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Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 069. 1955-05. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. May 24, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/418.

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Facts Forum. (1955-05). Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 069. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/418

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955 - File 069, 1955-05, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed May 24, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/419/show/418.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 4, No. 5, May 1955
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. IV, No. 5, May 1955
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Contributor
  • Evans, Medford
Publisher Facts Forum
Date May 1955
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 4 1955; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 069
Transcript , Interview with GENERAL CHENNAULT Felix Wittmer vs. F. D.R. on .. Ci ring alfal otlll'r fJl'OfJlt;,.., mont•y ;_, not be11noln1c~ it is embeo=lement." \.1 \HF."\( F \I I"\!()"\ .. We tn our w1/din.1 for c111nudic1' ttfter 11 1;ur 11hich u·e didn"t han· tlw gut> to uin.'' Hr.1R .\ n111 n11 D. \'. \.11.1.1:1<\. l .S\ "Tlw . I mericun peoplt' 1111d1•rr,,/111• the part lhe.v 11111.</ play if th1•ir form of W" .. PnimPnl is to nulun•.'' J111E~ \I . Bu K .. Romr t>tldured a." Ion~ t1."i tht'rt' 1n•rt• Roman.1. lmeric·· 11ill e11d11re {I.\ long (ls ll"l' rpma1n I merict111 in spirit t1nd in tlwught.'' ·· . .. It i.1 i1u·o11n·i rab/1• that tlw So­ri1• t Republic .1ho11/d co11ti11111• to 1'.1ist for a long pniod side In .1i<fr wilh i111- pni(l/i.1t .1tate.1. { ltimately, one or the oth1•r 111111/ c111u1111•r .... Col'li.1t1•11c<' is impossib/1•; co11fli1·/ ;, i111·1itnb/1'. .. S111.1"\ Qw•,tion.~ o/ / ,,.,1i11iwn. '· ft uil/ altrnn rt•main tlu• /wit jok1· made by tlH' d1•11111cratic .I) .<t1•m that it prorided it.1 d1·adli P11l'l11i1•1 11 ii/1 t/11· means of destroying it.'' \,ornHEl.S '"fhe //!Ort' ll 111111! i.1 1•i/11('(1t1•d. t/,o morP i .., it llt'Ct'S.'iary. for tlu• up/fan· of tlw State. to in>trucl him ho11· to 111ak1· a flroper u.1e of hi.1 tall'l1t.1. f.'du('(l/ion i.1 lik1' a double-edged .11wrtl. It 11111\ lw turned to dangl'rous usaw•1 if ii i.1 1101 f1r'1f1er/y handled ... \X'1 T1"\!;-F1,<, in f.'lb1•rt flublwn{.1 .~""'Jlhook ~----~----- ------------ - - - P e r ... o n .., '"'ubmitlin ~ q11ol ati o 11 ... \\hid1 a re u .... ed in lhi ... <·olumn "'ill r t"'<"f"iH• tn1 £'· yea r ... ub ... <· ription ... to f'flrt ,'f Forum \f~ll'.'f. If a lreu dy a ... uh .... r rihC" r , l lu· r orllr ihutor m a) d e "'i~n u t e a nothrr p t"r .... o n to w' iom t 11e u ~ u rd ... ub ... r ription will hr ... c nl , or h e ma, ~ i ... h to r xt e ncl hi.., 1>rf" .... e nt ... uh- ..,<" ripti o n . Be ... ure to Ji .... t lh r author .. ~md ... o un·C" ... o f a ll quo tu ti o n ... . Add PATRIOTISM to ADS ••• and encourage those who do April l~. 1935 U:hr Dallas .ffioruing ~rwfi' Are You a Second-Rate Citizen? Maintain"rig our '"status quo" means m11ch more tha" pa~sive wishing -­-- it me&ns a'"t've IMrning, thinking ti.'ld doing! It is not enough to be loya ! We must be informed! \Ve mu~t apprec;ofe orid deserve rh s our so:red he6toge or ...,e throw a"'OY the very th;r-gs ""8 1;ve or-d strive for! .EARN ... TH'NK . , . DO! ~J fWll ! IS I hop• y J.,. e cu I ~& ... e. fllllll l t 11 11111111 y ·~:,.,,..,,. ,.,., l,r:,., •·• pi.i:il co· or-s h c.h Pe n 111 New1 Oellu. Tere1 fle r Y.e.a..r U.S. Hew1 6 We rl<il l e, ert We 1i.l•ttH, DC. 1.00 MEMBER FEDERAl DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPO!AT ION W• Ti~t for 7n,:r N'lnfttd ~ nre 1omfl fl( th l'I pu!lllr11ion' rrowohn t (ommunhm 11h1rh ue 1u1l1hl• 011 rour ntw1 u1nd1 or tor 1uburlptlon. Am• rican Mucury Facts Forum N•ws Huma" h ·•"h Ttl• Fr••m•" U. S. News &. Worltl Report New Yorlc. N. Y. D• llas, Teras Wa1hl"4to .. , D. C. lrvl"4·e "·H1ubo,., N. Y. Washh,4fo,., D. C. These DID. Will YOU? Add PATRIOTISM to ADS Subscribe NOW to FACTS FORUM NEWS. See pages 45.46 Volun Ma)·, 1951 Orricial int.•r111ts t•ontuinec Onlla~. T llOARO Gi!bt•rt, f:o"'~Nt. IOVJSO P. StriC'l Wallal·t> C" W(•<h·1 C"'OMM EJ ED ITOR llllSIN~~ Ir YOU " llnllll1 I. FACT irnportnn Facts 11.ctivitic that it it <'Otn (> to t TO SUB~ (' l{ANGF PACTS F Pi1·11.1u- all I Kr.' Tl \Vu IT I Hf Tu Tin: l · h Jh: 11 \ \ JEJUC llooi-;: I l: 1n 10 011 E'\ I TP, I A\J T l \Ic:Cu:1 i \Tt1111 Ho, Co 1C \ ou \h Ccr \ 1>111 I. l LETTER! Co'-TE 1 Po1.1. Q 1'01.1 Q1 l .f;T FRF DS t do ,.1 rAtriat1'11 >tlon 5.46 FACTS FORUM NEWS Volume IV Number 5 May, 1055. !}!ficrnl puhli<'ation or Fnc.-ts Forum. Jn("., 1S02 Muin St .. Dalin" I. Tt'xn."'. Puhlish1·d monthly in th1 •nt('rt·st.s of Fncts Forum participant~ nnd otht·rs t'Oll('t•rnC'd with displ'lling 1rnblic npnthy, Any nrtidc> ~·ontuined in Fm·t~ Forum N1·w~ ma;. ht frt·t•ly r1·prnduc1·d. St·t•ond clns~ muiling 1>rhilt·gc!i nuthori7:1·d 111 Onlla..i, Tt·xnl'I. Print('(! in U.S.A. BOARD OF OIRii.:CTOltS: Huht•rt H. lkdmun, Pnt>ith·nt: ,John I •. Dal(', Vic(' Prt•i-4idt·nt: Wnrr1·n .\ ni>~~~ . ~~'. Jr., St.>crl'lary; Joe N:ish. Tn·iumn·r: Mr .. E. P. Lnmb('rth, Mrs. Su(' McCrory, Robert D. \DVISORY IJOARO: Mnfor IL A. Hnrdt·y, Chairman; Or .. \rthur .\. Smith, Lloyd E. Skinner. Dndd P, Stri<'kler, Harry E. Rogier, Willinm N. Blunt.on, Mrs. H. I.. Hunt, Mr:.. H. N. ltu!'l~l'll. Jr .. Mr". ~·~~~~.!~~:.~l'·G:n·c~·1 ~~!~~r~'"F.~)~~H1~a~1!·~fc~d1'~('~f,~.~'.ll.i'~h,;-<~1~·,~~~~ Allnn ~hinr". (;1·nn11l \lhn1 <'OMMr::NTATOR: Dnn Smoot. EOJTOH.: M<'dford Evnn . B(TSJNF<:SS MANAGER: 0. M. 81>t'lll'l' :~al~~~1 1~~~:ic:~. &~~c c~n[;Jr)~J\ii~,~~~io<~~ir~~· 1~'1;:t~.d~:;~;rl~ll•n~~11~~u=. J,w Nush. Tnn~ur<'r. Fn('tjj Forum. FACTS FORUM j3 n nntionwitll' puhliC' t•du('1llionnl nnturt" ckdieatt-d to Rl'Ousing public intt-rc•Ml in 1rnp0rtant rurrent f'Vt•ntl'I nnd l'llimulatinjl' individ11nl purtit•ipation in the shn1>ing of J)ublic JlOlk•y. F'nct.s Forum iM nonprofit nnd non1mrtiimn, Mupportinsc no 1>oliti1•nl cnndidntc or pnrty. Fnrt11 Forum·~ ~~!~vW~iM ~h~ drf!i:t."~ndtot~~l:~bil~ii':i:~n j~~~t i~~~(' /~:~~i(·','1~1 1~1~~~~1~.r·;~,~.r~~n"i,,.~~~~u~,1 ~~1tri~1 ~111'i~h\~· f~:~·:~e';:~~ l'OJn(' to th{·ir own condusion~. ro SUBSCRIBE. Rt'(' P1l):('('R -'5·16. f. 1IANGE OF ADDRESS: St·nd old addn~,.~ ll·Xudly KR imprint('d on mniling lnlwl of your ropy of 1•i~~·Sal~!!~~h~~f'~\~t~~l r~~dd~~~~~~~~!~t~~~H to FACT~ FORUM NEWS. OC'pnrtm<'nt C'A. OnllnR 1, 'rl"':'rnl'. IN TH IS IKr.'s H1CHW I \ PKOGH\'1 by na11 Smoot IV 11 IT lh I I.LY If ll'PF.\'Ell IT y 11.T I? ISSUE lhl'OHT O\' TllE ) II.Tl \.O\l·E IH."'E hr l'r1•s. Fr1111kli11 n. RoOS('l'elt Tin: Y 11,T 1 P ll'EHS /1y F1•/ix lflitt1111•r TnE l \TOLD 0PPE\llEl\lf.H STorn. 1'11n II /iy /'1111/ Crouch h Bt:1111.r OF 0Pl't:'\llt:l\IE IL TESTl\IO\\ 01 I) 1111> E. L11. 1r:'\T1111. \ \if:RI( \'\ CO\l\ClJ\ISTS" Tll E l \ /11 /)1111 S11100/ lloo" Hn1£11: S1s1 f;\ I It IHH 1 STO\ 's Fr11111·1•. llu 11.11 El> B\ K I HI Ill 1Hs1 11; 2 "" II n 1010 I \I) ~v CH EDl'l.F.S 19. :rn. 18. 55. 61 0111:'\ L1TTl\IOHE O\ THE C111\1 Louin. TP,limony bdor" lhl' \ kCarra11 \.ornrnill1·1· I A11 TllE C11 1\ 1 LOIJBY /,y Alfred l\ohllwrg \ IcCLELL 1 \' hn:1111r:11 111T11 Ct:\rn11. C1.1111t: Cin.\\111.T /11· }. / •. f1ci11g Ill Ho, Co11\ '"> T11r: \ To11 SP11:s. Pun Il l I Condu•ion) from !ht• llt·<'ord of tht• Jlo,1·nlH'r~ e;,,,. \ou \ltsT COL\T1.1t1TT1t." TllE hnH\1T10\11. Co1111l \IST Co\SPIH \('\ hy 11,,d/urtl r:mns i.P1111. POLL HE ULTS l,f;TTER TO EDITORS Co\n: T Rt r.i:s Por_L QLESTIO\ (\!I v) 1'01.1 QLESTIO'\ \\'i'\\EHS l.f:T F1n:w1>1r Rl'\G hy II. /,. llunt f'A('TS FOIWM :\'EWS, May, JMi!i 20 21 II 61 <>I 61 61 65 What they're saying ~ j~=:,= ';' J ·~ /~~S-5 • • • about FA CTS FORUM Copit•-.; of Facts Fonun. Vt•u·s 110\\ ""''nl mi· through tht> courft':o-) of \dd Patrioti .. m to \d"' Cluh are <..incrn•ly apprt•fiated. ln my column ... mt•ntion j,,. madr of your . Ft>hruar) i~--u(', "hid1 ou~ht to lw read h) all lo)al \rnrrif·an ....... It j.,. Ill) intention to recommend the rea.dini:t of thi" ma~azine to the reader- of the Bor!{er \'ew.dlemld ... . ]. C. P1111.1.IP"', Chairman Committee on Un-Ameriran !\<'ti\ itit>!-> Thr \nwriran Lf"irion, Dt>pt. of Texui.; Roq::er, TP'u" ... l am editor of the monthly nt•w .. IPltt->1 of the Lnited \ mrriran~ Ap;ain ... t Commu­ni: o-m and tryinμ; to hrinμ; to thrir attl'ntion a"' muC'h information that i .. rwedt-d in 0111 fiμ:ht ll"' j.,. pos ... ihlr. I would likt" to 1·ommt"nl that tl1r Fa.rh Forum book plan. ib cirru latinf,!' library ... i~ a f!rt'at help to thr anti­\. omrn11ni'"-t. En1<- T~R'\LE'I 55 ClinJon Pl .. "le" York, 1'/. Y ... I ~urrl} do rnjoy tlw Ftl<'I.' Forum Neu:s .... ] "i'-h I had t'no11~h rnonr) to '-t>nd it lo r'rry thinlinl? \nwri<'an. \[J~s \IAllY Jft.:U_'\ \h.'IUI 2JO ~- \ nmonl ht• .. ~rdulia. \ l o. .. . lt is Ill) amliition 10 "l't' tlwt tlH' Ftffh Furwn \'cin will bC' hrtter J...no'' n in m) \icinity .... l\£1..,s FH\'\( rs 1111.1.\ Donnell), \ l inn. ... \\'r find your mu~azirw \C'I') intc•n·-..t· in/,! and informatht", f'\t'll tho ... (' or u ... \\ho ordinarily find littlr timr for t''\lra·1·urrir11l~11 n·ading:. 1'.t•rp up the fine work. T. \ 11.111. "· c. \I. r. Dominl!tH"Z Seminary, ( :lurt'tian Fatlwr .. 18127 S. \larneda BhcL Compton. Calif. Plea-.e rom<') to Dan Smoot my apprt>cia· tion for tlw ... plt'ndid pn•-.t>nlation of tlw t''o ..;.ide" lo the many contro\t'P•iul qut• ... tion!'-. Fto u II ''"'11.'t""" Ca ... per Junior Co!IC'~f' Ca-.pc•r. \\\om ill:..'. \h, a~ s look fon, ard to ) our proμrum I \ \S\\ ERS FOR \\I ERi(' \:\'SI -inn· it i-. \t'I') enlightt·nin~ and )OU IHl\t' a \\OIH 11·r· fol pant•I ... di ... C'u ... -.inμ: the \uriou" -.uhjt'1·1 .... \In .... H. C\u1.-.c" " o Hid1 Prod111·1-. < u. IO I 'l"w liti Hall Bid~ .• Hod,forcl. 111 \rt• look fonHtrd ea~erly to rerrhing each j.._..,ttt' ol your t''\Ct•lle-nt nltl~<ll.ine- untl an• ... o happy to knO\\ thal. at Ja.._t. \\C' haH' u ma~· azint' upon "hi<·h \H' nm d1•1wnd to rt>t•r-i,t· honeiel information. Rt>-.1 wii..he-. for the ~uct·t· ..... of Fn1·1 ... Forum. \!11. ""\IR'. F111 u1Rll ... 11. o" 15~5 Ot·ran Dri,l'. \ t>ro u~ndt. Fl.t. Page l A Dan Smoot pro-and-con presentation • • • \.., 11 .. ual, lf"l""i un'"iwer the que..,lion from t"'o oppo ... ite point... of ,je"', lakiniZ fir ... t the urJ!11nwn1 ... of .. omP "lio "'::!~ YES. . . . Frum tlw lw!.!i1111i11u of our nation· .. hi•lOf\". thr f1:d1·raJ , l!'O\l'rrlln!'nl has hrrn ·int1:rr-t1 ·d in national hi1:drnay·­.1nd othrr lran•porlation. f.c·or!!'r Wa,hinl!loa. for 1·,ampl<'. en· 'i-ioned thr JH'nrtratie>n of thr Corr-i­that la\ l){'l\\f·c·n thr \tl anlif" ••·aboard and th~ Ohio 'all1•,. and lw "'JIJlOrtc·d 11·1·0mnwndatio11- r;.r puhlif' impro\l'­fll(' rtl of po'l roads. frffer•on. loo. fa,on•d impro\f•m1•11b in transportation. As early a' 1806 th!' frd1 •ral f!O' 1·rnm1•11t aid!'d financially in 1h1• r·on,tru!'lion of tlH' "Cumhrrland !load." <lrPlf'hin!!' from tlw Ea<! Coa-t lo tlw Ohio. Laf'k of funds. ho" evcr. prohibitc·d furllH'r ~o\f·rnm1·11I partif"i· patio11 in road building.' Durine the 11('\l fort\ \!'ar>. th!' Cum­l11• rland .Road \\as P\lt';1d1•d lo ]Pff!'r,on City. \li-.ouri. at a "°'! of apprc"i· matl'ir 'i' milHon dollar, i11 ft·dnal monr~·. 1 In ·1829 tit(' first ,lt•am lo!'omoli\f• tn the lnited tales wa' ~iH·n a trial run. and the railroad dominatc·d lran,. portation for the n·-t of tlH' cc•ntury. lli)!'h\\ays "en• mrn·ly dirt roads, usrd onh br a fe" tra,eJ!'r, and for haul­in~- fr~i)!'ht to railroad jun!'lion•. J'age 2 Tlw μ-ood-roads mm 1•m1·nt became a major i-su(• "ith till' 1·ominμ- or tilt' automobile. "hid1 n·, oh1ti1>r1i1rd tlw -\nwriran "av of lift'. In 1912. 500.000 "as appropriall'd hy tlw fc·drral f(O\!'rnmt·nl lo pay onr­third of tlw cost of impro\ inμ- road- 0\ l'r "hich the mails "rre carri1·d.1 In this samr Y<'ar. Con!!'n'ss institutc·d a •tudy of tlw higl""'Y prohlem. Thi, •ludy "a' 1·ompl1•tpd in 1915 and scned a, lhP ba'i' for till' Federal Road .<\r·t of 1916. th1• rral lwginning of the fed­Pral road-aid pro~ram a~ we know it loclaY .1 Bi this art lhP frderal f(O\ rrnnw11t \\a~ t'ITifW\\ t·n·d lo f!ranl as~istance to the '1at1·, for road r·on,truction. To he 1·li~ihlP for sud1 a"islancc. thr stair' had lo '<'l up hi)!'h\\a)' a!!'encip, and mal<'h the ft·deral fund, "ith an t'Cft1al amount of 'lull' fu11ck 1 E1H'oura~1·d In this fedPral iutere'l and a:->:->i~tmu-t•. thr "-lJtt•:-. !'><'l up laq!<' road c-011•trurlinn pro:rrams. In tlw 1920\. th1• main 1·fforl wa-, lo do sorrn" thin:r for the mud-liouncl far1nn-. \ t·hidl'- 1110\ 1·d sic)\\ I) th!' U\ cragc -pl'l'cl "a' l\\t'nl)·'i' mill', an hour and lraffir 1·ong1·,tio11 ""' unknown. Tiu• main obj!'c-li\f· of hiμ-h'"'l huild­n, "as to gl'I the 1·ouulry oul of the mud. and tlwy sacrificed heller future plannin!!' for quantitv building of nar­ro\\. ungradPd hi!!'hways. These 1920 standards for road, \\!'H' not rai cd dur­ing the l 9:c!O\, h(•cause of the depre< ion vPur ... '' ith tht-ir <.HTt'nt on ma\.imum on· lhP-joh labor and tlw m111111111111 '"'' nf mall'rial, and 1·q11ip1111·111. MODEL-T ROADS FOR SUPERCARS \\ 1• art'. in faf'I. still thing hi gl"'a'" built for tlw \fo,Jt.1-T. and thcv art' d1•athtraps for today's superautomohiil''· In 1925 thrrl' "''H' l\\rnlv million motor \f·hid1•, on our road, and stn·1·I• lh 19'.{(). th .. 1111111lwr of motor ,rhil'k· h~d i11<Tt'a"·d lll'n1nd all ,.,pt·1·1a1ion-· and '"''r) hiμ-hway ll!'ntmr a rn1·1·"a' Tnu·k:-; J1P('anw a!'> Jar~" a~ frpig-ht ('Hf"· l ' rtdPr 1h1• 'train of n11mllf'1"·· ""i:rhl· atHI s1wl'<I. tlw old roads "''re' \\t•arin' out and co:-;lin~ loo llltH'h lo maintain. \\ oriel \\'ar 11 int..rruplt•d till' •'"I'' l>t•ing taJ..1·11 lo soht· tlw h i~ l111 a) prob· lem. Ci1 ilia11 Ira\ el \\l1' limit Pd II\ gaso· lirw ralio11i11μ-. \lar111faC'l11n· t;f 1H''1 11·hid1·s and lirrs was r·ut off. Th!' high \\H)~ \\t'rt' C'all<'cl 011 to '·arn hu~t' quantiti<" of "ar good•. \lillion' sln·ampd onto tlw higlrna1- lo 1·0111111111• l'Ud1 da1 lo "ork at distant "ar planl-lh ti;,. timl' th1· \\tlf '"" Ol!'r, th<' toll in da111ag1·cl. 111·glt·1·tt·d road' \I :tr lll'a\) . '°Ind tlw normal program 0 rq1la1·1•mt•nt and impro\l'nll'11I \\a• _ik layi·d for y1·ar' lw1 ·a1N' of high pric•'j and ~horlHJ.!«'"' of mall'riaJ .... nwn. n11 1 machirwri. . Within a n·ar after \\oriel \\'ar I 1· pcac1•tinw trZtffic had broken all pr<" war rt'cords. But road huilding pr~· μ-rams did not gt'! go in f( until 191 1 : Dri,ing a car ht·c·amt· a p1·a1·pti11H' hall' on roacf.. that wt·rc· alr!'ad1 anciPnl. FACTS l•'OHl'M NEWS, llay. /!I" " ) !'I o 'lUlornot 011 ""('( Our 1 ;11·tualh '1''PmbJ, th .. doci llhich rr '\i.1\ :-;y~ llllo f'\; '1 I ll'r) "t·-.,tion dollars t 111 • prod Our r' '1 dan"t· 1111·1 i~1l "11d lr111 d1·111a11d 'ilr~ and of Our 11 11.,., ('llr "1·11·1'1all) TRAFF I• l'lw I \lr..a1k 11liliio11• 1 lflf)J,iJ,., i11jured.· •11 ·1·idt·nt• \1Homol '. 1 "' nian\ 111 all our •11 traffi1 th1· num 'lllf'(I thr- 1•m li8 ARS ~hwa, .. rv arl' nohik'· million ,1n·cl'· ,{'hil'k­lation~ · t('('\\i.1\· Jl ('ar .... \\Cifrf1!. . carin.'' !lain. . ,tf'jl' pro!>· r :rasft· r 11t'\' >high }luf!I ill ion· 01mt111' plant·· •r. the ... ,,u:-- 1111 of 3 , ck· pric•'" 1• a111l ar / /. I pn" • pro· 19 JS. f,attli pnt. \ 1·1 ou1 !'lltir!' economy dt•prncl, on ·•uto1110ti\t• transport. \Ve arr a nation 011 1dw"k' Our automoti1C' transport system is ai·tualh an t•,tension of our nation's '''l'mhlv lines. Our products come out thp doors of the plant' onto t rud..s 11 hid1 mo1C' a<To>s our int<•r,lale hif!h· ~\ll\ "'·..;tt'm~ hringin~ thr-.e produC'b 11110 1·1 i·ry slat!'