lhe three mosl powerful nations have
agreed theii lhe political eunl economic
problems "f anv area liberated from tin'
Nazi conquest, or of any Former Nazi
satellite, are et jeiint responsibility of all
three governments. Thev will join together, during tin- temporary period of
instability etfle-r lf>siilitie-. to help lhe
people of einv liberated area, or of anv
former satellite state, to solve- their own
problems through fit inlv established
I'hi'v will endeavor to see lo ii llteti
interim governments lln- people who
'einv ten the interim governments between the occupation eef Germany and
the eleiv of true independence will be
■is representative as peissible of eill democratic elements in the population, ami
thai free elections are held ei- sexen eis
The responsibilitv for political conditions thousands of miles away can no
longer la- avoided, 1 think, by this greal
"eiiion. Certainly, I ilo nol want to live
to sec another war. As I have' said, the
"ot'ld i- smaller ~ni;t I li -i every year.
'he I nited Steele's now exerts a tremendous influence in tin- cause of peace.
w hatever people over here think or
tolk in the interests of peace is. of
course, known the world over. The
slightest remark in either House of Congress is known all over the world the
following day. We will continue to exert
dial influence only if we- are willing to
''oiilinuo to share in lhe responsibility
tor keeping the peace, ll will be our
"vvit tragic I,.-- if we were to .shirk lhal
"'-I "Ml-i I ill i t \.
final elcci-ieius io these areas an-
going lo In' made jointly anil, therefore,
'het will often be lhe result of give-and-
take compromise. The United Stetic-
•rill not eilwetvs have ils way Kill
Per oi'iii nor will Itussiet. nor Great
Britain. \\ e shall nol always have ideal
solutions io complicated international
Problems, even though vie ate determined continuously to strive toward thai
'd'-al. Bul I ant sure that, under tin
''"ice'in.-nl reached al "l alia, there will
'' ;i moil' stable political Europe than
Of course, once there bets been ;t true
Expression of the people's will in am
'"'inlrv. our immediate responsibilit)
''''Us vvilh the exception nnlv of such
'"''nn ets may be agreed upon by the
International Security Organization we
""I"' Ll s,-| |,p.
I le.' I nited Nations musl also b.-gin
" help these liberated areas adequate!)
0 teconstrucl their econom) I do nol
['ant them I<> starve lo death so that
''-y are read) to resume their places in
i(' World. I he \;i/i war machine has
' ''iT'd them of raw materials, machine
.''"'•-. trucks, locomotives, and things
™»e lhe.I. The) lieive- left tlle ili.lll-ll v ol
"'*'■ pi.i. es stagnant and much ol the
''-' iciiltui.il areas unproductive. Tic-
Nazis have le-tt complete or partial ruin
in their wake'.
To start the wheels running again i-
uot a mete mallet' of relief. It is to the'
national interest of eill of it - to see theii
these liberated areas arc again menle'
self-supporting ami productive so thai
they do not need continuous relief from
us. I should s;iv that was ein argument
based upon common sense.
One outstanding example of joinl action bv the three major Allied powers
was the' solution reached on Poland. The
whole Polish question wets ;t potential
source of trouble in postwar Europe,
and vve came lo ihe Conference- determined to find et common ground for
i|s seelulion. We eliel. We' know everybody ilocs mil agree wilh il obviously.
Our objective was to help create et
strong, independent, ami prosperous net-
lion—lhal is lhe thing we must eill
remember those words agreed to by
Russia, bv Britain, etnd bv me: lhe oh
jeetivc of making Poland et strong, independent, and prosperous nation with
.1 governmenl ultimate!) In In- selected
I.V tlle Polish people I llelllsi'lv IS.
To achieve' this objective, ii weis necessary to provide for ihe Formation ol
ei new governmenl much more representative than had been possible while
Poland was enslaved, There ate. you
know, two governments: one in London.
one in Lublin, practicall) in Russia.
Accordingly, steps were teikcn at Yalta
lei reorganize lhe cvislinu pren isioneel
government in Poland on et broader
democratic basis, sei as lo include democratic leaders now in Poland eunl those
abroad. This new. reorganized governmenl will be recognized by all of u- as
lhe temporary governmenl ill Poland.
Poland needs a temporal-) governmenl
in ihe winst way em interim governmenl is another wen to put il. However,
the new Polish provisional governmenl
of national unilv will be' pledged to holding et free- election as soon as possible
on the basis of universal suffrage eunl
et secrel ballot.
—Wide World Photo
Prime Minister Winston Churchill (leftl
shakes hands with Marshal Joseph Stalin
(right) as President Franklin D. Roosevelt
(center) looks on at Yalta.
ITS I ORUM NEWS, May, 195
I lifoiighoiil histor) Poland has been
the corridor through which attack- on
I!ii-siet have been made. Twice in this
generation Germany has struck al Rus-
siet through this corridor. To insure
European securit) and world peace, ei
strong ami independent Poland is necessary lo prevent theii front happening
The decisions uiili respect lo lhe
boundaries of Poland were franklv ,i
compromise, I did nol agree with all of
il by anv means, lent wc did nol go ets
fetr as Peiiieiin wanted in certain areas:
wc did mil go eis feir as Russia wanted
in (etleiin areas: and wc eliel not go ets
lai a- I wanted iii certain elia-els. li
weis et compromise.
While the decision is a compromise.
it is one. however, under which the
Poles will receive compensation in territory in lhe north emd west in exchange for what they lose- bv the Curzon
line' in lb.' east. The limits "f lhe western border will be permanentl) fixed
in the fined peace conference. Roughly.
llii- \i ill include in the new. st rong
Poland quite .i large slice of whal is
now called Germany. It weis agreed also
that the new Poland will have a large
and long coastline einel many new bat
burs: eibo thai East Prussia mosl e»l
il will go lo Poland. A corner of il
will go io Russia: a'so when shall I
eelll it till' anomal) Of the tree Stale'
of Danzig I ihink Danzig would In' ei
lot better if il wire Polish.
It is well known that the people eei-i
eif lhe Curzon line' ibis is an example
of why ii is a compromise the people
ceis! of the Curzon line are predomi-
nanllv While Russians eunl 1 krainians
ei ion greal majority nol Polish:
etnd lhe people- wesl of ileal line' ein- predominantly Polish, excepl in lhal pari of
I ;is| Prussia and eastern German)
which would ■-■-„ lo the new Poland. As
feir back a- 1919. representatives of the
Mile's agreed thai the Curzon line represented a fair boundary between the
Iwo peoples, 'ion musl remember also
thai there wee- no Poland or hen! nol
been anv Pol'sh governmenl before 1919
for a greal man) generations.
I am convinced that ibis agreemenl
on Poland, innlcr the' circumstances, i-
the most hopeful agreemenl possible For
a free', independent, anel prosperous
I 'nl i-h State.
I In' Crimean Conference wets et meeting ol the' three major military powers
mt whose- shoulders re-sts the chief responsibility and burden of lhe war. Al-
though. for ibis reason, another nation
wets not included f ranee weis nol a
participant in the Conference no one
should detract from the recognition
which was accorded there to her role
in lhe fulure of f urope emd the Future
of the world
France bee- been invited to accept
et zeme ol control ill I .e'l man) . einel lo