the defense of Kinmen and Mellsii is
\ilal In both the U.S. emd the Chinese'
Nationalists. We 'imply cannol back
up another inch. Kinmen in Chinese
means "golden gate" eunl this island is
indeed the "golden gale" for a Nationalist return to the mainland. Strategical^
speaking, if they fall, the slreiils of Taiwan will be opened for Communisl
operations. Capital ships in defense ol
either or both groups would be within
easy range of Communisl airplanes, PT
boats, and submarines if any — between the mainland and Taiwan. The
Communists have small, fast motor tor-
redo boats and heavy air power. These
boats are heavily armed with 75 nun
guns. It i. extremely doubtful whether
the U.S. will use any capital ships in a
defense of Kinmen ami Matsu, supposing in the firsl place that we decide lei
save those vital islaiuls. Moreover, if
Amov is opened, there will la- nn stopping tin- supply of jcl fuel to Ihe large
tanks near that city.
p. General Chennault, in our conversations last year before your departure for
Taiwan, we discussed your idea of a two-
front war to be conducted against the Red
Chinese by a strike against the South China
coast conducted by the Nationalists and an
attack from the north by the Republic of
Korea. Do you still feel that such is possible?
A. Not only is il possible to do this.
such ee two-prong offensive is the only
way in successfully drive tin' Communists from the Chinese mainland. In
order for lhal In happen, the' Republic
of Kore-ei must he hcetvilv armed and
supported, as well eis the Chinese Nationalists.
<?. What about the armament of these
two nations, General, are they being armed
with offensive type weapons by the United
know. Jim. the South
Koreans eire ready to fight. They want
In unify their land, hut they arc presently being limited to a shorl supply
of equipment emd ammunition hv the
I ,S. Moreover, their equipment is of
an older nature. Whal there is of it is
good, but Ihe amount is too small. The
semic i- true, speaking for the Nationalists. Aboul all I can sa) i~. "too little
anil loo late." In neither case is the
equipment as good eis lhat supplied In
the Chinese' (3)111111 nil isls by till' leus-
sians. ll is reported, for instance, thai
the Chinese Reds have lhe latest MIG-
I 7 s while the Chinese Nationalists have
onl) ei small number of American
9. What is the present condition of
\. I In- Nationalist Navy has several
American destroyers, destroyer escorts,
emd corvette Ivpe ships. Moreover, il
ha- some I.ST"s. LSM's and numerous
ex-Japanese trawlers. Its fighting morale
is 30.eel. hui ii needs more equipment. It
could us,' some Mill's to thwart the
Communisl invasion fleets.
Q. How is the condition of the Nationalist government, financially speaking?
A. ('hieing s economic position is
good. The' Nationalist government is living within its means. Moreover, its export oulleiy has exceeded its imports. The
Chinese Nationalist government has
leirL-e food reserves, Il is doubtful, however, whether it eamlel keep in the black
if it were to lose its EGA funds which
give il aid of all types. For thai aid emd
for other aid. Chiang is most grateful.
9- General, is Taiwan a police state as
it has been described on several occasions?
A. No, absolutely no. There is no
police state' being maintained hy Nationalist China. On Taiwan, there is a strong
secret police force which is used to fer-
—China News Photo Service
Guerrillas and native farmers work together preparing rice field for spring sowing.
—Wide World Photo
ret out subversion. This police force,
both secrel ami uniformed, has already
kept the Nationalist government fairly
dear of Communists. Moreover, all
those accused receive fair and decent
trial. Regular court procedures are employed. There is absolutely no police
State on Taiwan.
9- What is the present condition of the
mainland economy, General?
A. Well. I have more than 1.800 airline employees reporting to me who are
slill in contact wilh relatives and friends
on the mainland. Moreover, there are
lhe 1 I.Ill)0 I'OW's who chose freedom
rather than Communisl tyranny and
there arc Chinese escaping to Taiwan
every day. All of them report lhat the
first Five Year Plan of Mao illcd Premier Mem Tse-tung) was a miserable
flop. In addition, thev say lhat there
are wiih' areas of starvation and famine
In others, in fact in all mainland
provinces, there is a severe shortage "'
food. The harsh treatment of the civil
populeitioii e-onlinucs with the extermination eef whatever bourgeois is left. A"
of this is also confirmed liy lhe Euro-
peans who continue to filler out of Communist China.
9. What is the morale of Chiang's army?
\. High, very high. All military experts are in agreement on lhat. The one
desire is to return to the mainland-
Every Chinese soldier desires that.
9. What about the morale of the Chinese
A. Well, that's interesting. Their commissars sieind behind them with gn"s
ordering them to advance or he shot-
'I hey advance in "human sea" ueivcs
under such orders. Yikianshan was
taken that way. If vou have a man
standing behind you with a gun ordering you to move out. you move. Either
way, it's a sure- death for hundreds <>'
FACTS FORUM NEWS, May. /■"■"