. 1 illaf!C'. and home. l·:\t•r) d1·lay h!'<'UIM' of hil(l111 ay 1·on­" 1·-tion adds a few <'enls h!'r<'. a ft•11 "'•llar, tlu•rr, lo the cost of r1Nythini!' "" produl'e.' Our ro,uls arr oh,ol~l!'. Th!'1 arr al'o d. dall,!!('fOll"' drag- on our p.ro"p<'rity. I hn int!'rfcrr 11 ith till' market for <'ar' •lllff lnu b . By 'o cloinl(. th!'y rnl th!' ""•lland for all th!' materials l(Oinl( into •·ar, and trud .. s. Th!'1 curh tht• l(J"Oll th •;r our m!'tropolitan :ireas. By so doinf!. 1 lf·y l'urh th!' gro11 th of tlH' <'<'Ouomr ~•·111•r;df )· .• · TRAFFIC DEATHS EXCEED WAR TOLL f'lu· human ('O'l is !'1!'11 l(rt'alt·r. \iri·ady, "" hme kill!'d mor!' than a 111 illio11· 1u•oplt• in fifty )'<'Ur• 11 ith auto- 1111,'hiJ,.,. Thirty million morc h:ne h!'l'n 111 Jllr<'d. The 1•1·onornic lo" from lhe,c '\1·1·id1·11i, is cfO',p to three billion dollar,. Ulornol1ilP acl'idt•nls ha1" taken 111 il'f' '" n1an1 AmeriC'an li1cs as wr hmr lost 111 all o~r wars. And the number injured '}1 traffic a<'l'idcnts is twC'nly-fi1 <' time,; 1 •11· numhcr of mrn wounded in war' ; 1111·t· thp fir,t minutl'man fplJ al L1•,ini-!· <Jr1 178 p·ar-.. ago:' ~'ACTS FOIHJ:\1 . 'EWS, .lfay, 1955 /'lw problem continue' lo gro11 11 or-«. In l95i thrre were fifty-eight million motor 1<'hirlrs rrgi,terrd in this mun Ir\'. It is rstimal<'d that in 1965 we will ha1c eighty million rridslC'rC'd whi«Je, on our higl111ap. and that they 11 ill lrmel 815 billion milt'> during that y<'ar~ · If that 'ouncls appallinf!. just think of 1975 for lhC'n we must l''fl<'«l a r<'gis· !ration of ninrty·two million 1chick·s 11 hich 11 ill lra1d an e~timalecl trillion mile~ a year. That m<'ans. in simpler figun•s. that for l'\!'I'\' two cars on th!' «ro11drd road, of '1ocla1-. tlwrl' 11 ill lw thr!'C' car,- in 1915. · Traffi« ac«iclPnls 11 ill kill forlv thou­' and i\mpricans this y!'ar and injur!' 1.:~50.000. 1 Th<' 11or>I hottll'nPcks in our high· way systems arc in th<' gr<'at cities. l!rn• is 11h<'rc the most costly drlar orrnr. Traffi« jams wastr billions of man­hours a year and seriOthly inlt•rf Prc 11 ith lhl' distribution of induHrial product,. ROAD TO SURVIVAL JAMMED? Suppo,p 11 ar brok!' out tomorrow? In thi, agp of the 11-homh. lhrrl' is no lonf!C'r ~afrty in dil(ging in. It will hC' 1H'<.'t'~"'ary lo cyacuatc- the μ-rral indui.;. trial cit it» 11 ithin ranf!e of the Heel air fore<'. 11 011 could thc·y pm-sihll' hr nae· ualed 11 ht•n. e1 en on a normal peacl'lime day, thC' hiidrna:s an• jamnwd?" Jr the bornh <''<'r 1·omt>s. our chan«es for 'un irnl 11 ill d<'p<'111l on our mobility the sprl'd with 1d1id1 Ill' can C'Vactiate thr,t• urban ar!'as and the facility with which 11r can shift our defl'nse forrl', and gt'l our battered industrial plant' hack into operation. Thr hold. imal(inati1C' plan for high­ways proposed by f>n»iclrnl Ei,t·nho11t•r is indPed lll-koml' in this critical lim!'. It shows that lw is aware of the nr<'<"·· sily for an ad<'quatp hif!hwa) sy,tt'm lo nwel not only 11artinll' 1H·c·ck hut pt•ac1·­t i nw needs as wdl. A huge in«rcasr in road building is nr1·r"ary if the national rronorny is to 1·onlinu<' rxpan,ion if thl' nation\ Ji,_ inμ- ~tarulard" an· to continue llJl" anl. F11t11n· hi:.:dn\ay <'011 ... 1n1<'lio11 mu"I lit' planned to S<'n <' an l'C'Onomy whi«h lhP f>rp,icf<'nt has l'>timat!'cl will rise lo 500 billion dollars 11orth or iroods and 'l'rl'­in•,; annually 11 ithin ten years. Thi:- hip:h" ay ('011 ... truC'lion mu'L hr planned far in a<h an<'<'. 11 ith an eye to11ard futur!' ratlwr than pn''l'Ul needs, if Ill' are to a1oid our past mistaf..rs. The plan propost•d '" tlw l'rr,idl'nl and his a<.11 ist•rs loob ahead to the needs of 1975. 11 ith it- 1·sli111atpd ninl'ly-lwo mill1on 1 l'hiclrs? Tll(' ""'t part of the plan is that it l'an Ill' paid for 11 ithoul inrrcasin!! la"''· 11 ithoul increasing the national d1·ht. 11 ithout increa,ing federal apprn priations. It will, in fact, actually saYe thc pl'oplr of the l'nited Stairs fifty billion dollars owr thC' next ten years.9 I lrrr",; how it worb. llncll'r !hr 1951 Fl'd!'raf . .\icl llii.rhway Act. the f!O\l'rll· nwnl i' <·ommittC'd lo gpencl 965 million dollars on fed<'ral hiirhway aid for lhl' year endini!' Jun!'. 1956. Thig appro· priation is i U'l ahoul equal to the ga,O· linr and oil ta'<'' thC' go1rrnnwnt col­lect~ and funnrJ, into the l'nitl'd Stat<'' Trea ... ury.9 PAY-AS-YOU-USE PLAN The PrPsid!'nl II ill u-r a part or lhl'-1' frckral-aid fund, to finance' the nc11 proi!'ram. A fl'dNal corporation 11 ill lw •Pl up to i,'tH' bond, for the IC'n-year projr('I. OnHhircl of the f<'c!C'ral aid fund' rnll!'ct!'d from ga~olinr and oil ta\<'s will pay the interest and amorliza· I ion on the bonds. In ,impler languaf!C', this is a kind or pay-as-you-u-r plan-a proposal lo makt' tomorrow', traffic pay for tlw hiμ:hway~ it \\ill h<~ w.;ing- hi~hway ... 1d1ich ar<' plan1wd and built todav to ae!'ommodalr th!' traffic- of tomorro11. \\"hen' dor,; tlw fifty billion dollar­" 11 in!( comp in') From thr dt'(Tl'a'l'd '""!'of op!'ration of lrn«b and aulomo· hi ks. Ei,C'nho11 er"s ach i,;ory commillet· ha ... poinlt'd out that the n·<·omnwndl'd impnll enwnt ... to our road ,y ... tt•m 11 ill cut 1 l'hicll' op!'raling costs a <·1•111 a milt• a national sa1 ing of fifty Lillion dollars in ten )'l'ar,;.'' Thi, is prohahly an unclcrslalt•mt•nt of thl' al'lual "11 ini!'' lo ill' rl'alizccl from th<' impro1ed higl111ay ,.;plem. \n adequate hil(hway syslC'm 11 ill mcan a 'a' ings of billions of man· hour ... . Joh ... would be pro1 idecl for man: thou ... ands of <·onstruclion worker,. Compani!'s ..,..lling 1·t•n11·nt. ,.;lel'I. and 1(,,r11ir111n/ of/ Paf.{t' :.!JJ -Wide World Photo President Eisenhower is shown receivin9 from retired General Lucius Clay recommen­dations for a 1 01 -billion-dollar federal-state highway program. The President and Clay hold a map of a "strategic network" of inter­state highways. Clay is chairman of a presi­dential advisory committee which drew up the proposed program. \ The crirne of fri11tPa? Or tlw lu•gi1111i111f of the .dnH'lun• for o l1ettPr trorltl? floac 1cill the 191.5 international ron/erPnce at }'alta lfO 1lm<'t1 ;,, historr? Cro.'is /irP eracklea OH!r public cliosclwwrP of the t·alta PaperJ) anti their irnplications. Irr it.'i tradition. Fart.Ii Forum pre.\ient ."i opposing riewit on this co11trol'ers;r. l'fo sharpPr contrast coultl be presente" tlum that betr<·ee11 Dr. Jr ittmer"s riews and the original report b.v PrP .;.itfent lloo.'iPn•lt to a joint .r.te.~sion of ( ;011grP,r.t .... ltarrli 1. 194.fl. Report on the YALTA CONFERENCE \f!dn·!".., Ii} Pn• .. idrnt FranJ.. lin D. Roo-.t•H·lt Rrprintrd from The Co11flrt'.'m°rmal Rt•r·ord l/r. I ic1'-Pre.1ide11/. 1/r. Sp1•akn. and memher.'i of tlw (~o n~n•s.'i: I hope you \\ill pardon nw for 1h1· ·•nu~ual po~lurl' of ~itlin~ down durin~ the presentation of what I "ish lo say, hut I kno\\ you "ill n·alizt• ii makes it a lot easier for mt· in 1101 ha1 in:r to «arry about ll'n pound, of 'lt•PI around the bottom of Ill) '"I!' I lau:rhter I and al•o becau•P of tlw fa<'t I ha1 ,. ju't com· pleted a l 1.000.mil" trip. f Applause. I Fir-t of all. I \\ant lo -a1 that iL i' ::ood Lo lw homt•. It ha, l;t'l'n a lonir journey. and l hope you "ill al•o airr!'e. a fruitful on!'. Speakin:r in all fra11k111 '" · th1· quP,lion of "heth!'r it is entin·h fruitful or not lit•, Lo a irr!'at t'\lent in. your hands, for u11l1», you h1·n· in tlw hall, of thl' Am<'ri· «an Congrt'''· 11 ith tilt' 'upport of lhl' .\nwrican pPople. c·on<'ur in th<' g<'11l'ral 1·ondu•io1i- rPadird al that placr called ) alta. and gi1t' thrm your acti1·r sup· port. llw 11u·1·li11i: 11ill 110! ha\l' pro· dun·d !a,1i11i: n•,ult-. \11d that i> "h) I ha1t· 1·onH· lll'forl' 1ou al thl' t·arlie,1 hour I <'Ould aflt•r ,;,, rl'lurn. I 11 anl to makP a pt•r,011al rt;porl to you and. al tlw •amt· liml'. to lhl' fll'Oplt• of tlw ('OUnln. lla1;1 month, of t•arnt"'I work an· ahead ;>f u' all. and I ,hould likl' to fp1·I that 11 h!'11 th!' la,t ''""" i, laid on lht> >lructun· of i11tn11alio11al p1•ac·1· it \\ill hl' an a1·hil'\l'nH'11l lo\\ a rd "hich all of u' in .\ml'ri<'a ha"· \\OrkPd stcadfa>th and UtN·lfishl) to::•·tlwr. . I am rl'lurnini: from this trip that took mt• 'o far. rl'frt•,lwd and inspin·d. I wa, 111·11 tlw l'nlin· limP. I \\as 1101 ill for a >t·c·ond until I arri11·d ha<'k in Washin:rton. and hl'n' I hPard all of tlw rumor' \\ hi..!1 had O<Turn•cl in m1 al»t·1w1·. I Lau:rhtl'r. I y .. ,. I rl'lurnl';I from the trip rdn·,hcd and i11,pirPd. Tlw Roo .. P1!'lt' arP nol. a• 1ou ma1 "'" J>l'"l. t.1\('r~t· lo lnl\t•I I lau~ltlt·r I: \\t' st'l'nt lo 1lt1i\l· 011 ii. I Applausl'. I And far a11a1 as I 11a>". I 11a' kl'pl l'Onsta111h i11fo1:111l'd of affairs i11 thl' l nill'd Stalt'S. Th,. mocll'rn miradt·'> of rapid <'0111mu11i«alio11 ha1 ,. madt· thi· 11orld 11•n small. \\'!' must ah1111' lll'nr i11 rni11d 'that fa<'I 11 ht•n '"' ,,;,•ak 01 think of inlt•rrrnlional rdations. I rt" <'t'iH·d a slt•ad) slrPam of mt'~sag-e~ frolll \~'a,hi11::1011. I mi:rht '") from 1101 onh tlw t'\l'<'uli11· hra11<'h \\ilh all itg drparl· nw111-. hut af,o from lhl' le:riolati1l' hra11 .. h i11 it- 1110 dt·partnw11b: and. ('\('t>pl \\ Ju·n· radio silen('p \\as lll'('('s:-oan for '<'«uril) purpos1•s. I <'Ou ld conti1111· ousl) ~Pnd mP ... saf!('s Llll) pl<-H't' in Liu' \\Orld~ and. of f'our~<·. in a μ-ra"• <'Iller· frt'IH'\ \\( ' <·01ilcl t'\('11 ha\t' ri~J..t>d tht' lm•td;,i11i: of tilt' '''t·uril1 rul1·. I l'OnH' from ,,,.. Cri;IH'311 Co11f1·n·11rr 11 ith a firm hl'lil'f that '"' ha11• madr" rr:olllirrn('d 011 Page .S6) What reall a1 the YALTA PAPERS h> Ft·li, \\ ittm1·1 -Photo by Clark H Getts Page 4 0\ \lard1 lf>. 1955. sli i:htl) rnon· thall 11·11 1 Par, afll'r tlw ' alt a Co11f1·n·11r•'­our D1·part1111·111 of Stalt• r..lt•ti>t•d 150 «opi"' of an in I-pa::•· 1olu11w 1·111i1!t'd 7'111' Con /1•r1•11c1•1 at Ila/ta and ) alto 19 J!;. B) thi,.. l!<'sl11n·. tlw Ht •puhli""" <1dmi11i,..1ralio11 al ''"' fulfilll'd a pll'#1' ~i\('11 d111 i11μ" tht· f'<.trnpaiμn of 1952. 011t· 11t·l'k lal1 ·1. 011 \larch 2:\. !955· l'n·sid1·111 1)11 il!hl I) . l·. i,..1•11lw1q·r st a It'd: .. Th1·1t· is 11olhi11:r, as I can sec, to '"; p:a11wd 11~ μ-0 111 ~ haf'k tt•n y<'ar~ arlf ''""'in:: that. i11 lhl' li :rht of afll'r-1·11·111'· ... onu·ont• ! sif ! I Illa\ ha, t· lw<'n "ro11μ· or "'OnH·o1u· I si('! ·] may ha\t' IH't'11 rii:ht." Tlw l'n•sidl'nl also said: •·1Jt1I <!o•"I 11•1\ Ir) just ','! danww· 1l'p11i •1 · 11011 ... 11\ StH'h !n('Ull~. Oln ioush l'n·sidt·nt Eisl'11ho11 «1 wanll'd lo ,,;kt• all llH· l'dl!"' ( thl' roll~lt FACTS FORl'M NE\\',, .lffll/· /.<I.I-' 0ncs a110 the per, hi111s1·lf lhr \]alt l.i1·u11•na1 Chid of \lli,·d E, ''ti the \ Prior to \riny C1· laff, [ t l1r"'''11t a l'o..,..ihl lion \•oul of its hii "'\oh rd ;•il'ltl Of \ 'lit tlw « d1.,1i"d I \\ Otld \\ PACTS 1 l\ :-- IH'nr 1;,,,,J,. or '· I re· '°('i;; fron1 ~ol 011h depart· !!i::·dativc , : anti. '('('.s.sar~ "ontin11· i11 tht' (' ('1]1{'f· "'" tht' if1·n·1w• made" 0 agc 561 II appened at YALTA? n· tl111rt ·(·rt·n<·t'· t·d 1511 ·ntitkd 1'11/111 uhlir"" pied!!'' >52. 1955· -tatcd: LO he r~ ttncl ('\t'Jl\ ... \\ ron.!!· Jiccll ··n111 t'f'lli;I ho\\4° 1 ro11μh /, /fl.).i ''i'1<'S and ('\('II tht• "1100titt'I' Ollt'S) orr : 1<' . per,onality i'''"" The l'n·,id<'nl t\"lispjf had jH'('ll alN•nt rront /rolh 1 1 ~ \lalta :~11d the ) a/ta Conr<'r'.'"'.'l's. (:;'."ll'llant. (,,•11t·r:il \\ a Iler lkdell Sm rt h, ·ltd or . Larr. Suprl'nH' I il'adq11artt•1-,;, \li1<·d E,peditionan Forc!'. had attend· •·<I thc \la/ta Co11r;·n·11<'t'. imnwdiat<'h '\tior to that or \ a/ta. C<'nnal . o_r th;· trny C<·or!!l' Catlett \lar,hall. (.hl('f or tarf, l nited • tales Army. had '"'<'11 Pt<•st•nt al \a Ila. I" l'o"ilrly our llepulrlican admini,trn· '?~ 11ould Ire equally chirnlrous ir none n •ls hif!h·rankin!! nwmbers had IH'l'll 1111 oh l'd in the "Cncral 501 ict appl'as<" ; 11<·nt of 1d1id1 \ralta and Pot,clam "t•rc ,;:11. the dinta\: lrnt tltP fact c'.1nnot hc \\ ll11·d that tl111111μh 0111 /11part1,a11 <>rid\\ ar 11 polin a patriotic 111·1·t•,. r'Ac"rs FOIHJM N'E\\'S, :llay, J!l.i!i sity in I ie11 or lhc 11ar effort till' Soi il'l appt'HH'llll' llt or \ alta ,.,.,t its shad<rn 011 /{q111lr/i,.a11s 11 ho al Lh<' time 111•n· t1l'itl11·r ahll' 11or 11 illi11g to e11tl'r any 'i;,!orou:-- prote~l. l'n•side11t l·:i,l'ri/101\l'r, hy takin!! lif!htl~ tlH' <·ataslropht• of the \ alla "'"" n·rrder. hy rai/inl! to mak<• a dcar·('Ut stand a!!ai11"l it. has nol l"'lped to rlar­ifi thl' i"111·: 011 till' <·ontrar\'. ht' ><'<'ms ;t/mo-t in harmo11y 11 ith sudi \ e11 Deal apolo!!i'ts as Johrr CurrtlH'r. lb) mond Cram S11 ing, umner Welles. aud Roh­<' rt Sl"'rnood. and \\ith tho:·e intimates of Pre,;idl'nl l{oose1·e lt "ho participated in the Yalta Conference. :\o comnwnl hm; <'OUH' from anY011e in his Cabinet on "'!'h a Hoo""':lt Rtah,art as Fle<'t l\d. miral \\'illiam D. Lt•ah). Chit•f of. taff to the Co111nH11uler-i11-Chid of the l nitl'd Stalt»• Armi a11d i\a1 y, 11 ho in "\ot<» 011 the \ alla Conference," in the II isco11.,i11 1faga;i11e of llislory, as late '" "inl<'r 1951-55. said (on page 112): "SO\ iel action in >uln•equently 1 iolatinf! a;rn·t·mt•nts that \\<'re formally appro\ed <'011/d not hm c heen anlicipatecl al ). alt a hr am hod). IL occurrPd to none of '" thl're that an~body \las heing sold do11n th<' ri1er." Thus l'Onfu,inn i' perpetu­at<' d. I here\\ ith contencl-and I hcli<•1·e I hair furni;.hed the proof of this conlen· Lion in my book. The l'alta Betrayal, that the apologetic \iews of General Eisenhower and Admiral Leahy clo not stand up in the light of facto. I myself can furnish e1 ide.J1ce to sho" that at the time, in 1915. men who prefrrred (Continued on Puge -19J Page 5 In thC' \ pril Facts Furu rn ;\eu:s C..:roud1 told ho" he fir ... 1 mel Hobert Oppenheimer in 191 1 at a Communi""t 1>arly meeting in flerh.<•le,. California, althoug-h at that time he knew Oppenheimer onl, '-'"' Pro­fe..,.., or Z, "~a H~r, famou ..... dPnti ... t.,, Opp<'nheimer ha.;; denied attcndinf: thi.., mecling. Crout·h fo rmer)' "a" a llart' lt•ad('r in Culifornia,.., Alanu·d•1 County, where lh<' l n i,er ... it, of Californ ia aml i1 ... Hudiation Lahoratur, and 1hr imporhmt re ... <•ar(·h laboratorit• ... of Sl1e ll Dt•\dopment \\t'r{' 10 11 taq:e1 .. for Communi ... t inf ilt ration. ··.(•.~ the untold P A R T I I by Paul Crouch H1110;,111\I 1 l't'll'aied to Lill' \nwril'an publit' lilt' t•,i,ll'lll't of tht' alomi" homh in 1915. To n11· it al,o rl'\t·all'd the natun· of 1111· ··,. .. ,,·an·h" at tht' radi· ation lahoraLon 1111·nLio1H'd lo mt' '" \Jarrel Scht'rn in 1lw fall of 1911 an;I μ-a\P a full t'\.pla11atio11 of \\h~ a 11atio11al fil!un• likl' ""ht'rt'r 'Jl!'lll 'o mul'h Lim" in .\lamt'da Count\ in 1911 and 1912. Soon after Hiroshii'.r.a, newspapers reported Dr. J . Robert Oppenheimer's ro le in the de· velopment of the atomic bomb and carried pictures of him. My wife Sylvia and I im­mediately noted the st ri king resemblance between these pictu res and the man at the Communist special sect ion meet ing who had been described by Ke nneth May as "a very famous scientist ." ()nt' or tlu.• llHlll} drnr;.u·ter \\i t nc•,.,.{" .... "ho u· .... tiri<'d J)('ror(' 1h<" \ EC J»er .... 011 11el Sen1rit) Board (Gru~ Board) in belia lr or llr. J. Hobt·rt Opp<•11lu·imf'r "a~ l>a' id E. Lili<' n thal~ rormt·r \EC rliairman. /111111 •.,.,_. lla1 id I .. l.ilil'n lhal /11/t'rrog111or: :-.a111u1·I J . :-.iht·rnu111 01111• : \pril 20. 