-etw Sevastopol and Yalta, and I know
there is not room enough on earth for
both German militarism and Christian
But to go on with the story which I
hope to do in under an hour—of equal
importance with the military arrangements al the Crimean Conference were
the agreements reached with respeel to
ei general international organization For
lasting world peace. The Foundations
were leiiel eit Dumbarton Oaks. There
wets one point, however, on which agreement was not reached, ll involved the
procedure ol voting ol voting in the
Securit) Council. I want to try to make
il clear bv making il simple, li teeetk
me hours and hours to gel the thing
straight in my own mind emd ineuiv
\t the' Crimean Conference the Americans made a proposal- a proposal on
the subject which, after full discussion,
I am glad lo -;iv was unanimously
adopted bv the other two nations.
It is mil vet possible to announce the
Icrms of it publicly, bul il will be in a
very shorl time.
When the conclusions reached with
respeel to voting are made known. I
think and 1 hope thai you will find
them fair—that vou will find them a
fair solution of this complicated and difficult problem I might almost -;iv ei
legislative problem. Thev arc Founded
in justice and will go Far to insure
international cooperation for the rmiin-
tenance of peace.
There is going lo be held, vou know
after wc have' straightened licit voting
matter e.ul in ""-em Francisco a meeting
of all the 1 nited Yilinns of the world
on the twenty-fifth of April. There, wc
all hope, and confidentl) expect, l..
execute et definite charier of organization under which lie peace of lln- world
will be preserved eiml the force's of
aggression permanentl) outlawed.
This lime wc ai.' in.I meiking the
mistake of waiting itiilil the end of the
weir hi sel up the machinery of peace.
This lime, eis we- fight together lo win
the "en finally, wc work together to
keep il from happening again.
As you know I have always been
a believer in the document called the
Constitution. I spent ;i good deal of time
in educating two other nations of the
world wilh regard in lln- Constitution
of the I nited Stales licet lln- charter
has in bi' anil should In- approved hv
the Senate of the I nited States under
the Constitution. I ihink lhe other nee-
Iion- of lhe world know it now. I eun
aware of lhe facl eiml now all the other
nations are. \ml wc hope the Senate
will approve whal i~ s.-i forth eis the
Charter of the I nited Nations when
eill come together in Setn Francisco nexl
The Senate of lhe I nited St
through its appropriate representatives,
has been kepi continuously advised of
—Wide World Photo
BIG THREE AT YALTA — Preparing military plans for the final defeat of Germany,
clockwise around table from extreme left, Vishinsky, Molotov, Stalin. Maisley. Gromyko,
Leahy. Stettinius, Roosevelt, Bohlen. Byrnes, unidentified man, Eden, Churchill, two
unidentified men. and Kerr.
lln- program of this government in the
creation of the International Security
The Senate and the House will both
be represented eil lln- Seen Francisco
Conference. The congressional delegates
will consist of an equal number ol lie
publican and Democratic members. I he
Vmerican delegation i~ in every sense
nf the word bipetrliseui because world
peace is not exactly a party question.
I ihink that Republicans want peace just
eis much eis Democrats. It is nol a peirlv
question any mote than is military vic-
tory—the winning of lhe war.
When the Republic via- threatened,
first l.v the Nazi clutch for world conquest back in 1939 and 1940, and then
b\ the Japanese treachery in 1941, partisanship ami politics were laid eisiele by
nearly every \merican; eunl ever) re-
source was dedicated lo our common
safet). The same consecration to the
eeuisc of piaicc will be expected, I lllillk.
bv every patriotic American by ever)
human -nul overseas, too.
The structure of world peace cannol
he the work of one man. or one peirlv.
or one' nation, li cannol be jusl an
American peace, or a British peace, or
a llussiein. French, or et Chinese' peace.
It cannol be a peace of large nalions
or of small nations, ll musl be a peace
which rests mi the cooperative effort <.f
the whole world.
ll cannol lu' a structure complete. It
Cannol be whal some people lllillk et
structure ol complete perfection at first.
Hut il can lu' et peace emd il will In- a
peace based on the sound eiml jusl
principles .if the Atlantic Charter ...
the C iplie.n of the dignilv of ll"'
human being and on the guaranties "'
tolerance and Freedom of religious worship.
\s ihe Allied armies hate marched to
military victory, they have liberated
I pics whose libel lies had been crushed
bv the Nazis for Four long years, and
whose economy bail been reduced lo
ruin bv Nazi despoilers.
There have been instances of political
eonfusiou and unrest in these liberated
areas lhal is nol unexpected—as i"
Greece, eer in Poland, or in Yugoslavifli
emd there may be more. Worse than
lhal. there actually began lo grow up '"
some of these pieties queer ieleets of,
for instance, "spheres of influence" that
were incompatible with the basic principles of international collaboration. ''
eelleewoil to get on unchecked, tltes''
developments mighl have held trag'1'
ll is fruitless lo try to place blame f"1
litis siitiaiiein on one' particular nation
nr on another, li is tin- kind of development lhal is almost inevitable mil.'-"
the major powers of lhe world continue
withoul interruption to work togetbei
ami assume joint responsibility for tin
solution of problems thai may arise I"
endanger lln- peace of the world.
\\ i' ii ii t In the Crimea, determined I"
settle thi- matter of liberated areas-
Things lhal mighl happen lhal "''
cannot foresee' eii ibis moment mir'1
happen suddenly unexpectedly ne*
week oi next month. Ami I eun happJ
to confirm lo the < longress lhat we de
arrive eit a settlement eunl. incidentaltyi
i unanimous settlement.
I V'TS FORUM NEWS, May, '■"■'