participate as a fourth member of the
Allied Control Council on Germany.
She has been invited to join as a
sponsor of the International Conference
at San Francisco next month.
She will be a permanent member of
the International Security Council, to-
gether with the other four major powers.
\nd. finally, we have asked France
that she be associated with us in our
joint responsibility over the liberated
areas of Europe.
There were, of course, ei number of
smaller things I have not time to go
into on which joint agreemenl was had.
We hope things will straighten out.
Agreemenl was reached on Yugoslavia, eis announced in the communique, and we- liope- iheil it is in process
We have to remember that there are
a great many prima donnas in the world
all wishing to be heard before anything
becomes final: so we may have a little
delay while vie listen to more prima
Quite naturally, this Conference concerned itself only with ihe European
weir etnd wilh the political problem- ol
Europe- -and nol with the Pacific war.
\l Mallei, however, our combined
British and American spiffs made their
plans io increase theii attack against
The Japanese wen lends know lhat
they an' not being overlooked. They
have felt the Force of our B-29's and our
carrier planes: they have fell lhe naval
might of lhe United Slates and do not
appear very anxious to come out and
try ii again.
The Japs know wheel il means In hear
lhat the United Slales Marines have
landed. I Vpplause. | \nd I think I men
add, having two Jima in mind, lhal "the
situation is well in hand." [Applause.]
Thev etl-o know w belt i- in Store for
lhe homeland of Japan now lhal General
MacArthur has completed his magnificent march back in Manila [applause]
ami wilh Admiral Nitniiz establishing
air bases tight in their own backyard.
I Appleiuse. ] Bul lest somebody lav ofl
work in the I nited Slales I can repeal
whal 1 have said—a short sentence -
even in my sleep: "We haven't won the
wars vet." wilh an "s" on "wars." It is
a long, lough roael tei Tokyo: it is
longer P. Tokyo than il is In Berlin in
every sense of the word.
rhe defeat of Germany will mil mean
the end of lite weir againsl Japan; on
lhe contrary, we must be prepared for a
long and et costl) struggle in the Pacific.
Bul tin- unconditional surrender of
Japan i~ as essential as lhe defeat of
Germany. [Applause.] I say that advised!) with Ihe thought in mind lhat
lhat is especially true if our pleins lot
world peace are lo succeed, for Jap
anese militarism 11111-1 be wiped onl as
thoroughly as German militarism.
On the way back from the Crimea I
made arrangements to meet personally
King Farouk of Egypt, Hade Selassie.
Emperor of Ethiopia, ami King Ibn
Sand of Saudi Arabia. Our conversations bad to do wilh matters of common
Interest. Thev will be of great mutual
advantage because they gave' us an
opportunity of meeting and talking face
to face, and of exchanging views in
personal conversation instead of formed
correspondence. For instance, from Ibn
Sand of Arabia 1 learned more of the
whole problem of the Moslems and more
about the Jewish problem in five'
minutes than I could have learned by
the exchange of a dozen letters.
On mv voyage f had the benefit of
seeing the Army, the Navy, and the Air
Force at work.
\ll Americans. 1 think, would feel as
proud of our armed forces as I am if
they could see eunl hear what I did.
Wainst ihe mosi efficient professional
soldiers and sailors and airmen of all
history, our men stood eiml fought ami
won. [ Applause, |
I think lhal ibis is our chance 1..
see lo it that the sons and grandsons ol
these gallant Fighting men do not have
to do ii eill over again iii a few years.
The conference in the Crimea weis ee
turning point. I hope, in our history eunl.
therefore, in the history of the world.
There will soon be presented to the
Senate etnd in the American people ;i
great decision that will determine the
Fate of the I nited Sptte-s einel I Ihink.
therefore, ihe Fate <>f the world—for
generations to come.
There cent be no middle ground here.
We -hall have lo take lhe responsibility
for world collaboration, or we shall have
io bear tin' responsibility of anothei
I know thai lhe word "planning" i~
nol looked upon wilh favor in some'
circles. In domestic affairs, tragic mis-
lakes have been made l.v reason e>f lack
of planning; and. on the other hand,
many great improvements in living eunl
many Benefits lo the human race have
hi'.-n accomplished as a result of adequate, intelligent planning- -reclamation
of desert areas, developments of whole
river valleys, provision for adequate
The same will be true in relations
between nations. For the second little ill
the lives of most of us this generation
is face lo face with the objective of
preventing wars. To meet that objective
the nalions of the world will either
have 1 plan or they will not. The ground
work of a plan has now been Furnished
emd has been submitted lo humanity for
discussion eunl decision.
No plan is perfect. W hatever i~
adopted eit San Francisco will doubtless
have In be amended lime and again over
ihe years, jusl a- our own Constitution
has been. No one can say exactly how
long any plan will lasl. Peace can endure only so long as humanity really
insists upon it. and is willing to work
for it—and sacrifice for il.
Twenty-five years ago American
fighting men looked lo the statesmen
of thc world lo finish lhe work of peace
for which they Fought and suffered. We
failed them. We failed them I bin. WC
cannol feiil them again and expect the
world lo survive.
I think tbe Crimean Conference was
a successful effort bv the three leading
nalions to find a (0111111011 ground for
peace, ll spells—ami il ought to spell—
the end of the system of unilateral action, exclusive alliances, einel spheres of
influence, and balances of power, and
all lhe other expedients which have been
tried for centuries and have always
We propose 1.1 substitute for all these
a universal organization in which all
peace-loving nalions will finally have a
chance to join.
I eim confident lhal the Congress and
the American people will accept the
lesulls of ihis conference as the beginnings of a permanent structure of peace
upon which we can begin lo build-
under God, lhat better world into which
our children and grandchildren—yours
and mini', the children and grandchildren of lhe whole world—must live, and
And that, mv Friends, is the only
message I can give vou. I feel il very
deeply as I know lhal all of you arc
feeling il today anil are going to fed
il in the fulure. j Applause'. |
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