1951 ()_ \Ir. l.ilil'lllhal. 11hal i, )Ollr pn·,. l'nl Of'"upation '! \. I am in pri1 alt• J.11,int'" in \p11 York Cit1 "' a1h i,t•r 011 ind11,trial mat lt•r, lo fina1wial and indthlrial 1'1111'1· pri .... t· .... I am al .. o a C'orpornl1· offif'Pr a ... l'hairman of ti"' '""""' of till' lli1wral­and Ull'rnil'al Co. (>. l>o 1011 ha1 t' an) (,m t'l"llllll'lll l'lll­plo\ nH'11I 01 po ... ilion at thi .. tinw'! \. I dn not. (.l. ) 011 llt'rt' fo1 nwrh Chairman of tilt' \tornic l· .11t·r;z \ Cornmi ... :--io11 '! \ I "'" IJt·l11t·f'11 lat!' 01'tohn. 191(>. and ihl' 15th of Fl'i1111an. 1950. fJ . \\ h .. 11 did ""' fir;t llll'el Dt. Op penlH'iml'r·~ \ . ( )11 tilt' Ol't"l'IOll of tltt· 111 trlf!lll~ \\" l ... l11·11·d l'rofl'"t11· I. and Hohl'rl Oppt•nlwi11lt'r lll'rt' 011t• and th!' ,.a111t" alihou~h llt'"'Jl"I"'' pi('lttrl'' an· diffi .. 1111 lo 11't' fo1 po>ili11· idl'1ltifil'Utio11. 11011 t'\t•r. lo u ... il "a"' onh a rnath'r of ca~ual inlt'n•,1. \\ t' knt·11 ·thal th!' radiatioo lallOralon and tht· fa1·111i\ of tht· l ni11·1· 'Ill had ill't'll l1t!11!'\C'llll;,H'd II ilh ( .Olli' muni:-.b and that i.t \\oulcl ha\P lwt·JJ ali,-ol11tt•h impo,.,iJii<· for any rt'''"""h to ha11· '""'" dont• al tlH' radiation ialo· oralon 11 i1ho111 lilt' m<>'l dt'taii<·d infot· 111atio11 lwi11μ lra11:-.mittt·cl im11ll'cliat1·h 111 Llw Sm il'L go1 t•11111w11l. • • • To go hal'k a~ain lo 1911. Sdlt'rt''" In Behalf loμt'l!1t·1 of a hoard or parH·I a lioanl of '"'n,1dianb or l"'""I '" ih!' lkpnrl · nwnt of S1a11· in Jan11an ·. I') 16. Thal pa1wl \\a ... orμani1cd und1:r a f'ommillft' ""ll"d lh!' St'l'r!'lan of Stalt:, Co1J1· millt'I'. Tiit' p11rpt>'l' of 1111· pa111·I and ihl' 1li· rt'f'lion' of lilt' fH1111 ·I lll'rl' lo "'!'k lo find .. 0111t· ha~i~ for a plan or proμralll for llH· i11t1·rr1ati11nal C'o11trol of alomiC' \\l'H' po1h. TIH'rt ' 11t·n· fi11· llll'mlH'r' of 1hi' pant·I dt·,i~nalt'll. I think. 111 till' s .. crt" Ian of Stall'. \Ir. \d11 ·,1n1. :11111 llr. Op· p1·11h1·inH'I' "'"" 0111' of tho~t· panel llll'llliH'h <,>. \nd 101111t·n·1111· "hairman of tlit ' parwl 'J \ . I '"" lilt' d1airrna11 of 1111· 11a11t•I. 1'111· 01111·1· n11·111l11•r- 11 t•n• \Ir. 1 larrl \\ in1lt'. 1 in"prt·,idt·nl of ( ;t•nt·r,d Lkf' 1111 <.o. al ihal linlt': lh. Char:1·- I Thoma ... \\ lio ''a ... I hP11 t'\1•1·111 i\ t' 'ict .. pn·-idt•nt of Ll11· \lon'11n lo <.ht mic:d ( ,t•· and 11011 ib prt•,id!'nL: \Ir. <.lll'•ll'1 l:a1 nartl. 1111·11 prt·,idt·nl of till' \t •11 jt'I ,,., Tt·lq>l111111· Co and I Ji Oppt'11 111·11111·1. f,l \\ill 1011 ll·ll Jh ,on11·1hing of 1111" I . .\!'TS I· 01:1 \I \ 1·:11·s. 1/1111, J!i.5 lh('I) th· .1ppara1 arri\ ed that \ l'I of pdrt• radiatii lahoral1 1naini11~ ll10111b. "" \\ t1~~1~ta11t 11arn1· of \\a~ 1 ~1·11 irnporta1 ".1uni,t 1 L1onal Ct Th .. p t1\ t•r an I'\ id('IH't' ladwd I lllO\('Jllt'I rt·~!j in lion~ \\ii Poria111 1 'liation r·hanμ-t• ll fan•.'' ll1!1d1 C"OI h"in11•r d \. Tl11 l1ril'[j) I I \('T: l ·..,t met •rkele~. .•~ Pro­l cndin,.:­lamecl. 1 ora t or~ t"'re top lhl'11 tl11· national lll'ad of th!' Lo1J11J1uni,1 apparatus for ''ork amonμ- ~<·ienti~t~. arri1 cd in Alameda Count) in Augti,t of that ) car. Ile pcr,onall) a'"umcd chargl' uf part) and Hl'd front a!'ti1 itit•,; at till' radiation lahoraton and al n'"'ard1 lahoratori1" of ~hell Dl'1 elopn!l'nl. ,.. .. lllai11i11μ- i11 lht• C'Olllll) for t·iμhtt•t•11 lllo11l l1'. I fl' '' ,...., acTom111.111it•d h) hi~ \\ ifl' a11d --~--------·--,--···-':•Jlf::. ld:t.Jmf~ [~ f\E TORY I -~-~----~·>=.....:·:~~~I~~rrtfa11fff~.Wli§ ·ouch Holll'rt (' ~aJlH'. diffi .. 1111 1. 11011 f <·a''"" 1cliatio11 l 11i11·1 h ( ·"'" t' lll't'll "("·•t'arrh ion Jab d info1 iat1·h l•' d..,..,1:-ita11t. ''ho "t'lll under th <' a:-.:-.11111t·d 11.:inw of l .t•na Da\ i:-.. (I kr maidt•11 11aml' t11h L""" Cl1t•rncnko.) l .1•11a al,;o 11 a' an imporlanl 11al io11al ll'adn of till' Com· 1~1uni-.L parl). ha\i11μ ~cned 011 thl' \a­l1011al Co1J1111ill<·1· and the l'olithuro. Tiw 111<'>1'n1·1· of >tlC'h 11at ional l1·ad1·r, ''' t•r an t'\.lt•11dt·d pl'riod of Ii 11w "as 1 '\idt'llf"t' of tlH' μreal imporlaflt't' at­lad11 ·d 111 th .. i11t1·rnational Co111111n11i't 1hO\t•mt·11·t to nuclt•ar n•:-;t·arTlt in proμ-­ri ·:-.s i11 \lanwda (.ou11I\. In <·011\t'r:-.a­lio11, "ith 1J11· <.;d11·n·r ,:cfl'rr<"d lo "'i111· J>~ntant n· .. 1·ard1·· in pro~n·:--~ at Iii<' ra· d1atio11 lal1oraton. ~talin~ "'it "ill f'f1a11g(' tli1· <·ntin· 11at11n· of modern ''ar· f<1r1-.·· Ill' al,o 'lated that "our comrad(•,;'' thne 11en• performi11g l11Sb of the ··.,reall'»l importance" and that their 11~rk 11ouJd hU\c '"trcmendou> n»ult:;"' i11 the inll'malional itua.!ion and would hl' '"of lhl' grcatt•,..1 rnhw lo tll(' Soi iel l nion.'' SciH'rer did11"1 gi1e Ill(" 1111) dctnil, alioul that ""re:-;t'arN1:· hut 1lwt \\as 1101 111·<·1•,..,..,ll.) for Ill) duli1•,.. '" polili<"al l1t·ad of llw par!) in the <·ourrl) and as a nwm­her of the Dbtricl Buro. There was not the slightest doubt in my mind, however, that the Soviet government was informed immediately of every discov­ery made in all research at the University's radiation laboratory and at the Shell Devel­opment research laboratories. l 1uler Schen·r",; diredion. nH'mlwr.­of ilH' parl) core l'!'('J'UiiPd 111a111 '"i1·11· tish into the F \ ECT\ Cltapit•r 25 in tlHN' 1 ital plal't''· 1'.1·1111<·th \ la1 11ork1·d dooch 11 ilh Sd1crer and 1n1d1:r hi, "'· Jll'l'I i~io11. Ht1d) La111 IH'rl also part i1·i· palt•d in till' al'l i1 ilit'>. \ houl Sqill'ntlH'r. a 111·11 part1 1111il '"" forntl'd in tlw Sh .. 11 ll1 ·1 Plopn11·11t laltoralori1 ·"· 11 ilh Dai id '\ d1·l"u1* (h a lcadin f( m<·mlwr of it. Thi, unit 11a, al· laclwd lo th<' 'Jll'!'ial ,,.,.lion. l--1 ·111wtlt • 111 \Jay, 1950, the Calirornia ""1·11at1· 1-'i.lll Findini,:: Commillt't' 011 l n- \nwr1 1"a11 \• ·ti,i1i1· ... \\th d1·-.iro11 ... or qt11"·lio11i11;! ll;nid \d1 •J ... 011 abou t hi ... tlf" li\itit·"' in 1911 and 191:!. \\"lwn ... ubpot•na ..,4•ner ... l'amr to hi .. pl:u·t• nf 1•111plo~ - 1111•11t. \il('l:-.on in .. ta11tl) \\.'.ilkl'd orr tlw job and fl1·d throu μ:h a bal'k door. I It' n·m<.tirlt'd in hiding: until afH·r tilt' 1·0111111itlrt• IH'aring ... in Oaklnnd. rr:o11tiri1u1d 011 P,,1:1· I IJ PPENHEIMER 1 hoard J)qu1rl· " Th•" 11111itt1·1· i (:0111· th<' di· 10 find "111 for i(' \\('!) • of thi, ~ccrc· )r. Op· pa11t'I of 1h .. l"'" .. 1. Jfafl·\ I J-'lrr :c ... \ I' \it"I'' !"I I( .•" .111''''"' ·11 Jr• )l'J"'" !f, Jll.J j1 '-" It 1·onlacl 1011 had 11 ilh l>r. Opp<' II 1 "1111 .. r d11rin,!! tlw 11ork 011 this pa1wl'~ I _\. Th<' f'H1wl 11a- 1·01111·1wd a11d nwt •r1f'[J) "ith thl' St•('J't'lar) of S1at1··, -Wide World Photo DAVID E. LILIE NTHAL l·\<Ts Hll:t \I \;Ji\\'S. \/"!f, /'1.;,; <·n111milll't'. l'nhap- I ,hould i11dwat1· th1• Jlt' r-011111 ·1 of that rnmmil11•1'. Thi, \\'aS the fir,l nll'l'lin ~ 11ith Dr. Opp1·11· lwim1•1. That l't1111111il11·1· <·011,i>ll'd of l 11d1•r Sc('J'l'la t'\' \ !'ht•,..011 p1·1 hap,.. \ s. ,i,111111 s .. crl'l31'\" al that lint<' Jol111 \J... Cl111. C1·n . L<·-iir H. Cr1111'>. l' n·,..id1·11t <:1111;1111 of llanard. and llr. \ a11111'\(ll' 1l11, h. Chairman of the J oint H1•,...•a rd1 Hoard of tl t1• Drfen><' J•:,1ahli,l111t1•nl. That m<'l'li11g 11 ilh lhi,; lop 1·0111milltT 11 it> hridl'd a11d ilwn thi, ho:ml of <'Oil· ,ulta111- 1 irlualh- li"·d tnμct lll'r for ,i, nr -..1·\P11 \\t't'k"' until \\t' fi11alh fHt '~t· 1111'd our rqtorl lo tl1t• 1·0111111ilt1·t· \\ hid1 \\ P rrpor!1•d ()_ \\ "' D1. Oppt•11IH"in11·r adi11· 111 lhi, 11ork '( \ . ) ,.,. Ill' '"'' i11d1· .. d. 0 . \\'011ld 1ou lt·ll "' "111t1·thi11!! ahoul 1lw,po,itio11- .that llr. Opp1·11ltl'i1111.,- look and tlH' 11ork lw did in tl11· drafti11!! of that n·porl. parli<·nlarl) 11> it h1·ar' 011 hi, a11i1 11dc to11ard tit<· prohl1·111 prt" -.c111t-d In our n·latio11s \\ ith H11-.~ia '! \ . I think ihl' iht•nH' of tlti, μroup in 11hid1 Dr. Opp1•11h1·inH•r\ 1 i1·1" <"011tril1- f f.'or11i11111·d on J>r1;:1· ',!; J -Wide World Photo J'a,e.t· 7 \ t\IEHI( \"\ (.1Jmn11111i-t- in ,, ... l nil!'d , \ation~ ! Thi• is another topi<' in FaC'h Forum·, st'rit', of pro and r·on di sC'u,. -ions on tlw l nited '\ations. B1•fort' laking up lh<' pros and cons. let\ define thr prohlem. The l'nited :'lations Secretariat staff i' rompo"•cl of 'ome :l.:l85 p<'ople. rlra" n from 'i"lf·One nations. As of the Pm! of 1952. the numll!'r of American memhrrs of lh!' S1•n1•larial 'laff wa' 1i7 in profe-.ional position' and higlwr. Thr \meri ran 1·mplop-1•s arf' hired di · ref'll)' h)' the l'nit!'d \ations. although -om!' arr rrcomm!'ndf'cl h)' our talc Deparlml'nl.1 .\ fed!'ral grand jur)'. 1·mpaneled in \pril. 1952. lo im1·-iigal1• suhY<'rsion .ind f'"pionage in lht' Southt'rn District of "'''" York. rPport1•d in <'"<'nee ao; folio"'' The startling e\·idt-nc<· di~cloiu·s th<' in­filtration into the UnitC>d Nations or Rn O\'('l"• whelmingly largt> group of disloyal Am(·rican t•itizens. Scort:'s n! individual!'I. moatly with lonv r<'Cords of ft>deral t mployment, h&\'C bt·t·n c-onntttM with !'lubveraive movcm(·nLi.:! All this apJ)t'ara to havf· n·sultcd from the' rontrivance of certain highly plnct·d officinlll whn havf' !'IUrround<·d th<·m!-1(•1\·( a in each gov­<' rnment agency. Almost without ('XCt'J>· lion thest- '<Ub\·er"ins, form('r]y Unil(<I Sta~ f'mplnyt."t•l(, had bN·n lrnnsfC'rr('d from nnl:' federal dt.partment to anoth(·r, c·nclinJOt 1111 in key J)ORts o f the UN. Th<' <'Vicl('n('(' P.hOw!< this is not coincidental. but part of n ddinifr plann<'d pattern.!? In October. 1952. a . rnatr sulicom- 111ittrr hr~an open hraring-:; into suh­\ rr;;;iyr arliYilirs amon" Amrriran rm­ployre• in the l ''\. O(thr thirl)'·threP l "\ employe<'' •uhpornaecl. twcnly·si' inrnkPd tlwir f'Onslilulional pri1ilrg1· a:zain~t !-'f'lf-inrrimination '' hrn a~krd about Communist m1·mh1•r,hip or e'pio­naμ- r arti,-itir .... :-;,·nrlary General Tryf!H' Lie con· -ultrd an inl!'rnalional commi"ion of three promin<'nl juri:-l' (one Am!'riran. on<' Belgian. and orw Briton) for lt•"al ad,-ice. 4 0 UNFIT FOR UN WORK The commission a<frised that an .\merican 11 ho inrnkr, thr Fifth AmPnd­mcnt and rf"fu~e~ to a11'°'''<'r <Jll<'~tio11s of a ('Oll,!!rP ..... ional t·omm itlrp is unfit Page 8 American Communists • ID the UN - by Dan Smoot for 1·mplo1 nu·11t i11 th!' l nil1·d \'a1io11-. \r·li11g upon this ach ir ·l'. the Srn<'lary C1•111·ral cli,mi,si·d l11rnl1·011e of th(· Pmploy<'<'' 11ho had ill\okecl the fifth Amf'ndmr11I. The di>charged <'mploy<'<'S appealed to lhr l "\' Admini,lraliYr Trihunal. ron· ,i,ting of lhr!'r Europ<'ans and an Egyp­tian altrrnale. On q>lrmhrr 1. 1951, this l"\' tribunal rul1•d that it 11as ill!'gal for the l ''\ , <'rrrtariat lo fi rt' de1 en of these rmployc•es. saying that claiming the fifth Amrnclnwnl pri1 il<'ge did not 1·iolalf' any { '\ staff rul<''· 1 Th<' l \ tribunal pul nwmhC'n.Jrip in th!' Communi't party on a par 11 ith lll!'mlwr,hip i11 any olh<'r politi<'al parl1· and 1·onclud1•d that l \ 1·mploy<'rs C'Oul;J not he fired h<'cause of their politi<·al opinions or h1·<·atN' of thl'ir affiliation -Wide World Photo Henry Cabot Lodge, head of the U. S. delegation ta the UN, in 1953 appeared before the Jenner Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to 9ive a report on steps taken on subcommittee recommendation s about screening U. S. employees of the UN. Lodge said that fingerprint forms had been distr ibuted to American pe rsonnel employed and that fingerprinting was the first ~tc > taken. · 11ilh polilif'lll parlit's.' Th<' l '1\/ tribunal orcler<'d four of tlw clt'l'f'n reinslalrcl 11 ilh full haC'k pa\' and din•rlrd that thr other s<'V<'n, w h ~ didn't want lhl'ir jobs bark. he paid comprn~.ation or damage's aggrrgali11~ somr l .\5.000.' Thr l 1nitrd Stairs. !'\pressing dissati•· faf'lio11 11ilh tlw lribnrrnl\ findings. laiil lhf' probl!'m brforc the l ' nited ' alio11' C!'neral AsH•mbly. In tlw fall of 1951. the l 'l\/ CenN:il .\ss1·mbl)' di>po,ed of thr <·a,e '" np· holding the l N tribunal and voling to a\\ .ird almost 5200.000 in damagl'S W lh<' disr ·haq~ed employees imollC'cL' That con..!udf'd the mall!'r from till' l<·gal point of view; hut the suhjrct of A111nif'an Commun ists in the VN rT· mains an issur of ke<'n interest to Amrri· f':.llJS. L(•t ' .. «O n, ide r thi "l IOJ>it· fir ... t from 1l1e "i<'"J>o int o f some who like th(" l ' and who think tl rnt thi .. i"'"H(" o f \ merit ·un Conunuui .. t "'I in th e ll ~' luu l>PPn .twlitc/ ncto rily lu11ulle1I. 0 • Tiu· l nitrd '\'ations i' hig!(rr than any political parl)' or any one na tion - 11 dof's not con,idi•r that il8 <'mploye<" should hr hirrd or fired heeau'e of an~ politii·a l affiliation . It is working all ""'r the glohr to get rid of war and 10 promote p<'ar·r. This is a hig joh; an<I 11h1·111·11•r lh!'r<''s a big job to h<' don<'· 1ou 11ill alway' find a slrang<' assort· nwnl of p<'o ple trying lo hurt instead nf help.' "nmt• arr ig-norant~ mi~informecl, or fri~d111•111•d; some arr professional lrouhl1·makt>"; and 'ome are r,cn mon· 'ini,ln than that. They hide hr· hind hif!h-~oundin" names and or!(an­izations; and they terrorize innocent pcopl<'.• The l ' nill•cl 1ations came into e'· i't!'n('e as a hri.,ht new ho1)e for las t i n ~ . t"' 'I Jlt':t('!'. und so111(' people just have : mental quirk 1d1ich makes them afra1' 1 of arnthinμ 11ew. Th<' l nilf•d '\'atiori- i' nol. of ('Ot1r•<'· FA <'TS FO Hl r M a prrfr1 "inr<'rr frrtion,, r·ism. de lo dr,ln \~'r n hate :d" 'ihle, In 'lrad ol For ei doesn't l system "0 mall' rr<'omn1c Thr pho1 11ho is c tni•rrlv ~ ''UL The all the u ha, don• Hu'>ian after p, don't n• lhr fi!(hl lnrlonrs ii lhr l1nil lhr India ri•rnemhr 'rttlrd th rlo thrr 1 arrnistirr Thrre an ~rt: for lion, fia and i/!1~ r·au,rs of 'omr l th1· roo;t l nitrd f\ : latrs (oi llrrns) 111 lrihution s r of tlrl" ck pa)' "n who 1r' paid ·cga tin ~ :li ssa ti-­gs. laicl rations Grncnil In up· 1li~1 ~ to U~C'S to \°Cd.' om tlw 1jr<"t of :JN n-­Ameri · from " the IC of UN r thnn natio!l· 1Joye•·' of an) ·ng all and to , ; and douC'· assorl ­nstea< l eel, o• sio nnl (' \l'll cir hc­organ­nocenl to e'· last in ~ ave:; afrn1' a pl'rf!'<"t or;wnization; and th!'r<' ar!' 'inr<'r<' p<'opl<' "ho criticiz<' its impcr­frrtions. But this is constructin• nit i­r- ism. dc'il!nrcl to impro\'e the UN, not lo dr,tro\' it." 'II'<' n!'~d a< much honrst public clc­hatp :1bont thr l "nitrd Nations as pos­< ihlr, but wr should insist on farts in­' lrad of falling for slogans. 7 For r'amplr. a sincrre U cri tic who •loesn't likr thr Srruri ty Council voling svstrm \1 hi ch rnahlrs Russia to Yrlo 'O many conqrurti ,·e proposals mav rrrommrnd that the veto he abolishrrl. l'hr phony UN nitir. on the other hand. 1'110 is out lo ruin the Unitrd Nations. nwrrlv srrcams for Unde Sam to grt out. Thr di,l10nr't critic ncwr mrntions all the useful thinl!s the United ati ons has done. They don't remrmbrr how Hussian troops "ithdrew from Iran aftrr l 'nitcd \"ations objecti on . Thry <lon't remember how the UN rncl<'d the fi l!ht ing bct\\C'<'n the Dutch and the lnd orH'sians. They don't remember how thr l ' nitrd Nations ccase- firr se ttled thr Inclia-Pakislan prohkm. Thry don't rrrnrmbrr hm1 tlH' United 1ations '"lllrd thr μ-urrrilla 1rnr in Greece; nor do thrr think about thr llnitrd Nations arrnis ticr l><'l\\('<'n thr Arabs and Israrl. l'here an• many morr things thry for­~ N: for in'1ancr. how thr lfnitcd ' a­lions fil!hh faminr. di,rasr, JlOYC'rly, and il!norarwr thns r liminating thr rau~C'S of \\ar.8 omr l·\1-hat<·rs !'