group in this country. Favorable reaction was so strong that the Presidenl
and his Secretar) of State wen- forced
to lake slips to help case the tension,
lo consider the wishes of our allies, and
to express willingness to negotiate the
explosive Quemoy-Matsu situation. For
all practical purposes we have heul during the past lew months ei cease-fire in
the Formosa Straits.
I've brief!) sketched the development
eis lo how ihe grave danger of war with
Quemoy and Mais iginated and later
subsided. The thing for us lo keep in
mind is ihis: that our commitment is
lo defend Formosa, and that Quemoy
and Matsu are only incidental to thai.
And whether or not we fight to defend
Iliciii depends on whether or not their
defense is essential lo the adequate defense of Formosa.
Remarks of Senator Jenner:
\\ . hene- recentl) had ei somewhat
anu'iw del.ale- over llu- question, win
should we defend Quemo) eunl Matsu?
llie debate has died down, in the emphasis on Geneva, hut the problem is as
important as ever.
Quemoy and Matsu are little dot- on
•he map of the world. They are close
lo lhe shore of Asia, thousands of miles
-iv. ei v from the United Slates. \\h\
should we defend them perhaps al the
risk of a world war? Obviously Americans should not defend Iwo islands oil
lhe coasl of China for any reason except lhal their action would benefit
America, I do nol mean b) lhal to belittle the importance of Free China,
'luiti- the contrary. I mean lhat no one
'an honestly promise thai the American governmenl will hold to ;i course of
action unless thai action will benefil
die I nited States. The Free Chinese see
The fairest wen to ileal wilh other
nations i- i<< admit eit once thai enlightened, self-interesl forms the most reliable basis For international cooperation. So. question now -ens. is ii in
vineiie.iie interest and America's sell-
"Heie-i lo defend Quemo) ami Matsu?
we must nol he diverted b) llu- nonessential fail lhal these islands arc
"in.ell and l.n .men. Olunu.v eunl Meil.-u
''"'■ small hut so was Bunker Hill.
,'iii'ine,\ .unl Matsu are far awen hut
s» wa- Corregidor. They eue foreign
''nii'.ii I.ul so wa- Berlin, when we
decided to sel up the Berlin airlift.
Wh) an' Quemo) eiml Meilsu import-
'"H in connection with American de-
™ 'I a - I ll: II Slgnift: lllll' ll: s III the fact
"lat these two little islands are like Tor
'"o-ei links in the chain of free nations
Jhich -land guard on the frontiers of
'" Communisl empire. 'The importance
"' a link is not whether it's large or
""'eill. near or fen away. Tim strength of
' chain is the strength of ils weakest
fACTS FORUM NEWS, September, 1955
—Wide World Photo
A U. S. destroyer patrols the waters off
troubled Formosa. Pacific stronghold of the
Chinese Nationalist army.
link, because if one link goes the chain
If Quemoy and Matsu wen- lost to
the side of freedom, the Communists
will have a break-through point in the
circle which guards the free world. At
one moment they are pressing for a
break-through in the Formosan Straits,
ai another time- in Europe m tlm Near
East, hui ihe Communists are always
pressing Im a break-through -nine-
where. The loss of any territory in the
free world endangers every nation which
hopes lo keep il- freedom. Quemoy and
Matsu an- links which if broken would
open lhe way lo Formosa.
Politically, Formosa is not an island.
I.ut a fortress a main fortress on lhe
frontier of freedom. Formosa is the
bastion on which ei half-a-million Asian
fighting men can find a foothold lo
ent a- ei constant lineal to Red China,
and lo prepare themselves to recapture
lhe mainland. Quemoy and Matsu are
ei pari of the fortifications of Formosa.
Thev threaten lhe harbors of Amov and
Foochow and prevent lhe Red Chinese
In.m using them a.- ei jumping-off place
lo iii lack I rei- Formosa. They ate also
listening posis. They are near tin- main-
leiiuls -o lhal guerrillas can gel into Red
China eunl perhaps gel safely out. Most
importanl of all. liny block lhe efforts
of Roil China io ship soldier- emd equipment from North China eunl Korea
south, hv seei. China has few railroads.
Sill' mUSi Use se-ei mule-. So long els we'
can block the short and easy coastal sea
roule- from north lo south, we deter
Red China from starting new wen- in
Korea eunl Indochina.
The Communists arc nol making a
loud uproar over Quemoy eunl Matsu
jusl because they wanl to add to their
reed e'sleitc holdings. \ee. Indeed. Thev
want Formosa because ii is a fortress
wilh a half-a-million armed men. trained
eiml eager to fighl for their own soil and
their own people. They weml Quemoy
and Matsu because these lillle' islands
an' the front gates lo lhe lollies- ol
Formosa. It is easy lo sec why lhe Red
Chinese want those Free Chinese armies
driven from their fortress and scattered
like chaff in the winds to edl quarters
..I the earth.
Can the United Stales stand idly lev
while' this army of freedom i- scattered
and broken? Obviously, no. If the Free
Chinese army does not hold ils fortress
on Formosa to block Red China, who
must guard the break thev leave in the
line? The pianos thai attacked Bataan
anil Corregidor started from Formosa.
Who sprung into the brooch when the
Philippines fell? The little white markers on the graves in New Mexico, in
California, in Indiana and Maine toll
If the stronghold of Formosa falls,
more while crosses will stand upright
in the cemeteries from one end of the
I nited Slates to the other, ll is all-important for American security to
strengthen every fortress in lhe border
zone that surrounds the Soviet empire.
W horoviT free people want lo defend
their homeland they are protecting the
entire free world, ll is to the interest of
America lo give the Free Chinese everv-
thing they need lo defend their fortress.
Formosa, and its gateways, Quemo) eunl
\\ e help ourselves if vve give them
a modern navy, a modern air force, and
amphibious landing forces. The' Soviel
leaders will give Red China lhe mosl
modern equipment lei threaten the free
world. When we strengthen these island
strongholds, we arc taking the only
road lo peace by the only moans the
I 'ommunists understand.
—Wide World Photo
A Chinese Nationalist soldier stands guard
on a sandy beach somewhere along Formosa's shoreline as Chinese Reds on the
mainland continue their threats to attack