i with the West Indies thrown in as a
Another cheering revolt by Negro
.Vmericans against Soviet dogma happened somewhat earlier. On the assumption that American Negroes were an
exploited Colonial class, they were assigned not to Lenin University, but to
the Institute for the Toilers of tbe Orient.
The living conditions among the Orientals, the skimpy food, the bug-ridden
barracks, were so far below the standard
of the American Negroes, that they
staged a strike, perhaps the only successful one in Soviet history, and were
reassigned to the Lenin University.
Some of the students who were sent
to Lenin University for the short course
after 1930 had only nominal experience
in the Communist party. This relaxation
of entrance requirements, it is assumed,
was due to the coming of the depression
and a Soviet belief that the time for revolution was near. It was largely these
short term, depression-motivated Communists who later broke away and told
lhe story of their revolutionary schooling.
The writer interviewed one such former student, a man of Slavic origin, who
now is a successful small businessman in
Pittsburgh, and whose name is omitted
for that reason. When sent to Moscow,
he was 20 years old and had only a little
secondary education. When interviewed
he gave tbe impression of being not very
interested in politics. Probably the party
considered him worth the trip to Moscow
because he belonged to a minority group
and because he was a steelworker and
thus inside a key industry.
At any rate the period of quick and
comparatively nonselective training at
Lenin University seems to have ended
in 1933 when this country recognized the
Soviet I nion. Part of that deal was that
l!us-ia would cease trying to subvert our
government Of course the Soviets had
not the slightest notion of keeping the
agreement, but the occasion did cause
them to tighten security, at least where
American students were concerned, and
the school was moved out of Moscow so
that foreigners in the capital could no
longer see it. The new site, housing the-
entire Comintern, was some 20 miles
southeast of Moscow deep in the fore-;
on a side road off a main highway. Igo:
Bogolepov, a former Soviet Foreign Of
fice counsellor who escaped to the West,
visited the place in early 1940. He describes it as surrounded by a high wooden fence enclosing an area of at least
a square mile. The single gate was
flanked by guard lowers, and the security
check upon entering unusually strict. Al
the rear of the compound were two large
one-story buildings bousing Comintern
offices and classrooms. The remainder of
the area was taken up with a central parade ground, surrounded by two-storv
barracks in diagonally slanted rows. Eu-
docio Ravines, a Peruvian ex-Commu-
nist. also describes a visit to this Comintern center in 1938 in his book The
Incidentally, Ravines was the recipient
in 1934 of the type of special revolutionary training given to foreign Communist
leaders considered too important and
busy to go through one of the colleges.
His teachers were Mao Tse-tung, Chu
Teh and Li Li-san, top Chinese Communists, who were quartered in a dacha
several miles outside Moscow where their
presence could not be detected by Western diplomats or newsmen. The latter
precaution was of the greatest assistance
to Left Wingers in the United States and
elsewhere who were still claiming as late
as 1949 that the Chinese Communists had
no connection whatever with the Soviet
Union. These Chinese worthies coached
Ravines for two weeks on how to set up
a "popular front" movement, which he
later succeeded in doing in Chile.
There is evidence that Lenin University was in business up to the beginning
of the war. John Lautner. an important
U. S. Communist who left the party since
the war, states that to his personal knowledge American students were sent to
Moscow as late as 1937. This means that
the three-year students would have staved
However, the school was definitely
closed when the Soviet Union was invaded in 1941. Bogolepov tells of meeting several faculty members on a train
to Tashkent in that year. Since Tashkent
is the site of a political warfare college
for Indians and others it seems possible
that at least this outlying institution
stayed open through the war, but this is
It is known, however, that many Comintern personnel were utilized during the
war for training prisoners of war. Hein-
rich von Einsiedel, a grandson of I>i~-
marck and an ace German fighter pilot,
bears witness to this. In his book, /
Joined The Russians, he tells of the "Na
tional Committee for Free Germany and
League of German Officers" which he
joined after being shot down at Stalingrad. The supposed leaders of this not
very successful committee were high-
ranking German generals, but it was actually organized and run by German
Comintern leaders Wilhelm Pieck, Walter Ulbrecht and Otto Braun.
Since Hungarians, Rumanians, Italians, Spaniards, and Finns also fought
on the eastern front, it is likely that other
Comintern personnel from Lenin University also worked on prisoners of those
Since the war the secrecy cloaking
these schools has been very dense. We
know that Americans are being sent for
short term training to Prague, Czechoslovakia. Matt Cvetic, former F.B.I,
counterspy in the Pittsburgh area, described to the writer the "holier-than-
thou" air about the returning students.
Whether this sort of decentralization has
diminished the importance of the Moscow-situated schools we do not know.
We do know tbat the Soviets officially
"abolished'' the Comintern in 1943 as a
gesture in return for American war materials. This was strictly a gesture however, and the functions of the once semi-
autonomous Comintern were merely attached to the Kremlin apparatus.
The only logical conclusion that can
be drawn from the entire picture is thai
such a successful operation must be continuing. To date our reaction to the
Kremlin's political warfare offensive,
staffed by these Moscow-trained shock
troops, has been about as effective as
spears against tanks, or bows and arrows
Let us hope devoutly that the recently
"Sarnoff Plan." which includes an American political warfare training program
for a cold war counterattack againsl
communism, will be adopted by President Eisenhower, and that it will reverse
the tide that so long has run against tin'
cause of freedom.
One From One Leaves Two'
by OGDCN NASH
tiiggledy piggledy, my black hen,
She lays eggs for gentlemen.
Gentlemen come every day
To count what my black hen doth lav.
If perchance she lays too many.
They fine my hen a pretty pen in .
It perchance she fails to lay
The gentlemen a bonus pay.
Mumbledy purnbledy, my red cow.
She's cooperating now.
At first she didn't understand
That milk production must be planned.
She didn't understand at first
She either had to plan or burst,
But now, the Government reports.
She's giving pints instead of quarts.
Fiddle-de-dee, my next-door neighbors.
They are giggling at their labors.
First they plant the tiny seed,
Then they water, then they weed,
Then they hoe and prune and lop.
Then they raise a record crop.
Then they laugh their sides asunder.
And plow the whole kaboodle under.
Abracadabra, thus we learn
The more you create, the less you ruin.
The less you earn, the more you're given,
The less you lead, the more you're driven
The more destroyed, the more they feed.
The more you pay, the more they need,
The more you earn, the less you keep,
And now I lay me down to sleep.
"Included in the address given hy J. Howard Pew at the Women's Patriotic Conference o'1
National Defense in Washington and reprinted by Guardians Of Our American Heritage.
FACTS FORUM NEWS, September, 195S