\(' 11 complain ahout th,, rost of thr l 'nitcd Nations. Th!' l nitrd ' fations spends in the United : latrs (on suppli es. utilitirs, and othrr llrrns) t\\ icr as mn<"h as our total con­tribution to thr L'\".8 TROUBLEMAKERS IGNORE FACTS . Tlw prof<-ssional troublemakers nrH·r ~l\r us thrs<' facts. Thry gi\c us, in­\~ ad, sup('rpatriotism. fl ag-waving. and ; 1 r11· h .. , about Am!'ricanism. Thr case of 'O-callf'cl \nwri C'an Communists in 1 ;<· l \1 was a "r<'al boon lo the rnakf'r;.. ~ fir·tion and distorters of fact ahout 1 tr l '\/. Thr l "\1 Adrnini,trali\e Tri­' llnal did rule thal the Fifth Am!'ud­rhnt \\ itn{'sS('S had hrrn fir ed ili!'ga!Jy. t·: tribunal did not deride th at tllf' 111lrd ations must kerp America11 huhw•rsirrs on its payroll. Hat her. it rid that rrfusal to ans\\rr qurstio1h "'kcd by a congr!',,ional committ!'<' 011 ~rounds. of possihlr sdf- in f'riminatio11 Is not ~uffi<'iPnl rt'U"'Oll ror distni~si11~ "'f Pmplowr of th<' l -nit!'d Nations. 111 ~t lrr wo~ds, the l ' \T tribun al mer!'ly r111.h·d that the l "nil<'d \'ations, in han­tl •ng its O\\ n 1l('r;..onn<'I, should acl on ~e ha,is of real C'\ idrncc and not on ,. rre suspicion. It mil!ht promote 1111' attu'r of justiC'r all O\Cr th!' world if ,11 .31!<'n1·i<·s of go\!•rnmf'nt would adopt 1 h a rul<'." 11.A. \kC.arthyilt' arbi trarily decides !\lat a11vor11• "ho inrnk!'s the Fifth 111"ndnwnt is 11uilt,·.0 FOHt;l.\I :\EWS, lllay, 11155 -Wide World Photo India Premier Nehru Cleft l and Pakistan Premier Liaqat Ali Khan I right l affixed their si9natures to lndio· Pakistan agreement in New Delhi April 8, 1950. Statrsmcn in thr United 1ations haw a som!'\\ hat more detached and judi­<" ious alt itud<' about it. They a"unw that tlw Fifth Arnrnd- 11w11t io the \.onstitution of the llnit!'d . lal!'s wa' 11 rill<'n lo prolrcl thr in­hahitanls of the Uni ted Stairs.° TIH'y. therefor<'. fail to ser any proof of gui lt in the fac t that an Amrrican choO'<'S to accrpt thr prot<'ction which his 0111t Constitution offrrs him. L<'t's scr just how dangrrous thrsc so-callf'd i\nwrican C.ornmunists in the l \ n·~illv '"'rr.9 Huth Cra\\ ford, an Amf'rican, was a Lnit!'d \"ations information offic<'r. Jn l 9:W. ll iss Crawford had informrd tlw FIH that she had hecn a memhC'r of the \.ommunist party for a little more than a yrar. beginning in 1935. Thereaftrr. sh<' '"" employed hy the l'nitrd State' I!"' ernrnent for ri1d1t years. \'\Then slw "as qurslionrd hy senatorial im·estiga­tors looking into possible suhvrrsion in th<' Unitrd 'i'ations. she told of joining and of !raving th<' Communist party but she refused to Sa) who had im•itrd hrr to join.' For thr decenr·y of rcfusin!! to hrlp ""ear form<'r friends and a<'quaint- -Wide World Photo Jerusa lem Truce Commission shown as it met Count Bernadotte (in uniform at center), mediator for Palest ine. At extreme right is Ralph Bu nche, UN representative. Page 9 anceo. Ruth lra" for<l "as labeled a dangerous Fifth Amendm<'nt Commu· nist-although •he had hc<'n quite open and candid about herself.• The l:nited \ations Secretariat is an international career sen ice. The founders of the United Nations pro· ,·ided that it• SC'crrtariat should be "holly indcp<'ll{lrnt. i\mC'rirans employ· ec1 by the Srrrctariat arc not, in any '<'n•e of th<' word. representatives of the l'nited State•. Thry are employees of the United \ation•. LOYALTY PLEDGED TO UN In fact. (;\ cmployres take an oath of loyalty to the L\. pledging that they "ill \\Ork for th<' interests of the U~­that they will not work for thr inter<'sts of any one nation. How ebe could an international or· ganization opera tr? !Tow could any organization operate if it \\ere staffed with people who had no loyalty to it. ''ho werr. in fact. "orking for the int(•rests of out•ide agencics-stafft•d with proplc working for separate master' and at cro·o-pur· pose• "ith each othn '?'; nen1!'mlter that the \nwricans fired from the l \ w1·n· fin•d lweause the•, \\ere su•pt·<·ted of IJt'ing nwmhe" of the Communist party. Let's analYzt' this. l.ommunism is a legitimat<' politiral party in se,eral of lhC' nation' '' hi"h an· nwmlH•r..; in good •landin!! of the Pnitl'd \ations. Yet. ~'e "rr!' a-1..in!! th!' L' \ lo lrrarl(f the Communi-t party. as •ulnt·rsin'.n Supposr that nC'\l month tlw Sm i..i L nion t'"'rh t•nough pressure to gel the political partir• of i\mrrica branded ns •uhYcr<>in•? 'i'\' hrrt• would such a road end? OIJ\iously, in chaos. The l\' could haYe no staff if p<'r· sonnel wrrc to he hirrd and fired at the whim• of mrmlrrr stair• or hrrausc of affiliation with domestic political 01" gan izal ion..;.10 Prrsidrnt Eisrnhow rr ha• ignorrd all of thr rahhlr·rousing ahout thr ll'\/ with the samr statesman.Jib- calm "ith which Prr ident Truman heforc him ignored it. Jn ~t·ptt·mht'r. 195~. llrnry Cabot Lotlgt'. our amha"ador to Lhr L . randidh- and unemotionalh- a1111ouncecl that '\nwrica did not likr ·the l'\' tri· hunal's drci•ion awarding l :~5.000 i11 damal!l's to disC"harw·d \ nwrira11 cm· ployet's. \ mha,-sador Loci gt· promised that Anwrira \\Oti!d rt'sist that llf'c i•ion -but in tlw clrmocratiC' 11 ay prrscribrd In· the 1 ·\' Charter. \Ve would submit the question to a \Ole in the General '\.-embh of thr ( \'. wherr. as l\I r. Lodge pointed out. wr certainly had C'nough frit'ncl• and influrnrc to insurt' that justirr \lould h<' donr.11 RESISTANCE SHELVED FOR GOOD GRACE Wh<'n. i11 tl1t· rail of 1951. thr r\' Grrwral \•-<·mlrh >t'lllrd tlw mattrr h1 Yotinrr indemniiiPs of appro,imatrl)· ,200.000 to tl1t• disrhargt'd ,\ meriran•, \It' al'!'t'plt'd the decisio11 in good grace like a progrt'ssin• nation acruslomed to tkmonat iC' pror·r••t'., -Wide World Photo . tn 1952, a Se.nate lnt.ernal Security subcomm itt~ e investigated possible subversive activi .. ties among American United Nations employees. Frve members of the committee were (left to right l Senator Will is Smith ( D· N.C. l , Committee Research Director Ben(amln Mandel, Senator Pat McCarran ID-Nev. ), chairman ; Committee Counsel Robert Morris, and Roy Cohn, counsel to the Attorney General. l'all'e 10 \o one. of <·our,r, argu<'s that all or the rules and regulation• of the C\' are prrf<•<·t. \o 011c dain» that majoril' deci,ions of the l ' nitt'd :\'ations General A"t'mbl) an· ah1 ays e:-1nt•ssions or ah,-olutt• truth." It should br ob, ious, ho" ever, that America eould not krep the high estcelll of the world i[ we did 11ot continue to eondurt oursrh-es in the U\I as a Jaw· abidi11g member. \Ve must acccpt the drcisions a nti mandates of the l "\i's highe•t tribunab -working in Ir.gal and parlirun~ n tarr wavs "ithin the U\I itself to alter an)' ruling or proredures "hich wr think unfair or un•atisfactory." We would inC"ur the rontempt of the world and we would kill th ITN· ir ""stalked off like an undisciplined dii l1l c,·cry time the U 1 made a dPrision "hi ch some of our politicians or super· patriotic organizations do not like. * * * Thut wu~ o ne s ide. The o ther &idc will come nexl. He r e ure u r~um e nt s o f 1iiiomc who tlo 11 o t lil~·p the UN and who think th at the pro bl em o f Am e ri t·~m Com· 1nun i~ t s i.e. """ altt0<1)'S luu IJC(' ll , " rery seriotu 1nattPr. * It is dirficult to measure the prohlcfll of Am(•rican Communists irr the l l'\/, ht" causf' WC' don't k110 \\ how many art' tlu•rt•. A c·omplNc imt'sligation has ne,·t'f lwen made. \Vr know that all Communists "ork again-t thr l1nitcd Statrs and for int er· national conirnt111is111 . \Ve ran a:;su111f that lhe l'nilt'd Nations is run by th<' peoplP "ho an• in it. 13 If we diseml'f that thr operation, or th<• l .\ ha' c helped rommuni;;m and hurt i\nwrirn. it "ill be rrasonabk ff. a"t1llll' that Communists C\ert a control· lin!! i11fl11t'n<'<' in the ( ' \T Tf that is thP <·ast·. tht'n cH·ry dislo)''11 \ nlt'riC'an i11 the l "\' is a triple dang<'r to II'. lie "orks for the Sovirt tlnioll· I le \H>rl..s against u•. And he keeps u­r rom ht" ing in lhr {1\1 an AmrricU" " ho 111 ight 11 ork for Amrrican inter· t·~t.::..1:1 f So. lt't's look quickly at the record 0 "hat has happened durin« the tru yeur· that "e ht"e hrrn in llw l ' nited 'a tio"r and ha"' madt· the l '\' the kn stone 0 our ron·i;r11 policy. , In 1915. Amnica oc'f·11pit·d a posili_<"' or flO\\t'r. prt•sti;rr. and international Jlli fl11t'rH'r 11<'\t'r hrfon· in history ('njoyr• hy any natio11." AMERICAN FLAG REVERED \ 111nil'a was lo, rd and respert<'J 8 1j 1111' liheralor of oppressed peoples. A 011·r t I"' "orld. the i\meriC"an flag "o· rt"11·rt·d us u ha1111t•r of liberty." . Tu 19 15, tlw So, iet Union wa• ''r desp ·rate C'Oudition. I\' early oue·balf .0 it' territory wa• in ~hamhlC's; its iJI' 1-'AC'TS J•'ORl'l\I NEWS, .1/11y, J95' du:,trie it W3"> hy i\Jn It wa• Chirws and ha lo,cd I All c )'rar th <'d . Sir paneled One·thi 011e.fo1 farr. 11 \!ra1 point o fJMple O\cr th the facl ha,e JH 'Oun•p, oprnha1 hi•tory. 11ho no to n·mc '''rPn u Duri1 rni~hty 'Urh IHl h·ar, to Patriot.' Tito. "la, ia. ~ and mu rc·wardp1 or ('<'one is 'ti ll f \ nwri <'cl.up d handit j: llungari ~N tht'n \ pril. \' TtTo G 8 •goslavla •lgrade I ~&tl•ered c ltthday, hal all of c r'I arr majoril\ s General ;.ions of •ver, that ;h esteem nti11ue to lS a law· ions and tribunal> run en tan alter anr ll'C thin~ pt of thr . l l ~ - if nl'd child dreision or super· ike. er bide 1e wlio think 1 Com­• ern , « problen• U\', he· 1a11y art' sls "or~ or inter· assu111f' J hy thl' 1tio11!' of i"m an~ nabk t« control· disloyal · daniirr llnioll· tC'f'p~ w meric:111 n inter· ·cord of ' II yeM' rutioW stone of posi1ioll onal ill' cnjoyrcl I •cted a· 1les. All lag ,,LI~ 14 WH~ j!l -half of its ifl' du;,trir,; 11<·rr rwarly all cJr,troy<'d; and it wa, h<·inf! >upporlt'd. in (!rl'al part. hy ~meri ca11 military and <•conomic aid. It 11 as clr;;pisecl all 01w lhe "orld. The \.lri111»e p<'opl<'. for in,lan('!'. feared and hall'cl lh!' 01 iels as mud1 '" thn lo1pd their old fri!'nds. lhc Anwrican~. All of this 11as l!'n yrars ago in tlw )'<'ar that llw l 'nitNI Nations was form · <'n . Siner lh<'n. Soi iet po11C'r has rx­pandPd 11111il today it directly enslaYes Onr-lhird of tlw population of 1hr C'arlh. 011r-fourlh of thr 11 or Id's la11d slit" rarr.11 \!rail\\ hil1'. America has rl'aehecl a poi11l of de-p1·ralion and isolation from P<'ople 11 ho 11•!'d lo hP our f ri1·nd• all O\('r tlw \\oriel a11d all of thi' clr>pill' lhr fa,.l lhal d11ri11f! tho,-!' len 1cars 1\1' ha\(' poun·d oul llw la\ mo11t'); a11cl r< '­' Ourn•s of llw l\nwri!'an l"'opl1• 11 ith an openhanckd (!<'nrro,ilr 1111parall..Iecl in history. lryi11(! lo helii lhl' 1ny pcoplt• 11ho no" s1·c·m lo hate· '" or 11 ho \\anl lo remai11 n<'ulral in lhr struggle h<'­h1<'<• n us and the Soi irls."' WHY PATRIOTS CRY Duri11g lhosr len )'<'11" Anwri1·a. 1ni;!l1ty and magnifirP11I. has suff!'rf'd 'Urh national humiliation a~ to hri11μ l<'ar, lo lhc ryes of an\ lru1· \ nwri!'an Palriol. 1 • • • Tito. lht• l.omm1111is1 I) ranl of ~ llftO· 'la, ia .... hooli11~ do\\ 11 Amt•rin111 plant's and 111urd1·ri11g Anwrican soldins! \\'1· r,·wardl'cl him "ith bi ll ion' of doll,11·, ?f f'f'ono111i" and military aid "hid1 !11· 1s >lill gellinf!. '\ nwri1·a11 soldin,; arn''led 011 lru111p ­<' d-up dtur(!t's and impri•oned i11 llu· handit jails of a -.1•11•nth-rale po"er likl' lfun(!ary! \~'l' paid ran,0111 monl'y lo ~et llH•rn oul. \ pril. 1950 - 01ict fighter planes - Wide World Photo y TITO GETS THE BIRD-President Tito of 8 " 1 9oslavlo fondles white carrier pigeon In d~9rade In May of last year after the bird bi lvered greetings to him on his sixty-second tthday, F'A<'l'S FOl!Ci\I :-\E\\'S, M1111, J!1.;r; shot do11 n a l 'niled lal<» '11 r plan(' O\·er the Baltic ea, killing ten AmC'ri­car1'. Thr l'nited Stales go1 crnmf'nl prolP;;led. 16 1\01 Pmber. l 951 ~S O\ if'l μIan<'' shot do" n a llnited Stales P2V Oll'r the Japant>se Sea. The entire Amcrirnn cn·11 was losl. The l 'nited Stales (!on·rnmenl protested .1 r. Octob!'r. 1952 Soi if'l fi(!hters shol do" n an AmNirnn B-29 off lhe Ku rile Islands. F:i(!hl Amf'ricans 11 <'rt' lost. The l 'nitcd State's go1crnmcnt prol<»lecl.'" 1 aly, 195:~ ovicl plane shot do" 11 a l "nitt'!l Stale plane off Sihnia. Si,. lC<'ll Anwricans \\Crc lo-.l. The l 'ni Lcd Stal<'s :ro\t'r111ne11t protP ... lPcl. 11; Seplemll('r. 1951 Sm iel plant'" ohol do1111 a l nitre! Stall'- \a1 )' fighter off Sih1•ria. One \ nwri .. a11 lo-.1. The I nil<'cl .. late~ go\ <·n111w11l prolt•..,!Pd. 1n Paci lie Ocean 200 -Wide World Photo THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRO­TESTED- Map locates Habomai Islands off the coast of the Japanese island of Hok­kaido, where the Reds shot down a U.S. B-29 on October 7, 1952. On September 25, 1954, the United States demanded that Russia pay 51 ,620,295.01 damages for the " incident." The U.S. also denied Soviet claims to the Habomois, which Japan also claims. \01cmlif'r. 195 1 So1il'I plu11c ,,hot do11 n a lT.S. B-29 off tllC' Kuri le !:;lands. On<' A111erican lo,,t. The l ' ni1,•d talcs ;.rcn ('n1m<·11t prolf'~trd . 11; 1 n all in,,1a11ces. our prol1•,1s l110t1f!hl 1101hi11μ but in~u l tin~ rrpli{'..;, In \c)l!'nlhcr. 1951. 11hcn tlw \ mcri­f'an Pn·-id<'nl 11 as a,kf'd lo c·o111111e11t on all of thi;:. hf' !'\pressed h i(!h hopes for p<'ace hecau,f'. in conn1·clion \\ ilh the lal<''l Soi iel outrage. the Soi ict allil ude had hcen less insulti ng lhan before." Con<:ider "hat has happ<'ned lo Amer. i!'a's po,,ilion in the Fa r East durin!!: the len year' of ot1r rc li ancP upon ll u• I niled alion' lo kPep pt' al'I' in the \\orld. I 11 1915-16. AnH'riea's emi,,ary lo China Gcn!'ral George C. l\Iarshall- -Wide World Photos Top, in March of 1946, Ge neral George C. Marshall boarded a reconnaissance car pre· paratory to leaving for Communist head· quarters at Yenan. Below, Marshall inspe cts Chinese Communist troops at Yenan. Left to right, Mao Tse-tung, Chou En-lai, Marshall, National General Chang Chih-chung, and Communist Commander in Chief Chu Teh. 011 thn·t• ~<'J>aralt• otTa ... io1h ~a\ <'d tlil' Co111muni>l ar111ic' from cl1•,1 ru<'lion Ill· forcin:r an armi~liC'f' jn thr C'i\ il wa·r "hif'h Chiang Kai-,,IH'k's fo1-c1•s were 11 inning. lfa1»hall kept \.hiang from g<'lling l'COnomic aid 11 hi ch the Amcri - 1''111 Con(!n'" had \ ol1'd for him.18 \fpanwhilf'. l 'ni lNI ~alion< nwmlwr Htl''~ia wa~ arminp: \orth Korea and lh!' Chine-.(' \.ommunist in 1iolation of tlif' l"\ \.hartf'r; hut the F\T did 11othi11μ-. HELP FOR CHIANG SCUTTLED Entire' hoalloacl,; of <'<p1ip111cnl dcsi~­naled for Chianf!'\ :ro' l'r11nw11t \\f'rf' dumped in the lnclian O .. can. Th<' Chi­"""'' p:o1f'rnmcnl "hid1 \\as friendly to \ mcrica 11 as cl ri 1 l'n from I he l\sian mainland: and 600 million Cl1ine>e who u'ed lo hl' our frit•JHI-. lw .. an11· llw tools and ~Imes of lhl' Co111111unist,. 1' Tlw fir,l clirt·.-t n·,ult of all thi,; "a' llil' Korl'an \\'1r the fi1»l war thl' l niled :;lalt" <'H'r lo-.1. Th<' Cnill'd \alions macll• us lose it. \ ft er G!'ncral \Iar \ rlhur's b1·illiant 111anC'u1 er "hi!'h landed l\mrrican troop" hchind l'JH'my lines al Inchon a11cl pul lhem in position lo clt•slror tlw nwdiocn· \orlh Kon•a 11 C.omm1111i-.1 anm. lhe l nill'd \alions \lililarv Corn­nwn «I -topped \lac \ rihur al II;<' :'181 '1 parallt•I '11HI hPld him llwre for 1warh three "''eb. Durin ~ 1'10-.e tint'<' "''!'\..·, the Chines<• Fourth \ rmy was 11101 ed Page 1 l up from lhr Formo ... a trails area to :\Ianchuria. "hnr it <"ould oprrale from a l-nilcd 'latiom'·rrnaranlrrcl sanctuary again.;l .