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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955 - File 022. 1955-09. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. January 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/489/show/441.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1955-09). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955 - File 022. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/489/show/441

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955 - File 022, 1955-09, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed January 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/489/show/441.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 8, September 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 8, September 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date September 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 022
Transcript ■••:. TACHEN IS. .FORMOSA PF.SCAD0MS(J^3?- South V$"l Cli.no Sea PACIFIC OCEAN Quemoy, Matsu Still Explosive The question, "Should We Defend Matsu and Quemoy?" weis the subject ol' the initial broadcast in ;i new Beriea of Facte Forum radio -how., featuring two I . S. Senators who hold opposing views on vitnl puhlie- issues. Presenting their viewpoints concerning this extremely importanl question are Senator John Sparkman, Democrat of Alabama, and Senator William E. Jenner, Republican of Indiana. Remarks of Senator Sparkman : Just a few months back then' was much talk of ei possible weir between the United States and China over two small islands. Quemoy and Matsu, just a few miles from the mainland of China. There' was grave concern that should ilure be such a war. Russia would join with ihe Chinese Communists and World War III would l.e- on. \lo-t people seiw no justification for involving the I nited States in a destructive war over these iwe, -mall |eleit- of ground that from time immemorial have been a pari of the China mainland. Even so. I staled that I would hack the President and lhe mililarv if they thought the defense of these islands essential to the defense of Formosa and the Pescadores. I said, and I -till sav. lhat if the President, on the advice of the military leaders, decides lo defend Quemo) eunl Matsu in ordei to defend Formosa, lie should -a\ so in clear and unequivocal language so that there would be no doubt in the minds of the Communist leaders as to out -land. I stated lhal failure to take a firm -land woulel plague us throughout the 1 nited Slate-, throughout the months ahead. That I was absolutely right is evidenced hv tin- fad thai here in July, live or -i\ nuenllis later, we're slill arguing whether or nol we should defend these islands, and we still have an explosive situation which could flame into war withoul iln- proverbial moment's notice. lhal a conflicl has not alread) taken place between our forces and those of Red China is the miracle of 1955. It's not the foresight in leadership of this administration thai ha- brought aboul this miracle-, rather it grows out of ei chain of events resulting from lhe good common sense of others In and out of our governmenl ami from tin- programs ..I the lasl several year- thai have done so much io build friendship between us and other nations. I.el's hike a verj brie! look eel Ihis chain of events. It wa.- well-known during the last half of 1954 that the Chinese Communists were concentrating forces lo drive the Chinese Nationalists from -inh offshore island- ei- the- Ten Inns. Quemoj and Matsu, eunl. eventually, to invade Formosa ami the Pescadores. Shortly after Congress convened in llii- session, on January 24th to !"■ exact, lln' Presidenl asked for congressional approval of the Formosan Resolution authorizing him to defend Formosa, the Pescadores eunl "related positions.' He did not specify ju-i whal the "related positions" were. Thai he did nol .1" so was one' ol lhe several weaknesses ol lii- i.'-oliilion. Another weakness was lln ieiet lhal he was asking lor congressional approval of an authority which the I .eeii-iitiilion eif tin- I iiilcd States alread) vested in him. Many suspected lhat the Presidenl eliel -e. for political considerations. Even so, lhe Democrats pushed the resolution through because, while we fell it unnecessary, wc wanted lo make certain lhat in thc defense of Formosa there was no disagreement among us. Ill April there was held the now noted Bandung Conference. Our governmenl .lid nol participate in thi- conference Inn actually it did what ii could to eli-- courage ii. Because of our postwai programs, however, that have done' so much to help non-Communist people in \-iee and elsewhere, then' wa- demonstrated al thi- conference ei strong anti-Communist and pro-Western sentiment. Spokesmen lor such countries a- Ceylon, Thailand. Burma, tin' Philippines and other non-CommunisI countries made 'lien that while the) dislike West ern colonialism, the) dislike' communism even more. The surprising show of anti- Communisl feeling caused the Chinese Premier I Ihou En-lai to make ee partial!) conciliatory speech in which he sug- gested possible negotiation with the I nited States over tin- stains of Quemo) eunl Matsu. Almost the very nexl day Senator George, Chairman of the Senate For- eign Relations Committee, picked up iln- challenge of the Chinese Premier and urged that our own governmenl express the same willingness I" try to -fill.' withoul weir and on honorable tern's eun ili-|niii' with emv nation, even Including tin- Chinese Communists. Governor Adlai Stevenson ami othef leading citizen- also broughl pressure lo hear to offset lhe "war at any pric* attitude" ol a small l.ui highly vocal H, -Wide World PI'0"' These Chinese prisoners leaving Korea flr, part of 22,000 who rejected communism »" are now part of the Chinese National'* army on Formosa. Page 20 FACTS FORUM NEWS, September, t>*1
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