At Teachers College I well remember two occasions jusl after World War II when we consulted H ilh Jem Masaryk and heard a lecture by the then ambassador from Czechoslo- \eikiei lo Washington. Each expressed im leu of communism, stated ilmi his coun- ii\ could live happil) between the two greal powers eiml could well interpret lhe one lo the oilier. Czech liberty, they thought, was iii no danger of extinction. Yel il was only a short time until the crushed body of Jan Masaryk lay beneath his window and the ambassador languished in exile, far from the country which had been hetraved by enemies within. Europeans run grave dangers when they underestimate the Communist threat. They run even greater dangers when they permit their schools to remain neutral regarding a question of life and death. The above analysis supports the Amer- ii.ui decision that schools must take definite action with regard to communism. Schools cannot remain neutral when it comes to the question of liberty 13 tyranny, any more than they can re- fuse to take sides on questions of right and wrong. The American school administrator and the college president will fail in his duty if he ignores education Im citizenship and refuses to give ii everj encouragement emd support. No future student should be condemned to attend a school or college which makes no conscious effort to capture the enthusiasm and idealism of the young and offers no program capable of enlisting his willingness to serve. This analysis puis proper education for American citizenship at the top of the list in our program of studies. When American schools and colleges have strong programs of citizenship education: when lhe teachers have developed high skill in presenting such instruction and in guiding such activities; when materials of instruction will have been well prepared and widely available; when pupils take advantage of -inh opportunities; then the negative side of anti-CommunisI activities ma) assume lesser importance. There will ob- viousl) be far less need for teachers' oaths, Communist-banning, textbook inquiries, when pupils and teachers ein- engaged in powerful programs of Americanism. The more positive teaching, the less need for restrictive measures. We are in a cold war that may con tinue for a long time. In modern war we cannot leave the fighting to hired mercenaries, nor to professional warriors. In total weir, every person, every institution must ilo il- pari. Education can- n"i remain aloof. Oliver Cromwell once ga\e' ei defini- liein of his ideal soldier. Hi' said, "I had rather have a plain russet-coated cap- lain that knows whal be fights for and |o\e'- whal he knows, than that which you i all a gentleman and nothing else." That is what the free people of the world need in this modern, total war in which we are all engaged; Citizens who know what they fight for and love what ihc\ l.ntiu . What th, v llgbl feer thev learn in school. What thej love they gain in school. Clad in such shining armor, neither they nor we need fear any foe. r'AC'I'S M Mil \l NKWS, September. 1955 I'ajre 47
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