\mrri<"arb in Korea. B!'cau-c of th.e Cnitrd "\ations. Chinr.;r Commu­nists roulcl fly llwir SO\ iet planes aero" tlH' Yalu Ri\l•r and attack our mrn; hut our air fore·•· couldn't ... trikr hack. C'\Pn in hot pur:-;uil. 1 ' 1 ( .\[trr '.\[ac.\rthur 11as gon1·. Crnnal \ 'an Flrrt-drspitr all thr n•strictions and handicaps pla1·ed upon him 11 a<; ><'\"!'ral timC',; in po ... ition lo d!'slroy the Chinr ... c Communist armi<•,: hut l "ni trcl \ations policy 11otrld not prrmil it. The Kor!'an 11 ar 11 as s11ppo ... rd to be a 11 ar bt'L11 rf'n l-'I forch and Commu­ni ... t foree.;. Tht•'t' C:ommuni,;L forf'r.; were arm<>cl and lrain<'cl by tlw O\ irt l 'nion. Tht•\ \lt'r!' ad\ is<"cl hr Hu•"ian ,.,p<'rls. anci th!'ir airplanrs ,;rrc flo11n ll\' Ru-,ian pilots. Ru"ian officrr' C\C'n C"Ommand!'d ><>ctions of thr Communist armi<'': y('[ all llw 1d1ilr Ru"ia re­mainrd i~ lht· l ' nitt'd l\'ations and on thr Senrrilv CounC"il and prr,umahly had arTrs; to l 'nit1•d 'lation• halllc plans.'0 Jn .\pril. 1951. \IC' <"nl!'rrd a iroocl­faith airreC'mt•nt 11 ith the Comm11ni,;ts in Korra lo ,.,,.hang!' all si<"k and 11 oundC'd pri ... oner,." On th<> clay th<• <·"·lianir1· h1·irar1. AmC'rican fliers srnt up lo watC"h lhr progrr-s of the opt'ration in :t<"<"ord­ancc 11 ith th!' agrN•ments had to fight th!'ir "ay through Comm11ni,;t anti­aircraft fire. PRISONER EXCHANGE HOAX The) r!'porl<'d h11ndr<'d, of 1·m·111) -Wide World Photo General James Van Fleet pictured with Korean youngst er during visit to Seoul or­phanage in 1952. lrut'b rollinf! along in broad daylif!hl on the roads dt·signatrcl for transport­inir \mrri<"an pri.;orwr ... to the point of r'changr. Tlw lrut'b hon• the 'Jlrcifif'd markinirs 1d1ich kt•pt our men from at­tacking tlwm. B11t thrr \\Pre not rnrry­in~ pri:-.onPr~. Tlwy "t•rt• 11 .... in:? the mon· :-;lrous hoa\ of pri~ont•r C'\('hange to hring up ammunition and ,.upplit•s for th ·ir.. front linf' troop-.'' Dt•t·!'nc·y and honor rwt to mention th!' milita'q n<·('(·,.;it) of prol!'l'linf! th .. liH•, of our 01111 ,ofdi!'r,; ... hould ha11· d!'mancled that 11 t' stop tht• disastrou ... pn·l<'n'(' or pri,OIH'I' ndwng-t• and hit .the l{t'd,- 11 ith !'H'r) thin~ 11c had. But -Wide World Photos BARRIERS ON THE ROAD TO PEACE IN KOREA-Top photo, North Korean soldier armed with Russian-made burp gun shown outside his comoufloged guard post near the house used by UN peace delegation at Kaesong in July, 1951 . Below, UN forces correspondents enroute to cover Kaeson9 conference were stopped by Communist s w ho would not permit them to proceed furthe r. Photo at right shows North Korean sold ier who moved himself squarely in front of on AP photographer's camera in an attempt to preve nt him from taking pictures at Panmunjom. The enemy sold ier was 9uordin9 the neutral t ruce area. Page 12 11 t• clidn 't. \'i't• l'Ot1ldn't. The pri,oncr 1·\<·han~<· hoa\ \\a-.; a l rn ite<l 1\1ation~ arn.111w·nwnt. \ l nitcd \~at ion" com· mi-sion lwad<'d ll\' pro-C:ommunist India -11pl'r\ i,Pd tilt' operation. Wr wrnt lhl'Ot1f!h II ith it."' \\'!' rt'l11rnt•d OH'r ,.i, thou>and sick and '' 011nd•·d C:ommuni't ~olrlic·r~. Thry rC'lurnC'd orw hundred and twenl1' Amer· il'ans. And 11t• k1w11 they were 'holdinf! ha1·k tho11sand' of AmrriC'ans in drs· p<'ralt• rH'<'rl of dt•r·t•nt hospitalization. B11t 11<· couldn't do anything ahoul it. Thi,"'" a l ' nitc•d i\'ations affair. And ll11-.ia alorw ha, lhrr<' \Oles in tlw 1 ''\ lo our ont· not to mention all of thC' C:omm11ni't pup1wt >!alt'' "hosr l-'\ \ol•· ... tlw So, iet' control."" During th!' Kort'an true<' talks. the C:omm11ni,1s. i11 Yiolation o[ their O\lll initial agr<'<'m<'nl. rt•quirrd our Trprr· 't'nlali\rs to l'Omr. 1d1itr flags in hand. to a nrutral zonC' 11nckr the muufe, of Communi't guns. looking to all thl' 11orld as if"'' werr heirging for terms. While llw talk. werf' f!Oinir on. "'' knt•w that the C:omm11nisls 11er<· ~tailing for timC' to n·huild on their >idr of the t ruc·1· lirw i11 'iolation of the trucC' a1rrr1·nwnt' :1irfirlds 1d1ich \\C' had ck· -troyecl.'' COMMUNISTS USE UN MEGAPHONE From the hririnning of the Kon•an "ar. \\ <' liP~an amas:-.in:r concrelt• "' i· dt•n(·p on Commu11i~1 n.lrociti<'s ('OJll· milled airainsl 011r ,oJdirro tak<•11 pri,­on<• r,, \\ 't• prc·,.,enh•d this clocunwntcd proof to th<' l ' nit..d l\'atio11s hut ""r<' 11nahl.· to g<·t tlw l nitl'cl 1a tion> e\1'11 lo put the matter On the Uf!encJa ror di,t·11,,.,ion. Al tlw ,anw timt'. ho1"·1cr" tht• l nil<'d \ations pNmittrd il><•lf 10 h(' ll'-'t'd as an i11tcr11alio11al mc~aphorll' for hroadc·a,.,ting the Communi,.,t lic­aho11l American germ warfare in hon·a.2 ' Th!' fi11al arnri,tin· t.-rms in Kort"" \\t'rt' dictatC'd hy tht' Communi,ts and "rittt·n h) pro-Communist India. Th<' Comm1111i!--b hq.~a n 'iolati11g th(' tcrrll"' lh!' da) they '"'rt' ,.,ign<'cl. -Wide World Photo UN negotiators, Major General L. c. Craigie I left l and Vice Admil'al C. Turoer Joy I center! shown as they left the first Kaesong peace conference July 1 0, 1951 .,t~ walk past a bemedaled Chinese 9uard wit Russian·made burp gun. FA TS FOHUM 1.;ws, il/ay, 1955 UN Se lieftl c. Chou En· ••lease b Prisoners, AC'c·or 'Uppo ... t•1 orwr~. )' that th< lhousanc as politi1 and inti On 1 Com mm l1orJd th lrnc<'d ti What h:11e apJ \at ion• hand. to · inii..;te lire! the I ~rrwrals hroun-ht Ame~i<'ar Who a l'nitrd Olniot run tl1f' l that r' rt ~om r'< ·0 rnrnuni •iation is "''Ulral n 1 o~iali ... t. '· rmpl Oc·1aJi..,I~. 11 hat <"har WHAT 1'hr rr an~ 11 rrs ti 11 0111r1 h('I 'ulr,,.r ... i,c llli,,·P!fant ~ tlw Ar . ation, . '' aln·ad f·riouO'h :?u T1;;. ·r, '••ar<' for lnd di,,iJ I ra, hc·c·on IIi 11"n'-. a f n rt• [}''. lPn \'C' 1 'lfl<·d \a '''adlon" t 'f' '"i· 11 a,..y itor us to μ I !lr! ~!Pl t 11 111 t1•d St. t'i\Cl'!; Ft ni ~o n c r ~a ti o n ~ i~ corn­s! India r wf' nl ncl >i!'k ·s. Thry ,' Amer­holclin l! in des· lli on. bout it. ir. And the l .\' of the .,.(' r\ lk s. the •ir OWll r r pr<'· n hand. muule· all the · tr rm•. on. we stall in /! · of the ' truce had de· !ONE K o rra 11 'lr <'' i· .;, C'O Jll · 11 pri :-o· ment l'd ll \ \ Crt' I!-' <' ' rn da fo1 ) \\ t' \ er. :,.('If to aphon<' , , li t'· lf (' ill Kor"" , t~ and n. The te rn1 .. rid Photo L. c. Turner he fir•' 951. ,.h rd wit -Wide World Pho to UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold fleft) conferred with Red China's Premier Chou En· fa i in Peiping in an effort to obtain rel1tase by Red China of American fliers held Prisoners. Arco rdi n:z to thr armistice. thry \\ !'rt' ' llppo-.·d to r!'lurn all Amr ri ran pris­Oll (' r>. Y!'l \\ (' kn!' \\ from th!' lw:z inni n:z that thry werr holdin:z ha('k o' r r a lhousa ncl of our sold ie rs, krl' pin:z thrm as politi ra l hosta :z!'s with whi ('h to bribe and intimidal!' us in thr fulurr. On Thanb:zi,in :z E\r. 1951. thr r.ommunists opr nly announ('r d lo thr ' 1orlcl th at thrv had ('O nYi r tr cl and srn· lrnrrcl lhirlr!',.; of thrsr Americans." What hm·<' wr donr a bout th a t? \'h ~1\ e applauded !hr hrad of thr l'nil!'d I ations for f!O in 11: lo Pr ipin11:. ha! in land. to hr/! fo r us. · ini-i!'r forr!'s in thr tTnit l'd Na tions lircl lhP hands of all th !' :zrral Amrr iran l!rnr rals "ho s!'n !'d in Ko r!'a, and 1 (ouμ-ht d!'alh lo th ousa nds of :zall ant ' meriran hoys "ho fou!!hl tlwr!'. 1• ~h o a r!' ii1!'se sini ster prople in thr lllled Nations? Oil\ iously !hey a r!' th!' f)('Opl<' who r,un Ill(' l'nit rd l\'a tions. You can lw surr 1 lat r ' rrv l'nit rd !\'al ions 1•m11lo\'!'r fr · · ('Om r\ ~·ry Communist ro untr )' _is. a · 0 11 rnmun1 >l. F., <'n ·one from a Social" ! ation is a , ocia.list. E, rr yo nr from a 11 ''Ulral na tion is eithr r a n!' ul ra li st. a I ~ia !i st. or a Communist. l\'ow, if thr• rmpJo,·r•rs from Amr rica a rr also }'' iali-t s. Communists. or n!'utrali sl•. 11 lat d ianc!' cl o!'s Anwrica ha1C'? WHAT CHANCE DOES U.S. HAVE? l'lw rrro rcl of lhr las! lrn yea r" ans11 r rs th at ques ti on : wr hav!' non!'. !1 " 0 uld IH'lp if wr rn ulcl r l!'an all of tlw ' u_livf' rsin• .... Communists. , ociali"'t~. nnd ~1 ''""11a1wous un-Am!' ri can pinkos out ~ ~hr· Amrr ir·an quota on thr l'nited i at1ons . P<· retar iat sta ff ; hut tlH' hour 5 alrr·ady too la te for tha t to lw r·nouO'h :?•1 • , 'rJ~ .. l 'nitrd \'a tio ns has lwconw a .' 1arr for fru • tra tin i:: Anwri ran poli"' h"n d. c1 J·< .;.·s 1pa l ·1 11~ \ mcn· r·a n !--ln' nμ: t Ii . l I I a, Ji,.,.omr• a ' pid1•r \l ('h for trapp i11 1! 1; 11 mun fr<'1·do111. l>urin i:: r n ·r1• minul r o [ 1-'''. lr• 11 \ <'H r' th at "<' hav(' ()('(' Jl in th <' I, '.1ll <'d \ at ion,. \I P haH' l)('(' Jl plun :z inμ n' Jdlonμ lo \\ ar<I na ti onal di , agt(' J'. Thc fli y ''HY lo ' top th at fa tal pJun:zP i, •"t1 Us to μ!'lo ut of th (' l ·nit 1•d '\'at ion,. J ~11 111. ~!'l th r l 11i11·d \ a tion" out of ti lt' tr•d Stal<'• ,, <'\f'l's FORl'M :\'E \\'S, ,,,,, ,,, rns.s - Wide World Photo Jeeps of the UN Military Armistice Commission observe r team were marked with white flags a s they entered the neutral zone in Korea in 1953. Ilibliography 1 "Story of Con11111111i "m in 1hr l N," h" H.oh- 1· 11 \Joni ..... ( . S. \ t ' U'.\ &· II 11rld f~t·1 10rt, Dre. 5. 1952, p. 19. 2 .. \\hat Crund .iur) Found in l 'l," U. S. \ t•u:.\ &· Ir orld R<•1Jur t, Df'r. 12, 195:1, pp. 88ff. :1 /frport of tli f' Suhrommitt t'l' to l nH'""l il!nl<' Internal Security, Committt•f' of th f' J ucli­ciaq, Co\t•rnnwnt P rin ti nμ; Offic·e, \\'a...,h· i n~ t<Ml. D.C. 1952. 4 " H e hir inμ;~. Darnaμ;r!'i OrdC'rrcl," Ira<:.hingto11 Po.,t. S1•pt. 2, 1953. :'.I '·Loyall) Qu .... tn ... of U ... \i deo; in l N arc HnlPd ll le~a l ,'" \ <'W ) or!. Tim!'.1, Srpt. 2, 195.1. o ··w1io .... f' l ' ~ Ts ll '?"' 1Yation mnp;az in r, Sept. 1 ~. 195.1. p. 20 1. 7 "San Franci .. co to 12nd S1rer t," hy Max J\ ...,co li , The Rc1mrtcr magaz in e, Dt•c. 2, 195 1. p. 9. ·"''"( :an \\ r \ lnkc tl ll' l 1'{ Efft•c thc?" T0tt'fl \/ p1•ti11μ of the 4ir. O .. t. 26. 195 I. !I .. Ti u· I la t1· ( '.a mpa il!n \ ~a in .... t th t• l \ Onr World l ndt•r l t1 a<'k." h) Gor. lon D. ll nll. llcunm p ,,._,\, Bo .... ton, 195:-l. 10 " \\ho ).., Out of St1•p '!., Chri.\tian .'frit>fl('(' Monitor. Dt'r. I I. 195.1. 11 " f ,1u l g1· on l ~ Fi rinl!'"·" lr a<:.hinKton Timi'.\ /frru/d. -..-p l. 2.'i, 19.'i.1. 1 ~ ''Hi>poll to 1lw CP1wral \ '-...,Pmhly of tlw l 'l." '" T n~1t· l.ir, I \ /111//1•ti11. \t ar. 15, 1%1, p. 191. l3 "Communi .... r... in tlw l \ Th ro'' l .~. F lbl Cune.;:,"' .\outht•rn Conwrratire (Ft. \';'orth . Te' n" l , .\memhn-Drc<•mlwr, 1953. 11 The Chiria Story. hi F rt'da Vtlry, pp. 3-29. puhli-hed hi llrnri R1wwri, C hi ra~o. 1951. i.·. lmt•rica\, RNreat from I frton. hy J o._eph H. \l d.arthi. p. 1.1 1. puhli, (u•d hi ll1•1in· \ dair Co .. \ f'\\ ) ork. t•; ··sm ir t-. Gt• tt in~ Tou~lwr '' ith U.S.," l . ...... \ t•Ks & lrorltl Rr1111rt. \ 0\ . 19. 1951. fl· 20. 17 ·· Pre:--idenf..., \ if',,..;· l. \. \ ews & World Rrflort. \'o, . 19. 19;; I. pp. 92-91. 1 "' lmerica's R1•/rt.•a1 from l'frlory. pp. 79-101. rn Tr..,tirnony of Gen. Doui:dn.., \l ac \rtlrnr. l frarings hrfon• thr ( :omm ittf'c on \ rmrd SC'nich and tht• CommillN' on F on• ign Ht• lntion-, L .S. St'nal<'. \ u~. 17, 1%1, l .-.. Cmnnmrnt P r i n l in~ Offict', \\'n..., hinμ: ton. IJ.C., p. 3583. " 0 ·· ~l nn•ry Lndrr lh t• l \ ,"' Chner 8 1ni11c•_,, L<•llt'r, Supplrnwu t, Ft'bruary, 195:1. :.:1 •• \ ~n'f'llli'll l on Pri .... orH•r ... of " 'ar," l V /Jul­lrti11. J unr JS. 195.1. fl· 11 8. :!:? ··Korra: End of Pri .... onrr\ Story." U. S. \ t'Jt'.< & ll'orld Report. Ja n. 29, 195 1, p. 17. :!:1 ''Blnrkmail Srht•rne .... ," Time magazine, 5f'JH. 21, J 95.1, p . • 33. :?Ju \ pathy and \ trO<'i l)," 1\'ncrn:rrlt, Au~. 17, 195.3. p. 21. :?:> Yrw l'ork Timi'-'· "\o\". 2l, 195 l, pp. 1-8. '" "Capiloi Stuff.'' h! John ffllomu'll. I a/l," E11·11in1: .\lm1it,,r ( \Jc \ lll·n, Tt•\n ... ), Srpt. 6. 19.5.1. -Wide World Photo The U.S. Army re le a sed this photo and described it a s some of the thousands of victim:; massacred by the Communist · led North Koreans at Tae;on in the summer of 1950. Pag-e 13 \ THE UNTOLD OPPENHEIMER STORY (Cor1tir111ed from Pa[(e 7) :\fay Look me lo se' era I meeli ngs of this u11jt, Th!> nw!'lings [ atlt•nded were de,otrd r"clusi' ely to ll'rlun·, 011 Commu11isl lhl'orr and ohjeC"li\t''· i111'iuding the O\ erthrO\\ of lhl' \ mrril'ttll i!O\ <'rnmrnl In armrd for<·•• at till' opporlu11<' liml' i11 the [uturr. and lo an:--\\ ering qt1t':--tio11-.:. of the member •. Therl' \\Cre :;oml' theorl'tieal di>cus· sior1' ha-.rd on mi l<'c·lim··· \ o .. bu,i- 11e,, .. "a' lak<'11 ;,p or praclic·al \\Ork planned durinμ m) 'i•ih lo lh<' unit. In 1941 I met many party members who either then or later were engaged in im­portant research work leading to the devel­opment of the atomic bomb. Among them was Or. Frank Oppenheimer. He and his wife Jac.qu inette were regarded a s active and reliable Communists. Jacquirwllt• applit·d for a lt•a\t' of aJ.­~<' n<·<· from part~ \\Otl und a<·ti\ilie~ on «round, of poor lr<'alth in th<' "rninwr of fo 1 L I :rranl1·d till' n•qtu"l. "ith ap­pnH'al of Dra•nin a11d \lay. till' olht'r memlwr .. of tlw parl\ :;<'nt'larial for tlw <·ou11t'. Thi-. did 1101 nwan km inμ th<' parl\ · only IH'inμ- nc·1r-<•d from th<' >tn•r;uoti- aC'li\ iii<'• tlral fill the li1<"· of Commu11i•l'- The fall of 1911 '"'' markl'd 111 ,..,. t•ral ralhn unu-.ual t'\t'nh i11 tire · party in \lameda \.ou11l\. Orw drn. Di-.lrid Organizt•r Schrwid;•rman cali1•d m<• lo :;an Franci•!'O party ilf'adquarl<'r' _and "an· Ill(' ""OnH' ratlwr .... tranμ:P d1rt'dl\t' .... I "a, ahlt· to !!O to lilf' ll ot1·l \\'oodro" in Oakland. a~k for a ma11 i11 a •1·1·ond floor room. idl'nlif,· rn"t•lf Ir) a rncl1· name. Th<'n I "a' l;l !!i"· full. r·ompll'll'­and horH''l an''"'r' '10 f'\f'r\ qut•,tion thi.., man ''oulcl a ... k nll'. f had IH'\l'r •ern firt• lllall heforr. althotwh r pn-onalh k111·11 ('\l'ry rank­inμ p,;-rl\ J .. adn in till' l nill'd State,. and lhl'rt' \\('r(' r .. \\ -··c·ondan ll'adrr­r had nol al l1·a .. 1 ,,.,.n in !'O n\('n­tion~ and al ~.Pnlnr~f·<I"' mP<'lin:r"' or .. plenum··· of the \alional \.ornmillt't'. The man •poke FnμJi,h flut•ntly. lhouμh in th<' ralhrr nwl'hanirnl \la\ il i' often -pokrn hy peopll' from 01J11".r counlrir­" ho ha\I' l<·a rrH'd our lanμuaμl' "I'll in -1·hool. .\lthoufti!h lw did11"t l~ll me 11ho lw wa• or hi' po-ition. I rrμarclrd nn questioner a-. a n·pn•·t·ntali\f• of tlw 'io' i!'l CPl I no11 the \ l\' I)). Ill' qu<'" tioned me al ... om<· lenp:th rP:rardin~ part~ organization, :-itrrn~th or ~PC'liOll'.-i. a11cl plal'!'> of emploi nwnl of tlw rn<·rn­hl'r,. But mo,.l of tlrl' 'JU<''-lior" rPlatrd lo man,· indi' idual lt•arl<'rs and mem­hn- or' tilt' party. Ill) ,., alualio11 or tlwir ahilitr a nd thl'ir n·liahility and Page 14 dt•\olion to tlrt• Cornmu11i,.l mO\!'m<·nl. .