show no evidence that he had gone to
Russia. When the train crossed the Polish-Soviet border under a huge sign
reading "Proletarians of the World
Unite," the Communists among the passengers ecstatically chanted the "Internationale." Although the towns along the
railroad were in advanced stages of de-
. ay. and llie people ragged and emaciated, the exaltation induced by the approach to Moscow, the Holy City of
communism, blotted out these impressions. At the Moscow station he hired
a droshkv and directed it to 15 Ulice
Vorovskaya, the address of the Lenin
University, where he found that he was
expected. He was assigned to a dormitory room along with two Latin Americans and an Irishman.
The university buildings and grounds
occupied a square block surrounded by
a wooden fence. The main building,
which bore no outward sign as to its
nature, was the columned former man-
sion of a ballerina, said to have been the
favorite of the Czar. Her bedrooms were
now classrooms and her ballroom the
lecture hall. The school had opened in
1925. and in 1927 a second building was
pul up. a six-story brick structure with
dormitories upstairs, classrooms, library
and offices on the ground floor and a
cafeteria in the basement. The dormitory
rooms held from two to four beds with
straw mattresses over boards. There
were central heating, showers, and flush
The university accommodated 300
students living on campus and 300 more
living outside. Ten per cent of the stu-
elents were women and if a couple could
show that they had a liaison before entering the school they were assigned a
private room together. (The Western
University numbered as many or more
students, and the Eastern University, alsee
known as the Institute for the Toilers of
the Orient, took up to 1200. The enrollment at the schools in other parts of thc
U.S.S.R. is not definitely known). The
rest of the campus was taken up by a
11 ■_• acre drill ground, and a building for
weapons training where uniformed Red
Army instructors taught the mechanics
.■f a dozen type of machine guns, and
of hand grenades, rifles, pistols and
homemade bombs. Off campus there was
a shooting range (shared with the
G.P.U.) and an abandoned railroad station and siding where lessons were given
in derailing trains and exploding locomotive boilers.
Lenin (niversity students were allowed travel expenses to and from Moscow, and 50 rubles (about $13.00) a
month pocket money. Also subsistence
allowances were paid to dependents left
at home. Much of the 50 rubles went
into "voluntary" contributions to various
Soviel patriotic causes.
The curriculum was extremely ardu-
ous — to an extent where the students
were left little lime to circulate among
lhe Russian population. Students were
up at 6 a.m. for thirty minutes of calisthenics under a Red Army instructor.
Breakfast was at 7 a.m. of black bread
eunl red caviar. Classes were from 8 a.m.
to 6 p.m. with an hour's break for lunch.
Then there was lots of homework for
the evenings. On Saturdays classes were
mil at 3 p.m., but the load of homework
allowed little time for outside activity.
There were six-month, one-year, ami
three-year courses. It was determined
during an initial three-month probation
period which students were qualified for
the longer courses.
Perhaps the most significant thing
aboul this college was the faculty. The
regular teachers were mostly Russians
with a few Central and Western Europeans. But the special lecturers were the
top hierarchy of world communism.
Kornfeder heard Stalin lecture once,
Mololov three times, military men such
as Tuckachevsky. Vasilicv anil Budenny;
and all of the Comintern brass including
Dimitrov. Manuilsky. Kiiusinen. Bela
Kun, S. Losovsky and Togliatti. Then
could be no clearer proof than this of the
importance of this political warfare col-
lege in Soviet eyes.
When a prominent lecturer was talking
the entire student body would listen by
earphones with simultaneous interpretations. The five languages used were Russian, English, German, French and Spanish. In routine classes, the students were
divided up into their language groups
with interpreters where needed.
The five principal subjects taught al
lhe Lenin University were:
Leninism. This included conspiratorial
operating techniques, agitation and propaganda, and United (Popular) Eront
Party Structure. Organizing for civil
war. and the party's function in directing same. Politburo, and district committees. Labor, factory and armed forces
fractions and cells; everything modeled
on Soviet pattern.
Marxian Economics. Das Kapital. anil
other textbooks excerpted from Marx
eunl Engels. Sonie bourgeois economic
theory taught for purposes of argument.
History of the Soviet Union. The So-
cialist movement in Czarist times. Nihilism, Anarchism. Decembrists, 1905 Revolution, and historv of the Bolshevik
Secondary subjects of instruction
Agriculture. The peasant in backward
Labor Union Organization. Strike
strategy. Local strikes as the prelude
to the general strike and more advanced
forms of civil insurrection.
Front Organizations. (How the Com-
—Wide World Pholo
Joseph Zack Kornfeder, American graduate of the Lenin School in Moscow, who
renounced communism in 1934.
niunist tail can wag large segments of
the Capitalist dog).
Military Training. Sabolage. guerrUl*
laities, bomb-throwing, demolition,
The above has been greatly condensed
from notes taken by Kornfeder while at
the Lenin University. It may be valuablf
however to reproduce the following note
Precondition for Successful Arnn'il
1. Economic collapse anil chaos.
2. Demoralization and dissension i"
3. Defeat of the government in a foreign war or its inability to keep thing*
going as a result of exhaustion following
4. Ability of the party to take advaf'
tage of the situation.
It is submitted that the above is a per'
feet capsule description of China in 1945-
And, thanks to the training received I'1
Chinese Communist party cadres in S"'
viet schools, the party was able to "taKf
advantage of the situation."
Among the principal textbooks use*
.el the- Lenin school were:
On War, by Clausewitz.
Construction of the Red Arm) Dnriit'r
The Revolution, by A. Ousenko.
The Civil War, Military Problem s /'"
Civilian, by Bubnov, Kamenev. and tf
Red Army And Civil War Politics. I'1
S. T. Gussev.
Thc Class War, by Tuckachevsky.
Civil War Politics Ami Instirrecli""'
(Excerpts from Lenin's writings).
A glance at this list ought to coin i'"''
even the most "liberal" educator or p<>»'
FACTS FORUM NEWS, September, 1^S