\bout Dc«<•mlwr 20 I "a" r·al~d lo a rn<'l'li11μ of tlw i)i,tricl Buro in San Fran!'isco. Tlll'n' Schnt'itkrman inlorm­!' d mt• that a 'P<'<·ial Buro mcclinμ hacl ju>l h1·1·11 lwld to "hich I had nol hem 1·allNL ahhouμlr a mrmlwr of il. and 111 o dl'r·i-ion .. had h1·1·11 maclr'. Fir,l. I "ri.. lo μo 11 illr my famil) to Lo> An;:rt•I<'"" and r<·c·t'i\t .. a IH'\\ party as:'i~n­mcnl lhl'n' the nature of my i>ork to he n·n•al!'d afl('r arrirnl. S1·1·ond. I \\U>­to ht' -.uc1·r1·dcd as Alarnl'da Cou11l\" orμaniz!'r hy Stl'H' \!'l•on. . I a•kPd for llw n•a-.o ns for th!' dt'­ci> ions. Lo11i•<' Todd. thr District Or­μ- a11izalional S1·nt'lary. rl'pli1·d: " As an old Communist leader you should know that an organizer carries out orders and does not ask the reasons for them. The reason for the decision is connected with the war and the international situation. I con not say any more: I hove already said too much." \ly "if<'. ho\\t'\l'r. looJ.. a diffcrl'nl 'i1·11 · of lhl' dl'l'i,iori... Thi' Ionμ- -.ton or our !!radual di-ilh1 .. ionnH'nl and Jo,, of faitl; in !'ornrnuni•rn dcH's nol l'Oll· t't'rn t lw Oppt·nlll'i m<'r na r ral i H' ""C'<'Pl for lhl' rnt•n· fal'l tlral \It' '"' n· lookinμ for a \lay lo μ1·1 0111 "itho11l phy-.il'al dan:rer of ''liquidation." Tlr<' "''" parl\ orckr offl'rNI a pnf1·c·l ''"(''"'" \Ir" ife rdu-.1·d lo μ-o to Lo• \ 11w·lt·•. del'lari11μ -.lw rlid 1101 "i-.lr lo lakl' our t\\O ('hildn•11 0111 of tJwir •d100J, or lo quit lwr \\arlinw joh \\ilh tlw \\'c-.1- 1•rn Di<' \.a.tinμ Company. I J..r drarnali!' pcr-011al da-.h "itlr ~ .. hnl'idPrma11 a11rl lwr ddianc·1· of parl\ ord<'" il'd lo our r('rnmal from il'adinμ- po,ilion-.. and lo till' rifdtt I had lonl! dc•irf'd lo oh1ai11 pri1al<' 1·mplo, nw11l. \\'(' \\l'l'I' .. pt•rmill<'cl., lo rl'111ai11 in \ lameda Count\. In 1912 ''!' holh dropped oul of i lw party hy faili111( lo attend rnrrlinμs anrl pay d111». rl<•,pit1• rqwalPd 'i,il-.. pre"un» and threat.. from Stt·' c• \d•on. ''ho had 'Ul'!'C'l'd<'d mt' in Parh Ja11uary_ On one ocrw-ion \<'I-on <;aiil. on a · ' i,it lo mY honw. --~ ou should kno" that th<' pa~ly do<'' not allo" pt·oplt· "ho IHn 1• held •ud1 lt'adin~ po"'ition ... a"' you han· lo ·drop out.'·• Durin" tlr1· "ar \l'ar' my "ifr anrl I \\l'rt' holl1 cmpl0)1:d in d1:f('n'I' indu-.­lry. In Ja1111ar). 1915. for n ·a-.011 .. of h<'alth I had lo ll'a\t' lh<' Bai area anrl rno' <' to Bro""" ill1·. Tt•,_a;. "here I obtained olhn ddt•11,1• "orJ.. "illr Pa11 .\mPrica11 t\in,ay .... • • • Durin~ thl' ... uh··t-cp1t'nl )Par ... \\C \H' rc -Wide World Photo Steve Nelson (right) talks with his attar· ney, Emanuel Bloch, after a House Un-Amer· icon Activities Committee session durinCJ which Nelson admitted being a Communist but accused investigators of " trying to cont· pel me to testify against myself." ilfna1<•rJ al IJw 11ai\t• JwJif'f of lllO,l \nwrif'<lll'. irwJwlin~ ... OllH' or lhl' hi~Ji· 1·-1 offiC"ial- of llw """·rnnu•nl. tlral th<' alomif' homh \\ii.., a~·· \ mt>rica11 H'("f('( and that tlw Sm il'l l 11io11 did 11111 k110\\ lrm' lo 111ak .. it! \\'c 111·1t• a,1011· i,Jwd and rl i-ma \'l'rl Io •<'•· \ rn!'ricall rort•i:,rn poJi<') Jia,·l'cl Oil ... ll('h a ra11la .. Jil 1lwor1 and r·o111·lr,.io11. \\ 1· t'ould 1101 ima~ill(' i11tPlliμ-< ' IH't' aμ<' IH'it"·• raiJill~ (Cl lw a11an· of till' fal'I that nwny \.ornn111 11i•l "'if'nti•l• lrPlp1·d lo dt'\Plop th•' homlr a11d k111"11 t'H'I'\ "'''fl and prorc·· in it... rna1111ra('t11n·. It was rar 111ore irnpo ...... iJil(• lo ('()l!('l'i\(' or 1\ nu·rir<ill Comm1111i ... 1.. . IH'ing: a\\an· or !"'0111cthi11~ or i111porta11C't' \\ ithout pa--... i11g: thtil i.110\\ lt·clμT 011 lo tht· 011ly μoH·rr11tH'll1 to \\ hid1 !ht•\ O\\t' allP~iatH'<' tht' ~()\id ;.!0\f'l"lllll('Jll. The most fundamental and elementorf principle of communism is that the goverri· ments of the United States and all oth•' " capitalist" countries are enemy goverrl' ments, that Communists and " class-conscio"~ workers" owe them no allegiance, and thO ultimately American Communists, with tht aid of the Soviet Union and its Red Arlfl1• must overthrow and completely destroy bf force the present government of this natiort· Any Communist or so-called "former" Cofll' munist who makes assertions to the contrd~ is either a deliberate liar or a moron : 0 " 11 few if any morons ever pass the part ~ screening and get into the organized Co"' munist ranks. 11 i, 1111n·a-.011ahl1· and 11111lrinJ..uiilr thal 11wnil1('r;o. or a pall\ ai111i11μ al th1' ddl'al a11d d1·,11111·tio11 ~f the J\11H•ric·u 1; μo\r•rnnwnt '' ith tht· aid and ~upport '~ llr<' Srn il'l l:1·d Anll) 11011ld C' \l'I' lre,r· tal(' to pa'"' 011 i.111\ ,al11alilf' 111ilitilr' >1•1·n·ts lo hi, .. , n;,. fatlwrland." 1 !~'; So, il'l l n1011. A11i 1 nu• Comn1u•~\ ''ould n·μard irnrwrlanl and 1·rrecll' · · I \ · , crw ('~p1011aμ-1· a ~a 111..,I I H' / 11H.·r11·a11 g:o 1<! 11u·11t a-.; a μ-rt'al pri\ ilq.rc. \I any "oll_ hl' n·ady lo ;.ri \t ' lllf'ir Ji\('"' ir 111·( ·1·;"'~11 '. lo liri11μ- alro11l tlrt• 'iC"lon of flit' Krcll1 1 li11 and tl1t· an11ilrilatio11. of 1lw lr11l•'' FACTS FOR M NEWS, Mrry, J!l.i; \ 1111·1 i Tho true ( npporl tlw S ''rugμ th" T1 al till' ( '.0111111 •·d h) ;.rn .... s. ih thi, Tlw I 1111· arm !hi- f'\l'I lht• \\Or allo11 th th,. H1·d 1•or1 I>) Ii~ tht• ( Illa\ htn S1hi in 11 ... rli,il111, i 11i-.;m. J lh1• 'icl l1ri11;.r a or -la \I' lhino· \ 'tiJ(ro \ rnPrif·1 \\ lr1•1 lion ... ,, ft'{'0\('J"I ''Ommur lo th" I •·d::r of Posa! o ~r<'al pl r,·ar \\ ,. Stuart I " 'a,lr.: /!Pit·~. a rlatt·d ar no ima~ llOl 1111'1' th .. Com Ht·lt'r.., r• ' 1'<'k l;>; Plcl\m1•n rl .. r-_ s,1 rlri·n n;i. fac·tor, 1' 0.r <·011;.rr 111111· al Coun1, . In D< 1·onr<·n·n, Pho111·rl t )h ia a th,. di-.pc 1•·ar and ''O!ifidrn "c ''<'r<' Connnillc ilefon• •non) lie I fl· 1\ nwr .•narJ...<'d •11·11,pa1)1 that I h h,·inwr Ir Norld Photo his attor· Un-Amer· •n durin9 :ommunist g to coin· of 1110,I "" hif!'h· 1ha1 th.•: l ~('l'fcl did 11(lt n· a:--1011" 1.mcrica11 fa11la-1ir wld nol .1 ilinf! 1t1 l.011111111· ·lop 1h<' pro<"c,· 1r rnorl' .lllt'firHll +mcthin~ ll~ 1ht1t t•r11rn<' 111 '(' 1hr \nwrif'all ··,·apita li-.1'" μcnt·r11n1t·11l. Tho-1· fnoli-h rnnu~h In lwlil'\I' all\ lrue <.ommuni-1 11otild nol 111'irnnlf' a11 OJlport1111il\ to rn:;raμ:r in e'-pinna~t· fo1 llw Sm id l nion ,hould rl'ad Tiu· Stru{{glr /gains/ lmpPriali.11 lf'ar and th1• Ta.1/,, of 1/11• Co1111111111ist1. adnpi<'d <ti 11,., '-;i,1h \\ 'orld Conf!T<'" of 1111· Cornrnuni,1 l111t'rnnlio11al a11d rl'affirrn· I'll h1 1111• S1·11•111h and la,l \Vorld Cn11- gn"··:-·:. I 11 it lhP\ \\ill find '-'11d1 lan !!Wl!!t' a- 1hi,: · · ' Tiii' Ht·d \nil\ j ... 11111 an '1·11t•m\ · nnll\. lint th1· nn11' or tl11· inlt'rnational pr~1l1•1:11i~1t. In lh1· f'\f'lll or i.I \\ill' <IJ!ain<.t tlw i..;O\ i1·t l 11i1111. lfw \\nrJ...t•1 .. in 1·;1pi1aJi .. 1 1·01111tri1• .. mu .. 1 1101 allo\\ thPm ... 1·h1• .. lo lw "'''iH1·1I from "'"l'Jlflllin!! tlw Hrd \rm~ n11d from 1•\pn• ...... inJ! thi ... 1.,up· Port 11> fi11htinJ! n~ain"'t tlwir O\\ n hour~t·oi .. it•. 11~ tlu· d1aq!1' or tn•n ... on that th1· houq!f'oi ... ir ma, hurl a1!<1in .. t tlu·m. (From paJ!I' 29. l • • • . S1 h ia and r ,1011 ly re~airwd our fail Ir in !hp Amcri<'a11 μ-o' Prnnwnt afll'J' 011r 1li,il111,io11nw11I and hn•ak 11 ilh !'Olllllltr· nism. '°lfll'f 111• lre1·arn<• !'Oll\i1H·1·d liwl lhp 'i1·1on of 11orld f'o1111111111i-111 11011ld l1ri11;.r ahout a 1hou ... a11cl yt•ar.., or morr of '''" <'n and lnror and d1·,1 ro\ "' <'n'­thin;. r "~rth ''hilt• in <·i, ili1nlio11. ,; t' -lill. for a Ion~ tim<'. look!'d 11pon lht' \nit•ri<·an ;.ro' t•rnm<"nl a-. ~'a Jr.., ... er "'ii."' \\ 111•11 our fail Ir in Anwri<·nn insliltr · lion, \ltt' f!ra d11ally n·,lored and 11<· rt'<·o\t•n·d rnmplt•it'h· from ilw 'irus of <·onimunir..;,nl. \\(' hl'~ital<'d ahoul μ-oin~ lo llw FRI and pla!'inl! 011r 'a-l kno11 l­" d~r of llw l:1·d <"On,pira!'v al lire dis. Posa! of lltt• 1!011·rnmt'11I. Tlwrl' 1'"' ~r<'al ph,,iral dan~1 · r imohrd. and 1111' f1·ar 111· ·mirrlrt 1111·1·1 llw fall• of Julil'I S1uar1 l'1l\n~1. l.a11ra l.a11 of Alwrdp1· n. 'ra,h.: l·\1•rf'l l lfud•on of 1.o- \11 - ~1·1t.__ and ollwrs 11 ho had ht•<'n liqui­rla11 ·d af11•r hrt'aki11~ 11 ilh lilt' H1•d, "'" no imaμ-inary dan;.rer. 1\nd if \\l' did lloi me!'l !hat falt•. 111· ''"II k111·11 lro11 1'11' C:ommuni"'t"" ''ould :--nwar our drnr· <tt·lc•rs. fahrif'alt• falst' diarf!t's and wo11lcl 'l'1·k lo n·11101P all opporl1111ili1" for !'Ill· Ploynw11t. If \\(' ('!Wapt•d phy,inrl rnur­il .. r. S1 h ia and I and our l\\O f'hil­drt• n n;i l!hl 11c•IJ ,..lane lo d1·ath. Tht'l-1' fa1·1ors lon :r '"alt•d our lip' as Ill' rrad 0_f c·onμre ...... ional in,·r"ti~ation~ of \\ar· 1 ~rn" al om i<· "'piona~t· in A lanwda C.r111111' and t•l-1•1, hl'rt'. In D .. ct·m lH'r. 1917. af11·r a familv •·011fpn·111"· 1ha1 induclt'cl till' d1ildn·11 . . , l~horll'd 1111' Fill for an appoi11lnlt'11l. and • Y h ia and I plact'cl 011r k11011 it'tlf!t' al lhi· cli'llO,al of our ~0 1 errmwnl. For a 11·ar and a half 1hi' \Hts on a sent'! and r·onficlrnlial Ira-is. h111 in \la\. 1919. lie Wl'rt' suhpoPnaNI hy 1·on~;.""'ional cornmiuccs. 1 ildon• :ro inl! lo Washington for tt·sti · no11) hefort' 1hc llo11so Commillt'l' on l 11· \rnerirn11 1\('ti1 itie,, I caoualh re· .'11ark1•d lo a reportt'r on lhe \iiami ·'1t·i1,pap"r 1dH·rt' I 11as llrt'11 t•rnplo)t'd :h~t I ill'li1·\t·d Dr. J. Holwrt Opp1·11 · li·1111n had IH·1·11 al a Conrm1111i-1 rnt'l't· F'A.CTS FORUM NEWS, Afay, 1955 -Wide World Photo William Schneiderman in;r 11IH'rl' I nrad1· ;r rqiorl i11 11)11. lhou:rlr 1111· 11 if!' nnd I ni11ld 1101 ill' po .. ili\(' fr:om 11('\\:-.fJapt•r pid11n• ... and 1lra1 I inlf'ndt'd lo 1111'11tion lhi, to lhf' ,·ommillt>(' i1nt':--ti;ralor ... i11 \\ a ... hin ~lo11. \ ftf'r phorn· ('Oil\ t'l"·•atio11-. '' ilh "'011H'· 011f· in \\ a ... hin;rto11. ~011won1· I pn·i..unwcl lo he· in lhc ~Oll'l'lllllt'll l and lo -peak aulhorilali\l·h. llri- rq>orl<"r l'a lli•d n11· inlo a ,id" offil'l'. He sa id that I should not mention the name of Dr. J . Robert Oppenheimer in Washin9- ton , that he had been advised by the man he had talked with, not identified by name. that Dr. Oppenheimer had coope rated with the government and had a ssisted in " catch­ing Sovie t agents." I '"'('l'fl lt'cl !Iris -Ion in l!ood faillr. l '"" lold llrat lhi, did 1101 in any ''"I apply lo Dr. Fra11k Oppt'nlll'irrn."r an;I lhal Ill\ 11 if1· and I f'ould l1"1if, f11lh rqrardi.nμ- k11owh·cl ;?1' of hi111. 011 \la, 25. 1919. i11 lht' 1To11dt'd l'Orridor, of lire old ll otrH' ()ffil'I' B11ild ­i11μ- and tht' wait inμ- room-.. of thP I lcH1 ... 1· Cornmitlf'I' 011 l ' 11 -A11ll'ril'a11 1\C'li\ iii"'· S111 ia a11d I r1·1·o::rni1t·d al ,i;rlrt lhrt'l' fc)rm,·r ·'C"omradt·...,·· '' t' had 1101 "'t't'n for rnon• 1ha11 'l'll'lt y1·ar .... Tlr"' """" all important atomic· :--<'it·111i .... 1 ... · Proft"··~or Clan•rwt' lli,kl'\. Dr. J1N·plr \\ .. i11lwrl! nnd l'rof"''"r llm id llolrm. \\ 1• 11 ,.,. .. <lllla1l'd lo fi11d lhal lh" id llolrrn hnd IH'l'll 011 a ··10\alt, hoard"" of ;rtonri" "<'i('nfi ... 1 ... ! S1hia arrd idl'11lifi1·d lh. Frank Opp;·11 lreirrll'r arrd lri, 11 i[l' Jacquinl'lle a~ ha\ i11H hc:t•11 nH·mlwr ... of liu· <:011111111 rri,1 part~ irr \ lanwda Courrl) in 1911 . Three '"'"b la11·r hot Ir 111'1'<' <'all1•d IH'· fort· tl11• 1 lou•t' Cornrnilll'I' arrd 11 lwrr pla c1·d u11dl'I' 011llr lhn adrnilll'd ~·fo rmt·r·' nwmher ... hip, until ~onwtinw in 1911. llrrl lill'y r..fu,<'d to11m11• 1lra1 llreir loyal!, lo tlw l{1·d, 11;i... 1·0111plt'ldy irr ilrf' l""I hy llwir rt'fusal lo rr;rntt• 01111•1, 11 lro lrad lwlo11!!1'll to 1111• "lnH' 11ni1- 11 ilh tl11·m. lh: Frarrk ()ppl'n lwinwr. ind<>e1I. ga\ P the rno:--1 amazin~ n•a,011 for li•a,inl! 1h1· parl\. lk loin lhc Con2:re-'llll'll 1lra1 lw ··1,:fl llw party lreca11-r ii did nol In lrard l'nou~h lo f'Oll\ illl'I' J'l'Opil' of till' frrrulanll'rrlai l'Or· n·1·t1u· ... ~ of i1 ... proμram ~·· Tlrl' \Ollll!{l'I' or lht' Op1><·1rlwirrll'r hroilll'r' did rrol "'l'lairr 11 h\. i11 1911. lrt' had lhrt•atl'nl'd a lilH'I s11it a!!airr-.1 tlH' If 11,hi11gt1111 Timr"·"··rald ro;. "". irr!! lhal ill' lrad orrf'1• h"lon!!l'd to llw C:t~m1111111i ... 1 parl\. . l>11ri11~ tlu· IH'\I ... j, 1110111'1 .... aft(•r 1·011\l'r ... alion ... \\ith ma11~ JH'oplt· in i11- tdlil!t'll<'l' al!erH'il',. I lt•arrll'd lhal lhl'n· '""no fo11ndaliorr for 1111' 'lal1'mf'nl lhat Dr. J. Holrt•rl Oppt'nl1l'i1111·r had lrr·lpl'd ··calclr"" a111 ~01 i1·t a:rl'rrh. \~ lwn I mC't llw \liami ""'"pap1Trn<rrr 11lro lrad irr 1919 told 011· or 1111· plrcrrrf' """ from \Vashinμ-lon . I a,J..c•d him llw idt'ntil\ of !Ill' marr 11 ho had rnadl' 1111•,1· slatl'· nll'nl-. Ill' -aid Ir" rnrrld nol n·1·all. Seeing on issue of LIFE magazine in Octo­ber, 1949, I positively recognized the cover p icture of Dr. J . Robert Oppe nheime r a s being the same man as the individual pre­viously refe rred t o os Professor Z. I ""' 1111' 1·01" of /.r'ft• i11 till' \lin ­m• apolis airporl a, I 11a- 1•nro11le lo S1·atll1·. I imnwdialf'h '''"I arr airmail po-1c·ard lo Ill\ 11 if1· irr \liami. ll'liinμ­lll'r lo ~<'I a f'Op~. ~lw "a ... almo~l :-.un·. 11111 nol a- po-iti\c irr lrn id1•n1ifirnlion "' I had l11·p11. Sir" did nol mah a ddinitl' and 1111qualifil'd idf'nlifiC'alion of Dr. OppPnlrl'inll'r 11rrtil 'ht• '"" anol lll'r pif'lurl' of lrirn. also in Uft•. in 1lw 11 inll'r of 1950. Tira! pil'ltrre. 11 ilh S"\ ia", hand111 illl'n idt'nlifiC'ation Oil ll;c• marnin. ha, l>t'!'ll in 1111' filt" of 1111' Californ'ia ~c·1iait' FaC'l-Firrdin~ Commit­il'I' 011 l n· \nwrirnn \cli' iii"' ~i11n· \larch of 1950. ,\ -horl lirnl' aftrr puh­licalion of thal pif'IUrt' holh s,hia and I -.a1' Dr. Opperrlrr·inll'r in I/arch Of Timt1 • ~h<' "'a" ii in \liami: I "a\' ii in California. 1/arc/1 Of Timr."s cio'!'·up sound mo' i1•, of llr. Opp1•nlwinwr pro· 'idf'd l'\t'll mon• po-ili1l' idl'nlifirnliort lhan lh<' I.if,. pholo-. Irr \o, emlH'r. 1919, I '"" callt·d lo ~an Franc·iH·o a ... a '' itnt•:-. ... in thr pPr· jun trial of Harn Bridf!"'· Durinl! 1lw llC'!'k• I 11a- 11ailin:r lo lakt• llw ,land. Fill al!l'nl• 'fll'nl 1·on,id1·rahlt' I inw 11 ilh nu· in inlt·n:--i\1' "'t'Hr('hp ... for all or an\ of lhrC'l' ho11-e, in ilw Bay arc•a. The fir-l hou,t' in 1d1id1 llw l!OH'rn· 11u•nt ''a" inlt·n• ... lt>d \\a:-- !ht• pla('t' ''hen· till' Di,lriC'I B11ro had 1111'1 durin" \la, and Jun<' of 1911. in ~an Frartt·i~('O. Tl \\H:-. a \l'r~ 111111 ... ual htHi-.t·. 1•ti...~ to n·c·oμ· 11iz1·. and I cfrt'\\ diagTani... of till' ('\l<'· rior a11d inlnior. I had h1·1·11 lak<'n lo llll't'lin!!, llwrt' I"\\ altl'r Larnht'rl. S1e1<' \..!-on·. and oliH".r B11ro nwmlwr' from ~an Francis1·0. and had n1•1 l'I" known lh<' addre''· \II dforh lo find ii failt•d al lhal limt'. hul I hmt' IH't'n infornwd Page 1~ \ that it '"" ,uh•<'qut·ntly lol'att'd from my dt'-niption" It ""' found to hm t' ilt'loog1·d lo a fornwr l .S. f!O\t'rnnwnt offieiaJ. JiYillf! ill \\ ni;hingloi1. I).(.. in 191 l. "ho ha, ht•t·n identified Jr, F.liza· hf'th lkntl<'y as a Sm iC'l C'sj>ionagc a~ent. A •Pconcl housf' tilt' F'Tll cksirC'd lo find \\U' tJH' pJUC'(' \\ ht•n• f hac} att('IHlC'd mC'C'ling' of tlrt· \ oung Communi•l LC'agu<' '' ith Dr. Jo•q>h \\·1·i 11lH'rg and othf'f' in 1911. \gairr l cln"' diagrams of thf' f''\lf'rior and intnior an1l in thi« C'a•f' l knf'\\ tllC' !!t'rwral lo!'a tion in Oak­land. l n a goYt'rnnwnt t·ar "ith F'BI agrnt«. Charif'• Bru,h and a \Ir. \lot.lt•hou•C'. \\{' drmP up onf' -trt't'l and do\\ n anothrr. •parC'hing for thf' plal'f' . Al­l hou;rh l was <trr<' l "orilcl rt'!'ogn iz!' thf' hou•C' at «ight. "ith it, t·unNI arch­ways. it \\ti~ nol eao..;y to fo,·al<'. Finally_ a• "'' cl rm f' hy l 16 \lara;ra Strf'!'t. Oakland. T n·cognin·d it as thr plarf'. Thf' 1919 ot·1·u1n111ts \\t'rf' most <'OopnatiYf' and pnmittt'cl mt' arrd th<' F'BT a;r1>nh to look at tlw irrtf'rior. Tt C'Orrpspontkcl to my clt's<-ription. Co\'­t'rnmPnl im <'•ligation rt'\ !'ait'cl tht' faC't that in 1911 thf' hou"'' at 116 \laraga Strf'f't had l)('t'll o!'rupit'd In a krro" n mt•mlwr of tht' \ oung Communist Lf'a!!UC'. and that anotht'r krro" n Com­mur; i•L a \('!nan of tilt' Ht'd "Alrraharn Linl'oln'' Brigadt' in . pain. had giwrr that addn~..... in n•μ-i ... t<•rin:r hi~ C'ar in 1911. FRI .\;rt'n ls flru•lr and \locldiousf' also took me 011 marry t''\lt'nsi\'(' st'ardH'" in tlw hills around lkrkf'lf'v for a third hou•<' important to gon·rr{­nwnt irnt»tig-ations. It '"" tlw plarf' "hrrt' Kt•nrwth \la' had takt·n nw and S,hia in 1911 th~ lrou-<' "lwn· I had n;adr a rt'port on tht· n'"' part) lint• to SJH'l'iaJ •(•t·tion units. I had ;ri\t'll tlr t• F'BI tlw most minutt' dt•-niption of tlw inlC'rior and t''\lt'rior of tlw hou•t' and its phy•il'al surroundings. and had dr~\\ll diu!!ram~ ... ho,,i11μ- thP main fPalurt'-. . ThP FBI agrnts and I did not ha\t' tlw slighte-t lt·ad to indicatt· thf' o" rrC'r or onupant of tht' hous<• "IH'rt' tlw 1911 mt·t· tin«- \\t'rt' lwld and tilt' hill ar<'as arou1Hl Bnkdn ;trt' f'\tt·rhi\t'. \\.t• dro\t' up ont• •trt·t·t aftn anothn "ith ahsolutf'ly no su1-rc·ss. ..\hout January l. 1950. aftt'r my lf'slimonr in tlH' Bridl!t's trial had h1·t·~ complt•tt'd. I "a' a•kt'd hy \Ir. Hit'hard E. Cornl». d1i1·f <·<nm•t'I of tht' Cali­fornia Sf'natt• Fa<"l-Findinμ- Commillt't'. to rl'main for a tim(' in California as a 'P<'t'ial irnt•stigalor on the staff of his t'Ommittt'r. I af't'f'ptl'd tlw imitation and immediatPly ht'gan "ork. During thl' fi\t· month, of Ill) c·m­ployn: wnl mo-t of my tinw "as dt'\ otrd to \\Ork "ith \Ir. Comlr- or olht•r in­\ t"·tiμ:ation and ... 11uh in "01111t·(·tion "ith PaJ!e 16 l\\O mattns. Fir ... t \las thf' murdt•r of tlw hrilliant 21-\ t•ar-olcl F\ t'ft'lt 11 ucl­- on. a ..iudrnt o( l CL\. in Sq11t•mll('r. 1918. \II <'x.iclt•rm' pointNI to murrkr h)· o' it't \I\' [) a;rt•nls hecau«<' tht',. ff'arNI Hudson wa~ in pro<'t'" of hrC'ak­in; r "ith tlw Rf'cl mmf'mPnt aftN h<' had acquirt'cl insidt• information of grf'al importanl't'. It '"ts a typical So\'iPl liquidation joli. t·tirri<·d out "ith •<'iPn­tifir · prf'cision. and inclil'alt'S th<' danir•·r han;rin~ O\t'r tho ... t· "ho han' considf'f­ahl<' confickrrtial information ahout thf' Rf'd apparaltrs if thn art' su•pt'<'lNI of inlt'nt to hr<'ak "ith tht· Krrmlin ma~t<~ r~. The cold-blooded murder of Hudson ob· viously was done by hypodermic in:ection of a little known but deadly dru9 I will not name for obvious reasons. This and other MVD murders reveal the true and brutal nature of communism behind a thin and false veneer of pseudoeidealism. \Ty •f'concl major fi!'ld of work wa~ in imf'stigation of SO\iet atomir f'>'pio­nagp in Alamt'da County during the war \'Pars. T •tuclit'tl P\lt'nsi\P minulrs of mf'!'ling ... of Sd1t·rt'r's F'AECT appa­ratus that had fallt•n into tllf' hands of thf' California <·ommittt'r. and otllf'r clocumf'nlan malt'rial. and in li;rht of m'' O\\n California f'\prriPnrf'« and fir>t-hand insidt' kno" lt•d;rf' T "a• ablC' to unclt'r,tarrd thinirs that would ha\'f' hr·f'n a puzzlf' to otlwr .... The FRI and tht· California slat<• <'Omrnillf'<' \\Pr(' t'<piall) intt'rt'stf'd in findin;r tht' houst' in thf' B1·rkd1•y hills wlwr<' T had mad!' my 19 11 rq>ort. During Januar) arrcl F't'hruary th(' <t'archt" !'OnlintJC'<l. . omt'tinw ... T \\f'nl "ith FBI airt·nts. somPtimes "ith '\Ir. \.om!. ... arrd \ Tr.'<. a California sf'curitv offil'ial. \\'t• μ-ot no" h<' r<' arrd rPalin•d that hy random drin•s throu;rh thf' hills WC' mi;rht spt'nd month' or a yt>ar hdor<' Wf' locatf'd thf' hou•t'. .\fl('r tht' first of \larC'h r suμ-;r<'-t!'d thf' po-sihilily that the mt'f'ling miirht hm r ht•t•n lwld in thf' horn<' of a suh­' l'rilH'r of tlH' Commrrni•l daih. l't'Of>lt.', World. arrd propost'd that"'' ohtain tllf' puhlil'atiorr\ 1911 mailin;r list arr<l cht'ck thf' rt»idt'n<'t'' of ('\t'n ... ul"nilH·r "ho Ji,Pd irr the hill an•a, :1 rourrd B1•r­kt'it'~-. From an int1·lli;rt•ru·1· •oun·t• in "an FrarH'i"·o \Tr. Comh- and I oh­tairwd tlw 1911 l'<•opfr', 11 orld mailirrg Ji,L and "ith tlw aid of map' listt'd rHlllH'• and addn•..,,t•s of all \\ho lin·d in tlw Hl'rkt'lt•y hills. On the subscription list we found that among those living in hills around Berkeley were Professor Haakon Chevalier and Dr. J, Robert Oppenheimer, the latter with <idd ress at l Ea9le Hitt . Alon9 with many others we went to the addresse s of both Professor Chevalier and Dr. Oppenheimer. Only a glance was necessary to show me that neither was the house we were looking for. \\'t' \\t'rrl orr do\\11 tht list. <·ht'C'kirrl! off nanw aftPr namt•. and \\ pn• pt·r· hat" t\\o-third' of tlH' ""' to tlw t'rrd \\ht'rr \It' canH' to tht' addn•.- of a / 11•11p/t.'.1 II orld suhsC'rillt'r. Erl!' Loran. 10 "t'nih,orth Court. That da\ \ Ir. Combs and I \\t'rt' in a C'ar clri,"f'n ln· \Ir. \. of tlw stair sC'c·urit, forct's. \\';. found tlral "t'nilworth Co.urt really i' onh a dri\t'. and <'lldf'ci at a hot"<' partly <·orrt·t•ait'd on it' frorrl ,-idl' h) high trrl's. \Tr. X and \Tr. Combs rt'mairwd in thf' rar, park1·d orr tlH' pa>t'd strt•t·t. "hilt' I "alk<•d up tlw dri"· krro\\rr a• Kt•rrih,orth Court. l.1 .\01J1t " ·' I ca11w to tlw ho11w I i11sta11tl.r recogni:ed it a• th1· plac·1· of thl' 1?.IJ meeting. Ther<' \\t'rt' l\\O C'ar' parkt'd in the hast'nlC'lll ~ara~t'. I took do,, n tlw li<·enst' nwn· bf'rs arrd rt'lurnt'd to inform \Ir. Comh• and \Ir. '\ that tht' long sf'arC"h had eonw to a st1('('l',sful t'rHI. It is important to poinl out lwn· that Ionμ- hdorl' tlw houst' \\as found I had j!iH'n l\ l r. Comhs thf' saml' dt'laiil'd information on tlw e\lnior and irr lt'r ior that I lrad furni ... h1•d to tht' FHI. 1\1r. Coml>' t'\f'rr took tlw pn•ca ution to file the' dnt\\ i11g-s that f had ~iH~n Jiim. Wt· dro"' to \ ! r. '\'s office and hv phorH' dwC'kt'd tilt' lic<'nH' numlw" ·1 had ohtairwcl. Ont' of tlw !'a<' "a• rt•μ- i ... tt•rt•cl in tlw namr of F.rh· Loran. tlw otht'r in his "ife's nanlf'. Tht' FBI irnmt•diatt'h· \\as a1h ist'd that tlw hotH' firralh had ht't'rr local('(!. Tlw onh rf'· mainfn~ ta~ks \\Pre· to cheek or; 1ht• inlt'rior and to firrd out all \It' t'ou lcl ahout Erlt' Loran hdort' "(' qu<'slionc<l him n·irnrdirr/:( tht' 1911 nwt'l irr;r. Both tl1t• Califorrria rnm111itt1't' arrd tilt' Fil l l)('μ-an indq1t'rult'nl 't'art·ht's of u1ili t\ and otlwr rt't'ord!• to f''tah Ji,h tlw "fart" "t' t'\Jl!'clt'd to prnH' that Loran wa' lh!' 0<·1·upant at tlw timt' of tht' lllt't'tinl!· In\ t•,li/:(al ions rt'\ t'tlit'd s111·prisinf(h little lo corllH'<'l Erlt· Loran. arr arl proft•ssor at tlw l ni\f'r ... ity of Califor· rria. "ith tlrf' Communist . part) other than suh-cription to its dail) paper o\f'f a pt>riod of 't't11·,, \\'1· pn·sunw<I. ho"· t'\t'r. that ht: had hf'f'n a \t'r)' !'art'ftrl 111rdt•rT01cr nwmllt'r. Tl1t• Fil l \\as tht' first to ohtain de· tailt'd irrformaliorr 011 lirf' inlt'rior of tht' hou't' arrd its tt/:(•'nls irrformed mc· tlr al it ('Ol'rt''JlOlldt•d ('\tt('tly \\ it h Ill)' drtt\\' inμ~ and Ilic d(•-.,C' ription-., I had :ri,cll tht•m in all major rt•spt'('ls. tTlrt'rt' ha' IH'('ll ..,onw minor n·mod<'ling of the irrlt'rior sirw1· 1911.1 Perhaps two weeks aker the house wos located, an a9ent of the FBI 9ave me 0 great surprise. He told me that the hoL1 5 ~ had been occupied at the time of the 194 meetin9, not by Professor Erle Loran, but ~fy Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer and his "'' • Katherine. Investigations had disclosed th' fact that in the fall of 1940 Professor LorO~ had leased his home at l 0 Kenilworth Co• to Dr. Oppenheimer and had 9one to N•~ York, remaining there until the latter part 0 August of 1941 . (To lw <·1111ti11111•d 11c.\ / 1110111/i) l•'AC'TS FOHl'M .'IE\\'S, .1/11J1. 1.QJS -FRAI\ By Sis R Fron is an ll uddlt "Tiw \ ,·tuall un· of an En Fr arr<·<' of his ll uddl1· 1952. 1 journal JH'an ,. c;:l('i1•nc1• II ud1 t111dpr ... 1 ity loci: ri:-.t· a111 of tlH' t '-lag-pol h,.r rol1 fl!•!'>jf(' I th,. ,tao li\p \\; S('f\ ('f. 1·on1· .. d1• 'inr·t• ti \\ill \f•l \lilitt llnd S.01 Th,. pri ho\\,.r l1·ar1,.,., Fran"'' . J. F. C: 1111;· a \\arfarp 'llatp ~tu 4'H11 n1·tr ">\ ·t;. \lfh:.tlH'f'I Ira,,. to Jiro1,.,.t lhrou"h ~··r or c l;.1μ-,.,·· Ct•nt•r "h1·tlwr i·r1m" ... tr tinw. lit' ··1 am r hundr ·f1n1Pa11 '~ilitan I r1·111 ·h· I 'lal1ili11 \n, . ' l1r;.1i .... iil 0 lt\11-.1 ll!'f ' Loran. la' \ Ir. ·i\ 0 ('!1 hi" '('PS . \\';, ·eally ;, I hou,_.,. ,ide "' lined i11 I ,t n·t"I. 10\\ II a .. C(lflt(' /0 ·d il {/> . ThN<" <l!-i('Jn('lll ;e nulll· Comh, ·di had <'r<' that d I !rad dt·taik<l int<'rior Bl. l\Tr. I 10 file 11. and hy nJrcr,. I r~ "a'" Loran. h" FBI " hou''" >nil' rt'· ori" th<' · could ·,.;tion<'d !!. Both lw FBI ut ilil) ·"fad .. an wa"" lt·eti11~· ri!'in:rh an arl Calif or· othrr ('r 0 1rr L Jro11· careful a in ck· ·of 1Jrc nc that · dra11· I :zi'c" ' r!' ha' of tire 115e wos ! me o e ho"5' oe 1941 but bY ~ is wife sed rh• tr Loro" h court 10 N•" part 01 It) FRANCE- The Tragic Years 1939-47. By Sisley Huddleston, Devin-Adclir, SS.00. Re viewed by KARL BAARSLAG Fr1111c1' T/11• Tra[!.ic }'l'11r.1 l'J3'J-17 is an t'\!"l'll .. 111 hut misnam<"d lroo~ . lluddl1•,ton miμ-ht IH'tll'r ha1t' rntitl1·d it ""Tlw Traμ-<'dy of \Jar,htd l't'lain."' \ 1·tually it also indudt•s a μ-n·at nH'a'­Un• of the traμ-<'dy of Si,Jt•y IJ udclhton. an En μ-li-hman \\ho oil\ iou,Jy lon'cl FrarwP for mon· than hi' did ilrt• land of his lrirth. Born irr Enμ-land irr lHln ll uddlt,,ton dire! a Frl'nl"h l"iti1t'n in 1952. Ii i' 11as an internationa llv famous iournali'1 and for at im<' "<'n ,.,j as Euro­Jlf• an corn·spondl'nl for tilt' Chrislia11 Sri1•11n• llo11i111r. ll udtll1»lon\ hook is indi,JH' nsahlP irr ~11111,.r-tarrdirrμ- Fr .. nd1 political instahil ­rty today. A nation \\ho.<' μ-on'rnmt•nts ri,,. and fall almost 11 ith tl1t' fn·qu<'ncy of tlw tidt•s is oil\ ioush alrl'ath• off th<' "lag-(• of hi ... lorr 110 mailf'r ho" g-lorious hr·r roll' in th<· past or ho" <'aμ-t'f h .. r rlf·,in· orn·p mon· to g<'l th<' n·ntPr of th<' staμ-<'. lluddlt'slon . a fine and Sl'nsi­li\ P \\ ritcr. as w('ll as a ~aga('iou~ oli­'<' rn•r. not nnh· stulrhornh refus<·s to •·onn·d1· this. h;rt tries his ·1H',l to rnn- 1inr·" tlw rt'>l of tlH' \\or ld that Franr·p 11ilJ \l'l n•r·n1t'r hn soul arrd lrt•r μ-n·at­! l1•s". \lilitan judμ-nu•nts \\Ould ,c<·m safn .",'HI sourrdn to the an•raμ-<' layman. I h .. pri1 al<' opinions of l.t•nl'ral Eiseu­ho11, ·r and nlh<'r \nH'rican militan l'.·ad<'rs on th<' militar\" pot<·ntial of l·ran1· .. an· ""II knn1111. British l.r·nPra l J. F. r.. Ful11•r. author of " T1111ks irt II f/r" and a n·r ·oμ- ni11·d psyThnloμ-ical 11 arfan, authnrit1. sumrnPcl up th .. '''li ­niat" su1TirwtJy 1d1<·n IH' to ld an '\nwri ­i ·a~~ maga1irw: . !\ lrrrly pnrdf'nl comrnandr•r. "ith ttl, anc·('d fon ·t·::; in C('r111a1n . "oulcl ia,,. lo t•armad ..... l'\l'ral di\ isio11 ... lo flrnt1•<·t hi' lirll'~ of ('01t11t11111il'alio11 throug-h Fran!"!'. Tlu·rf' is too m11d1 dan­/:! f'r of Comm1111i ... 1 di ... r11plio11 a11d '."alJO· lagt'." C<'rlt'ral Full!'r 11as tht•n askt'd 11 h1·tlwr lw thnu g-ht Franr·p could lrl'­,.,> rn1· ... 1nu1" :t"ai 11 \\ i1hi11 a n·a ... 011.:ihl(' lirru·. I It• n~1lit~cl: ""I am pt•ssimi,tic alrnut that. It\ lrt•t•n t hundn·d l<'t_rr,. t~lla) htl<"k in tlw .r1n11·a11 \\ ar. ... llH'P I· rarH't' had μt• 11111111· ~1 ilitaq 1 ital ii\. E,~· r .'irrl"<' 11:70 tl1< · rt ·11 1'11 h ~nt' lwt•11 ~l1pp111g- 111 term~ of ' 1nl>ility and JHH\t' r." \111 f'Old-lrlood1·d and n·a li,1ic ap­l'tui ... al of Frarnr'.., n·c·111wrali\t' po\\1•r-.. 11111'1 rH·n·--ariJ, irwlurh· that of morale. Any book r el'ie 1cetl h ere may lu• orclered / ro ni Facts Forum /or rite ref(ular published retail price. #~aC't,fi Foruni pays postage. The ""I 1 l'rdict of history is that Frarrc·t• 11a' lrlt·d 11hit1· arrd rt'ally cldralt'd irr \Vorld War I and n<'H'r r<'<"Oll' rt'd from tlrat t"rrihl<' lrloodl"ttin μ-. Sir<' manag-('d lo hnn:r on to th1..• Pnd and emt·rμ-p a~ a " , it"lor" thanb to l1t'r allit>s. This rs no dis:rnu·t· lo a On<'<' ;:rrt'al <'Otmtrv. Our f"Olllmon motht'r Europl' f!ll \<' lrirth to marr\' <"Ounlril's that rost' to f!"l"l'a l po11t'r ;ind μ-Jory only lat<'r to pl.I\· out tlwir roh·-. t•\lrau't tlwrnseht's arrd lo sink lrat"k irrto olr-nrril\ '" fourth -ml<' po11<•r:-. lluddlt•sion\ hook allt•mpts 1110 dif­finrll la,ks. A primary Oil<' of n·hahili­lali11μ tlw truly traμif' fiμure of ~Iandia1 l'<'iain to hi,. ri μ- lrtful plan· in Frt'rwh histon arrd 11orld '''l<Tm. Th<' s('t·orrd ""'' o'r '''Jllaininμ- a11ai Fran<"<''s fatal \\TaJ..ru·s'.'i lo."'.'i of national pride and moral<' arrd cn111 irrcirrμ- tht' \\'l's! that tlw land lw ~o dl'eply Im l'd is realh \"Oun~. lwautif111. and !'Iron:.;. I \\011ld ,ay tlral ll uddl!'slon fails irr llH' latt('r dfort lar"'"'" by thr mass of 1·1 id""'"'' 11lridr IH',.. hirm~lf produf"l's. TlrP li1tl1· k1101111 slOr)" of the ghastly mass rn11r­d1• rs of 11t•ll OIC'I" 100.000 innnn•n i pvopl1• irwludinμ- l'lt'rr childrl'n as "col­lalroralors"' durin g- iht• l.ill!'ration lry ihl' so-rnllt-cl '" h1•roe:< of tire Frl'nch H<'­si.., larwt."' is amply corrfirml'd 1>1· ll 11d­cll1 ·,1011. /\nlt'rirnn arrd olhn irrtelliμ-rnn· off;,.,.,., in Franc<' at tlu· tinw 11t' rt' fully <'oμ-11izant of thi$ sid ... <'11i11~ and di~­μ- ra('dul infamy !'1<'11 tlrnu μ-h th!' i\nwri ­rnn fl'"''" and l!'O\ rrnnwnt rardully supp n ·ssecl tilt' ... tor~. Th" lrloodthirst~ minoplrnru· 11ar­riors at /\lμ- i<'rs had 'lT<"amed 01t•r tlrl' radio llt'anwd to tlH"ir hnrrwlancl tlrat '·1110 million hl'ads 11 ill roll'" orw<' Arr μ- lo-1\nwrirnn fort"t'S lilwral<"cl Franc<'. Tiu• fact tlral orrly a h111rdn ·d thousand p1•rislH"d 11 ill pn•,.umalrlr "" offn"d as proof of Comrnuni:.;I rna;.nia11irnity and rP:.;lraint. l\or \\t ' rt' Comm1111i'.'ils. UC'· rnrdinμ- to ll uddlestnn. ilr<' sole per­( H'l ra lors of tlH'H' foul m11rd1·rs. lor­trrn ·'· and arts of 1111~" t1·rror. In tlrl' .. haos that follm1t'd till' rl"ln·at of tlr .. (;""'""" to tlr('ir 011 rr soil. tlrr· pri,orrs 111·n· t•mptied of erinrirral, arrd tlrt •rr rt'· fillt•d to th" lnrrstin!!" point 11 ith Frt'rwh patriots. in1101·t•nt p"opll'. arrd otlrr•r, 11hn"' μ- uilt tlw <"Ourb th<·m.-l'h('S <"oulcl rrot finalh· d('f"idl' aftt'r y<'ars of 11·μ-al \\ ran: . ding. , Thr 1d1olr poiμ-nant story of a μ-n'a l [· n·nd1 national hem 11 ho at tlw ad- 1 an('ecl aμ-r of riμ-hty 11 as rrcalled from a "''"''"' "" r<"lirl'm('nl to !wad up thr dl'­feat<" d and partially capti1 <' Fn'nch state is told 11 itlr H'nsilin· diμ-nit1•. lludclle­~ 1011 mak(':-; no allPmpL to cl°i:-;μui~P hi~ ("Ompl<'l<' admiration for and cnnfidt•ra·p in th<' int<'μ-r itr of \larslral l'<"tain. lk ("on firm, ou r o"11 n •\ dmiral L1·aln··,. e,ti­matinn of ilr<' mar,hal at \ 'id1;·. I lud­dlt• ston paints a truh lnl"i(" fi."Urt' of an old military lu·ro. pallr~ti"all~ ,.1ri1 - in g- JH'\Oncl his f<'t'lrJ<' p011<'r' lo ,aJrng-t• sonwthing- from thl' total nrta,trnplH' into 11 hid1 hi' lr!'lo\·pd cou11trr had ilt'en plu11μ- .. d 111 ··pnliti .. ia11s."' · llut if Fn·ndr pnliti .. ians 11t•rc re­spo11silrl1• for tlu• dt•hac·l1· of l 9:N tlH'11 forty millin11 Fn•11 drrn<'rr ll<'r<' in turn rr.- r;nnsilrlt' for tlwir politi .. iarrs. Tlrr· lattt'r rno't n•rtai11h had rrot st'i11·d pn11t'r aμ-ainst th .. 11 .ill of tlw majority nor \l(•re th('\" a fas("i,t dictator-hip. llrrcldlt•.stnn 11as an edrwated En μ-lish­ma11 . llr c·ntai11l\" mu,1 lra11' 111'<'11 familiar 11i1lr tlw ·'l.nld1·11 1!011<, Jr"" a11d otlH'r -ta11dard 11 orb 011 tlw hi~tnn· of human -..ca1H'μ-oai.... \or ''t'rl' 11111;ri11 · ci pl<'cl and htr,1• Fn•nd1 pol it i1 ·ia11s sol<'h rt'spo11>ilrlt• for tilt' moral dn· rot that had aln·a1h· <'alt'11 llrrou μ- lr · tlrt' '<'n IH'a rl of Fra11ce. For a tinw tilt' total r·nll:rp-e of Frann' in 1910 in a maltn of four '"'<'b ,1un11ed a11d lrarrl1 ·d tlw 11 orld. Tire Pole, fi!!hlinμ- tank- 11itlr <"a1aln and dt·1nid of air cnn•r had ma11aμ-<'d to hold nut aμ-ainsl lroth llH' \azi a11d th .. Hrr--ian' ,1alrlri11g tlu·m irr the ha .. k for nirH'l<'<'n da1S. Frnrw•' II<' had ""''11 told !rad tilt' ··fint',l arrm i11 tlw 11nrl1l."" ) t"I 111 o million of these " fi11t'sl sol­dier ... ·• ~urn·rul('rt'd 011 rna'."H~ or mt•ll<'d a11ay· in tlH' f<'I' '"'"ks of the Blitzkrirμ-. TIH"\" 111'rt' dl'mnralill'd and -r·altPrt•d to tlr" 11i11d not lry llitl('r\ ftt> t-hittin;.' l'a11"'rs a11d Stukas hut II\ Franr· .. ·, 011 n thrl'P horsemt'n of tlw i\po.-al\"Jl'" tlrr• Communi,b. So .. ialisls. arrd pa1·ifi,ts. Amcri1·ans might lll'll porrdt•r tht' real rt'asons for Frt111t"<'\ fall irr l9:W. \'(',. lut\l' the s1me force~ \\Ork.i11:r lo\\anf ... llH' 'llllH' <'nd in this <'Ountn. I l uddl!'slon ',_ s('\ ert'lr nit inrl a<Tount of llr·Cau lJ<."s rolt• and a .. tio11> ,,.,.m, a fair 011<' judg-!'cl lry th !' m·orcl. !IP is. ho'' P\ Pr. \\ ron~ in 1-haq!i11~ J)t'Cuullc 11 ith e"pou,ing- tlrt' Cnn1111unhts and flirtin ~ 11ilh \lo>e·o11 lw1 ·a ust• of his KARL BAARSLAG was a U.S. Navy Intelligence officer allached lo the lop secret " T Force" under the Combined Intelligence Objectives Subcommillee of SHAEF. He landed in France shortly aker the liberation of Paris and was assigned to Marshal Montgome ry's 21st Army Group as Special U.S. Navy Re presentative for the invasion of Holland and Northwest Germany. While France itself was outside his fi eld of interest he d id learn from other Ameri· can intellige nce officers in France of the mass murders, atrocities, and bank robberies by the French Communist s, semi· crim inal eleme nts, and hoodlums pe rpetrated as our troops drove the Germans out of France. Commander Baarslag was the first American naval officer to reach Kiel with the special Brit ish "T Force" wh ich seized the great naval base before Admiral Donit:r had surre ndered northwest Germany. l'af.(e 17 \ hatrPd for Pf'lain. lkLaullt;, niriou­pro- Communi-.1 aC"tion at .\.l μ-it·r ... pu1- 1lt·d and \\ orril'd marl\ .\nll'ri l"an- al tilt' timf'. Only a f,." top military and O.S.S. ll'adPr~ kn<'\\ tlw n·al n·a,on. \\"hPn Frair<·•· collap,<'d in a malll'r of \\Pl'k- and tilt' \,,·rman ,,.,.,.<'I polic!' and Si .. h<•rhl'id,di!'n'l o""upird tlw 1·ounln. th<' Fn·rrch n• ·~ l<'l'it' d lo i<·a1 ,. lwhin<l an undn!!round. Thanks to tlw SOI id< hi~hly ..ffil'it•nl and ""JI or· ,!!ani1(•<l 1·:--pionaμ-1· and :-.aholc.q:rt• rwt­work onh· tlw FrPnch \.ommuni>l• had tlw flt'('(':-- ... <.H~ pa ... -.port rorμ:Pr·· .. '.'-f'f'f('l printin~ plant-.. C"ourit·r.... anr1 otlwr rw<·t"· ... ar~ implPnwnt' for und<'rμround \\Ork. It "a' al-o wpJI kno\\n that Fn·nch \.omm1111i't' in tlw und•·r~round "ith d1ar<1<·t!'ri,1i" tn·adwn· promptlr fin''<'r<'d to tlw \,•·rrn<llb and alrnost t·t•r~ain dPatJi aJI :--lfUJl~l'f~ and ron·iμ:n a!!<'lll' ''ho had rrol rl•·•rn•d throu~h tfwir 111·l\\ork. C•·rr. lk\,aull<• ,impll' had to mak<• a dl'al "ith \To,cow in ordf'r to ad Jij ... O\\ 11 ~<'('ft'l a:rf'llb an<l couri<·r- ;·,, a1ul out of on·upi<'d Franc<'. One!' thP \,crma11s 111·n• dri1rn out of FratH'('. n .. r.aull·· quiclh ('nou~h hrokl' off hi' affair \\ ith th•· \.omrntrnist,. \1·1 !'rllwl••,s hi' r·onnirntH'!' at thr di-!!rac1 and rotHl<·mnation of \Tarsha! r .. iain "a' -tricth C.P. li11<· at th" tinw and i11d..f1·n•ihlt· on any ~round,. }) .. \,aulh· al-o ha, a μn·al dPal lo an•\\ •·r for in that h•· did littl<' or 11othi11~ lo .. 1op tlw ''or-.1 1'\tr ...... 1 .... and horror ... commill•·<·d durirrμ th<' 1•1mrnlio11. lluddl•·-1011·, hook al-o lu ·l1" ddlal<' oru· of th<' μn·al•·-t '"""''' of tl1<· Ja,1 11ar th•· all<'μl'd darin~. fprof'il~. an~! marrniLudt• of thr F'n• 11<·h ··n .... i...,tanc·p mo~<·nwnl. Om O\\ 11 ()\\ .! und<'r tlw clin•f'liorr of tilt' irrdfahl<' ~: lmn Da1i, IH'l1wd 1·11ormou-l~ i11 pullin~ off thi, hig!!'.<',l '"incl!.· 011 th•· puhlif' ,;"'"' tlu· ··South • ra• 11uhhlP."' \111 \nwrif'an in· t..Jli"<'llf'C' offin·r on th<' •i1ol al th<' tinw will~l<'ll you that r"·1·pl for thr \laqui, mo,[ of tlw .. lwroi" Fn·nC'h undn· ground .. did all of thPir \,prrnan-killin~ ~, ith thl'ir mouths aftPr thr war "a' 01<T. r:,c!'pl for •om<' l<'lrpho1w and tl'l<'μraph line· nrlli11~. a f1•" hlo\\ n l1rid~l' ........ om1· railroad .... ahotaμ-t·. and tht' a:--:--a...,:--ination of a fl'\\ j...,oJatt'd (;t'rman -olcli•·r-. tlH' C1·n11a11 OC'nrpatiorr forc1•, n·c·ordt•d no ... t·riou .... i11C'Oll\t'llit•11c·t· lral'1·ahl1· lo tlw .. lwroiC' Frl'llch 1111d1·r· ground .. that \Jr,, Hoo-1·1,.!t gu,lwd al1oul. lludd!.·-1011 .--timal1•, that 11 •.- than '{.000 n·-i-latHT fiμht..,., pla\ "" <llll ..,jznifi1·ant rolt· in tlw Pari ... an·a fizht­iri'!!. \ ft·\\ month- latt'f "lw11 1';11·i­'"" alil(• \\ ith .\lli1·d troop-. JI() f.-\\('I" than 125.000 applirntio11' 111·n· mad.­for official f'C'rlifil'al1•, of '''fl i"" in tlw F'.F.I. Forcr.< Fra11cai.1 d1• rt1111•ri1•11r.' Huddl<•,ton "rilt•,: "In on<· lO\\ll that I k110\\ 111·11. tlwr<' \\('fl' a fl'\\ hundn·d aclh1·n·11t- I of tlw H1»i,lancp) until ~qrl!'mll('r 1911. "lwn 'udd1·nl1 thou· -and- put on armkb (sold for a fl'\\ Page 1 franc,) and pararl1•n "ith th•· n•al R<'· ,i,tanl-. Tlw •rnrn of th1· rl'al ll1·•i-ta11l' for th<' ·.~1·plt'l11/1Ti1rm/1" i- ju-tifi1·d."" I can [p,tify that I 'a" !',af'th· Llw -anw ,hahh1 ~ho\\ i11 If olland "l;id1 I «'lll~rC'd lll'fc;n. !h(' armi ... tin· \\th ..;iμrwd and 1d1ilC' \,1·rman troop, -till doμμ<•cl tlH' hiidl\\ '"·s. Th<' Dutl'h urrd<·rμrouud had playPd an IH'roif' rolP. ,uffNC'd ~r it • \oti:-. Jo...,:-;t'"' hut rw,t·r numlwn·d rnon· than a fc·" thousand hra1<· 1111·11 and \\ omP11. t\q my spPrial la'k forc1·. altadwd lo \lac-ha! \lontμ-om<'ry\ 21-L army group. ru-ht'd into llolla11d lo '"i"· f·ertai n kf' \ (;prman ... \\ t• \\Pre c·ont inu­ou- h ama"•d at tlw hord<•, of .. n·· ... i .. ta;1rc• fi:rht('r-,·' and ··1111dt>rp:round '' orkt·r ... ·' "f' nl('l c;:\Htrmi nμ tlw to'' n"" and h~ \\UY:-> ''''arinp: oran:rr lira:->:-;ard'"' "ith tlw l<'ll<'rs of till' Dui..h undn­μround. H<'al u11d<'rl(ro1111d 1111·n told ml' tlwy \\1·n· oulra~1·d and di,may<·d hut hPlp}p,, to do anythinμ- about the-<• phoni<·, . .\t },.,,_, it could lw >aid for the Dutch fak<•rs that thpy comrnittrd fp\\ kno'' n murdf'f"i or oll;er f''\C'C'"'"'''~. 1 n Fra11C ·1· tlw ,,.jf ... J,·ct<·d '"hPrn<'' of the H<"i-ta11< ·1·'' al t Ill' pri<'<' of a f'Ouple of fran"' for arr armband. dc•mon,tratPd th!'ir Cnma11-killinμ prm1t''' aflPr tlw Ct'rman:-- \\t·n· μ-orn· by ..,trippinp: nakt•d μirl, and \\nm1·11 \\ho all<·~P1lly had con­• Orl•·d "ith or nwn·h s<·n1·d \,1•rmans and paradinμ- tlwm throuμh tlw -trl'rl' ''ith -.ha\t•d hPad ... and \azi ... ,,a ... tika-. painted on tlwir hare· hack-" ith hot tar . Th!' mor<' 1 icious and niminal pJ.•mf'nls paid off old μ-nrclμ-1» airnin'I thPir }l('l· l~r- f11 holdinμ- kanμ-aroo courb and "ondt•m11ini.r lo -.;ummarv ('\<'Ct1lion~ lhC'ir lul'kh·" C'IH'mirs or irrnO('f'lll peoplP "ho,1· prop1•rt y or l"'lonμ-irrμ' th Py COIC'l!'d. Th" \.ommu11i-h irnpr<ll<'d lhP ,bin· inμ- hour 111 murd<·rinμ- in mid blood a- ··f'l'lainisl,·· or .. rnllahoralor<· all kno,,n anti-Comm1111i:--b in"ludi11g {'\('II kno\\n ~ociali,h and radical,. lluddl<·· .. ton point:-- oul that :--om1· of tfw '' or:-;1 n•al collahoralor- -a1<·d tlu·ir 0\\11 -kins hy quid~I~ dianμi11,!! ... idf·.., and joininμ­the murdt·1 moh:-- ... p1·ki11μ- i111Hw«>11l 'ic·~ tim'. 111• al,o C'orrfirms l'o"'"" and otlH'r' ''ho ha11· '"' th(' total fil(;•r<' of rnurdn- durinμ- tlw 1'p11ration al 105.000 no11 μ-1·1wralh ""'"'}llPd as offiC'ial. .\ ri1Pri<"a11 s(·n i<'('~ "'l'l t lu· ri~Llrt' al fl0.000. It '"h l»limat.-d that 20.000 IH'r-on- lo-t llH'ir !in·.; 1111d•·r th<' H<·i μrr of Tl'rror in 179:1· I and that lll.000 IH'r· i-lwd i11 tlH· !rule lwri•·- of th" Cornmurr<· of 11:10. \nd thi- ma-- murd<'r of nHH k11crn11 anti-Comnrurri-t- -horth aft.-r lilH'ration \\Oii lr1 \nwri,.an ancf lhiti-h lrlood "'plain' ;'111 tlll'r•· i- 110 anti· {:omm11ni .... 1 mo\Pmt·nl ('\t'll toda\ \\orth :--pt·akin~ alioul. ll11ddl1·-to11 al,o l'orn·C'tly apprai-1·cl th1· n·al ""f'('ITI nwaninf!' or Trlwra11 \' lwn lw ''rot": .. In tlw month of J),.,, .m lH'r. 195:\. Hu--ia \\Oil tlw \\ar. It ""' not on tlw lrattldi•·ld that th<' fat1• of tlw \\Orld ""' d1·cidPd. It ""' al T..!wran. "IH'n'. aftn llli.lll~ t!t'mftrt ·lu•.*i. n1a11~ C'ajoh·rit's. many flatll'ri1 ·'· tlw ma,l•·r of tlw f..:n·mlin <'O n· ><'nlPd lo nw1·t Chtrrl'hill and Hoosp1..Jt and ""' rt'l\ar<IPd lrl'\'Ond his \\ild1•,1 hopt•..., liy hi .... assot·iatt•s: ··Lookinμ- ha!'k. it is irH'rPdih l<· that \Ir ,Jwuld ha1 ,. l'on-.·rrt<·d "' !'ompll'IP ly to tilt' d• ·marrd, of Sta lin. Till' rn1i-1·q11C'JH't'' of th<' T1· lwran ,urr!'ndn "•·n· to fnwtih lain. h11t today "" '!'<' dearh that 11;,. world \\1h ma.d<· >af,. for Bni· ...,1i,., i ... m al T1·lwra11. 1.alt·r ('Ollf('rr1H'f'"' rnnd) .. <'orrfirnH'd th!' promiH·• tlwn· ~ I\ Pll. \nd no" arrotlu·r .. Biμ Four'' l'Onft'r· ('fH'<',.i .... <;~lmi11:,r up "ilh Fra il«(' 011(' or lh<' hrμ- four. This rai'.'-c .... tlw q1u· .... 1io11 ·· 1..., Franrc 'till a μr<'al pO\\!'(~ ., ll 11ddlt·,ton tric' 1 C'rl hard lo """'inn· us that Fra rHT d"'l'ilC' hPr i~rrominous ddPal and di-· μ-ra"" of tlw <'/!llralin11 \\i ll )'<'I n•cm<'r IH'r pa.'I , 1at11n· and ~ l ory-. But do μ-rpal nations t'\t'r 1·cu11t· haC'k OIH'(' lhl'\ .... 1arl to slip from tlw top'~ Irr 19:{!) ;,ith a 'mall<'r population and 110 0111,id<• rco· nomic· or militar~ lu ·lp. Franc·t• ,,a .... ahlt­lo arm and train 160 di1 i-ion•. Irr 1955. l<·n V<'Hrs aflt'r tlw Lill<'ratiorr. with pra!'ticalh 1111lirnit<'d '\ mNil'an militan· and pr·on.omil' aid. Fnuu·r ~1i1l plt·ad"' total inahilitr to rai'<' thP minimum \ \TO quota of l<'rr di1 j,iorr,. llut if th<' Fn·nch '''<'Ill loath to ,houldn a rifl,. for / ,a l 'atri1· tlwl' ar<' 1101 f'OI' about ll<'f'Olll· inμ- mi litant C:omm1111isis: lkspitr· sorn<' n·n·nt ,mall d1•c li1H' irr 1111·mh<'rship th <' C.I'. of Franc<· can ''il l ho,hl of a q1wr· l1·r of a million hard ror('. fan at icnl nwmh1·" and fil(• mi llion "upporlen' al tlw hallot ho,. From James Burnham, "CONTAINMENT OR LIBERATION", page 71 : "In Fronce, ofter more than five billio" dollars in grants since the war, not to speok of two rescues from military defeat in a ge"· erotion, there is not a single newspaper or magazine with an editorial policy that is pro· American, or even consistently friendly to America." lluclcll1•,1011\ last draplPr of I''" than ~i' paμ-( '"' approprialt>ly is df'\Ol('d to thl' 1,.-1 "''"'' and d1 ·a th of \Iar, J1<il Pl'laio. \\ hom lu· C'all, '· 1lr1· l'"l of tlu· l( ft'lll mar-hal- of F1a11c ·1•." TIH' hero of \ 'C'r· dun had hrrrri<'d Ii.wk to hi, lwl1n•·d fathnlarrd from a c .. "'"'" pri,1111 aft1·r th<' \\ar. \ μratt'ful C'o1111lr) prompth arn·,t•·d tl11· l'1•r,hi11μ of Frarw<'. I ricd him Jwron· a ka11μ-aroo ('Ollfl or 110 Jq!~IJ -tandinl!. and '"""''"'''d tlw 89-yrar !!<'111·ra l lo cl1·atl1. ·· \ diniral l.1·al11 ,,.nt ;, l1·1tn atll'-tirr~ to Jrj, firm hdi..f in tlw mar,hal\ i11tq!ril1 and ,.;i11<'1·n· d•"". lion to 1111· ><'<'11ri11· and irrl!'n·,t' of l.' ra1u ·1•." Tl,.. dl'ath . ,,·11l••11c•· \\as """'. m11t1•d lo life i111pri,.;01111H'11I <o litar1 f'o11f i11t 'llH'nl in an old rortn•:-;s 011 i.1 11 i'larrcl off tlw har-h \ •·rrd!'arr coa-1· \1·i tlll'r from hi, q·ll 1101 tlw C'o11rtn1rd f (m11in11t·1/ m1 /'aJ:; •• nJ FACTS FORt:M NEWS, .1/"Y· J.Q.15 Fact AL, Alb(·i-t\'ill Alt·xand1 Andulusil .\nni ton Bit·min~h lir1·wt1111 l'Krrolltu1 C'lnnton ('ullnwn Ot'("ntur llt·mopoli lloth11n •:11fn11!11 Ftt~ 1 tt• h PunH f:Hfl,..f11·n f;tfljo\11 C;r1·111\·illt <;n11t1·r1wil Hamilton Hunt \'ill1 Mus<'IP ~hn Ozark l'h1·nix C'it : l)itdnwnt lth1111ok4· R1111111·lhill• ~Ylacauga 1'roy Tu caJ001ri <'on~ult G1hf'r ,;tatit AI.A!­\ rJC·horri~·, •. Ril'\111nk AIU7.+ hi bh 1'h,,, 1iix Win lo\\ \RKA l~rkad, lphio ,.''tiL-,n tnilr·n t.fl} I t l~ vi JI 1• ~·'>rrt• l Citv 11rtSmith. lf,,flf· r.rit Sprin$.!'ll ·•ttJ, H1wk "'Acrs F ·<·. after .... manr fin <'OI;. )0St'n•ft \\ ild .. ,1 that \\<' l'l<'I) to !ll('fl('(':-i •·n· to el!'arh or Roi­f'r<' n<'f'~ • tllt'n' .-onft·r· Oil!' of FrarH't' ·n tric~ Fra1H'(' nd di,­n• coY('f o ~real '\ ... tart ~'ii Ii a fp ('('0• a' ahlc l 1955. . \I ith 1ilitan· pl .. a<I, 11imum I if the ifl<' for bt•t·nni· · ~omr 1ip the l qunr· natic:il tcr~ nl NM ENT bitl io• , speak o 9en· :1per or is pro· odly to -~ than lo the )eta in. 1rn«tl f '"\ '{'f" ," 'a"f't"t"·r """'" t ri•"' , lcμtil 9.yr11r \ •.. . ,.111 j;..r in dt•\0" , 1, of ; co1n­ilitar' Oil (.111 ('()4..1 .. (. rt,·t1rcl 'If';' 4J} /, 1 g.15 Facts lornm Radio-TV ALABA:\t\ Alb(•I tvil11 Alt·xand1 r Cit\ Andulu~i;1 · WA\'L WHFS WCTA \\'("TAt -\nni~ton Hirmin~hnm Hn·wt1m {'11.rrollton ('lunton f'ullmnn o,~utur l>t·rn11s~oli fl11thnn J.:11ra11J11 I-a)·+ It• Ft l'unH <;111l ... rl1·n r;, Ill \11 f;tH11\·ill1· f;untn .. vill1 Hamilton Hunt villt ~zu:;~'' !'-ihonl~ Ph,·nix Cit~ Pi1 dm11nt lt11nnnk1· lt11 .. fl1·lhill· ~~:~cauim 1'1i calrM W~PC WBIH' WEBJt WEBJ+ WHAC:• WKLF WFMH* \\'HOS"' w11os 0 • WMS Lt WM SL-TV W\AI. WXALt WOOF• \\'PL\"* W\\'WF• \\'\\'WF•• \\'ZOB• \\'GAU* \\'CEA* \\'GYV wc;sv• wt:1u1• WEHll • WllBS WBHPi· WHHPt WPBB• W,JAM• W\JW• WJ\P'\.• W.J.J.Jt W\()V.TV • W('OV-TV WJ.AY: WOZK .. WOZK• WPN\.• Wl'N\.•• WPIO' WEI.It• \\'WWH.• WWWH .. WMJ.S• \\'THF' wJnn• 1;;:0 IOf10 la IO l:tlO 1:rno %11 12·10 1210 :)!10 !IHO 1:100 HOO HOO 1 Hiii 2:1 14110 1<100 li60 1210 !l!HJ !l!l{J 1250 );\!)fl l lfiO 1 IOO 12711 !170 !170 151){1 12:~0 12:10 12!10 1:no l IHO 1600 1170 20 :?II 1150 !1110 !100 1460 1160 12~0 l:lf.O 920 920 1290 1 mo 11!)0 Sun I :00 p Sun 12 :JO p ~1ou 7:15p Mon H ::W J> W1·1l 7 ::HI a Tu(·" 1i ::rn ll Mon !-<;!I() Jl Thura 8 ::10 ll Sun I 2 ::rn 11 Sun 12 :15 11 Thurs 7 :15 n W1•d 7:15 n Sat l2:15p Mon 8::10 Jl Slit 7 :30 p Sun 6:00 Jl Thurs 8 :30 p Sun 12 :H.i Jl Tn IH· unnoun<•t•d Sun I :00 11 Sun 12:301> Sun 12 ::rn p Sun 12 :·1,) Jl Sun 12:-15μ Thur& 9 :lfi 11 Sun 12 :45 p Fri 7 :ao n Sun I :00 r Mon 7:00p Mon 8:30 Jl Thurff R ::HJ 11 Mon 4 :'.{{) p ThurM 7 ::10 u Wt'<I 7 :00 p Mon 7 :15 Jl Mon !': :ao Jl Fri 1 :00 p Mon fl:ao p Thur~ 8 ::10 p Sun 6:00 J> Snt 5 :15 p Sun 7 :15 J> To h1• nnnounC'f'<I Toh<' nnnoun<"(·d Sun 12 :16 p Sun 12 ;.I/) p Sun 3 :30 11 Sun 12 :15 p Sun li:41'l p Thur~ !l :45 p * * * * <'t1n'!ult Hrnr lol'nl pa1>ers or Jrf'l frnm frif'nd" Other ~tat i Ons cnrr) ing Facts Forum 1>rogrnms. \LASKA \i,1·h11r11J.!"• F"airh11 nk" hFli\.TV .. KFIA-TV• KTVF-TV' hTVF-TV .. ARIZO'IA 1!i h,., hSlJN• I h111·11ix KOOL.TV .. \\.·in l11" r.: ~~~ + AllKA'<SAS 1itka1l1 J1lhin "~ l{('t 1 .f'f1tr,n h.HB.V ll'l1h·n h. \Mil, ~-II.~ I l tf \" j J lt• h..\MH KGHlll ~,r1rr£ l City K:\.JK"' "rt Smith KWllNt KWllN+ KWJIN• h'.WJIN '''·)l(• h.FH.\-TV• "' \ltt ~1.'1t ~llrinJ.(':-4 h'.\..\H. KWFC• ' 1'tl1 Hnt·k K.\HK ""-Ht K\.LH. "•~n111in h. \HK.'! V KSS('• \f1.,ll h.VM.\•• h.Jo:N\• KEN \t K~:NA \f •. n111tai11 ltnnw KEN.\ .. KTl.Ot ::in,. Bluff KTI.Ot KOTNt rt""'llhontn KPO\• 1~f')]\·i1Je K'HJt ~ltatkart ""t.1 KW.\Kt 'll:arkana KC'MC-T\' h k C'ALIFOllSI \ c·! 1:r 0.1,1 KH.\K f'bl1111.l'll KHM\ .. iirtllrnJ.('J.t KJ>.\C'• tr:~ll'\\·oo<l KUJ\C .. K<'OP-TV•• Anw:ilt· Kl''J• ~f'l•dJ(•ll K II r: KH.Jt K~FE .. TllAti11 KO('S• ThurM •i ::lo 11 'f1u·:-1 !l :OO JI To lw n n 11011 n('t'd To~· nnnounf'NI 1~::0 Tn })t' :1nnn11n('t·d 10 S11t 6 ::rn ll MO ~un 8 ::rn p !0111 Sun i ·:rn ll 12 IO Mun 10 ::w 11 fi!tO To lw 11nnoun('t'd 1150 Mnn s ::IO 11 I l!ifl 'l'h11r~ '-::rn P 1150 Mun :0.. ::HJ JI !150 To ht· nnnounl't-d 1:\211 Mon .., ::rn P 1a20 Thur~ to< ::IO 11 l:l2fl Suri fi :00 Jl 1a20 ~lit li:lliJI 2:! \Vpd H :Oii 11 1 mo Mon X ::\/)JI 11!10 ThurK !'\ ::!0 JI 1:-1-10 Snt 10 :Iii Ji H20 Fri s :-l!i J)
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